Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, November 2004

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
10,260 4.9 % $27.35 $56,900 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $15.31 $19.16 $25.60 $33.52 $43.26
Annual Wage (2) $31,850 $39,850 $53,240 $69,720 $89,990

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Federal government (OES designation) 2,490 $32.88 $68,390
Colleges and universities 1,420 $22.04 $45,840
Misc. nondurable goods merchant wholesalers 1,410 $30.13 $62,680
Scientific research and development services 1,240 $28.39 $59,060
Management and technical consulting services 990 $26.02 $54,130

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Federal government (OES designation) 2,490 $32.88 $68,390
Professional and similar organizations (7) $32.55 $67,700
Agricultural chemical manufacturing 40 $31.61 $65,750
Management of companies and enterprises 120 $30.85 $64,160
Misc. nondurable goods merchant wholesalers 1,410 $30.13 $62,680

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Iowa 1,030 $28.48 $59,240 0.072%
Nebraska 430 $24.22 $50,380 0.048%
South Dakota 150 $20.81 $43,290 0.040%
Kansas 440 $27.22 $56,620 0.034%
Wyoming 80 $20.18 $41,960 0.032%

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Maryland 150 $41.15 $85,580 0.006%
New Mexico 60 $39.61 $82,380 0.008%
District of Columbia 140 $36.62 $76,180 0.023%
Connecticut 80 $36.22 $75,330 0.005%
West Virginia 50 $33.83 $70,360 0.007%

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Corvallis, OR MSA 40 $37.83 $78,690 0.114%
Madison, WI MSA 270 $21.68 $45,100 0.092%
Merced, CA MSA 50 $21.16 $44,000 0.084%
Lincoln, NE MSA 100 $27.48 $57,150 0.065%
Eau Claire, WI MSA 40 $23.66 $49,210 0.053%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA 50 $40.28 $83,780 0.020%
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA 340 $38.88 $80,860 0.012%
Corvallis, OR MSA 40 $37.83 $78,690 0.114%
Fresno, CA MSA (7) $36.35 $75,600 (7)
Oklahoma City, OK MSA (7) $33.36 $69,390 (7)

About November 2004 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) Estimate not released.

All Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 9, 2005

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