Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors is part of: NAICS 238200 - Building Equipment Contractors.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors:


NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 920,750 100.00% $17.67 $20.14 $41,890 0.5 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 33,010 3.59% $39.30 $45.89 $95,450 1.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 2,720 0.30% $61.19 $64.25 $133,650 1.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 16,440 1.79% $39.86 $46.23 $96,150 1.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 160 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 200 0.02% $33.26 $35.40 $73,640 9.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 40 (7) $42.92 $44.70 $92,970 5.8 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 860 0.09% $36.59 $38.36 $79,780 2.2 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 50 0.01% $27.90 $34.25 $71,230 5.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 50 0.01% $41.84 $40.47 $84,180 9.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 50 0.01% $36.80 $38.78 $80,660 6.4 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 11,600 1.26% $36.63 $42.37 $88,130 1.5 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 240 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-9199 Managers, All Other 260 0.03% $31.22 $36.54 $76,010 11.2 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 21,910 2.38% $25.80 $27.83 $57,890 1.2 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 80 0.01% $23.63 $24.73 $51,440 6.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,100 0.12% $21.70 $23.11 $48,070 4.2 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 15,940 1.73% $26.08 $28.09 $58,440 1.5 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 50 0.01% $24.37 $25.45 $52,940 6.2 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 40 (7) $26.14 $25.83 $53,740 4.1 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 30 (7) $23.91 $26.46 $55,030 7.7 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 120 0.01% $25.44 $26.79 $55,730 2.8 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 640 0.07% $23.43 $25.73 $53,530 6.6 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 3,710 0.40% $26.35 $29.06 $60,450 3.3 %
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Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 580 0.06% (8) (8) (8) (8)
15-1021 Computer Programmers 90 0.01% $27.15 $27.85 $57,930 3.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 60 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 70 0.01% $29.13 $32.11 $66,780 3.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 120 0.01% $19.56 $20.06 $41,710 2.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 40 (7) $29.63 $29.59 $61,540 8.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 30 (7) $31.01 $32.31 $67,210 5.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 140 0.02% $27.89 $27.87 $57,960 3.1 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 6,440 0.70% $24.87 $25.98 $54,040 1.3 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 300 0.03% $31.32 $33.37 $69,410 4.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 150 0.02% $30.49 $30.59 $63,630 1.8 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer (8) (8) $30.87 $30.72 $63,890 2.9 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 150 0.02% $30.10 $29.79 $61,970 4.4 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 80 0.01% $31.87 $36.74 $76,420 12.9 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,350 0.15% $30.64 $31.54 $65,610 2.8 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 260 0.03% $24.75 $25.88 $53,830 3.8 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 440 0.05% $21.35 $22.49 $46,780 5.0 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 1,320 0.14% $21.97 $22.77 $47,360 2.2 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 910 0.10% $21.58 $22.50 $46,810 2.6 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 560 0.06% $22.52 $23.61 $49,100 4.5 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 40 (7) $18.51 $17.62 $36,650 5.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $19.38 $20.25 $42,130 5.6 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $11.84 $14.89 $30,970 2.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 140 0.02% $21.84 $23.57 $49,020 6.0 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations (8) (8) $22.26 $26.64 $55,420 4.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 50 0.01% $21.53 $26.13 $54,350 4.6 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 110 0.01% $22.44 $22.89 $47,610 3.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (8) (8) $31.28 $30.13 $62,680 4.1 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 80 0.01% $24.97 $25.34 $52,710 4.0 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 60 0.01% $25.96 $26.33 $54,770 5.2 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 80 0.01% $15.91 $16.40 $34,100 6.8 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 60 0.01% $17.25 $17.65 $36,720 5.9 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations (8) (8) $11.23 $11.92 $24,780 3.1 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers (8) (8) $17.69 $18.88 $39,270 4.9 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,130 0.23% $9.13 $9.95 $20,700 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 6,090 0.66% $11.48 $12.13 $25,230 3.9 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 15,750 1.71% $23.05 $25.81 $53,690 3.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 190 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 210 0.02% $39.74 $41.27 $85,840 5.1 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 90 0.01% $11.15 $11.84 $24,630 6.1 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 240 0.03% $13.25 $14.12 $29,380 9.9 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 840 0.09% $11.72 $15.88 $33,030 10.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 3,690 0.40% $24.33 $28.24 $58,730 10.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 590 0.06% $31.56 $37.09 $77,150 12.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 8,910 0.97% $23.71 $25.70 $53,460 2.0 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 270 0.03% $33.21 $35.79 $74,450 7.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 540 0.06% $9.25 $10.38 $21,590 6.2 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 180 0.02% $12.76 $19.69 $40,960 16.2 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 109,090 11.85% $12.88 $13.86 $28,820 0.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 5,630 0.61% $20.89 $22.43 $46,640 1.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 30 (7) $11.22 $11.58 $24,080 6.0 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 210 0.02% $13.93 $14.33 $29,800 2.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 590 0.06% $13.20 $13.78 $28,670 2.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 23,360 2.54% $14.64 $15.13 $31,480 1.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,270 0.36% $15.28 $15.74 $32,750 2.0 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 160 0.02% $14.06 $14.74 $30,670 5.8 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,600 0.17% $11.83 $13.01 $27,070 3.7 %
43-4071 File Clerks (8) (8) $8.22 $8.98 $18,680 9.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 170 0.02% $12.23 $12.79 $26,610 5.6 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 360 0.04% $15.12 $15.66 $32,580 3.3 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 6,730 0.73% $10.97 $11.47 $23,850 1.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 60 0.01% $8.66 $9.67 $20,110 6.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 5,110 0.55% $14.46 $15.36 $31,950 1.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 540 0.06% $14.62 $15.56 $32,360 6.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 250 0.03% $11.90 $12.64 $26,290 3.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,380 0.15% $12.20 $12.61 $26,220 3.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 8,460 0.92% $16.76 $17.52 $36,450 1.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 21,650 2.35% $11.09 $11.86 $24,670 1.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 200 0.02% $10.31 $11.73 $24,390 6.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (8) (8) $9.77 $9.99 $20,780 5.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 28,940 3.14% $11.01 $11.79 $24,530 1.5 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.62 $11.68 $24,290 5.4 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 512,520 55.66% $18.61 $20.33 $42,280 0.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 34,470 3.74% $27.12 $29.24 $60,820 1.1 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 3,320 0.36% $23.07 $23.84 $49,580 3.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 2,550 0.28% $18.98 $19.42 $40,390 2.9 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (8) (8) $22.32 $20.06 $41,730 14.3 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 170 0.02% $17.59 $20.02 $41,650 9.2 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 15,720 1.71% $11.32 $13.19 $27,440 2.9 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 40 (7) $14.99 $14.48 $30,120 5.2 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 3,280 0.36% $17.42 $19.42 $40,400 3.2 %
47-2082 Tapers (8) (8) $15.02 $15.29 $31,800 9.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,460 0.92% $19.68 $20.90 $43,480 2.1 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 460 0.05% $15.85 $16.56 $34,440 6.4 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 2,960 0.32% $16.34 $18.33 $38,120 4.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 200 0.02% $20.15 $20.00 $41,590 8.8 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 5,320 0.58% $15.05 $16.41 $34,140 3.5 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 287,420 31.22% $20.21 $21.71 $45,160 0.7 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers (8) (8) $30.66 $29.04 $60,400 3.7 %
47-2181 Roofers 830 0.09% $16.17 $17.47 $36,330 5.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 79,620 8.65% $18.31 $19.93 $41,440 1.1 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 1,490 0.16% $22.12 $22.66 $47,130 3.4 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 270 0.03% $10.61 $11.04 $22,970 5.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 1,750 0.19% $10.78 $11.47 $23,860 2.4 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 59,480 6.46% $10.95 $11.65 $24,230 0.9 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 110 0.01% $10.33 $10.66 $22,170 3.2 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 1,920 0.21% $10.82 $11.56 $24,050 4.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 190 0.02% $21.98 $23.93 $49,770 6.5 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 60 0.01% $14.30 $15.01 $31,220 4.0 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 770 0.08% $13.48 $14.90 $30,990 6.0 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 330 0.04% $13.62 $16.11 $33,500 9.8 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 189,180 20.55% $17.00 $18.14 $37,740 0.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 12,450 1.35% $24.96 $26.77 $55,680 1.5 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics (8) (8) $20.69 $19.74 $41,060 4.1 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 60 0.01% $21.79 $21.45 $44,620 5.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 160 0.02% $14.08 $17.24 $35,860 21.8 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 430 0.05% $20.31 $21.18 $44,050 7.1 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 1,800 0.20% $18.94 $19.70 $40,970 6.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 80 0.01% $18.27 $19.58 $40,720 5.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 340 0.04% $16.59 $17.92 $37,280 2.5 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (8) (8) $14.65 $13.61 $28,320 12.2 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 220 0.02% $16.50 $16.95 $35,250 4.4 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers (8) (8) $13.33 $17.21 $35,800 17.7 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 920 0.10% $13.55 $15.83 $32,930 6.4 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 149,760 16.27% $17.13 $18.13 $37,720 0.8 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 550 0.06% $14.97 $15.13 $31,470 5.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 250 0.03% $16.48 $16.57 $34,460 3.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 4,810 0.52% $16.89 $17.96 $37,360 3.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (8) (8) $16.56 $16.59 $34,500 6.5 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,580 0.17% $20.28 $20.81 $43,280 2.0 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 13,920 1.51% $9.92 $10.42 $21,680 2.0 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other (8) (8) $16.02 $16.32 $33,940 10.3 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 8,230 0.89% $16.94 $17.75 $36,910 1.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 390 0.04% $23.40 $25.05 $52,090 11.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 1,870 0.20% $15.59 $16.35 $34,000 2.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 160 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 170 0.02% $11.03 $12.64 $26,290 5.1 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 (7) $12.10 $12.62 $26,240 7.3 %
51-4041 Machinists (8) (8) $23.47 $22.93 $47,700 7.0 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 3,940 0.43% $17.61 $18.06 $37,570 1.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (8) (8) $20.98 $24.59 $51,140 1.9 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (8) (8) $15.89 $16.29 $33,870 2.5 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 200 0.02% $8.79 $9.27 $19,290 6.3 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 70 0.01% $15.49 $15.60 $32,450 9.9 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 14,560 1.58% $12.59 $13.59 $28,270 0.8 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 110 0.01% $19.14 $19.78 $41,140 6.6 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 350 0.04% $21.31 $23.96 $49,840 3.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 60 0.01% $10.79 $12.24 $25,460 4.7 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,070 0.12% $15.73 $16.61 $34,550 1.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 4,160 0.45% $12.92 $13.46 $28,000 1.2 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 150 0.02% $21.09 $22.39 $46,560 6.8 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,070 0.12% $13.95 $15.63 $32,510 4.2 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 230 0.02% $12.88 $14.61 $30,390 6.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 120 0.01% $12.56 $12.34 $25,670 9.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 7,090 0.77% $11.21 $12.01 $24,980 1.1 %

About May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2005 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2005 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2005 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2008

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