Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments is part of: NAICS 454000 - Nonstore Retailers.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:


NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 149,900 100.00% $13.67 $15.79 $32,840 0.7 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 6,500 4.34% $30.93 $37.61 $78,220 1.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 430 0.29% $52.10 $59.05 $122,830 3.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 4,470 2.98% $29.41 $36.20 $75,300 1.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 70 0.05% $23.49 $27.16 $56,490 6.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 50 0.03% $36.56 $42.39 $88,160 8.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 510 0.34% $32.26 $38.96 $81,050 3.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 210 0.14% $26.25 $26.81 $55,760 3.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 110 0.07% $44.80 $43.97 $91,460 6.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 250 0.17% $33.76 $37.40 $77,790 3.4 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 50 0.03% $29.21 $30.47 $63,370 4.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 40 0.03% $30.31 $30.23 $62,880 4.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 180 0.12% $30.83 $36.55 $76,020 4.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 80 0.05% $28.38 $31.40 $65,310 7.3 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,640 1.09% $22.21 $25.26 $52,550 3.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 250 0.17% $23.00 $24.34 $50,630 2.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 40 0.03% $23.22 $23.98 $49,870 6.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 110 0.07% $16.43 $18.70 $38,890 4.6 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 30 0.02% $23.72 $24.58 $51,120 4.0 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 410 0.27% $20.63 $27.29 $56,760 12.1 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 630 0.42% $24.05 $26.02 $54,130 1.8 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 560 0.37% $25.54 $26.36 $54,830 2.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 120 0.08% $30.44 $29.05 $60,420 3.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 40 0.03% $29.24 $30.44 $63,310 6.5 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 160 0.11% $21.38 $21.50 $44,720 4.4 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 50 0.03% $29.80 $30.89 $64,260 4.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 120 0.08% $25.49 $26.77 $55,670 3.2 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 70 0.05% $26.85 $27.86 $57,960 6.7 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 150 0.10% $24.61 $25.63 $53,320 3.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 100 0.07% $24.74 $26.05 $54,180 7.6 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 370 0.25% $16.57 $19.59 $40,750 6.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 40 0.03% $16.19 $16.92 $35,190 5.7 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (8) (8) $13.84 $13.66 $28,420 5.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 40 0.03% $22.26 $23.30 $48,470 5.5 %
27-4021 Photographers 50 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 50 0.03% $11.57 $11.89 $24,740 4.1 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (8) (8) $7.77 $8.65 $17,980 7.0 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers (8) (8) $17.41 $15.21 $31,640 11.3 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 100 0.07% $7.42 $7.59 $15,790 4.8 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 40 0.03% $6.90 $7.32 $15,220 4.8 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers (8) (8) $7.62 $7.95 $16,550 5.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 160 0.11% $7.17 $7.32 $15,220 3.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $6.44 $6.42 $13,340 4.2 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 50 0.03% $6.55 $6.66 $13,860 3.1 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 650 0.43% $9.18 $10.04 $20,890 2.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 540 0.36% $8.91 $9.53 $19,820 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 50 0.03% $9.77 $11.38 $23,670 7.0 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 31,180 20.80% $10.45 $13.85 $28,810 1.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,190 1.46% $16.48 $19.34 $40,220 2.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 810 0.54% $25.77 $29.79 $61,960 4.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 5,470 3.65% $7.59 $7.83 $16,280 1.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 180 0.12% $8.91 $10.11 $21,040 6.4 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons (8) (8) $15.45 $15.11 $31,430 7.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 5,070 3.38% $10.04 $12.86 $26,760 4.0 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 620 0.41% $15.65 $18.99 $39,500 5.7 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 190 0.13% $14.36 $20.62 $42,890 17.6 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 4,080 2.72% $20.69 $22.60 $47,010 3.4 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 700 0.47% $10.34 $12.66 $26,320 7.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 9,090 6.06% $9.88 $10.83 $22,530 2.3 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 1,380 0.92% $10.59 $13.30 $27,670 4.9 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 1,240 0.83% $11.28 $15.60 $32,450 13.0 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 32,820 21.89% $12.18 $13.09 $27,230 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,330 1.55% $18.77 $20.52 $42,680 2.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,110 0.74% $13.18 $13.90 $28,900 2.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,670 1.11% $13.04 $13.51 $28,110 1.3 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 3,860 2.58% $13.51 $14.15 $29,440 1.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 250 0.17% $13.54 $14.08 $29,280 3.2 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 130 0.09% $12.97 $13.96 $29,040 3.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 6,090 4.06% $11.87 $12.11 $25,190 1.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,410 0.94% $11.31 $12.34 $25,660 3.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 90 0.06% $14.28 $14.63 $30,430 5.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 850 0.57% $9.86 $10.45 $21,740 2.0 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,510 1.01% $15.78 $16.48 $34,290 1.2 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 30 0.02% $11.71 $11.60 $24,130 2.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 170 0.11% $15.53 $17.17 $35,720 4.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 710 0.47% $11.13 $11.69 $24,320 1.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 850 0.57% $9.61 $10.13 $21,060 2.6 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 70 0.05% $14.74 $13.42 $27,920 9.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 780 0.52% $15.95 $16.25 $33,810 2.1 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,550 2.37% $11.36 $11.70 $24,340 1.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 140 0.09% $16.06 $17.07 $35,500 3.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 270 0.18% $10.58 $10.83 $22,520 2.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 60 0.04% $10.17 $11.28 $23,470 6.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 6,560 4.38% $10.61 $11.07 $23,030 1.2 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 240 0.16% $10.44 $11.04 $22,960 4.5 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (8) (8) $8.14 $8.77 $18,240 3.4 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $8.12 $8.35 $17,360 4.0 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 820 0.55% $15.23 $16.43 $34,170 3.0 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 40 0.03% $24.70 $24.80 $51,590 3.5 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (8) (8) $14.81 $14.15 $29,440 11.4 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 30 0.02% $11.57 $11.57 $24,060 4.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 560 0.37% $15.61 $16.89 $35,120 3.9 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (8) (8) $13.25 $13.75 $28,600 8.3 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 22,710 15.15% $16.77 $17.62 $36,640 0.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,890 1.26% $22.42 $25.00 $52,000 2.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 550 0.37% $14.78 $15.34 $31,910 4.3 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,110 0.74% $17.48 $18.20 $37,850 1.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door (8) (8) $12.87 $13.30 $27,670 1.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 12,750 8.51% $18.16 $18.46 $38,400 0.8 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 540 0.36% $13.20 $13.38 $27,820 2.8 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,940 1.29% $14.56 $14.64 $30,460 1.4 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 60 0.04% $16.42 $18.14 $37,740 9.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 150 0.10% $13.20 $13.83 $28,760 4.3 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,020 0.68% $10.23 $10.74 $22,340 2.4 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,600 1.07% $14.36 $14.44 $30,040 1.6 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,220 0.81% $10.12 $11.35 $23,600 2.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 50 0.03% $18.62 $20.84 $43,340 5.1 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 110 0.07% $12.03 $12.37 $25,720 9.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 100 0.07% $13.15 $15.08 $31,370 4.5 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 360 0.24% $9.62 $10.29 $21,410 3.0 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 40 0.03% $10.26 $10.32 $21,460 3.3 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 50,130 33.44% $14.12 $14.82 $30,820 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 370 0.25% $17.71 $19.05 $39,610 4.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 3,080 2.05% $20.91 $22.34 $46,460 2.2 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 12,830 8.56% $13.67 $14.39 $29,920 1.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 19,210 12.82% $15.59 $16.01 $33,290 0.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 8,750 5.84% $12.79 $13.17 $27,390 1.3 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 980 0.65% $7.77 $8.24 $17,130 2.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 350 0.23% $14.07 $14.89 $30,980 2.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,560 2.37% $9.78 $10.13 $21,070 1.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 540 0.36% $8.22 $8.64 $17,980 3.1 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 120 0.08% $13.08 $12.87 $26,760 8.1 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 150 0.10% $12.76 $13.15 $27,360 6.9 %

About November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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