Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade:


Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 15,369,450 100.00% $9.85 $12.67 $26,360 0.2 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 376,880 2.45% $31.83 $39.04 $81,200 0.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 19,360 0.13% $66.71 $65.10 $135,420 1.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 229,720 1.49% $30.19 $37.19 $77,350 0.4 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 4,090 0.03% $27.07 $34.09 $70,900 1.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 3,400 0.02% $35.76 $42.51 $88,420 2.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 63,470 0.41% $33.81 $40.74 $84,740 0.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 300 (7) $34.66 $39.79 $82,770 4.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 8,700 0.06% $26.49 $29.85 $62,080 1.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 5,180 0.03% $40.14 $42.60 $88,620 1.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 16,560 0.11% $38.73 $43.70 $90,890 1.0 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 1,880 0.01% $27.57 $31.68 $65,890 1.5 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 740 (7) $31.95 $34.38 $71,500 5.9 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 1,340 0.01% $33.47 $36.35 $75,620 2.6 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 460 (7) $36.65 $39.14 $81,410 3.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 5,610 0.04% $30.69 $34.53 $71,830 1.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,740 0.02% $31.31 $35.04 $72,880 1.9 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 130 (7) $20.14 $22.81 $47,440 7.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 140 (7) $32.21 $36.07 $75,020 7.0 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 30 (7) $18.85 $20.63 $42,910 14.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 510 (7) $49.56 $52.85 $109,930 3.5 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 3,810 0.02% $18.46 $19.31 $40,170 1.3 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 (7) $41.03 $39.52 $82,200 7.8 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 360 (7) $43.61 $43.81 $91,130 3.2 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 230 (7) $30.10 $35.74 $74,340 6.5 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 60 (7) $23.31 $25.33 $52,690 6.8 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 7,990 0.05% $25.77 $30.58 $63,610 1.4 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 167,090 1.09% $20.59 $23.62 $49,130 0.5 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes (8) (8) $16.15 $18.62 $38,720 10.7 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 1,810 0.01% $17.56 $19.91 $41,400 3.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 47,720 0.31% $19.00 $22.04 $45,830 0.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 4,680 0.03% $21.22 $22.49 $46,770 1.9 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 50 (7) $21.12 $22.42 $46,640 5.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 300 (7) $20.75 $22.14 $46,040 4.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 8,620 0.06% $21.29 $23.14 $48,130 1.4 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,510 0.01% $18.60 $20.14 $41,900 2.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 4,380 0.03% $17.87 $19.43 $40,420 0.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 11,230 0.07% $15.53 $17.16 $35,690 1.0 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 8,640 0.06% $21.10 $21.86 $45,470 0.6 %
13-1081 Logisticians 520 (7) $25.13 $27.30 $56,790 2.1 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,500 0.01% $27.36 $30.96 $64,400 4.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 100 (7) $17.15 $18.57 $38,620 3.6 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 32,560 0.21% $18.61 $22.38 $46,550 1.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 32,640 0.21% $24.90 $27.35 $56,880 0.7 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 170 (7) $28.83 $38.47 $80,030 12.2 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 8,400 0.05% $31.53 $35.04 $72,880 1.4 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 580 (7) $27.40 $30.06 $62,530 2.3 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 40 (7) $25.57 $28.47 $59,210 10.6 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 770 0.01% $25.82 $29.63 $61,630 5.5 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 670 (7) $26.37 $28.64 $59,570 2.4 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 61,390 0.40% $23.10 $25.49 $53,010 1.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 10,510 0.07% $27.26 $28.96 $60,240 2.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 4,150 0.03% $35.85 $36.58 $76,080 2.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 4,020 0.03% $33.85 $35.68 $74,200 2.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 22,420 0.15% $16.12 $17.92 $37,260 0.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 5,500 0.04% $30.48 $31.64 $65,810 1.6 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,230 0.01% $28.73 $30.06 $62,530 1.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 6,670 0.04% $25.86 $27.76 $57,740 1.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,920 0.03% $24.47 $26.38 $54,860 1.5 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 2,700 0.02% $17.54 $20.61 $42,870 3.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 170 (7) $27.37 $28.93 $60,180 3.2 %
15-2041 Statisticians 60 (7) $32.11 $32.16 $66,900 5.9 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 4,660 0.03% $22.78 $25.57 $53,200 2.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 60 (7) $23.62 $31.12 $64,730 10.3 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 480 (7) $21.83 $22.87 $47,570 3.5 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (8) (8) $34.94 $36.19 $75,280 5.8 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 230 (7) $28.78 $29.77 $61,920 7.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 230 (7) $35.71 $38.28 $79,630 3.9 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 270 (7) $33.21 $34.03 $70,780 5.9 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 80 (7) $24.12 $23.78 $49,450 6.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 250 (7) $27.47 $29.94 $62,270 2.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 30 (7) $34.82 $38.63 $80,360 7.5 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 140 (7) $29.47 $30.13 $62,660 3.6 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 450 (7) $30.96 $32.51 $67,620 3.7 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 320 (7) $17.89 $18.59 $38,670 3.7 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 190 (7) $15.57 $16.91 $35,170 7.5 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 270 (7) $16.21 $17.93 $37,300 4.3 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 1,330 0.01% $20.82 $22.04 $45,850 3.4 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 90 (7) $20.49 $21.22 $44,140 5.4 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 4,520 0.03% $23.03 $25.32 $52,660 1.8 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 30 (7) $23.76 $29.16 $60,660 6.8 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 80 (7) $21.53 $23.45 $48,790 2.9 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 50 (7) $28.11 $33.94 $70,590 15.6 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other (8) (8) $32.54 $34.01 $70,730 10.8 %
19-2031 Chemists 30 (7) $25.02 $25.50 $53,030 3.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 3,810 0.02% $22.40 $24.98 $51,960 2.0 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians (8) (8) $20.96 $23.65 $49,190 24.3 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians (8) (8) $13.71 $13.86 $28,830 3.9 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 30 (7) $17.49 $18.13 $37,720 12.9 %
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Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 380 (7) $14.43 $15.38 $31,990 3.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers (8) (8) $13.18 $13.64 $28,370 9.5 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 50 (7) $12.44 $13.68 $28,460 6.5 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 30 (7) $13.26 $13.89 $28,890 15.3 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,440 0.01% $15.51 $22.61 $47,040 2.6 %
23-1011 Lawyers 280 (7) $50.45 $55.18 $114,780 3.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 60 (7) $22.24 $23.93 $49,780 3.9 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 590 (7) $12.90 $13.81 $28,730 3.8 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 490 (7) $14.17 $14.65 $30,480 4.7 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 6,220 0.04% $11.57 $14.51 $30,190 2.7 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 180 (7) (4) (4) $39,240 13.2 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 830 0.01% $18.95 $21.90 $45,560 3.7 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education (8) (8) $11.63 $11.23 $23,360 7.2 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 4,520 0.03% $10.06 $13.03 $27,100 3.4 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 340 (7) (4) (4) $34,290 14.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators (8) (8) $12.88 $14.86 $30,900 11.8 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 60 (7) (4) (4) $18,230 4.1 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 129,640 0.84% $11.23 $13.44 $27,950 0.7 %
27-1011 Art Directors 520 (7) $31.63 $37.21 $77,390 10.1 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 490 (7) $9.83 $12.08 $25,130 9.7 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 640 (7) $19.70 $21.83 $45,410 9.9 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 250 (7) $20.46 $21.86 $45,470 3.7 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 670 (7) $13.64 $18.22 $37,910 12.2 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 1,540 0.01% $22.25 $21.90 $45,540 4.3 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 920 0.01% $28.30 $31.93 $66,400 6.5 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 60,240 0.39% $10.10 $10.72 $22,300 0.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 7,210 0.05% $16.00 $17.25 $35,870 2.1 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 14,520 0.09% $17.64 $19.74 $41,050 1.7 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 32,970 0.21% $10.15 $11.41 $23,730 0.8 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 130 (7) $15.83 $18.60 $38,690 19.2 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 1,570 0.01% $14.64 $17.02 $35,400 3.5 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 200 (7) $27.15 $29.28 $60,900 5.5 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors (8) (8) (4) (4) $42,350 14.4 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 320 (7) (4) (4) $34,420 10.8 %
27-2031 Dancers 80 (7) $13.71 $15.41 (6) 15.0 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 210 (7) $18.15 $19.10 (6) 6.2 %
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers (8) (8) $28.68 $22.48 $46,770 10.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,420 0.02% $19.14 $20.98 $43,650 3.1 %
27-3041 Editors 640 (7) $21.41 $23.19 $48,240 3.1 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 310 (7) $25.89 $26.08 $54,240 2.4 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 940 0.01% $19.21 $20.95 $43,580 3.9 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 590 (7) $12.18 $12.62 $26,250 6.5 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 140 (7) $21.02 $22.51 $46,820 3.9 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 610 (7) $17.30 $17.95 $37,330 7.4 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 40 (7) $15.70 $16.61 $34,540 3.8 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 40 (7) $16.74 $20.48 $42,600 9.1 %
27-4021 Photographers 750 (7) $14.08 $16.72 $34,770 7.3 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture (8) (8) $30.34 $25.62 $53,280 7.2 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors (8) (8) $28.53 $31.66 $65,850 2.6 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 140 (7) $18.34 $18.92 $39,360 4.0 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 395,580 2.57% $15.53 $24.27 $50,480 0.5 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 100 (7) $18.62 $19.26 $40,060 6.6 %
29-1041 Optometrists 2,950 0.02% $44.77 $43.11 $89,660 4.8 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 146,950 0.96% $43.75 $43.09 $89,640 0.5 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 90 (7) $36.43 $45.23 $94,090 27.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,250 0.01% $23.81 $24.84 $51,680 2.5 %
29-1121 Audiologists 1,550 0.01% $24.83 $25.75 $53,560 7.8 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 1,180 0.01% $21.11 $21.89 $45,530 2.6 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 680 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians (8) (8) $15.42 $15.97 $33,210 5.1 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 140 (7) $12.60 $12.44 $25,870 3.1 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (8) (8) $40.42 $34.16 $71,050 4.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 194,050 1.26% $11.06 $11.60 $24,130 0.4 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 110 (7) $12.52 $13.16 $27,370 7.5 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 760 (7) $20.40 $20.58 $42,810 3.0 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 380 (7) $14.31 $14.68 $30,530 2.8 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 38,740 0.25% $13.88 $14.93 $31,040 1.4 %
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists 2,030 0.01% $28.93 $32.89 $68,410 7.0 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 2,240 0.01% $16.32 $17.96 $37,350 4.3 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 90 (7) $19.53 $20.72 $43,090 3.4 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 780 0.01% $14.21 $16.97 $35,300 8.5 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 44,460 0.29% $8.93 $9.66 $20,100 1.1 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 130 (7) $8.32 $9.11 $18,950 9.4 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants (8) (8) $13.03 $14.00 $29,110 8.4 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 340 (7) $13.15 $13.16 $27,360 3.9 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,150 0.01% $11.15 $11.35 $23,610 3.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 400 (7) $13.60 $13.13 $27,320 10.7 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 40,710 0.26% $8.78 $9.48 $19,710 1.2 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 69,100 0.45% $10.59 $12.10 $25,170 0.4 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 3,760 0.02% $16.96 $18.05 $37,550 0.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 46,610 0.30% $10.50 $12.00 $24,950 0.6 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 100 (7) $8.11 $8.41 $17,490 3.8 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 482,650 3.14% $8.37 $9.21 $19,150 0.3 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 740 (7) $16.29 $16.93 $35,210 2.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 35,660 0.23% $13.61 $14.17 $29,470 0.5 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 18,930 0.12% $7.55 $7.86 $16,340 0.8 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,680 0.01% $9.58 $9.78 $20,340 1.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 5,940 0.04% $8.79 $9.12 $18,980 1.3 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 19,380 0.13% $7.87 $8.28 $17,230 1.0 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 1,720 0.01% $12.21 $12.75 $26,510 2.9 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 144,670 0.94% $8.64 $9.30 $19,340 0.4 %
35-3011 Bartenders 1,250 0.01% $7.70 $8.29 $17,250 2.0 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 164,430 1.07% $8.18 $8.74 $18,190 0.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 53,040 0.35% $7.99 $8.58 $17,850 0.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 15,240 0.10% $6.55 $7.14 $14,850 1.1 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 390 (7) $8.37 $8.71 $18,120 7.1 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 2,750 0.02% $7.09 $7.47 $15,540 1.7 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 7,970 0.05% $7.39 $7.55 $15,700 0.7 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 1,130 0.01% $7.61 $7.81 $16,250 1.6 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 7,720 0.05% $9.49 $9.73 $20,230 0.7 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 132,690 0.86% $8.90 $9.55 $19,860 0.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,290 0.01% $13.99 $15.04 $31,270 1.5 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,120 0.01% $16.36 $17.66 $36,730 2.3 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 109,060 0.71% $8.77 $9.33 $19,400 0.3 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 4,410 0.03% $8.57 $8.90 $18,520 2.1 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 170 (7) $6.33 $7.89 $16,420 7.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 15,900 0.10% $9.53 $10.21 $21,240 1.3 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 310 (7) $11.90 $11.84 $24,630 3.0 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 420 (7) $8.29 $9.04 $18,800 5.5 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 88,230 0.57% $8.36 $9.09 $18,900 0.4 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 1,790 0.01% $12.14 $12.89 $26,810 1.3 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 1,470 0.01% $8.47 $8.88 $18,480 1.4 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 12,420 0.08% $7.99 $8.29 $17,230 0.8 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers (8) (8) $7.78 $7.75 $16,110 3.7 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 2,640 0.02% $7.35 $7.63 $15,880 2.3 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 220 (7) $8.18 $11.25 $23,390 14.7 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 1,240 0.01% $7.59 $8.16 $16,980 3.8 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 2,380 0.02% $10.48 $11.93 $24,820 2.7 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops (8) (8) $8.63 $9.36 $19,460 6.1 %
39-6012 Concierges 40 (7) $10.12 $10.91 $22,690 6.5 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 200 (7) $7.77 $8.78 $18,250 6.9 %
39-6022 Travel Guides 170 (7) $9.98 $10.48 $21,790 5.0 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 230 (7) $8.22 $9.22 $19,170 9.3 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 610 (7) $8.53 $9.22 $19,180 4.6 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 190 (7) $18.77 $17.88 $37,190 8.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 270 (7) $9.35 $10.28 $21,370 3.9 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 3,450 0.02% $8.24 $8.92 $18,550 1.3 %
&nbsp
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 8,324,650 54.16% $8.91 $11.23 $23,360 0.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 940,240 6.12% $15.67 $17.94 $37,320 0.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 16,930 0.11% $23.87 $27.94 $58,120 2.1 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,887,480 18.79% $7.82 $8.28 $17,230 0.2 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers (8) (8) $7.85 $7.92 $16,470 4.1 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 91,850 0.60% $11.35 $14.18 $29,500 0.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 158,670 1.03% $12.16 $13.69 $28,470 0.6 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 4,009,960 26.09% $9.14 $11.07 $23,020 0.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 1,090 0.01% $16.51 $19.67 $40,920 5.6 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 470 (7) $15.17 $19.82 $41,220 8.8 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 600 (7) $22.10 $26.42 $54,940 5.8 %
41-3041 Travel Agents (8) (8) $12.24 $13.07 $27,190 7.5 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 17,750 0.12% $18.97 $23.44 $48,750 3.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 16,700 0.11% $23.07 $29.33 $61,010 3.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 89,130 0.58% $20.75 $24.13 $50,190 1.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 24,600 0.16% $9.73 $10.99 $22,850 0.9 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 220 (7) $16.50 $17.97 $37,370 9.0 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 2,400 0.02% $37.95 $43.29 $90,050 5.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 32,380 0.21% $9.82 $11.52 $23,950 2.2 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 2,880 0.02% $10.05 $12.57 $26,150 3.6 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 30,940 0.20% $12.44 $15.44 $32,120 1.7 %
&nbsp
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 2,511,270 16.34% $10.21 $11.26 $23,420 0.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 145,010 0.94% $15.96 $17.30 $35,980 0.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 22,940 0.15% $9.83 $10.15 $21,110 0.5 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 80 (7) $9.94 $11.04 $22,970 5.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 21,470 0.14% $12.79 $13.60 $28,280 1.3 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 33,300 0.22% $12.53 $12.95 $26,940 0.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 209,170 1.36% $12.64 $13.26 $27,570 0.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 15,440 0.10% $14.12 $14.53 $30,230 0.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 7,730 0.05% $12.11 $12.92 $26,880 1.2 %
43-3071 Tellers (8) (8) $10.13 $10.19 $21,200 8.5 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 480 (7) $13.08 $13.50 $28,080 2.1 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 80 (7) $12.94 $13.03 $27,100 3.8 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 6,570 0.04% $12.66 $14.77 $30,710 1.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 238,620 1.55% $10.58 $11.45 $23,810 0.4 %
43-4071 File Clerks 8,910 0.06% $9.08 $9.56 $19,890 0.7 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 590 (7) $8.13 $8.70 $18,100 2.2 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 1,690 0.01% $11.67 $12.07 $25,110 1.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 160 (7) $14.12 $15.72 $32,700 8.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 73,080 0.48% $10.37 $11.31 $23,520 0.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 7,760 0.05% $13.87 $14.59 $30,350 0.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 44,030 0.29% $9.57 $10.00 $20,800 0.5 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 980 0.01% $15.30 $15.82 $32,910 2.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,550 0.01% $9.72 $9.98 $20,770 2.7 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 10,210 0.07% $15.79 $17.01 $35,380 0.9 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 40 (7) $11.42 $11.61 $24,150 3.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 16,760 0.11% $13.92 $14.92 $31,030 1.3 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 175,170 1.14% $10.65 $11.37 $23,650 0.3 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,092,880 7.11% $8.85 $9.61 $19,980 0.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 13,160 0.09% $12.88 $13.40 $27,880 0.8 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 30,720 0.20% $15.88 $16.74 $34,820 0.6 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 30 (7) $20.44 $20.43 $42,490 4.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 140 (7) $14.02 $14.24 $29,620 6.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 62,090 0.40% $10.98 $11.59 $24,120 0.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 8,620 0.06% $14.03 $14.91 $31,010 1.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 13,140 0.09% $11.01 $11.51 $23,940 1.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 480 (7) $10.94 $12.40 $25,790 9.1 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 590 (7) $13.20 $14.53 $30,230 3.6 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 200 (7) $14.58 $14.45 $30,060 4.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 3,610 0.02% $11.13 $11.01 $22,900 2.6 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 201,670 1.31% $10.17 $10.84 $22,560 0.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 3,390 0.02% $11.03 $11.94 $24,830 1.6 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 420 (7) $12.81 $14.25 $29,630 5.4 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 10,230 0.07% $11.51 $12.11 $25,190 1.0 %
&nbsp
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 23,880 0.16% $8.78 $9.78 $20,340 0.8 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 840 0.01% $17.17 $17.85 $37,130 2.1 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 6,840 0.04% $8.65 $9.91 $20,610 1.3 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 420 (7) $10.57 $11.91 $24,760 5.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 15,340 0.10% $8.65 $9.23 $19,200 1.0 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 330 (7) $8.13 $8.58 $17,840 4.9 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 50 (7) $9.63 $9.82 $20,430 4.2 %
&nbsp
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 59,930 0.39% $14.78 $16.31 $33,930 1.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,310 0.02% $22.69 $24.95 $51,900 2.5 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (8) (8) $24.14 $23.59 $49,060 6.8 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 130 (7) $15.57 $15.70 $32,650 8.3 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 380 (7) $10.41 $12.39 $25,770 9.8 %
47-2031 Carpenters 13,970 0.09% $14.93 $16.60 $34,530 3.3 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 12,880 0.08% $14.66 $16.18 $33,650 1.9 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 4,470 0.03% $14.67 $16.56 $34,440 3.3 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 120 (7) $15.15 $15.79 $32,840 6.7 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 3,280 0.02% $17.48 $18.03 $37,510 4.2 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 330 (7) $15.27 $15.69 $32,630 5.7 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 1,550 0.01% $11.91 $12.97 $26,970 3.6 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 60 (7) $16.48 $18.36 $38,190 8.6 %
47-2111 Electricians 680 (7) $16.27 $17.40 $36,200 3.5 %
47-2121 Glaziers 8,650 0.06% $15.21 $15.95 $33,170 2.7 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 260 (7) $11.63 $12.32 $25,620 7.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 380 (7) $13.87 $13.98 $29,080 3.6 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2,210 0.01% $16.58 $17.78 $36,970 4.6 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 190 (7) $16.49 $17.99 $37,430 8.5 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 420 (7) $9.69 $10.04 $20,890 5.0 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 990 0.01% $9.28 $9.33 $19,400 4.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 140 (7) $9.99 $10.09 $20,990 4.4 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (8) (8) $8.44 $8.84 $18,390 5.6 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 970 0.01% $8.74 $9.60 $19,980 7.3 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 1,910 0.01% $11.64 $12.05 $25,070 5.1 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 1,340 0.01% $14.08 $14.57 $30,310 2.8 %
&nbsp
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 819,000 5.33% $14.95 $16.52 $34,360 0.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 72,570 0.47% $22.38 $25.13 $52,260 0.7 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 30,220 0.20% $15.41 $16.04 $33,360 1.0 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 740 (7) $15.41 $16.41 $34,120 5.3 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 2,690 0.02% $21.98 $21.29 $44,290 2.9 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 110 (7) $20.23 $20.27 $42,150 2.8 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 1,390 0.01% $14.00 $14.51 $30,180 2.8 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 2,750 0.02% $16.13 $16.91 $35,170 3.3 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 590 (7) $19.57 $19.49 $40,530 3.9 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 11,990 0.08% $12.42 $13.97 $29,060 2.5 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 12,750 0.08% $13.61 $14.38 $29,900 1.4 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 330 (7) $14.30 $14.75 $30,690 3.4 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 320 (7) $19.52 $20.11 $41,830 5.6 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 41,910 0.27% $16.94 $18.59 $38,660 0.7 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 2,170 0.01% $14.51 $15.12 $31,450 4.1 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 327,170 2.13% $16.55 $17.66 $36,730 0.5 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 15,310 0.10% $17.67 $17.98 $37,400 1.0 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 1,340 0.01% $14.08 $14.24 $29,620 1.9 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 530 (7) $14.37 $14.43 $30,000 5.6 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 9,350 0.06% $15.44 $15.79 $32,850 1.6 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 14,900 0.10% $14.09 $15.06 $31,330 1.0 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 13,990 0.09% $12.11 $12.56 $26,130 1.5 %
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers 7,610 0.05% $9.98 $10.22 $21,260 1.7 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 10,660 0.07% $14.82 $15.44 $32,110 1.6 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 83,180 0.54% $9.95 $10.53 $21,900 0.8 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 3,600 0.02% $13.78 $15.54 $32,330 4.7 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 1,140 0.01% $13.84 $14.31 $29,760 2.1 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 15,050 0.10% $18.04 $18.67 $38,830 1.2 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 22,300 0.15% $15.44 $15.70 $32,660 1.5 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 400 (7) $16.97 $18.25 $37,960 3.8 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 39,460 0.26% $12.79 $13.60 $28,290 0.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 500 (7) $13.54 $14.10 $29,330 3.1 %
49-9044 Millwrights (8) (8) $15.58 $18.00 $37,430 12.8 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 40 (7) $17.07 $19.99 $41,590 18.4 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 1,040 0.01% $19.56 $20.57 $42,780 4.9 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 310 (7) $15.20 $14.97 $31,130 7.0 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 1,910 0.01% $15.59 $16.98 $35,310 3.7 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 3,480 0.02% $13.57 $15.33 $31,890 2.9 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers 1,590 0.01% $15.43 $16.16 $33,610 4.5 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 190 (7) $15.74 $16.40 $34,110 4.7 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 12,340 0.08% $12.58 $13.00 $27,050 1.1 %
49-9093 Fabric Menders, Except Garment 110 (7) $14.78 $14.97 $31,130 8.6 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 250 (7) $13.20 $14.06 $29,240 6.6 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 4,980 0.03% $11.25 $11.74 $24,420 2.0 %
49-9096 Riggers 530 (7) $10.99 $12.36 $25,720 7.9 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 28,140 0.18% $9.45 $10.08 $20,970 0.9 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 16,940 0.11% $13.04 $14.03 $29,190 1.4 %
&nbsp
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 451,890 2.94% $11.17 $12.45 $25,890 0.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 29,150 0.19% $18.63 $19.78 $41,150 0.5 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 430 (7) $10.26 $11.32 $23,550 5.8 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 260 (7) $10.74 $11.15 $23,200 4.3 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters (8) (8) $9.80 $10.53 $21,900 7.2 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 510 (7) $12.07 $13.32 $27,700 8.6 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 16,510 0.11% $10.67 $11.19 $23,290 1.1 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 23,490 0.15% $9.87 $10.65 $22,150 2.1 %
51-3011 Bakers 56,990 0.37% $10.42 $11.09 $23,070 0.5 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 107,510 0.70% $13.05 $13.58 $28,240 0.4 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 27,710 0.18% $9.93 $10.85 $22,570 0.8 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 690 (7) $9.38 $9.89 $20,560 3.1 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 870 0.01% $9.88 $10.44 $21,710 2.6 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 8,400 0.05% $9.06 $9.74 $20,250 1.0 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 13,830 0.09% $9.15 $9.31 $19,360 1.1 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 (7) $10.23 $10.88 $22,620 7.8 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 360 (7) $10.75 $11.53 $23,970 4.0 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 100 (7) $12.25 $12.85 $26,730 7.9 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 160 (7) $7.59 $8.91 $18,530 12.7 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,960 0.02% $13.75 $14.34 $29,830 2.9 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 140 (7) $11.36 $11.75 $24,430 2.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 1,380 0.01% $13.44 $13.72 $28,540 3.8 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners (8) (8) $7.91 $8.56 $17,810 10.2 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 60 (7) $12.95 $13.90 $28,910 3.7 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 100 (7) $13.03 $13.29 $27,640 4.6 %
51-5021 Job Printers 350 (7) $14.02 $14.93 $31,060 5.4 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 290 (7) $14.72 $15.76 $32,770 4.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 3,840 0.02% $10.69 $11.66 $24,240 2.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 500 (7) $9.18 $10.10 $21,010 6.1 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 400 (7) $8.35 $9.20 $19,140 2.8 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 9,430 0.06% $9.64 $9.86 $20,510 2.0 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 1,180 0.01% $10.15 $10.33 $21,480 2.8 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 2,010 0.01% $9.91 $11.14 $23,180 5.1 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 14,590 0.09% $12.04 $12.47 $25,930 1.5 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 590 (7) $10.39 $10.86 $22,600 3.4 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers (8) (8) $12.38 $13.74 $28,580 7.6 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 960 0.01% $13.45 $13.70 $28,500 2.2 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 920 0.01% $12.12 $12.28 $25,550 3.1 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 6,590 0.04% $13.19 $13.59 $28,280 2.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 2,850 0.02% $13.36 $14.25 $29,630 1.8 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 1,220 0.01% $11.26 $12.07 $25,100 7.0 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 3,340 0.02% $11.47 $12.17 $25,310 3.6 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 570 (7) $9.79 $9.80 $20,390 6.1 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 210 (7) $11.15 $11.71 $24,350 2.8 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 30 (7) $21.62 $22.17 $46,120 9.2 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 40 (7) $15.39 $17.50 $36,400 11.5 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers (8) (8) $20.75 $20.68 $43,020 3.6 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 (7) $13.28 $14.21 $29,560 7.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $10.70 $13.35 $27,770 5.5 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 190 (7) $10.65 $13.69 $28,470 15.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 3,080 0.02% $11.56 $12.20 $25,370 2.5 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 530 (7) $9.99 $10.55 $21,950 6.7 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 990 0.01% $13.49 $14.03 $29,180 5.6 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 360 (7) $12.62 $12.05 $25,070 4.5 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 50 (7) $8.87 $11.21 $23,320 10.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 5,710 0.04% $11.16 $13.40 $27,880 3.3 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 12,340 0.08% $15.29 $17.03 $35,420 3.1 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 1,260 0.01% $13.81 $15.56 $32,350 3.5 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 8,380 0.05% $11.36 $12.13 $25,230 1.8 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 9,400 0.06% $9.87 $10.42 $21,670 1.2 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 140 (7) $10.89 $11.63 $24,190 10.5 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 6,240 0.04% $17.87 $19.69 $40,960 1.1 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 4,040 0.03% $8.29 $8.99 $18,700 2.0 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 35,470 0.23% $8.69 $9.15 $19,040 0.4 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 40 (7) $10.22 $10.76 $22,380 6.7 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 80 (7) $7.80 $8.04 $16,720 4.1 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 2,470 0.02% $11.56 $12.81 $26,650 4.7 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 1,930 0.01% $10.42 $11.60 $24,130 5.9 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 1,260 0.01% $12.59 $15.29 $31,790 13.2 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 3,090 0.02% $8.78 $9.18 $19,080 1.8 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 5,340 0.03% $10.57 $11.72 $24,370 3.3 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 1,213,900 7.90% $9.18 $10.39 $21,600 0.2 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 180 (7) $15.80 $18.80 $39,100 11.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 22,490 0.15% $17.04 $18.28 $38,020 0.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 16,320 0.11% $19.79 $21.04 $43,760 1.0 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 50 (7) (4) (4) (9) (9)
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 90 (7) (4) (4) $68,830 8.0 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 50 (7) $7.97 $8.71 $18,110 7.0 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 160 (7) $12.83 $13.03 $27,110 7.5 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 120 (7) $9.89 $10.31 $21,450 4.1 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 59,740 0.39% $11.86 $12.98 $27,010 0.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 68,270 0.44% $14.86 $15.41 $32,060 0.6 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 205,350 1.34% $9.87 $10.53 $21,910 0.4 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 11,330 0.07% $8.61 $9.00 $18,720 1.2 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 10,910 0.07% $8.49 $9.63 $20,040 1.6 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators (8) (8) $19.56 $18.12 $37,680 22.0 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 9,310 0.06% $9.05 $9.45 $19,660 0.8 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 46,030 0.30% $8.07 $8.55 $17,790 0.9 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors (8) (8) $13.03 $16.72 $34,780 12.7 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 1,040 0.01% $9.50 $10.93 $22,740 6.4 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 390 (7) $11.75 $12.56 $26,120 9.3 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 310 (7) $17.24 $17.05 $35,460 4.9 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 100 (7) $14.16 $15.17 $31,560 6.6 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators (8) (8) $15.22 $16.38 $34,070 13.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 72,040 0.47% $12.01 $12.71 $26,430 0.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 95,990 0.62% $8.90 $9.48 $19,720 0.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 351,510 2.29% $8.83 $9.53 $19,820 0.3 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (8) (8) $7.63 $8.50 $17,680 3.4 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 237,640 1.55% $7.45 $7.90 $16,430 0.4 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 90 (7) $14.41 $13.80 $28,710 8.2 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 150 (7) $13.42 $13.66 $28,410 7.2 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 130 (7) $12.20 $12.26 $25,500 6.7 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 80 (7) $15.57 $15.46 $32,160 2.7 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 2,760 0.02% $9.64 $10.37 $21,560 2.5 %

About May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(6) There is wide variation in the number of hours worked by those employed as actors, dancers, musicians, and singers. Many jobs are for a duration of 1 day or 1 week and it is extremely rare for a performer to have guaranteed employment for a period that exceeds 3 to 6 months.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2005 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2005 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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