Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments is part of: NAICS 454000 - Nonstore Retailers.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:


NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 145,960 100.00% $13.94 $16.13 $33,560 0.7 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 5,880 4.03% $32.62 $38.98 $81,070 1.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 430 0.29% $53.70 $60.13 $125,080 4.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 3,890 2.67% $31.38 $37.65 $78,310 1.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 60 0.04% $23.89 $30.00 $62,400 9.5 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 50 0.03% $33.93 $39.11 $81,350 11.2 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 590 0.40% $33.63 $39.00 $81,110 3.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 220 0.15% $24.19 $25.57 $53,190 5.6 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 100 0.07% $46.20 $44.56 $92,690 8.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 210 0.14% $34.63 $39.41 $81,980 5.0 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 30 0.02% $29.97 $32.17 $66,920 7.6 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 40 0.03% $30.43 $39.37 $81,890 13.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 160 0.11% $30.51 $36.61 $76,140 5.1 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other (8) (8) $31.41 $34.02 $70,760 6.9 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,590 1.09% $22.80 $26.21 $54,510 3.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 230 0.16% $23.00 $24.51 $50,990 2.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 60 0.04% $23.21 $24.46 $50,880 6.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 50 0.03% $25.93 $25.05 $52,100 6.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 90 0.06% $17.33 $19.96 $41,510 5.3 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 480 0.33% $22.29 $29.32 $60,990 10.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 570 0.39% $23.39 $25.90 $53,870 2.2 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 500 0.34% $25.16 $27.71 $57,640 4.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 120 0.08% $32.39 $35.67 $74,200 10.2 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 40 0.03% $26.85 $30.38 $63,180 7.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 120 0.08% $19.43 $19.74 $41,060 3.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 30 0.02% $30.64 $32.28 $67,150 6.5 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 110 0.08% $25.72 $26.84 $55,820 2.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 40 0.03% $32.50 $32.26 $67,100 4.8 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 70 0.05% $25.82 $27.06 $56,280 7.9 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 130 0.09% $22.87 $24.88 $51,740 5.3 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 90 0.06% $23.80 $25.56 $53,160 7.5 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 380 0.26% $15.28 $17.69 $36,800 9.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 50 0.03% $15.99 $17.02 $35,400 5.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 40 0.03% $21.66 $23.30 $48,460 5.4 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 30 0.02% $11.36 $11.95 $24,860 4.5 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (8) (8) $7.48 $8.89 $18,500 6.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 100 0.07% $18.52 $16.92 $35,190 10.3 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 70 0.05% $6.77 $7.27 $15,130 8.8 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 40 0.03% $7.30 $7.71 $16,040 6.6 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers (8) (8) $6.79 $7.65 $15,900 9.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 150 0.10% $6.99 $7.18 $14,940 3.7 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $6.54 $6.54 $13,600 4.3 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 70 0.05% $6.66 $6.75 $14,030 3.8 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 580 0.40% $9.05 $10.08 $20,970 3.1 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 470 0.32% $8.97 $9.79 $20,360 3.0 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 70 0.05% $8.26 $9.21 $19,150 5.6 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 27,550 18.88% $10.68 $14.70 $30,580 2.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,690 1.16% $16.75 $20.18 $41,970 3.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 790 0.54% $26.53 $30.85 $64,170 4.6 %
41-2011 Cashiers 4,990 3.42% $7.71 $7.96 $16,550 1.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 130 0.09% $9.60 $10.59 $22,030 8.6 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 5,110 3.50% $10.45 $13.86 $28,820 6.4 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 600 0.41% $15.97 $20.60 $42,840 7.7 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 130 0.09% $27.10 $30.92 $64,310 8.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 4,220 2.89% $19.81 $22.28 $46,340 3.6 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (8) (8) $12.34 $14.04 $29,200 9.7 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 7,000 4.80% $9.99 $12.19 $25,350 6.0 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 1,470 1.01% $9.99 $12.29 $25,570 4.4 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 1,080 0.74% $11.14 $14.88 $30,950 13.7 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 32,930 22.56% $12.31 $13.29 $27,640 0.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,340 1.60% $19.34 $21.01 $43,690 2.3 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,170 0.80% $13.41 $14.14 $29,410 2.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,680 1.15% $13.53 $13.96 $29,030 2.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 3,890 2.67% $13.50 $14.27 $29,680 1.7 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 250 0.17% $13.81 $14.67 $30,510 3.6 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 170 0.12% $14.46 $14.87 $30,940 4.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 6,250 4.28% $12.08 $12.38 $25,750 1.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,310 0.90% $11.30 $12.27 $25,530 4.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 70 0.05% $15.49 $15.84 $32,950 5.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 750 0.51% $10.12 $10.53 $21,890 2.3 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,470 1.01% $15.74 $16.54 $34,390 1.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities (8) (8) $11.73 $11.95 $24,850 2.6 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 230 0.16% $16.94 $17.40 $36,200 4.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 590 0.40% $11.14 $11.65 $24,240 1.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 910 0.62% $9.23 $9.92 $20,630 3.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 850 0.58% $16.21 $17.70 $36,810 5.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,700 2.53% $11.36 $11.79 $24,520 1.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 100 0.07% $15.87 $17.55 $36,510 5.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 310 0.21% $10.59 $10.83 $22,520 2.3 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 60 0.04% $10.26 $11.49 $23,910 7.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 6,550 4.49% $10.45 $11.03 $22,940 1.4 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 160 0.11% $10.85 $11.15 $23,200 3.9 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (8) (8) $9.27 $9.07 $18,860 5.8 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $9.25 $8.98 $18,680 6.1 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,000 0.69% $14.86 $15.78 $32,810 3.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 40 0.03% $21.61 $21.50 $44,710 8.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 710 0.49% $15.39 $16.20 $33,690 3.9 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (8) (8) $14.84 $17.56 $36,520 17.9 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 21,790 14.93% $17.14 $18.16 $37,770 0.9 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,800 1.23% $23.39 $26.18 $54,460 2.7 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 550 0.38% $16.18 $16.61 $34,540 4.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 960 0.66% $18.41 $19.03 $39,580 2.3 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door (8) (8) $13.64 $13.89 $28,900 2.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 12,290 8.42% $18.71 $19.19 $39,910 1.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 570 0.39% $14.07 $14.46 $30,070 3.8 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,920 1.32% $13.92 $14.24 $29,610 1.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 80 0.05% $16.18 $16.66 $34,650 6.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 140 0.10% $12.81 $13.06 $27,160 5.1 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 990 0.68% $10.09 $10.68 $22,220 2.5 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,320 0.90% $14.09 $14.25 $29,640 2.6 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,670 1.14% $9.79 $11.48 $23,870 4.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 50 0.03% $18.91 $22.78 $47,370 9.7 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 90 0.06% $15.33 $15.23 $31,670 9.4 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 40 0.03% $15.39 $17.50 $36,400 11.5 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 70 0.05% $19.02 $18.60 $38,680 4.4 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 180 0.12% $11.59 $13.43 $27,940 3.4 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 700 0.48% $9.27 $9.92 $20,630 4.4 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 50,680 34.72% $14.47 $15.15 $31,500 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 390 0.27% $17.72 $19.59 $40,760 4.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,910 1.99% $21.67 $22.69 $47,190 1.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 14,790 10.13% $13.98 $14.52 $30,200 1.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 19,380 13.28% $15.74 $16.29 $33,880 1.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 7,850 5.38% $12.97 $13.56 $28,200 1.6 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 920 0.63% $8.11 $8.63 $17,950 2.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 390 0.27% $13.78 $14.66 $30,500 2.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,370 2.31% $10.03 $10.55 $21,950 1.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 300 0.21% $8.37 $9.09 $18,910 3.6 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 90 0.06% $14.41 $13.80 $28,710 8.2 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 150 0.10% $13.46 $13.68 $28,460 7.3 %

About May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2005 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2005 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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