Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 221000 - Utilities


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 221000 - Utilities.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 221000 - Utilities is part of: Sector 22 - Utilities.

NAICS 221000 - Utilities consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 221000 - Utilities:


NAICS 221000 - Utilities

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 546,400 100.00% $25.60 $26.80 $55,750 0.6 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 31,020 5.68% $46.73 $49.26 $102,450 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,520 0.28% (5) $75.08 $156,160 2.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 8,980 1.64% $45.55 $48.93 $101,770 0.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 70 0.01% $40.88 $46.48 $96,670 6.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,540 0.28% $46.40 $48.06 $99,960 1.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 570 0.10% $48.32 $51.06 $106,210 3.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 410 0.08% $47.84 $49.95 $103,890 1.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 2,120 0.39% $40.45 $40.53 $84,300 1.7 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,700 0.31% $48.70 $48.90 $101,710 1.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,340 0.43% $46.46 $50.11 $104,220 1.4 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 370 0.07% $41.09 $43.85 $91,200 2.5 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 200 0.04% $46.68 $46.60 $96,920 1.4 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 270 0.05% $45.64 $48.13 $100,110 2.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,170 0.21% $46.39 $47.99 $99,830 1.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 320 0.06% $44.05 $45.55 $94,750 2.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,050 0.19% $41.01 $42.20 $87,780 1.5 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 580 0.11% $42.77 $45.17 $93,950 2.4 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 4,220 0.77% $46.98 $48.17 $100,190 1.1 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 90 0.02% $49.97 $50.69 $105,420 3.3 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 210 0.04% $36.39 $37.26 $77,490 4.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 3,280 0.60% $50.80 $50.52 $105,080 1.8 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 35,160 6.43% $31.20 $31.97 $66,500 0.8 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 430 0.08% $27.33 $31.70 $65,930 14.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,250 0.59% $27.55 $28.81 $59,920 1.7 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 210 0.04% $29.04 $29.20 $60,730 2.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,400 0.26% $33.92 $34.49 $71,740 1.8 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 590 0.11% $29.94 $30.22 $62,850 2.2 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 480 0.09% $27.90 $28.83 $59,970 7.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 420 0.08% $29.93 $30.18 $62,760 2.6 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 730 0.13% $26.93 $28.42 $59,120 1.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,980 0.55% $33.10 $32.07 $66,700 1.4 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,160 0.21% $32.78 $32.53 $67,660 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 940 0.17% $32.42 $32.95 $68,530 1.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 5,290 0.97% $32.68 $34.25 $71,240 1.3 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 7,380 1.35% $32.45 $32.47 $67,540 1.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 6,360 1.16% $28.27 $29.96 $62,310 1.2 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 30 0.01% $35.64 $37.44 $77,870 6.3 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 370 0.07% $30.66 $33.23 $69,120 5.8 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 190 0.03% $31.61 $34.70 $72,180 4.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,730 0.32% $32.92 $33.90 $70,510 2.0 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 1,130 0.21% $34.75 $35.38 $73,600 2.7 %
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Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 16,360 2.99% $33.70 $33.83 $70,370 1.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 2,010 0.37% $33.24 $33.72 $70,140 1.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 1,950 0.36% $37.67 $38.42 $79,920 1.5 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 640 0.12% $39.99 $40.01 $83,220 1.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,830 0.33% $25.25 $25.62 $53,280 2.3 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 4,120 0.75% $36.51 $36.29 $75,490 1.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 520 0.10% $37.24 $36.66 $76,260 2.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,990 0.36% $31.87 $32.51 $67,620 1.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,950 0.36% $32.07 $32.22 $67,030 3.8 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 550 0.10% $32.24 $30.80 $64,060 3.8 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 740 0.14% $30.22 $31.13 $64,760 1.9 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 47,070 8.61% $33.27 $33.73 $70,160 0.7 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 30 0.01% $39.97 $37.28 $77,530 6.2 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 180 0.03% $27.03 $28.13 $58,500 2.3 %
17-1022 Surveyors 440 0.08% $26.05 $26.31 $54,720 2.7 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 190 0.03% $35.90 $36.97 $76,900 3.4 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 2,300 0.42% $34.00 $35.28 $73,390 1.2 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 440 0.08% $43.56 $43.38 $90,230 1.5 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 12,760 2.34% $37.44 $37.48 $77,950 0.9 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 520 0.10% $35.55 $36.46 $75,830 1.7 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 690 0.13% $36.55 $37.21 $77,390 2.4 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 430 0.08% $36.46 $36.71 $76,360 1.6 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,640 0.30% $34.79 $34.98 $72,770 2.1 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 200 0.04% $35.49 $35.72 $74,290 2.6 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,010 0.18% $34.35 $34.45 $71,650 2.0 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 40 0.01% $27.74 $31.34 $65,190 5.5 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 4,400 0.81% $43.45 $43.53 $90,550 1.3 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 410 0.08% $40.47 $39.57 $82,300 2.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 3,940 0.72% $39.43 $38.71 $80,510 1.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 150 0.03% $24.36 $24.30 $50,550 2.4 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 2,440 0.45% $26.98 $27.06 $56,280 2.2 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 140 0.03% $22.44 $22.79 $47,410 2.4 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 220 0.04% $22.66 $23.82 $49,550 1.9 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 870 0.16% $26.48 $27.05 $56,260 2.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 7,630 1.40% $27.64 $27.62 $57,460 1.0 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 660 0.12% $24.57 $24.99 $51,990 4.1 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 250 0.05% $28.33 $28.06 $58,370 1.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 710 0.13% $25.88 $26.20 $54,500 3.6 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 270 0.05% $24.28 $24.32 $50,580 3.0 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 1,450 0.27% $28.31 $28.44 $59,160 1.7 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 2,610 0.48% $21.82 $22.69 $47,190 1.3 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 9,750 1.78% $32.11 $32.30 $67,190 1.2 %
19-1032 Foresters 190 0.03% $30.04 $29.90 $62,190 1.7 %
19-2012 Physicists 350 0.06% $39.32 $40.37 $83,970 3.4 %
19-2031 Chemists 710 0.13% $30.86 $32.27 $67,130 2.3 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 610 0.11% $34.57 $33.85 $70,400 1.6 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers (8) (8) $52.03 $61.96 $128,870 11.3 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 40 0.01% $36.09 $39.85 $82,900 5.0 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 60 0.01% $35.10 $36.70 $76,330 3.5 %
19-3011 Economists 40 0.01% $43.72 $43.26 $89,980 3.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,490 0.27% $36.96 $36.81 $76,560 3.3 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 70 0.01% $30.67 $33.28 $69,230 5.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 860 0.16% $27.60 $27.29 $56,770 2.6 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 50 0.01% $29.04 $28.99 $60,300 4.9 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 3,170 0.58% $33.45 $33.05 $68,740 1.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 330 0.06% $29.53 $27.38 $56,950 2.8 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,240 0.23% $51.52 $53.51 $111,300 3.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 920 0.17% $62.71 $63.11 $131,270 3.5 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 250 0.05% $25.30 $25.41 $52,850 3.0 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 100 0.02% $29.85 $29.93 $62,240 2.5 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,030 0.37% $27.93 $29.27 $60,880 1.7 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 70 0.01% $22.10 $24.27 $50,490 9.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 100 0.02% $24.35 $24.63 $51,220 3.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,520 0.28% $27.51 $29.49 $61,340 2.2 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 200 0.04% $33.49 $32.97 $68,570 1.7 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,330 0.24% $31.61 $30.85 $64,160 1.8 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 40 0.01% $30.14 $30.43 $63,290 4.6 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 860 0.16% $33.26 $32.57 $67,750 1.5 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 330 0.06% $24.22 $26.18 $54,450 4.6 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 80 0.01% $32.81 $31.57 $65,660 4.9 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,890 0.71% $19.78 $19.87 $41,330 2.6 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 170 0.03% $33.48 $32.32 $67,220 2.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 110 0.02% $29.25 $29.61 $61,580 1.9 %
33-9032 Security Guards 3,430 0.63% $18.81 $18.49 $38,460 3.3 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 130 0.02% $28.01 $27.56 $57,330 3.6 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 40 0.01% $10.19 $10.65 $22,150 5.6 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,020 0.55% $13.60 $14.59 $30,360 1.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 30 0.01% $22.14 $23.55 $48,980 2.8 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 60 0.01% $20.48 $20.70 $43,060 2.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,760 0.32% $11.80 $12.48 $25,950 1.4 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 460 0.08% $18.48 $17.46 $36,310 3.0 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 620 0.11% $16.97 $17.28 $35,940 2.8 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other (8) (8) $12.44 $13.79 $28,670 13.9 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 40 0.01% $21.42 $21.20 $44,090 5.8 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 10,170 1.86% $22.09 $26.88 $55,900 5.4 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 150 0.03% $17.09 $19.47 $40,490 8.0 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 330 0.06% $40.28 $41.91 $87,170 4.6 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,960 0.54% $10.99 $11.93 $24,800 4.7 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 440 0.08% $10.10 $12.56 $26,130 5.7 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 390 0.07% $45.65 $48.72 $101,330 5.5 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 1,440 0.26% $31.03 $32.25 $67,070 3.7 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 1,030 0.19% $29.38 $40.53 $84,300 20.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,140 0.39% $27.84 $31.23 $64,960 5.4 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 260 0.05% $28.31 $26.75 $55,630 3.9 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 530 0.10% $41.08 $44.32 $92,190 10.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers (8) (8) $14.08 $16.08 $33,450 4.9 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 370 0.07% $24.57 $25.40 $52,830 8.0 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 115,390 21.12% $17.31 $18.31 $38,090 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 7,550 1.38% $26.74 $27.33 $56,840 1.0 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 190 0.03% $11.78 $13.50 $28,090 7.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 3,800 0.70% $17.40 $18.28 $38,030 1.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,350 0.80% $14.77 $15.42 $32,070 1.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 6,690 1.22% $16.27 $16.89 $35,120 1.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 840 0.15% $17.86 $18.34 $38,140 1.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 260 0.05% $20.03 $20.92 $43,520 2.4 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 40 0.01% $18.04 $24.21 $50,350 22.6 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 90 0.02% $21.44 $21.75 $45,250 2.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 29,860 5.46% $16.89 $17.88 $37,190 1.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 280 0.05% $18.15 $17.32 $36,020 2.3 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 580 0.11% $15.38 $17.52 $36,450 3.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 350 0.06% $19.61 $20.16 $41,930 2.1 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 570 0.10% $12.36 $12.92 $26,880 2.7 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 250 0.05% $18.93 $17.79 $37,010 4.9 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (8) (8) $13.79 $15.28 $31,790 5.0 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 100 0.02% $16.23 $16.18 $33,660 3.5 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 4,010 0.73% $19.15 $20.03 $41,670 1.4 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 19,440 3.56% $16.33 $16.96 $35,280 0.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 3,080 0.56% $23.40 $24.38 $50,710 1.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 310 0.06% $17.42 $18.31 $38,090 2.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 4,380 0.80% $19.51 $18.63 $38,750 1.6 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 80 0.01% $17.79 $18.38 $38,240 5.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 8,410 1.54% $19.74 $20.40 $42,430 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 120 0.02% $24.50 $24.61 $51,180 4.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 6,100 1.12% $14.50 $14.92 $31,040 1.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 370 0.07% $20.09 $20.29 $42,190 1.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 300 0.05% $16.02 $16.20 $33,700 2.8 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 300 0.05% $15.92 $16.19 $33,670 2.7 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 9,830 1.80% $14.07 $14.52 $30,200 1.3 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 80 0.01% $19.99 $21.14 $43,970 4.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 60 0.01% $18.77 $18.78 $39,060 3.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 1,810 0.33% $20.38 $21.08 $43,840 3.3 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 330 0.06% $10.60 $12.43 $25,840 4.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 50 0.01% $15.20 $16.73 $34,790 3.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 130 0.02% $9.15 $9.73 $20,230 8.1 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 120 0.02% $9.68 $10.68 $22,220 8.6 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 32,780 6.00% $24.29 $24.04 $50,000 0.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,760 0.69% $30.79 $30.82 $64,110 1.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 200 0.04% $27.56 $26.53 $55,170 3.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 3,450 0.63% $16.39 $17.07 $35,510 2.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 4,800 0.88% $21.88 $21.71 $45,150 1.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,150 1.49% $26.83 $26.22 $54,530 1.2 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 60 0.01% $19.84 $19.60 $40,760 8.2 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 80 0.01% $28.45 $30.14 $62,690 4.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 160 0.03% $29.34 $27.80 $57,820 3.7 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 1,110 0.20% $17.77 $19.00 $39,520 2.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 8,460 1.55% $24.78 $24.06 $50,050 1.3 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 50 0.01% $28.07 $26.93 $56,020 6.0 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 410 0.08% $16.60 $16.09 $33,470 6.3 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 240 0.04% $19.68 $18.16 $37,770 4.5 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 40 0.01% $20.27 $19.57 $40,710 2.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 830 0.15% $27.47 $26.76 $55,650 3.2 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 130 0.02% $20.01 $22.62 $47,040 7.3 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 90 0.02% $14.57 $15.24 $31,710 7.0 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 300 0.05% $26.41 $26.26 $54,620 3.2 %
47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas (8) (8) $20.14 $19.86 $41,320 4.7 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 60 0.01% $15.51 $17.73 $36,880 6.5 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 70 0.01% $23.07 $22.40 $46,580 3.2 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 90 0.02% $13.99 $15.31 $31,840 8.2 %
&nbsp
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 148,070 27.10% $26.01 $25.66 $53,370 0.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 15,130 2.77% $32.57 $32.16 $66,900 0.6 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 50 0.01% $29.94 $29.03 $60,380 4.2 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 560 0.10% $30.79 $29.84 $62,070 4.2 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 90 0.02% $17.96 $20.79 $43,250 20.2 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (8) (8) $17.99 $18.94 $39,400 3.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,270 0.23% $26.74 $26.14 $54,380 1.9 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 16,580 3.03% $28.26 $28.06 $58,370 0.7 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 60 0.01% $20.31 $22.48 $46,760 5.8 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 30 0.01% $22.78 $21.76 $45,270 4.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,520 0.46% $23.86 $23.20 $48,250 1.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,590 0.47% $25.69 $24.94 $51,880 1.1 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 170 0.03% $13.88 $13.86 $28,820 6.0 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 650 0.12% $23.57 $23.59 $49,070 3.3 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 18,690 3.42% $25.22 $24.67 $51,320 0.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 820 0.15% $21.90 $21.20 $44,090 3.4 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,760 0.32% $26.32 $25.19 $52,390 1.9 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 7,620 1.39% $25.35 $24.66 $51,290 1.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 10,860 1.99% $21.11 $21.10 $43,890 1.2 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,990 0.36% $20.03 $20.28 $42,180 3.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 57,000 10.43% $26.05 $25.79 $53,640 0.6 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 500 0.09% $26.28 $26.22 $54,530 3.1 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 660 0.12% $29.58 $28.14 $58,530 2.4 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,400 0.81% $14.80 $15.38 $31,990 1.6 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 3,330 0.61% $25.71 $25.66 $53,380 3.1 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 76,610 14.02% $26.39 $26.44 $55,000 0.6 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 10,520 1.93% $33.30 $32.71 $68,030 1.0 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 50 0.01% $13.03 $16.89 $35,140 4.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,110 0.20% $25.70 $24.62 $51,200 2.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 3,400 0.62% $21.31 $21.31 $44,330 2.9 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 80 0.01% $21.90 $20.65 $42,950 8.5 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 3,220 0.59% $33.46 $33.92 $70,550 1.2 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 5,910 1.08% $29.88 $30.33 $63,080 1.3 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 24,170 4.42% $27.24 $27.49 $57,170 0.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 3,870 0.71% $24.14 $24.15 $50,240 1.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 10,980 2.01% $16.75 $17.60 $36,610 1.1 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (8) (8) $25.59 $26.86 $55,860 3.3 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 5,720 1.05% $27.27 $27.85 $57,920 1.3 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 110 0.02% $31.52 $29.67 $61,710 5.0 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 2,880 0.53% $26.88 $27.34 $56,870 2.6 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,430 0.44% $25.30 $24.57 $51,100 1.7 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 1,020 0.19% $13.05 $13.74 $28,590 2.7 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 760 0.14% $21.49 $20.91 $43,500 3.8 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 11,970 2.19% $18.82 $19.73 $41,040 2.3 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 290 0.05% $26.89 $27.57 $57,350 3.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 470 0.09% $32.13 $31.68 $65,900 1.5 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 30 0.01% (4) (4) (9) (9)
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 60 0.01% (4) (4) $76,800 6.2 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 140 0.03% $13.89 $14.36 $29,860 5.6 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,980 0.36% $19.36 $19.51 $40,570 2.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 750 0.14% $14.73 $15.67 $32,580 3.1 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 130 0.02% $24.69 $24.77 $51,530 7.4 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 40 0.01% $13.78 $14.44 $30,040 7.8 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 40 0.01% $22.74 $21.14 $43,970 8.1 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 370 0.07% $23.34 $23.46 $48,790 3.3 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 200 0.04% $22.00 $22.25 $46,280 2.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 690 0.13% $23.26 $22.45 $46,700 3.2 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 90 0.02% $8.51 $10.39 $21,610 4.3 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 4,340 0.79% $13.59 $15.13 $31,470 2.1 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 40 0.01% $8.48 $9.09 $18,910 5.1 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 290 0.05% $21.67 $21.41 $44,530 2.6 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 150 0.03% $17.40 $18.80 $39,110 8.8 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 50 0.01% $22.24 $23.07 $47,980 8.8 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 790 0.14% $25.93 $24.50 $50,970 3.4 %

About May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors. Data are being corrected and revised wage estimates will be posted as soon as possible.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2006 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2006 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: September 26, 2008

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