Occupational Employment Statistics

November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

SOC major groups



These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Click on the SOC Code Number to view an occupational profile.

Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 1,144,240 $24.59 $27.67 $57,550 0.4 %
19-1011 Animal Scientists 2,940 $20.76 $22.91 $47,660 2.4 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 7,270 $24.67 $27.21 $56,600 1.3 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 10,260 $25.60 $27.35 $56,900 1.1 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 16,340 $33.03 $34.69 $72,160 1.7 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 14,660 $26.58 $29.70 $61,770 1.6 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 15,750 $24.36 $25.92 $53,920 0.6 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 25,220 $28.32 $30.20 $62,820 1.2 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 15,150 $25.16 $25.69 $53,440 0.7 %
19-1032 Foresters 10,070 $23.46 $24.44 $50,840 0.6 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 3,520 $25.25 $27.20 $56,580 1.7 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 74,860 $28.96 $32.81 $68,240 1.7 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 12,390 $27.23 $30.37 $63,180 1.9 %
19-2011 Astronomers 840 $47.65 $46.53 $96,780 2.5 %
19-2012 Physicists 14,500 $42.06 $43.02 $89,490 1.5 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 7,170 $34.35 $34.00 $70,730 2.2 %
19-2031 Chemists 78,360 $27.45 $30.00 $62,400 0.7 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 7,470 $33.85 $35.23 $73,270 1.3 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 69,990 $24.98 $27.06 $56,280 0.8 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 26,440 $33.74 $37.45 $77,890 2.8 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 7,520 $29.27 $30.83 $64,130 1.0 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 25,110 $38.71 $39.86 $82,900 2.6 %
19-3011 Economists 12,250 $34.79 $38.23 $79,520 2.3 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 184,050 $27.48 $30.83 $64,130 0.9 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 19,180 $13.42 $16.15 $33,590 2.7 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 98,430 $27.10 $30.45 $63,340 1.7 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 1,480 $35.61 $39.43 $82,010 3.1 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 6,240 $35.05 $33.79 $70,280 1.1 %
19-3041 Sociologists 3,980 $27.30 $30.54 $63,530 3.4 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 30,950 $26.25 $27.42 $57,030 0.7 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 4,540 $21.45 $23.15 $48,150 1.2 %
19-3092 Geographers 760 $29.58 $30.11 $62,630 1.3 %
19-3093 Historians 2,480 $21.61 $23.74 $49,390 2.5 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 4,490 $41.57 $41.06 $85,400 2.6 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 30,170 $29.62 $30.65 $63,750 1.1 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 18,950 $14.73 $15.68 $32,620 1.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 61,080 $16.51 $17.56 $36,520 0.7 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 61,350 $18.57 $19.25 $40,040 0.6 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 11,660 $20.06 $22.83 $47,480 4.4 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 7,030 $29.37 $28.94 $60,200 2.6 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 14,990 $16.04 $16.83 $35,010 2.6 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 30,670 $17.06 $18.02 $37,480 0.7 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 10,270 $21.35 $22.87 $47,560 1.4 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 17,900 $15.99 $16.73 $34,800 0.3 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 65,530 $18.95 $21.28 $44,260 2.9 %

About November 2004 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.


National OES estimates by SOC major group



November 2004 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

November 2004 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download November 2004 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 9, 2005

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