Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities is part of: NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities:


NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 65,130 100.00% $20.50 $24.91 $51,820 1.7 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 4,870 7.48% $43.99 $49.52 $103,000 1.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 630 0.97% $69.29 $70.08 $145,770 4.7 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,670 2.56% $48.56 $53.62 $111,540 2.5 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 170 0.26% $38.23 $43.73 $90,960 9.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 50 0.08% $42.42 $51.37 $106,840 12.1 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 170 0.26% $35.46 $39.15 $81,430 6.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 390 0.60% $29.19 $33.32 $69,310 5.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 310 0.48% $44.29 $47.28 $98,340 4.2 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 360 0.55% $40.52 $43.74 $90,990 3.6 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 40 0.06% $39.69 $42.21 $87,800 8.9 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 90 0.14% $44.93 $46.53 $96,780 3.6 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 40 0.06% $41.27 $40.85 $84,960 5.7 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 90 0.14% $34.99 $34.14 $71,000 2.0 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 40 0.06% $37.73 $48.44 $100,760 17.1 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 290 0.45% $42.57 $46.58 $96,890 5.2 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 190 0.29% $37.11 $42.77 $88,970 11.5 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 260 0.40% $35.41 $38.91 $80,940 4.4 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 4,880 7.49% $26.03 $29.80 $61,970 3.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 150 0.23% $22.77 $22.06 $45,880 4.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 90 0.14% $25.33 $26.90 $55,960 4.6 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 160 0.25% $22.76 $23.97 $49,850 7.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 60 0.09% $24.33 $25.98 $54,030 3.2 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 510 0.78% $23.99 $25.07 $52,150 5.1 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 100 0.15% $24.48 $25.88 $53,830 4.1 %
13-1081 Logisticians 50 0.08% $36.91 $37.12 $77,220 6.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,200 1.84% $29.92 $36.56 $76,050 7.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 140 0.21% $20.55 $21.28 $44,270 3.3 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 1,400 2.15% $25.64 $28.19 $58,640 2.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 710 1.09% $25.76 $28.31 $58,890 3.6 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (8) (8) $26.23 $26.39 $54,880 3.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 90 0.14% $29.97 $31.03 $64,540 5.3 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other (8) (8) $59.92 $49.57 $103,110 11.4 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 5,840 8.97% $27.87 $29.85 $62,090 2.4 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 370 0.57% $44.94 $42.81 $89,040 8.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 510 0.78% $31.46 $32.93 $68,500 4.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 780 1.20% $36.81 $35.95 $74,770 7.3 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 60 0.09% $36.76 $35.59 $74,020 3.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,050 1.61% $20.25 $20.36 $42,360 3.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 610 0.94% $27.32 $28.29 $58,840 6.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 270 0.41% $26.70 $29.49 $61,340 5.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 340 0.52% $29.43 $31.07 $64,630 2.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 390 0.60% $27.88 $28.46 $59,190 2.0 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 820 1.26% $29.70 $29.96 $62,320 6.8 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 160 0.25% $26.52 $28.91 $60,130 5.1 %
15-2041 Statisticians 460 0.71% $26.73 $29.24 $60,810 5.2 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,090 1.67% $29.60 $30.15 $62,720 2.2 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 50 0.08% $13.14 $14.22 $29,580 8.4 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 17,940 27.54% $22.48 $26.52 $55,170 2.5 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists (8) (8) $32.84 $33.80 $70,300 1.9 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 50 0.08% $19.24 $22.16 $46,100 7.6 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 190 0.29% $32.30 $32.70 $68,010 6.1 %
19-2031 Chemists 160 0.25% $23.83 $26.48 $55,070 7.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 370 0.57% $30.21 $33.54 $69,770 8.9 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other (8) (8) $37.52 $38.16 $79,370 5.4 %
19-3011 Economists 980 1.50% $36.02 $45.86 $95,400 8.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,090 1.67% $23.71 $25.59 $53,220 5.4 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 1,180 1.81% $15.44 $17.57 $36,540 9.7 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 60 0.09% $24.28 $28.09 $58,420 13.5 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists (8) (8) $33.44 $36.72 $76,380 2.3 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other (8) (8) $33.01 $34.26 $71,260 6.8 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,480 2.27% $33.92 $35.32 $73,450 3.3 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 80 0.12% $29.92 $30.75 $63,960 3.3 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 940 1.44% $17.55 $20.28 $42,180 5.1 %
19-3093 Historians (8) (8) $19.90 $22.08 $45,920 7.6 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 180 0.28% $26.73 $30.90 $64,270 6.8 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $27.37 $30.40 $63,220 7.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 130 0.20% $16.74 $18.15 $37,760 4.4 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 90 0.14% $14.25 $18.18 $37,810 8.1 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 3,480 5.34% $16.79 $17.63 $36,670 2.3 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 2,200 3.38% $18.23 $20.38 $42,390 7.4 %
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Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,580 2.43% $19.92 $22.41 $46,610 6.8 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 140 0.21% $17.19 $21.11 $43,900 7.9 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors (8) (8) $22.39 $22.17 $46,120 4.1 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers (8) (8) $16.27 $17.70 $36,810 7.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators (8) (8) $26.10 $28.03 $58,300 8.7 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 40 0.06% $13.50 $13.72 $28,530 5.7 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 220 0.34% $21.98 $21.11 $43,900 8.4 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 320 0.49% $33.35 $44.89 $93,380 15.2 %
23-1011 Lawyers 230 0.35% $45.88 $53.61 $111,510 16.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 30 0.05% $17.79 $20.74 $43,130 8.6 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 40 0.06% $19.92 $24.02 $49,960 11.8 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 5,460 8.38% $20.91 $24.66 $51,280 3.3 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors (8) (8) $13.70 $14.70 $30,590 6.9 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 30 0.05% $16.05 $18.54 $38,550 8.0 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 2,000 3.07% (4) (4) $31,260 8.3 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators (8) (8) $20.35 $20.01 $41,620 3.6 %
25-4021 Librarians 100 0.15% $22.80 $22.55 $46,890 3.8 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 30 0.05% $16.60 $16.89 $35,120 3.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,100 1.69% $27.23 $28.82 $59,950 2.7 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (8) (8) (4) (4) $24,390 4.1 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 60 0.09% $8.47 $9.85 $20,490 20.1 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,910 2.93% $22.54 $24.30 $50,540 1.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 230 0.35% $20.57 $21.41 $44,530 2.5 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other (8) (8) $28.56 $28.95 $60,220 4.3 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 880 1.35% $22.31 $24.32 $50,590 2.6 %
27-3041 Editors 310 0.48% $22.02 $24.09 $50,120 4.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 130 0.20% $24.18 $25.73 $53,510 3.5 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 170 0.26% $25.26 $27.22 $56,620 5.4 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 250 0.38% $25.89 $27.59 $57,400 3.7 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 90 0.14% $30.14 $29.06 $60,440 6.6 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 90 0.14% $14.85 $15.68 $32,620 3.3 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 60 0.09% $15.90 $17.50 $36,400 3.8 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 110 0.17% $15.34 $18.07 $37,580 5.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 30 0.05% $13.20 $15.27 $31,760 4.5 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (8) (8) $11.02 $12.39 $25,770 6.2 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 220 0.34% $10.15 $11.92 $24,800 5.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 100 0.15% $10.47 $11.70 $24,330 5.4 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 40 0.06% $9.47 $9.72 $20,220 4.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 70 0.11% $9.46 $12.36 $25,710 10.5 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 250 0.38% $8.31 $9.88 $20,540 4.8 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 1,720 2.64% $8.77 $16.44 $34,200 15.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers (8) (8) $31.21 $39.25 $81,640 18.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 40 0.06% $13.04 $14.52 $30,190 13.3 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 150 0.23% $33.05 $36.55 $76,020 7.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 130 0.20% $20.85 $27.91 $58,060 21.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,040 1.60% $7.84 $9.75 $20,280 7.3 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 190 0.29% $14.13 $17.23 $35,840 18.8 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 17,760 27.27% $13.76 $15.14 $31,480 1.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,530 2.35% $24.22 $26.29 $54,680 2.6 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 60 0.09% $15.71 $16.99 $35,350 5.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 680 1.04% $16.67 $16.77 $34,880 1.8 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 90 0.14% $18.95 $18.99 $39,500 3.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 350 0.54% $12.40 $14.02 $29,150 11.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 40 0.06% $10.80 $11.82 $24,580 6.2 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 5,250 8.06% $10.87 $11.06 $23,010 3.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 170 0.26% $17.34 $17.98 $37,400 4.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 990 1.52% $10.85 $11.78 $24,510 4.7 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 50 0.08% $13.42 $14.25 $29,630 9.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (8) (8) $10.48 $11.65 $24,240 9.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2,760 4.24% $18.10 $19.26 $40,060 1.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 2,140 3.29% $14.90 $15.10 $31,410 1.4 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 40 0.06% $17.76 $19.59 $40,750 9.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 350 0.54% $11.75 $12.49 $25,970 3.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 140 0.21% $17.09 $17.67 $36,750 5.4 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 60 0.09% $12.74 $12.63 $26,270 3.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,420 3.72% $12.12 $13.03 $27,100 2.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 40 0.06% $13.45 $14.34 $29,820 3.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 150 0.23% $15.16 $15.80 $32,860 8.0 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 90 0.14% $16.54 $19.10 $39,720 4.8 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 160 0.25% $20.06 $21.38 $44,460 13.7 %
47-2111 Electricians 40 0.06% $25.69 $26.34 $54,780 10.9 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 240 0.37% $18.78 $20.73 $43,120 5.4 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 40 0.06% $20.11 $20.91 $43,480 7.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 120 0.18% $15.20 $16.69 $34,710 5.4 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 170 0.26% $19.33 $19.60 $40,770 10.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 30 0.05% $24.80 $24.53 $51,030 4.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 30 0.05% $13.52 $14.58 $30,320 8.6 %

About November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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