Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers is part of: NAICS 711000 - Performing Arts, Spectator Sports, and Related Industries.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers:


NAICS 711500 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 43,590 100.00% $14.65 $21.77 $45,270 3.4 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 1,420 3.26% $39.51 $49.91 $103,810 5.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 60 0.14% (5) $67.20 $139,770 7.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 890 2.04% $42.27 $52.47 $109,130 7.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 50 0.11% $33.17 $38.69 $80,480 11.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 60 0.14% $34.53 $39.30 $81,750 14.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 40 0.09% $29.07 $36.98 $76,920 13.4 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 100 0.23% $41.93 $54.90 $114,190 17.5 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 80 0.18% $30.46 $30.21 $62,830 8.0 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 2,240 5.14% $26.87 $34.46 $71,670 5.9 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 760 1.74% $29.37 $38.64 $80,360 9.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 40 0.09% $22.48 $25.12 $52,240 11.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 190 0.44% $28.93 $36.19 $75,270 7.5 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 730 1.67% $25.82 $34.62 $72,000 11.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 410 0.94% $27.23 $29.79 $61,960 4.4 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 310 0.71% $21.97 $27.39 $56,970 8.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 50 0.11% $30.15 $31.46 $65,440 8.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 130 0.30% $20.06 $21.28 $44,270 6.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 70 0.16% $20.94 $25.33 $52,680 11.0 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 200 0.46% $25.43 $26.42 $54,960 3.4 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 50 0.11% $23.79 $26.46 $55,030 10.0 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 120 0.28% $20.73 $23.06 $47,970 6.0 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 60 0.14% $21.91 $23.74 $49,370 4.9 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations (8) (8) $36.84 $35.89 $74,660 3.0 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 390 0.89% $21.94 $24.56 $51,080 6.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 200 0.46% $20.85 $22.28 $46,340 12.3 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 40 0.09% (4) (4) $73,810 7.5 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 100 0.23% $21.45 $20.82 $43,300 4.2 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 25,210 57.83% $14.66 $22.92 $47,680 4.9 %
27-1011 Art Directors 250 0.57% $26.76 $28.50 $59,280 11.3 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 820 1.88% $13.03 $14.49 $30,150 6.3 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 2,180 5.00% $16.14 $20.70 $43,050 4.3 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 300 0.69% $18.23 $21.63 $44,990 11.4 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 1,170 2.68% $11.12 $13.09 $27,230 3.5 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 30 0.07% $23.75 $28.62 $59,530 11.2 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers (8) (8) $24.32 $24.51 $50,970 5.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 490 1.12% $16.37 $19.99 $41,580 6.9 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 460 1.06% $20.66 $23.72 $49,340 6.5 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 100 0.23% $16.83 $19.41 $40,380 8.0 %
27-2011 Actors 4,750 10.90% $8.39 $20.55 (6) 17.5 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 1,720 3.95% $24.86 $35.44 $73,710 7.9 %
27-2031 Dancers 950 2.18% $10.75 $13.40 (6) 10.3 %
27-2032 Choreographers (8) (8) $19.40 $24.36 $50,670 13.8 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 1,310 3.01% $20.45 $32.97 (6) 16.5 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 1,120 2.57% $8.83 $19.07 (6) 13.2 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 340 0.78% (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 1,870 4.29% $12.94 $18.22 $37,900 6.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 390 0.89% $16.40 $19.27 $40,080 5.8 %
27-3041 Editors 320 0.73% $29.33 $36.36 $75,630 13.2 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 850 1.95% $24.15 $31.03 $64,540 7.6 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 1,710 3.92% $21.45 $36.13 $75,140 10.6 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 220 0.50% $15.83 $18.48 $38,440 8.7 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 1,000 2.29% $14.86 $18.60 $38,680 6.3 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $15.28 $17.20 $35,770 6.3 %
27-4021 Photographers 290 0.67% $14.28 $16.42 $34,150 10.3 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 230 0.53% $24.61 $27.50 $57,200 11.5 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 100 0.23% $17.41 $20.82 $43,300 10.0 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 400 0.92% $13.76 $16.25 $33,800 7.6 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 150 0.34% $9.24 $10.48 $21,810 6.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards 140 0.32% $9.00 $10.23 $21,270 6.8 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 370 0.85% $7.53 $8.18 $17,020 4.8 %
35-3011 Bartenders 110 0.25% $7.46 $7.89 $16,420 6.9 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (8) (8) $7.24 $7.60 $15,810 5.8 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 490 1.12% $9.13 $11.35 $23,620 6.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 210 0.48% $9.17 $11.61 $24,160 5.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (8) (8) $8.23 $9.60 $19,970 8.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers (8) (8) $11.30 $12.40 $25,800 4.9 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 480 1.10% $9.85 $11.93 $24,810 6.9 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 170 0.39% $8.72 $9.23 $19,200 5.1 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants (8) (8) $7.71 $11.72 $24,380 23.2 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 30 0.07% $10.15 $12.16 $25,290 9.1 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $15.74 $15.26 $31,740 4.6 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 1,430 3.28% $14.90 $20.36 $42,340 5.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 70 0.16% $19.66 $22.94 $47,700 9.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers 210 0.48% $8.35 $8.94 $18,600 3.7 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 80 0.18% $9.41 $11.32 $23,550 6.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 310 0.71% $10.19 $12.31 $25,610 4.5 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 90 0.21% $35.22 $33.45 $69,570 10.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 320 0.73% $19.25 $22.95 $47,730 7.9 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 30 0.07% $28.12 $34.61 $72,000 9.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 160 0.37% $29.21 $34.94 $72,670 16.0 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 80 0.18% $22.14 $26.41 $54,930 8.7 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 7,550 17.32% $11.91 $13.78 $28,650 3.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 340 0.78% $22.08 $26.41 $54,940 10.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 760 1.74% $12.15 $13.60 $28,300 4.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 90 0.21% $13.98 $14.81 $30,810 4.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 60 0.14% $8.20 $8.91 $18,520 5.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 330 0.76% $10.27 $10.98 $22,840 5.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 50 0.11% $19.40 $19.82 $41,230 6.6 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 80 0.18% $10.50 $11.51 $23,940 3.8 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,450 3.33% $17.95 $19.63 $40,830 5.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,500 3.44% $11.63 $11.85 $24,650 3.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (8) (8) $10.53 $12.06 $25,080 14.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers (8) (8) $18.91 $18.38 $38,240 4.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,500 5.74% $8.65 $10.22 $21,250 4.9 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $29.08 $22.52 $46,840 19.4 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations (8) (8) $17.16 $18.20 $37,860 3.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 430 0.99% $17.38 $18.21 $37,870 3.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 80 0.18% $20.91 $22.39 $46,580 7.5 %
47-2121 Glaziers 40 0.09% $13.32 $15.56 $32,370 7.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 30 0.07% $13.54 $15.13 $31,480 6.5 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 180 0.41% $16.45 $18.58 $38,650 5.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 80 0.18% $14.72 $16.64 $34,610 7.2 %
49-9096 Riggers 40 0.09% $18.03 $20.44 $42,520 14.8 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 40 0.09% $16.94 $20.63 $42,910 13.7 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,300 2.98% $11.67 $13.27 $27,610 3.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 40 0.09% $18.97 $21.62 $44,980 7.9 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 140 0.32% $8.99 $10.75 $22,350 9.4 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $8.07 $8.80 $18,300 8.8 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 100 0.23% $14.47 $14.44 $30,040 9.6 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers (8) (8) $19.02 $19.09 $39,710 20.6 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 30 0.07% $12.97 $12.47 $25,950 10.6 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 30 0.07% $10.48 $11.20 $23,290 6.2 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 30 0.07% $12.86 $13.53 $28,150 5.0 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 40 0.09% $12.75 $13.81 $28,720 6.6 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 40 0.09% $9.83 $10.91 $22,700 6.2 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 40 0.09% $10.36 $10.99 $22,860 4.5 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 70 0.16% $11.61 $14.10 $29,320 11.4 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 70 0.16% $15.68 $15.59 $32,420 9.6 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 40 0.09% $8.95 $8.66 $18,010 5.4 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 160 0.37% $10.41 $12.92 $26,880 5.4 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 990 2.27% $12.24 $13.58 $28,240 6.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 40 0.09% $12.08 $11.90 $24,750 5.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 860 1.97% $11.58 $12.96 $26,950 8.8 %

About May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(6) There is wide variation in the number of hours worked by those employed as actors, dancers, musicians, and singers. Many jobs are for a duration of 1 day or 1 week and it is extremely rare for a performer to have guaranteed employment for a period that exceeds 3 to 6 months.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2005 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2005 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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