Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, November 2004

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
28,700 2.9 % $15.11 $31,430 0.9 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $9.39 $11.55 $14.42 $18.29 $22.06
Annual Wage (2) $19,520 $24,020 $30,000 $38,040 $45,880

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Glass and glass product manufacturing 3,770 $15.15 $31,510
Clay product and refractory manufacturing 3,260 $13.42 $27,900
Rubber product manufacturing 3,140 $16.06 $33,410
Plywood and engineered wood product mfg. 1,350 $12.92 $26,880
Sawmills and wood preservation 1,300 $13.85 $28,820

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills 1,290 $19.98 $41,550
Metal ore mining 150 $19.49 $40,530
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy mfg. 520 $18.32 $38,100
Cement and concrete product manufacturing 1,160 $18.08 $37,610
Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers mfg. 420 $17.93 $37,290

State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Mississippi 780 $13.46 $28,000 0.071%
Arkansas 750 $16.74 $34,820 0.066%
West Virginia 400 $12.56 $26,130 0.058%
Indiana 1,660 $15.85 $32,960 0.058%
Alabama 1,000 $14.64 $30,460 0.054%

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of State employment
Wyoming 90 $19.87 $41,320 0.036%
Nevada 120 $18.52 $38,510 0.010%
Maine (7) $18.21 $37,870 (7)
Kansas 320 $18.13 $37,710 0.024%
Washington 720 $18.09 $37,630 0.028%

Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA 560 $17.21 $35,810 0.368%
Danville, VA MSA 70 $18.39 $38,250 0.161%
Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA 110 $21.45 $44,610 0.099%
Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA 210 $15.66 $32,570 0.094%
Longview-Marshall, TX MSA 80 $11.33 $23,570 0.086%

Top paying Metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Percent of MSA employment
Baton Rouge, LA MSA 80 $24.12 $50,160 0.027%
Savannah, GA MSA (7) $21.69 $45,120 (7)
Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA 110 $21.45 $44,610 0.099%
Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA 90 $20.39 $42,400 0.034%
Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA 40 $20.34 $42,310 0.020%

About November 2004 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) Estimate not released.

All Production Occupations

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 9, 2005

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