Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 311000 - Food Manufacturing is part of: Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing.

NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing:


NAICS 311000 - Food Manufacturing

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 1,485,240 100.00% $11.63 $13.95 $29,020 0.6 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 45,070 3.03% $38.41 $44.01 $91,530 1.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 2,950 0.20% (5) $73.48 $152,840 1.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 14,420 0.97% $41.23 $46.63 $96,980 0.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 190 0.01% $38.49 $41.06 $85,400 8.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,170 0.08% $48.74 $50.58 $105,210 3.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 3,440 0.23% $40.72 $45.06 $93,720 1.7 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 110 0.01% $48.20 $49.26 $102,470 9.3 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 660 0.04% $34.52 $38.06 $79,160 4.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 780 0.05% $46.14 $48.53 $100,940 4.9 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 3,370 0.23% $40.07 $43.98 $91,490 1.4 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 930 0.06% $31.73 $35.72 $74,300 2.1 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 220 0.01% $34.71 $36.93 $76,820 5.6 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 700 0.05% $38.87 $40.98 $85,250 2.2 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 10,280 0.69% $32.23 $35.50 $73,840 0.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 710 0.05% $38.77 $42.53 $88,460 4.6 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,590 0.17% $29.17 $31.34 $65,180 0.9 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 90 0.01% $27.27 $28.34 $58,940 2.8 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 90 0.01% (4) (4) $59,210 12.1 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 660 0.04% $45.31 $48.14 $100,130 2.6 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 110 0.01% $26.36 $29.61 $61,600 4.4 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 40 (7) $35.08 $41.10 $85,480 9.3 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 350 0.02% $55.08 $56.98 $118,520 6.5 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 1,200 0.08% $36.25 $39.71 $82,600 4.6 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 18,920 1.27% $23.84 $25.71 $53,470 1.2 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes (8) (8) $37.13 $46.30 $96,300 10.3 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 1,410 0.09% $22.14 $24.24 $50,420 1.5 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 270 0.02% $20.90 $22.98 $47,790 3.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,770 0.25% $22.31 $23.95 $49,810 1.3 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 270 0.02% $22.38 $23.93 $49,780 4.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 160 0.01% $25.03 $25.54 $53,130 3.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 310 0.02% $20.98 $22.16 $46,080 1.6 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 650 0.04% $21.99 $23.14 $48,130 1.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 790 0.05% $17.33 $19.31 $40,160 2.2 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 830 0.06% $22.70 $24.36 $50,660 1.3 %
13-1081 Logisticians 650 0.04% $25.70 $28.50 $59,270 3.0 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 590 0.04% $27.56 $30.84 $64,140 2.6 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 2,260 0.15% $25.21 $26.66 $55,460 2.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 6,030 0.41% $24.51 $26.41 $54,920 0.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 50 (7) $28.60 $30.26 $62,930 4.5 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 80 0.01% $24.43 $26.96 $56,080 7.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 540 0.04% $31.64 $31.96 $66,470 2.8 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 100 0.01% $35.42 $37.66 $78,330 7.6 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 4,430 0.30% $27.33 $29.12 $60,570 4.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 550 0.04% $26.75 $27.92 $58,080 1.8 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 410 0.03% $37.66 $36.29 $75,490 4.2 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,030 0.07% $19.36 $19.79 $41,160 1.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 740 0.05% $31.25 $31.45 $65,420 1.4 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 150 0.01% $26.59 $27.55 $57,300 2.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 680 0.05% $25.55 $26.41 $54,940 1.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 380 0.03% $34.20 $33.68 $70,060 4.5 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 40 (7) $36.55 $36.12 $75,140 3.7 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 5,320 0.36% $28.15 $29.13 $60,600 1.4 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 620 0.04% $30.94 $32.12 $66,820 1.5 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 220 0.01% $39.20 $39.68 $82,520 8.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 80 0.01% $34.75 $35.53 $73,890 2.2 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 50 (7) $36.27 $36.68 $76,290 3.1 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 240 0.02% $28.61 $29.94 $62,280 2.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,100 0.14% $31.35 $31.98 $66,510 1.5 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 360 0.02% $32.37 $32.45 $67,500 1.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 150 0.01% $32.29 $32.73 $68,080 2.7 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 200 0.01% $20.18 $20.81 $43,290 2.2 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 800 0.05% $18.49 $18.72 $38,930 2.4 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 190 0.01% $17.16 $18.96 $39,430 2.3 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 90 0.01% $19.46 $20.09 $41,790 5.6 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 11,340 0.76% $18.27 $21.33 $44,360 1.1 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 3,900 0.26% $21.95 $25.27 $52,570 1.5 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 50 (7) $31.87 $31.87 $66,290 2.5 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 50 (7) $21.41 $24.88 $51,750 7.9 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 80 0.01% $22.53 $24.67 $51,320 2.5 %
19-2031 Chemists 650 0.04% $23.98 $26.84 $55,820 2.5 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 60 (7) $42.63 $47.11 $97,990 12.5 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 740 0.05% $26.56 $28.47 $59,210 2.1 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 4,410 0.30% $15.04 $15.99 $33,250 1.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 330 0.02% $14.92 $15.39 $32,010 2.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 770 0.05% $17.03 $17.98 $37,400 1.7 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 140 0.01% $16.71 $19.42 $40,400 4.6 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 70 (7) $32.03 $30.58 $63,610 6.6 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 80 0.01% $21.46 $21.19 $44,060 4.7 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 40 (7) $22.15 $22.01 $45,780 3.2 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 910 0.06% $19.31 $20.80 $43,270 3.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 420 0.03% $19.66 $21.14 $43,970 2.7 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 150 0.01% $9.79 $11.82 $24,580 5.1 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 160 0.01% $24.40 $25.32 $52,670 5.1 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 30 (7) $12.83 $15.56 $32,350 5.9 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,600 0.11% $18.94 $20.09 $41,780 1.3 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 30 (7) $30.92 $29.15 $60,630 4.1 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 390 0.03% $20.32 $20.60 $42,840 1.4 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 170 0.01% $15.28 $15.35 $31,930 2.4 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other (8) (8) $16.52 $16.87 $35,080 3.4 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 560 0.04% $21.31 $22.11 $45,990 2.2 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 290 0.02% $16.61 $18.41 $38,300 3.3 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 40 (7) $13.44 $14.48 $30,120 6.5 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,210 0.15% $10.05 $10.97 $22,830 2.2 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 50 (7) $22.20 $23.44 $48,760 4.8 %
33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police 40 (7) $21.28 $21.81 $45,360 3.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,080 0.14% $9.90 $10.36 $21,550 1.9 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 33,260 2.24% $8.04 $8.89 $18,490 0.9 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 500 0.03% $15.52 $17.62 $36,640 4.3 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 2,430 0.16% $14.12 $15.18 $31,570 1.6 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 220 0.01% $7.88 $8.97 $18,670 4.2 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (8) (8) $10.92 $12.42 $25,840 8.9 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 480 0.03% $10.48 $10.82 $22,500 2.2 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 70 (7) $7.84 $8.55 $17,780 6.9 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 120 0.01% $11.91 $12.85 $26,730 6.9 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 8,970 0.60% $8.34 $8.72 $18,140 1.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 8,280 0.56% $7.66 $8.05 $16,740 1.9 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 9,210 0.62% $7.68 $7.82 $16,260 1.4 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (8) (8) $6.86 $6.97 $14,510 3.1 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (8) (8) $7.90 $8.49 $17,660 4.0 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 1,400 0.09% $7.64 $7.71 $16,030 0.9 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $9.19 $9.88 $20,550 4.8 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 280 0.02% $8.08 $9.24 $19,220 6.1 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 25,380 1.71% $10.44 $11.20 $23,300 0.6 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 720 0.05% $18.27 $18.68 $38,850 1.4 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 23,340 1.57% $10.29 $10.90 $22,670 0.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 180 0.01% $9.90 $10.20 $21,210 3.5 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 300 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 230 0.02% $14.16 $14.62 $30,420 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 330 0.02% $10.19 $10.74 $22,340 1.9 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 80 0.01% $13.59 $14.28 $29,700 3.0 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 170 0.01% $12.29 $12.75 $26,530 3.0 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 150 0.01% $9.34 $11.04 $22,960 7.4 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 56,400 3.80% $10.37 $15.91 $33,100 1.4 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 3,040 0.20% $15.05 $17.13 $35,630 1.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,460 0.10% $28.49 $33.95 $70,610 2.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 14,580 0.98% $7.81 $8.09 $16,820 0.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 830 0.06% $7.45 $7.79 $16,210 2.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 14,210 0.96% $8.12 $8.88 $18,460 1.0 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 100 0.01% $19.71 $22.98 $47,800 6.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 420 0.03% $26.13 $31.20 $64,890 6.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 18,920 1.27% $23.32 $26.21 $54,520 1.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 680 0.05% $9.42 $11.75 $24,450 5.8 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 80 0.01% $10.46 $12.24 $25,470 5.5 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.50 $11.85 $24,650 6.3 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 103,650 6.98% $13.22 $14.10 $29,330 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 5,930 0.40% $20.98 $22.36 $46,520 0.7 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 340 0.02% $11.81 $12.47 $25,930 2.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 180 0.01% $14.97 $15.54 $32,320 3.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,200 0.28% $12.73 $13.15 $27,340 0.6 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 12,090 0.81% $13.61 $14.27 $29,680 0.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,900 0.20% $14.38 $14.74 $30,670 0.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 890 0.06% $13.21 $14.04 $29,210 3.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 70 (7) $13.51 $13.91 $28,940 8.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 5,940 0.40% $13.80 $14.45 $30,060 1.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 120 0.01% $11.61 $13.08 $27,210 3.9 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 3,920 0.26% $12.19 $12.70 $26,420 1.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 3,120 0.21% $14.47 $15.00 $31,210 0.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,140 0.14% $11.40 $11.75 $24,440 0.7 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 180 0.01% $13.65 $14.52 $30,200 2.0 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 40 (7) $11.41 $12.73 $26,470 5.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 270 0.02% $15.02 $15.51 $32,250 2.4 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 5,830 0.39% $16.19 $17.10 $35,570 0.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 18,540 1.25% $12.67 $13.12 $27,300 0.8 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 9,220 0.62% $12.33 $12.61 $26,230 0.8 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 5,680 0.38% $11.45 $12.13 $25,240 1.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 4,920 0.33% $16.88 $17.55 $36,490 1.0 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,600 0.24% $12.29 $12.74 $26,510 1.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 320 0.02% $14.47 $15.21 $31,630 2.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 510 0.03% $11.29 $11.54 $24,010 1.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 30 (7) $13.48 $14.06 $29,250 3.3 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 190 0.01% $15.73 $16.02 $33,320 6.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 70 (7) $11.99 $12.34 $25,670 2.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 11,560 0.78% $11.30 $11.66 $24,240 0.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 460 0.03% $10.60 $10.98 $22,830 2.3 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 250 0.02% $14.99 $15.40 $32,020 2.6 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 19,220 1.29% $9.42 $10.46 $21,770 1.2 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 1,090 0.07% $17.89 $19.51 $40,580 3.2 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 1,170 0.08% $11.88 $13.22 $27,490 2.5 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 270 0.02% $12.96 $14.61 $30,400 6.0 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 7,810 0.53% $8.65 $9.16 $19,060 1.3 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 670 0.05% $9.62 $10.71 $22,290 4.0 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,250 0.08% $8.28 $9.28 $19,300 5.2 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 6,300 0.42% $9.54 $10.01 $20,820 1.7 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 250 0.02% $10.22 $10.66 $22,170 2.7 %
45-3011 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers (8) (8) $15.95 $16.91 $35,170 7.9 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 4,560 0.31% $19.33 $19.79 $41,160 1.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 140 0.01% $17.04 $19.59 $40,750 9.1 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 30 (7) $15.65 $15.16 $31,540 7.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 130 0.01% $16.41 $18.41 $38,280 7.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 270 0.02% $17.08 $16.32 $33,950 7.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 3,230 0.22% $19.65 $20.24 $42,110 0.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 220 0.01% $14.70 $15.95 $33,180 3.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 300 0.02% $22.93 $23.50 $48,880 3.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 140 0.01% $20.73 $20.07 $41,740 5.0 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 40 (7) $15.37 $14.71 $30,600 7.0 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 85,960 5.79% $17.15 $17.80 $37,020 0.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 8,380 0.56% $25.31 $26.01 $54,100 0.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 400 0.03% $18.47 $17.90 $37,220 3.8 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 540 0.04% $19.86 $19.98 $41,550 1.8 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 290 0.02% $16.60 $16.78 $34,900 2.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,760 0.19% $16.35 $16.82 $34,990 1.0 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 180 0.01% $16.79 $16.67 $34,670 4.0 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 160 0.01% $17.62 $18.18 $37,820 3.2 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 30 (7) $18.27 $17.82 $37,070 10.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 910 0.06% $16.58 $16.65 $34,630 2.3 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 40 (7) $15.41 $15.47 $32,170 2.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 23,960 1.61% $17.53 $17.68 $36,760 0.5 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 39,920 2.69% $16.31 $16.59 $34,510 0.5 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 6,610 0.45% $15.19 $15.63 $32,510 1.1 %
49-9044 Millwrights 420 0.03% $25.51 $24.34 $50,630 5.1 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 60 (7) $19.90 $20.38 $42,390 2.7 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 110 0.01% $20.14 $20.49 $42,630 2.1 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 40 (7) $13.85 $15.48 $32,190 5.6 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 720 0.05% $12.44 $12.62 $26,250 2.9 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 340 0.02% $19.77 $19.14 $39,810 3.5 %
&nbsp
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 794,900 53.52% $10.75 $11.90 $24,760 0.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 49,670 3.34% $20.06 $21.01 $43,710 0.4 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 40 (7) $12.32 $12.90 $26,820 6.7 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 25,340 1.71% $11.01 $11.89 $24,720 1.3 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 680 0.05% $9.53 $9.75 $20,270 2.8 %
51-3011 Bakers 47,240 3.18% $10.51 $11.39 $23,690 1.0 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 14,210 0.96% $10.45 $11.00 $22,880 1.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 103,570 6.97% $9.26 $9.45 $19,650 0.9 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 131,620 8.86% $10.04 $10.18 $21,180 1.0 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 13,700 0.92% $11.78 $12.19 $25,360 1.3 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 68,720 4.63% $11.09 $11.77 $24,480 0.7 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 24,830 1.67% $11.34 $11.90 $24,750 1.0 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $14.23 $14.77 $30,720 3.5 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 0.01% $13.46 $14.12 $29,360 5.0 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 0.01% $12.13 $12.37 $25,720 3.6 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 710 0.05% $16.08 $16.85 $35,050 6.1 %
51-4041 Machinists 970 0.07% $15.44 $16.32 $33,960 3.3 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 0.01% $12.34 $12.61 $26,240 3.8 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 0.01% $12.90 $13.39 $27,850 3.4 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers (8) (8) $25.13 $23.84 $49,590 4.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 280 0.02% $18.36 $16.92 $35,190 3.2 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 70 (7) $19.17 $19.94 $41,470 8.9 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 110 0.01% $11.35 $12.46 $25,910 3.5 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 40 (7) $13.12 $13.94 $29,000 4.3 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 40 (7) $11.89 $12.08 $25,120 5.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 740 0.05% $11.88 $12.35 $25,690 4.6 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 220 0.01% $10.89 $10.75 $22,350 1.8 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (8) (8) $7.83 $8.30 $17,250 7.2 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 130 0.01% $18.94 $20.52 $42,670 9.1 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 1,240 0.08% $18.57 $19.07 $39,660 2.3 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 770 0.05% $13.61 $13.77 $28,640 2.6 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 80 0.01% $18.26 $19.43 $40,420 5.9 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 420 0.03% $18.41 $17.24 $35,850 5.9 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 760 0.05% $19.49 $18.89 $39,280 2.8 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 12,170 0.82% $15.08 $15.10 $31,410 1.4 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 7,660 0.52% $12.25 $12.73 $26,480 1.4 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 22,170 1.49% $13.28 $13.47 $28,010 0.8 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 10,820 0.73% $10.96 $11.56 $24,050 1.3 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 7,800 0.53% $12.99 $13.33 $27,720 1.2 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 830 0.06% $13.61 $14.16 $29,450 2.7 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 27,080 1.82% $12.27 $13.20 $27,460 0.9 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 106,470 7.17% $11.66 $12.22 $25,420 0.6 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 360 0.02% $11.09 $12.24 $25,460 6.3 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 920 0.06% $9.59 $10.13 $21,080 2.1 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 8,420 0.57% $10.57 $11.46 $23,830 1.3 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 6,900 0.46% $10.67 $11.72 $24,370 1.5 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 1,790 0.12% $8.62 $10.45 $21,740 10.0 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 560 0.04% $9.63 $10.44 $21,710 4.4 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 68,680 4.62% $10.00 $10.69 $22,230 1.0 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 24,280 1.63% $10.36 $11.82 $24,590 2.6 %
&nbsp
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 271,600 18.29% $11.37 $12.40 $25,790 0.5 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 80 0.01% $13.89 $18.39 $38,240 7.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 5,300 0.36% $18.95 $19.53 $40,630 0.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 5,090 0.34% $22.98 $23.77 $49,450 0.8 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 40 (7) (4) (4) (9) (9)
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 50 (7) (4) (4) $70,740 4.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 17,210 1.16% $14.79 $15.67 $32,600 1.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 23,840 1.61% $15.94 $16.43 $34,180 0.7 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 11,930 0.80% $11.95 $12.72 $26,450 1.1 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 160 0.01% $11.20 $11.42 $23,760 4.6 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 140 0.01% $17.19 $20.76 $43,170 18.3 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 110 0.01% $34.75 $41.81 $86,960 18.9 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers (8) (8) $24.56 $27.53 $57,260 6.9 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 40 (7) $13.23 $13.13 $27,320 2.9 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 6,270 0.42% $12.13 $12.62 $26,250 1.2 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 170 0.01% $16.35 $16.41 $34,130 3.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 100 0.01% $16.54 $17.42 $36,230 3.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 39,420 2.65% $12.87 $13.17 $27,390 0.5 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 19,370 1.30% $10.19 $10.76 $22,380 0.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 56,260 3.79% $10.43 $11.04 $22,960 0.8 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 14,340 0.97% $10.95 $11.64 $24,210 1.5 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 69,760 4.70% $9.26 $9.96 $20,710 0.8 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 210 0.01% $12.70 $12.54 $26,090 7.8 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 380 0.03% $14.19 $14.99 $31,170 3.3 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 910 0.06% $10.19 $11.25 $23,400 2.9 %

About November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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