Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers is part of: NAICS 711000 - Performing Arts, Spectator Sports, and Related Industries.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers:


NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 44,250 100.00% $14.19 $21.64 $45,020 4.5 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 1,600 3.62% $33.13 $43.32 $90,120 3.6 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 100 0.23% $53.60 $62.20 $129,370 7.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 810 1.83% $33.78 $45.58 $94,800 3.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 60 0.14% $35.13 $37.75 $78,520 8.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 120 0.27% $33.82 $38.25 $79,560 12.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers (8) (8) $30.58 $39.92 $83,040 16.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 50 0.11% $20.83 $27.71 $57,630 13.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 150 0.34% $27.15 $37.67 $78,340 9.6 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 120 0.27% $35.87 $37.85 $78,720 10.3 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,930 4.36% $27.37 $34.20 $71,130 5.3 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 740 1.67% $33.39 $39.05 $81,230 9.1 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 50 0.11% $22.27 $25.95 $53,970 11.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 240 0.54% $33.53 $37.79 $78,610 6.4 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 400 0.90% $25.67 $34.03 $70,780 9.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 390 0.88% $25.15 $27.55 $57,300 4.6 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 300 0.68% $26.05 $30.65 $63,750 10.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 40 0.09% $36.55 $35.44 $73,710 5.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 70 0.16% $19.47 $19.54 $40,640 5.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 40 0.09% $38.81 $59.13 $123,000 25.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 80 0.18% $20.80 $25.83 $53,730 10.8 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 260 0.59% $26.14 $28.76 $59,830 6.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 30 0.07% $33.40 $35.25 $73,320 15.9 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 60 0.14% $24.56 $26.19 $54,470 8.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 40 0.09% $38.73 $36.32 $75,540 13.6 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 170 0.38% $17.32 $20.56 $42,770 6.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 80 0.18% $20.57 $22.52 $46,830 6.3 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 430 0.97% $19.32 $22.70 $47,210 7.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 240 0.54% $18.31 $20.21 $42,030 14.5 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 40 0.09% (4) (4) $61,950 13.1 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 90 0.20% $19.57 $19.47 $40,500 3.6 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 24,460 55.28% $14.80 $23.84 $49,580 6.5 %
27-1011 Art Directors 150 0.34% $27.09 $36.36 $75,630 10.1 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 750 1.69% $11.53 $13.29 $27,640 3.8 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 2,060 4.66% $15.72 $20.39 $42,410 4.4 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 360 0.81% $19.56 $23.27 $48,400 10.4 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 970 2.19% $11.17 $13.39 $27,850 3.7 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 50 0.11% $17.51 $26.22 $54,530 10.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 560 1.27% $16.10 $19.33 $40,200 6.6 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 570 1.29% $21.45 $24.16 $50,260 4.3 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 180 0.41% $24.80 $25.55 $53,150 17.3 %
27-2011 Actors 4,030 9.11% $8.35 $19.58 (6) 17.1 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 2,210 4.99% $27.81 $46.58 $96,880 15.9 %
27-2031 Dancers 780 1.76% $9.76 $11.85 (6) 8.8 %
27-2032 Choreographers (8) (8) $13.29 $23.51 $48,900 16.7 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 700 1.58% $19.65 $26.51 (6) 10.5 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 1,020 2.31% $9.38 $20.43 (6) 16.0 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 220 0.50% $14.18 $21.51 $44,750 8.4 %
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 2,340 5.29% $11.10 $15.54 $32,320 6.0 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 370 0.84% $18.74 $21.15 $43,990 4.8 %
27-3041 Editors 320 0.72% $23.74 $31.42 $65,360 12.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 790 1.79% $24.17 $31.55 $65,630 7.8 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 1,870 4.23% $24.09 $39.86 $82,900 12.7 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 180 0.41% $16.46 $18.92 $39,350 6.3 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 1,150 2.60% $14.18 $18.56 $38,610 7.7 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 40 0.09% $23.22 $21.68 $45,090 24.3 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 250 0.56% $15.61 $19.65 $40,870 7.6 %
27-4021 Photographers 260 0.59% $12.66 $16.77 $34,870 10.8 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 140 0.32% $20.36 $20.32 $42,260 3.9 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 150 0.34% $23.64 $25.28 $52,570 2.6 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 410 0.93% $13.15 $14.68 $30,540 5.0 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 30 0.07% $19.37 $24.58 $51,130 15.4 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 250 0.56% $9.94 $10.42 $21,670 4.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 240 0.54% $9.84 $9.93 $20,650 3.5 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 590 1.33% $7.79 $8.48 $17,640 4.4 %
35-3011 Bartenders 200 0.45% $7.19 $7.86 $16,360 8.9 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (8) (8) $7.86 $8.44 $17,540 6.9 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $7.88 $7.73 $16,070 3.5 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 410 0.93% $9.98 $11.78 $24,500 4.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 250 0.56% $9.35 $11.40 $23,700 5.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 90 0.20% $9.72 $10.59 $22,040 4.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 60 0.14% $11.08 $12.06 $25,090 5.1 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 520 1.18% $10.44 $11.89 $24,720 7.2 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 170 0.38% $9.26 $9.82 $20,420 7.5 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 80 0.18% $7.60 $7.90 $16,430 4.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 40 0.09% $9.92 $11.31 $23,520 8.7 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $15.60 $15.24 $31,690 4.1 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 1,670 3.77% $14.35 $20.65 $42,950 5.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 90 0.20% $19.80 $22.24 $46,270 7.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 40 0.09% $25.98 $34.93 $72,660 17.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers 330 0.75% $8.22 $8.70 $18,090 3.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (8) (8) $9.02 $11.11 $23,110 6.5 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 360 0.81% $9.68 $11.86 $24,670 5.6 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 90 0.20% $30.49 $33.24 $69,150 10.8 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 270 0.61% $24.62 $27.95 $58,140 5.6 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 40 0.09% $31.63 $36.45 $75,820 9.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 190 0.43% $30.18 $36.96 $76,870 12.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers (8) (8) $10.81 $11.20 $23,290 3.4 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 100 0.23% $20.94 $26.03 $54,150 8.8 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 7,730 17.47% $11.37 $13.28 $27,630 4.0 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 310 0.70% $20.65 $24.75 $51,470 6.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 30 0.07% $12.65 $11.87 $24,690 6.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 730 1.65% $10.99 $13.04 $27,130 3.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 160 0.36% $12.34 $13.54 $28,160 3.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 60 0.14% $8.03 $8.62 $17,940 4.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 310 0.70% $9.76 $10.24 $21,310 3.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 80 0.18% $18.72 $19.44 $40,430 6.3 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 100 0.23% $10.48 $10.51 $21,860 2.7 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,240 2.80% $17.85 $19.67 $40,920 7.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,630 3.68% $11.98 $12.26 $25,490 3.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 30 0.07% $10.22 $10.88 $22,640 3.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 30 0.07% $10.91 $12.24 $25,450 9.9 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,690 6.08% $8.32 $9.89 $20,570 5.6 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $28.93 $23.45 $48,770 16.6 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 810 1.83% $16.49 $17.35 $36,100 2.5 %
47-2031 Carpenters 570 1.29% $16.80 $17.36 $36,110 2.8 %
47-2111 Electricians 90 0.20% $19.14 $20.57 $42,780 8.3 %
47-2121 Glaziers 40 0.09% $13.05 $14.68 $30,530 5.8 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 50 0.11% $12.96 $14.61 $30,390 4.9 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 260 0.59% $16.10 $18.03 $37,500 5.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (8) (8) $12.28 $14.54 $30,240 6.6 %
49-9096 Riggers 60 0.14% $24.29 $22.28 $46,350 14.0 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 40 0.09% $16.50 $21.02 $43,720 13.3 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,410 3.19% $11.57 $13.05 $27,140 2.6 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 60 0.14% $21.05 $22.99 $47,820 5.2 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 100 0.23% $10.81 $11.99 $24,930 5.9 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 60 0.14% $15.93 $15.94 $33,150 7.1 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 50 0.11% $8.51 $9.88 $20,560 3.5 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 30 0.07% $11.54 $10.57 $21,980 6.8 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 40 0.09% $11.42 $11.14 $23,170 6.4 %
51-6093 Upholsterers (8) (8) $10.30 $11.13 $23,160 7.6 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 40 0.09% $12.55 $12.78 $26,580 5.3 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 50 0.11% $14.66 $15.26 $31,750 12.7 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 60 0.14% $12.08 $12.70 $26,420 6.3 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 80 0.18% $10.63 $11.18 $23,250 3.9 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 50 0.11% $9.49 $10.64 $22,130 4.7 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (8) (8) $10.13 $10.62 $22,090 3.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 30 0.07% $9.85 $9.78 $20,340 3.9 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $18.71 $17.41 $36,210 8.0 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers (8) (8) $9.50 $9.32 $19,390 2.8 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 170 0.38% $9.86 $10.86 $22,590 5.8 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 1,380 3.12% $10.25 $12.17 $25,310 8.8 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 40 0.09% $24.18 $23.98 $49,870 11.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 50 0.11% $9.53 $10.91 $22,690 4.5 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,220 2.76% $10.02 $11.71 $24,360 10.3 %

About November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(6) There is wide variation in the number of hours worked by those employed as actors, dancers, musicians, and singers. Many jobs are for a duration of 1 day or 1 week and it is extremely rare for a performer to have guaranteed employment for a period that exceeds 3 to 6 months.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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