Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, November 2004

45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, grading, sorting, packing and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Exclude "Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (45-2041). Exclude "Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029).

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
231,120 3.1 % $8.23 $17,110 0.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $6.38 $7.17 $7.85 $8.61 $10.86
Annual Wage (2) $13,280 $14,900 $16,330 $17,900 $22,590

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Support activities for crop production 167,360 $7.92 $16,460
Misc. nondurable goods merchant wholesalers 13,760 $8.60 $17,880
Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores 11,750 $9.30 $19,340
Services to buildings and dwellings 3,540 $9.95 $20,690
Beverage manufacturing 3,070 $10.23 $21,270

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Federal government (OES designation) 120 $16.30 $33,890
State government (OES designation) 180 $12.73 $26,480
Offices of real estate agents and brokers 40 $11.87 $24,680
Accounting and bookkeeping services 80 $11.69 $24,310
Local government (OES designation) 820 $11.65 $24,240

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
California 135,690 $8.27 $17,200 0.929%
New Mexico 3,070 $6.53 $13,580 0.407%
Arizona 9,240 $7.21 $15,000 0.390%
Florida 28,020 $7.44 $15,480 0.375%
Oregon 2,680 $8.70 $18,100 0.170%

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
North Dakota (7) $11.53 $23,990 (7)
Massachusetts 860 $11.30 $23,500 0.027%
Nebraska 660 $10.77 $22,400 0.074%
Maine 340 $10.55 $21,940 0.057%
Washington 2,530 $10.45 $21,740 0.097%

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Yuma, AZ MSA 7,500 $7.17 $14,910 12.903%
Salinas, CA MSA 19,780 $8.30 $17,270 12.823%
Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA 11,540 $8.31 $17,290 9.461%
Bakersfield, CA MSA 20,490 $7.84 $16,300 8.639%
Fresno, CA MSA 20,990 $7.94 $16,520 5.980%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA 40 $14.05 $29,230 0.006%
Bridgeport, CT PMSA (7) $12.59 $26,190 (7)
Omaha, NE-IA MSA 120 $12.25 $25,470 0.029%
Boston, MA-NH PMSA 440 $12.16 $25,300 0.023%
Portland, ME MSA 70 $11.74 $24,410 0.044%

About November 2004 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) Estimate not released.

All Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 9, 2005

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