Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 561300 - Employment Services is part of: NAICS 561000 - Administrative and Support Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services:


NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 3,501,880 100.00% $10.25 $13.22 $27,500 0.8 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 62,390 1.78% $32.91 $40.13 $83,470 1.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 5,850 0.17% $66.16 $66.29 $137,880 5.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 22,350 0.64% $33.51 $41.79 $86,920 2.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 160 (7) $34.99 $44.93 $93,450 6.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,510 0.07% $31.82 $37.72 $78,450 2.8 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 6,960 0.20% $27.07 $33.60 $69,880 2.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 260 0.01% $29.15 $33.94 $70,600 7.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,450 0.13% $25.29 $28.39 $59,050 2.9 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,650 0.08% $39.68 $42.68 $88,780 4.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 3,170 0.09% $37.76 $40.11 $83,430 2.4 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 840 0.02% $27.77 $31.80 $66,130 2.4 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 650 0.02% $32.47 $35.13 $73,070 3.4 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 1,290 0.04% $30.76 $33.03 $68,700 8.9 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 510 0.01% $38.67 $40.87 $85,010 3.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 270 0.01% $30.51 $33.28 $69,220 5.0 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 460 0.01% $35.98 $41.59 $86,510 5.9 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 640 0.02% $38.46 $42.13 $87,620 3.3 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 110 (7) $32.43 $35.46 $73,760 11.1 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 670 0.02% $47.07 $50.81 $105,690 4.3 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 300 0.01% $20.98 $22.26 $46,300 8.3 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,260 0.04% $31.57 $35.27 $73,370 3.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,430 0.04% $22.48 $25.12 $52,250 7.4 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers (8) (8) $24.33 $25.52 $53,070 3.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 4,680 0.13% $28.03 $32.88 $68,390 2.9 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 112,840 3.22% $19.57 $22.72 $47,250 1.6 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 370 0.01% $18.62 $20.90 $43,460 7.4 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,590 0.05% $21.12 $22.93 $47,690 2.1 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 660 0.02% $24.81 $25.84 $53,740 4.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 400 0.01% $18.04 $21.24 $44,180 8.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 310 0.01% $26.58 $28.26 $58,780 3.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 55,840 1.59% $18.18 $21.13 $43,940 3.2 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 2,380 0.07% $23.31 $23.15 $48,160 5.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 4,220 0.12% $19.33 $21.79 $45,330 2.7 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other (8) (8) $19.80 $21.23 $44,150 9.8 %
13-1081 Logisticians 950 0.03% $21.92 $23.19 $48,230 8.9 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 3,610 0.10% $31.47 $39.01 $81,130 14.4 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 180 0.01% $21.12 $22.41 $46,620 3.7 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 19,550 0.56% $18.55 $22.13 $46,020 3.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 12,520 0.36% $22.38 $25.61 $53,270 3.5 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 90 (7) $18.30 $20.18 $41,980 5.3 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 230 0.01% $24.20 $25.88 $53,840 2.8 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 240 0.01% $20.13 $21.04 $43,770 2.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 870 0.02% $27.73 $32.22 $67,020 4.8 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 70 (7) $26.60 $30.42 $63,270 10.7 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 190 0.01% $21.78 $23.11 $48,070 4.9 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 140 (7) $16.60 $18.16 $37,770 2.6 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,500 0.04% $23.77 $25.44 $52,910 3.8 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 70 (7) $16.60 $19.71 $40,990 7.4 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 620 0.02% $20.83 $25.87 $53,810 11.1 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 53,500 1.53% $28.01 $31.37 $65,240 2.9 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 180 0.01% $42.64 $43.19 $89,830 13.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 11,590 0.33% $31.10 $35.89 $74,650 7.7 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 4,320 0.12% $38.70 $40.76 $84,790 3.2 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 3,620 0.10% $34.27 $36.18 $75,250 2.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 13,630 0.39% $17.31 $19.21 $39,950 2.7 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 5,250 0.15% $34.11 $35.95 $74,780 2.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,460 0.04% $30.85 $34.27 $71,280 3.1 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,290 0.07% $30.27 $34.21 $71,150 4.8 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,890 0.11% $30.39 $32.65 $67,900 3.4 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 7,080 0.20% $30.72 $33.25 $69,150 7.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 150 (7) $31.31 $32.02 $66,600 4.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians 40 (7) $30.35 $31.45 $65,410 2.6 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 41,940 1.20% $25.76 $28.34 $58,950 2.2 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 190 0.01% $27.32 $29.69 $61,750 2.8 %
17-1022 Surveyors 130 (7) $20.33 $20.88 $43,420 3.6 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 610 0.02% $37.96 $38.43 $79,930 4.9 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 130 (7) $26.40 $28.68 $59,660 5.2 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,560 0.04% $30.47 $31.99 $66,540 4.0 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 610 0.02% $38.83 $38.79 $80,680 2.4 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 1,660 0.05% $34.63 $36.85 $76,650 3.4 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 720 0.02% $35.40 $40.63 $84,500 4.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 170 (7) $35.05 $36.34 $75,590 4.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,850 0.05% $30.83 $31.52 $65,570 2.3 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 160 (7) $35.53 $37.19 $77,350 6.4 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 3,790 0.11% $32.07 $34.24 $71,220 3.1 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 6,990 0.20% $31.55 $33.98 $70,670 3.0 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 400 0.01% $19.84 $21.08 $43,850 2.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 530 0.02% $19.15 $22.03 $45,830 4.9 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 2,980 0.09% $23.39 $24.71 $51,390 3.0 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other (8) (8) $38.35 $33.32 $69,310 8.1 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 150 (7) $19.21 $20.69 $43,030 5.6 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 8,780 0.25% $18.37 $20.44 $42,510 4.7 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 320 0.01% $18.12 $18.46 $38,400 2.7 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 110 (7) $18.57 $19.23 $40,000 6.0 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 920 0.03% $19.40 $20.04 $41,670 6.7 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 1,210 0.03% $18.55 $20.10 $41,810 2.2 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 3,790 0.11% $19.93 $21.12 $43,920 3.8 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 280 0.01% $15.56 $16.37 $34,040 5.0 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 10,360 0.30% $19.90 $22.44 $46,680 3.2 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 190 0.01% $27.54 $31.84 $66,240 9.5 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 40 (7) $23.42 $24.61 $51,180 3.9 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 270 0.01% $21.56 $23.69 $49,280 8.1 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 410 0.01% $21.78 $26.60 $55,320 7.5 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 910 0.03% $24.95 $24.97 $51,940 2.5 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,070 0.03% $23.25 $25.06 $52,130 2.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 90 (7) $20.29 $21.83 $45,410 12.4 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 100 (7) $35.30 $34.90 $72,580 4.3 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,240 0.04% $25.51 $32.87 $68,380 13.2 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 90 (7) $18.33 $19.98 $41,550 6.6 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 80 (7) $12.31 $13.14 $27,330 5.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 610 0.02% $15.16 $16.76 $34,870 5.8 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 830 0.02% $15.75 $16.49 $34,290 2.2 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (8) (8) $13.95 $16.04 $33,360 8.6 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 3,760 0.11% $16.89 $17.90 $37,240 2.3 %
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Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 5,220 0.15% $14.60 $16.13 $33,550 3.1 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 350 0.01% $8.85 $12.66 $26,320 18.2 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 340 0.01% $11.36 $13.02 $27,090 6.5 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 160 (7) $16.80 $17.36 $36,120 4.9 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 220 0.01% $15.51 $17.05 $35,460 5.6 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 390 0.01% $19.15 $20.65 $42,950 4.1 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 590 0.02% $15.07 $16.69 $34,720 10.8 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 300 0.01% $18.98 $20.19 $41,990 6.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators 280 0.01% $19.47 $20.17 $41,950 10.1 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 1,550 0.04% $13.29 $14.35 $29,860 5.3 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 210 0.01% $16.00 $16.81 $34,970 3.6 %
21-2011 Clergy 140 (7) $19.91 $20.21 $42,050 3.5 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 6,480 0.19% $23.13 $29.42 $61,200 3.5 %
23-1011 Lawyers 2,430 0.07% $35.89 $43.28 $90,010 7.4 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 3,410 0.10% $19.94 $21.38 $44,460 2.1 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 90 (7) $19.53 $19.38 $40,300 9.9 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $15.17 $16.33 $33,960 9.5 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 26,950 0.77% $18.62 $19.91 $41,420 4.6 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 760 0.02% $12.19 $14.70 $30,580 8.4 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 10,200 0.29% (4) (4) $45,520 5.5 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education (8) (8) (4) (4) $46,300 5.8 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education (8) (8) (4) (4) $47,580 5.3 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 230 0.01% $14.16 $17.34 $36,070 7.9 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 4,900 0.14% (4) (4) $27,700 5.4 %
25-4021 Librarians 140 (7) $19.92 $20.35 $42,330 5.6 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 150 (7) $12.65 $12.41 $25,820 6.0 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 440 0.01% (4) (4) $17,640 6.9 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 20,930 0.60% $16.15 $20.17 $41,960 6.0 %
27-1011 Art Directors 140 (7) $27.30 $29.64 $61,660 6.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 150 (7) $10.65 $14.89 $30,970 20.5 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 120 (7) $21.71 $23.51 $48,890 4.7 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 60 (7) $12.97 $18.73 $38,950 14.4 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 800 0.02% $30.50 $31.27 $65,050 5.3 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 270 0.01% $8.58 $9.80 $20,390 5.3 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,280 0.07% $20.52 $21.24 $44,190 7.0 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 50 (7) $18.06 $20.64 $42,930 5.3 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 2,940 0.08% $11.80 $11.23 $23,370 5.2 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 860 0.02% $17.46 $19.54 $40,650 4.4 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 290 0.01% $19.31 $21.16 $44,000 5.5 %
27-2011 Actors 2,080 0.06% $8.00 $15.29 (6) 21.5 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $7.84 $9.08 (6) 12.6 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 220 0.01% $7.45 $12.09 $25,140 10.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 3,040 0.09% $16.27 $18.08 $37,600 7.9 %
27-3041 Editors 810 0.02% $25.95 $27.56 $57,330 3.5 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,500 0.04% $28.52 $31.13 $64,750 2.6 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 240 0.01% $23.54 $24.95 $51,890 7.4 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 240 0.01% $15.16 $18.66 $38,810 12.6 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 1,260 0.04% $21.83 $22.99 $47,820 5.2 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 230 0.01% $16.72 $17.47 $36,340 5.6 %
27-4021 Photographers 170 (7) $15.83 $17.39 $36,170 7.5 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 130 (7) $16.16 $18.06 $37,570 12.3 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 159,800 4.56% $25.81 $27.32 $56,820 1.0 %
29-1021 Dentists, General 100 (7) $54.90 $57.84 $120,310 5.2 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 70 (7) $20.89 $22.66 $47,130 4.9 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 1,070 0.03% $45.67 $44.69 $92,950 3.4 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 230 0.01% $64.79 $66.09 $137,460 7.2 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 2,280 0.07% $56.19 $61.54 $128,010 5.2 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 530 0.02% $35.24 $33.84 $70,380 4.9 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 81,070 2.32% $30.85 $31.10 $64,700 1.0 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 1,810 0.05% $27.72 $27.95 $58,140 3.4 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 2,440 0.07% $30.75 $30.99 $64,460 3.8 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 50 (7) $32.42 $35.77 $74,410 5.5 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 1,290 0.04% $25.57 $25.97 $54,010 2.7 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 640 0.02% $26.27 $26.82 $55,790 6.2 %
29-1129 Therapists, All Other 70 (7) $26.48 $26.45 $55,010 6.2 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 80 (7) $34.06 $35.26 $73,340 6.1 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 590 0.02% $30.29 $40.43 $84,090 9.3 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,240 0.04% $27.78 $27.25 $56,680 4.9 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,130 0.03% $14.33 $14.63 $30,440 2.8 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 1,320 0.04% $35.52 $38.56 $80,200 6.7 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 270 0.01% $27.47 $26.45 $55,010 3.8 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 220 0.01% $26.82 $27.63 $57,470 4.6 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 660 0.02% $35.40 $35.10 $73,010 2.0 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 2,890 0.08% $24.20 $24.69 $51,360 2.1 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics (8) (8) $10.84 $11.80 $24,550 5.2 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 740 0.02% $12.63 $12.76 $26,540 4.9 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 2,140 0.06% $11.25 $14.11 $29,340 1.5 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 100 (7) $22.59 $20.63 $42,910 8.3 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 1,030 0.03% $20.53 $21.05 $43,780 3.6 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 160 (7) $12.51 $13.39 $27,860 8.3 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 51,310 1.47% $20.15 $20.49 $42,620 1.0 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 1,110 0.03% $12.51 $13.49 $28,070 2.9 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 1,040 0.03% $17.77 $20.64 $42,940 7.1 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 240 0.01% $21.18 $22.77 $47,360 4.5 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 530 0.02% $27.39 $26.39 $54,900 4.2 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 60 (7) (4) (4) $30,300 6.5 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 190 0.01% $18.64 $21.19 $44,070 12.3 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 88,750 2.53% $10.96 $11.44 $23,790 1.0 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 17,900 0.51% $9.33 $9.62 $20,020 1.2 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 60,760 1.74% $11.37 $11.58 $24,080 1.1 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 470 0.01% $19.51 $18.77 $39,040 3.4 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 1,100 0.03% $19.35 $18.43 $38,340 10.3 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides (8) (8) $12.27 $12.58 $26,160 4.9 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 40 (7) $10.39 $13.88 $28,870 7.3 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,320 0.04% $15.62 $15.55 $32,350 2.3 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 4,380 0.13% $12.41 $12.61 $26,240 1.2 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 100 (7) $10.77 $12.53 $26,060 9.3 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists (8) (8) $12.59 $13.04 $27,120 3.7 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 70 (7) $9.54 $9.79 $20,360 6.1 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 320 0.01% $9.91 $10.83 $22,540 4.7 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 1,530 0.04% $12.56 $13.13 $27,300 2.3 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 14,010 0.40% $9.52 $10.60 $22,060 3.1 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 290 0.01% $15.40 $17.42 $36,230 5.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 11,050 0.32% $9.41 $10.43 $21,690 3.9 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 1,390 0.04% $8.87 $8.88 $18,480 3.3 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 200 0.01% $9.61 $10.08 $20,960 4.2 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 900 0.03% $12.43 $13.12 $27,280 6.2 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 100,760 2.88% $7.76 $8.48 $17,650 1.2 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 320 0.01% $19.60 $20.99 $43,660 4.2 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,280 0.04% $14.93 $15.41 $32,060 1.9 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (8) (8) $7.14 $7.66 $15,930 3.6 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 760 0.02% $9.67 $10.03 $20,870 2.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 3,630 0.10% $10.49 $11.10 $23,080 2.3 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 2,270 0.06% $10.12 $9.73 $20,230 5.5 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 230 0.01% $9.86 $10.54 $21,920 6.2 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 7,530 0.22% $8.17 $8.74 $18,170 2.1 %
35-3011 Bartenders 4,190 0.12% $8.23 $9.49 $19,740 2.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 13,490 0.39% $7.69 $8.44 $17,560 4.6 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 2,260 0.06% $7.92 $8.17 $16,980 2.2 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 40,580 1.16% $6.80 $7.91 $16,460 2.2 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 1,860 0.05% $8.03 $8.75 $18,200 4.3 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 9,780 0.28% $7.79 $7.96 $16,560 2.1 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 3,480 0.10% $7.47 $7.48 $15,560 1.4 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 2,070 0.06% $8.04 $8.33 $17,330 2.0 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 4,080 0.12% $8.74 $9.06 $18,840 1.7 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 103,230 2.95% $8.38 $9.29 $19,320 1.2 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 3,440 0.10% $12.97 $14.51 $30,170 6.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 2,060 0.06% $14.38 $15.83 $32,930 2.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 42,640 1.22% $8.11 $8.67 $18,030 1.4 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 21,240 0.61% $7.94 $8.25 $17,150 1.5 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 210 0.01% $11.95 $14.01 $29,150 9.0 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 480 0.01% $12.38 $13.24 $27,550 3.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 28,640 0.82% $9.00 $9.70 $20,180 1.7 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 140 (7) $11.65 $12.05 $25,060 4.6 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 4,330 0.12% $8.30 $10.09 $21,000 5.3 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 32,680 0.93% $8.54 $10.10 $21,010 2.2 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 1,700 0.05% $18.73 $19.83 $41,240 3.6 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 360 0.01% $8.92 $10.22 $21,270 3.2 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 6,120 0.17% $7.37 $7.97 $16,570 4.3 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 5,360 0.15% $7.63 $8.16 $16,970 1.8 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 2,480 0.07% $6.78 $7.74 $16,110 5.0 %
39-6012 Concierges 160 (7) $11.68 $11.91 $24,770 2.9 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (8) (8) $11.40 $11.95 $24,860 3.1 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 3,090 0.09% $7.49 $7.94 $16,520 3.1 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 7,190 0.21% $9.67 $9.99 $20,780 1.9 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,770 0.05% $12.83 $15.61 $32,470 4.9 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 720 0.02% $10.95 $11.04 $22,970 6.7 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 400 0.01% $9.39 $9.50 $19,770 2.8 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 97,580 2.79% $10.88 $14.91 $31,020 2.0 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,840 0.05% $17.58 $21.81 $45,360 7.9 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 3,430 0.10% $21.15 $25.31 $52,650 3.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers 10,310 0.29% $7.93 $8.40 $17,470 1.1 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 1,360 0.04% $9.26 $9.97 $20,730 3.7 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 370 0.01% $14.47 $15.44 $32,120 6.9 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 10,130 0.29% $9.44 $10.99 $22,870 2.8 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 130 (7) $16.17 $20.34 $42,310 8.0 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 700 0.02% $19.41 $23.63 $49,150 5.8 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 420 0.01% $31.16 $39.68 $82,530 12.5 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 610 0.02% $14.62 $14.67 $30,510 3.5 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 9,850 0.28% $20.11 $24.00 $49,930 6.7 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 840 0.02% $26.26 $28.06 $58,370 4.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 12,640 0.36% $18.78 $21.52 $44,770 2.2 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 11,800 0.34% $9.78 $10.77 $22,390 3.0 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,850 0.05% $15.78 $22.76 $47,340 19.2 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 150 (7) $30.36 $30.96 $64,400 4.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 24,570 0.70% $9.10 $10.07 $20,950 3.1 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 6,440 0.18% $15.42 $17.08 $35,540 2.5 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 840,190 23.99% $11.09 $12.13 $25,240 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 22,570 0.64% $17.95 $19.63 $40,830 1.7 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 8,720 0.25% $10.05 $10.40 $21,640 1.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 9,150 0.26% $12.99 $13.65 $28,390 1.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 8,510 0.24% $12.56 $13.02 $27,080 1.1 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 38,430 1.10% $12.91 $13.50 $28,090 1.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 10,250 0.29% $13.96 $14.20 $29,540 1.0 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,300 0.04% $15.34 $16.39 $34,100 2.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,170 0.03% $10.15 $10.52 $21,870 2.1 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 230 0.01% $10.95 $11.54 $24,010 3.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 3,750 0.11% $9.67 $12.34 $25,670 7.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 86,290 2.46% $11.20 $11.86 $24,660 0.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 24,590 0.70% $10.07 $10.48 $21,800 1.1 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks (8) (8) $12.46 $11.68 $24,290 2.7 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 2,320 0.07% $11.65 $12.53 $26,070 2.9 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 50 (7) $10.52 $10.47 $21,780 4.4 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 2,330 0.07% $14.20 $15.09 $31,380 4.0 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks (8) (8) $15.21 $14.78 $30,740 4.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,670 0.05% $12.44 $13.13 $27,320 2.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 6,290 0.18% $12.98 $13.68 $28,450 1.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 60,680 1.73% $10.34 $10.69 $22,230 0.7 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 310 0.01% $10.71 $11.68 $24,290 6.2 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 30,040 0.86% $11.49 $13.58 $28,250 1.8 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,110 0.03% $10.09 $10.60 $22,050 2.7 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,710 0.08% $13.15 $14.09 $29,300 2.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 540 0.02% $10.58 $11.08 $23,040 2.6 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 3,770 0.11% $15.96 $16.90 $35,140 4.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 35,120 1.00% $9.70 $10.52 $21,880 1.4 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 37,380 1.07% $9.16 $9.80 $20,390 0.8 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 1,060 0.03% $10.89 $12.37 $25,730 10.2 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 64,880 1.85% $15.13 $15.93 $33,130 1.0 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 2,760 0.08% $18.44 $18.89 $39,290 2.6 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 1,560 0.04% $11.87 $12.33 $25,640 1.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 56,680 1.62% $12.32 $12.68 $26,380 0.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 5,430 0.16% $13.99 $14.92 $31,030 1.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 51,070 1.46% $10.47 $10.95 $22,780 0.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 17,440 0.50% $12.50 $13.74 $28,580 4.5 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 240 0.01% $18.15 $17.62 $36,650 4.7 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 710 0.02% $12.66 $13.32 $27,700 7.5 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 12,450 0.36% $9.67 $9.92 $20,630 1.4 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 173,070 4.94% $10.14 $10.65 $22,150 0.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 3,380 0.10% $10.29 $11.00 $22,880 2.3 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 820 0.02% $14.11 $14.17 $29,480 6.4 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 130 (7) $11.57 $12.76 $26,540 3.3 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 47,230 1.35% $10.47 $11.36 $23,630 1.3 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 20,140 0.58% $7.74 $8.43 $17,540 2.9 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 140 (7) $15.47 $16.51 $34,340 3.3 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (8) (8) $6.48 $6.83 $14,200 4.3 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 250 0.01% $9.36 $10.44 $21,710 6.5 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $7.73 $8.40 $17,470 4.6 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 110 (7) $7.83 $8.54 $17,760 7.1 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 480 0.01% $13.50 $13.98 $29,070 6.2 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 216,650 6.19% $11.21 $12.85 $26,720 1.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 2,650 0.08% $23.08 $24.44 $50,840 1.8 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 2,750 0.08% $15.27 $16.23 $33,750 4.1 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 310 0.01% $12.16 $13.24 $27,540 5.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 29,230 0.83% $14.24 $15.58 $32,400 1.8 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 240 0.01% $15.53 $18.55 $38,570 11.9 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 360 0.01% $15.06 $16.49 $34,300 5.4 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 2,630 0.08% $12.76 $13.96 $29,040 3.7 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 76,040 2.17% $8.64 $9.96 $20,720 2.0 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 140 (7) $11.75 $12.82 $26,670 5.0 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,110 0.03% $14.19 $16.70 $34,740 4.8 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 1,530 0.04% $15.17 $15.96 $33,200 3.1 %
47-2111 Electricians (8) (8) $16.31 $16.97 $35,300 2.1 %
47-2121 Glaziers 50 (7) $13.50 $15.76 $32,780 5.5 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 50 (7) $15.43 $13.99 $29,110 9.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 5,090 0.15% $12.01 $13.33 $27,730 3.5 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 200 0.01% $14.75 $15.13 $31,460 5.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 160 (7) $12.21 $14.18 $29,500 7.1 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,460 0.10% $17.10 $17.72 $36,850 2.6 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 410 0.01% $15.79 $15.93 $33,140 3.5 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 150 (7) $14.16 $16.43 $34,170 8.7 %
47-2181 Roofers 1,440 0.04% $13.83 $15.59 $32,430 3.6 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 1,860 0.05% $13.99 $15.40 $32,020 5.8 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 610 0.02% $15.56 $17.94 $37,310 5.9 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 480 0.01% $13.94 $14.45 $30,050 6.9 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 2,420 0.07% $8.64 $9.50 $19,760 3.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 1,290 0.04% $9.88 $10.63 $22,110 3.7 %
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 400 0.01% $9.75 $9.93 $20,660 2.6 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 350 0.01% $10.15 $11.23 $23,370 4.0 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 430 0.01% $9.73 $9.82 $20,420 3.1 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 9,740 0.28% $8.50 $9.67 $20,120 6.5 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 190 0.01% $19.52 $21.58 $44,890 7.5 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 70 (7) $11.34 $14.37 $29,900 14.6 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 720 0.02% $12.19 $13.38 $27,830 5.4 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,870 0.05% $11.35 $12.37 $25,730 6.8 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 80 (7) $9.14 $10.04 $20,880 7.4 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 32,450 0.93% $9.39 $11.35 $23,600 5.8 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 51,040 1.46% $13.87 $15.14 $31,480 1.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,530 0.04% $23.40 $24.20 $50,350 3.2 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 940 0.03% $15.65 $16.27 $33,850 3.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,010 0.03% $16.10 $17.34 $36,060 5.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 140 (7) $18.36 $18.30 $38,050 7.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 320 0.01% $17.71 $18.74 $38,990 3.5 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 310 0.01% $15.10 $15.79 $32,840 2.0 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 260 0.01% $10.54 $12.83 $26,690 14.9 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers (8) (8) $16.98 $17.94 $37,310 3.5 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 460 0.01% $20.41 $21.56 $44,850 2.9 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 640 0.02% $14.11 $15.70 $32,650 6.1 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 50 (7) $12.84 $13.85 $28,810 3.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 7,060 0.20% $15.07 $16.14 $33,570 3.0 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,790 0.08% $13.33 $14.69 $30,560 3.2 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 110 (7) $16.12 $16.88 $35,100 5.0 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 180 0.01% $14.86 $15.64 $32,530 3.2 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 40 (7) $8.18 $9.77 $20,330 6.5 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 130 (7) $10.15 $11.25 $23,390 2.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,180 0.03% $15.89 $16.70 $34,750 3.6 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 90 (7) $11.49 $13.98 $29,080 9.9 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 620 0.02% $15.73 $16.64 $34,610 4.5 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 23,690 0.68% $12.82 $13.92 $28,960 1.5 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 540 0.02% $14.07 $15.37 $31,970 3.3 %
49-9044 Millwrights 430 0.01% $20.64 $22.08 $45,930 6.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (8) (8) $23.62 $22.13 $46,040 8.6 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 610 0.02% $16.70 $17.03 $35,410 3.9 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 90 (7) $14.43 $16.35 $34,000 14.0 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (8) (8) $11.36 $11.99 $24,940 7.6 %
49-9096 Riggers 900 0.03% $18.79 $18.83 $39,160 6.0 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 2,780 0.08% $9.09 $9.89 $20,560 3.5 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 2,230 0.06% $13.99 $16.18 $33,650 3.0 %
&nbsp
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 600,200 17.14% $8.75 $10.00 $20,810 0.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 4,750 0.14% $16.81 $18.60 $38,690 1.9 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 340 0.01% $10.34 $11.08 $23,050 5.6 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 7,770 0.22% $9.57 $10.76 $22,390 3.0 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers (8) (8) $13.78 $12.66 $26,340 3.5 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 830 0.02% $10.35 $11.67 $24,270 4.2 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 530 0.02% $14.76 $14.01 $29,140 6.1 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 650 0.02% $11.65 $12.08 $25,120 4.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 145,010 4.14% $8.72 $9.76 $20,290 1.6 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 35,970 1.03% $8.87 $9.89 $20,560 1.9 %
51-3011 Bakers (8) (8) $9.30 $10.04 $20,890 4.8 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 420 0.01% $12.19 $12.60 $26,200 4.3 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers (8) (8) $8.57 $8.90 $18,510 2.4 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 1,220 0.03% $8.77 $10.02 $20,830 4.6 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 540 0.02% $8.19 $9.42 $19,590 8.3 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 560 0.02% $10.43 $11.79 $24,530 2.8 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,830 0.08% $9.43 $10.36 $21,550 3.4 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,090 0.03% $8.58 $9.36 $19,470 2.4 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 20,720 0.59% $9.47 $10.31 $21,450 1.4 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 290 0.01% $10.84 $12.63 $26,270 7.7 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 810 0.02% $9.18 $10.47 $21,770 4.4 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 390 0.01% $10.65 $12.16 $25,300 5.5 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $12.30 $13.30 $27,660 6.3 %
51-4041 Machinists 16,540 0.47% $11.20 $13.03 $27,100 1.9 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 100 (7) $12.01 $12.98 $27,010 6.7 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,790 0.08% $8.52 $9.28 $19,300 2.8 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,700 0.05% $11.22 $13.29 $27,650 8.4 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 460 0.01% $17.84 $17.93 $37,290 5.0 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 9,510 0.27% $12.78 $13.85 $28,800 2.2 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 360 0.01% $11.28 $12.79 $26,610 8.5 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $15.53 $15.69 $32,640 5.6 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 100 (7) $10.57 $11.70 $24,340 7.1 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 150 (7) $10.09 $11.40 $23,710 5.2 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 2,630 0.08% $11.65 $14.63 $30,430 7.5 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 4,250 0.12% $8.39 $9.33 $19,410 4.3 %
51-5021 Job Printers 40 (7) $10.32 $12.27 $25,510 6.8 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 440 0.01% $11.03 $13.63 $28,340 11.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 2,910 0.08% $9.60 $11.10 $23,100 5.2 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 1,000 0.03% $7.39 $7.99 $16,630 2.9 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 3,500 0.10% $8.03 $8.23 $17,110 1.2 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 740 0.02% $8.15 $8.38 $17,420 2.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (8) (8) $11.25 $13.73 $28,560 11.1 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $8.94 $9.62 $20,020 7.9 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 990 0.03% $8.45 $8.92 $18,550 3.1 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 150 (7) $8.49 $8.69 $18,070 4.5 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $10.90 $10.89 $22,650 3.9 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 260 0.01% $12.52 $13.17 $27,400 4.3 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 80 (7) $9.34 $10.02 $20,840 3.6 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 970 0.03% $10.62 $11.79 $24,520 5.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 70 (7) $8.40 $10.69 $22,230 11.3 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 530 0.02% $10.21 $10.71 $22,280 2.9 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 620 0.02% $9.92 $10.48 $21,800 2.9 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 510 0.01% $10.38 $11.36 $23,630 5.0 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $13.84 $15.00 $31,200 5.8 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 150 (7) $10.75 $12.14 $25,250 5.7 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 290 0.01% $8.23 $9.06 $18,850 5.2 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 150 (7) $9.99 $10.38 $21,600 3.2 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,490 0.04% $9.28 $10.47 $21,780 7.1 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 150 (7) $10.36 $11.28 $23,460 7.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 450 0.01% $8.36 $9.16 $19,060 4.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 35,290 1.01% $10.44 $12.04 $25,040 3.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 70,930 2.03% $8.46 $9.35 $19,450 1.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 550 0.02% $10.27 $10.82 $22,500 3.5 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 200 0.01% $12.35 $13.98 $29,080 8.2 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 1,010 0.03% $9.09 $10.20 $21,220 5.7 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 80 (7) $8.50 $9.10 $18,940 3.9 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 300 0.01% $9.78 $11.10 $23,080 5.0 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 1,270 0.04% $13.40 $14.02 $29,160 3.2 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 2,640 0.08% $11.00 $11.91 $24,780 3.7 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 60 (7) $8.09 $12.08 $25,120 26.6 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 60 (7) $9.29 $9.31 $19,360 4.2 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 40 (7) $9.14 $10.32 $21,460 6.4 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $8.83 $13.43 $27,940 7.6 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 760 0.02% $9.53 $11.11 $23,100 9.8 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 92,090 2.63% $8.10 $8.56 $17,810 1.0 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 106,530 3.04% $8.53 $9.74 $20,260 1.3 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 836,260 23.88% $8.36 $9.36 $19,480 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,650 0.05% $17.17 $18.42 $38,310 2.3 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,170 0.03% $20.32 $22.63 $47,080 4.4 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (8) (8) $9.76 $9.95 $20,700 2.7 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 270 0.01% $9.38 $9.61 $19,990 11.6 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 1,680 0.05% $9.88 $11.61 $24,140 6.4 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 42,470 1.21% $15.11 $15.53 $32,290 1.6 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 27,340 0.78% $10.56 $11.88 $24,710 2.1 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (8) (8) $9.25 $9.81 $20,400 2.5 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 12,100 0.35% $7.52 $9.20 $19,140 5.1 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 380 0.01% $11.63 $12.80 $26,620 7.6 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 2,070 0.06% $7.42 $7.70 $16,010 3.1 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 530 0.02% $8.76 $9.91 $20,610 6.8 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 270 0.01% $10.60 $12.92 $26,880 9.4 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 570 0.02% $9.06 $9.81 $20,400 3.0 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 150 (7) $11.06 $16.21 $33,720 17.0 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 470 0.01% $13.49 $14.84 $30,870 4.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 28,550 0.82% $10.29 $11.15 $23,200 1.5 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 2,730 0.08% $8.15 $9.09 $18,900 2.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 530,150 15.14% $8.25 $8.88 $18,480 0.7 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,630 0.05% $9.00 $9.08 $18,880 4.1 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 149,780 4.28% $7.83 $8.17 $16,990 0.8 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 23,060 0.66% $8.66 $9.93 $20,660 7.2 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 4,040 0.12% $10.17 $12.05 $25,050 4.8 %

About November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(6) There is wide variation in the number of hours worked by those employed as actors, dancers, musicians, and singers. Many jobs are for a duration of 1 day or 1 week and it is extremely rare for a performer to have guaranteed employment for a period that exceeds 3 to 6 months.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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