Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments is part of: NAICS 454000 - Nonstore Retailers.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:


NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 143,520 100.00% $14.47 $16.65 $34,630 0.8 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 5,310 3.70% $34.12 $41.26 $85,820 1.6 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 370 0.26% $56.07 $63.17 $131,400 3.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 3,570 2.49% $32.66 $39.87 $82,940 1.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 570 0.40% $33.29 $39.14 $81,410 4.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 170 0.12% $27.65 $30.54 $63,520 6.6 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 70 0.05% $45.10 $49.98 $103,970 15.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 200 0.14% $36.91 $42.76 $88,940 7.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 30 0.02% $29.14 $37.77 $78,560 10.1 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 170 0.12% $36.11 $40.96 $85,190 6.6 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other (8) (8) $34.47 $36.92 $76,800 7.3 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,670 1.16% $23.23 $26.52 $55,160 2.6 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 260 0.18% $19.89 $22.58 $46,970 3.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 60 0.04% $23.83 $25.13 $52,270 7.8 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 40 0.03% $25.48 $24.30 $50,550 7.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 90 0.06% $18.98 $20.17 $41,960 4.4 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 30 0.02% $25.86 $26.46 $55,040 4.5 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 520 0.36% $23.76 $29.11 $60,540 6.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 580 0.40% $24.89 $27.54 $57,280 2.2 %
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Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 410 0.29% $23.76 $26.42 $54,950 2.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (8) (8) $28.99 $29.91 $62,220 7.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 50 0.03% $24.37 $29.72 $61,830 5.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 110 0.08% $20.14 $21.47 $44,670 5.4 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 120 0.08% $25.38 $27.47 $57,130 3.5 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 30 0.02% $29.52 $31.02 $64,530 5.6 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 120 0.08% $26.37 $27.74 $57,690 5.0 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 90 0.06% $25.17 $27.95 $58,140 6.1 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 460 0.32% $15.60 $17.43 $36,250 8.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 110 0.08% $20.07 $19.69 $40,960 3.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 30 0.02% $24.32 $27.86 $57,950 6.4 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 60 0.04% $10.84 $11.33 $23,560 4.0 %
33-9032 Security Guards 50 0.03% $9.73 $10.33 $21,490 3.1 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (8) (8) $8.39 $9.93 $20,660 6.4 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers (8) (8) $19.49 $18.18 $37,820 7.3 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 50 0.03% $8.36 $8.26 $17,170 4.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers (8) (8) $7.96 $9.17 $19,070 10.0 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 100 0.07% $7.02 $7.71 $16,030 6.4 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (8) (8) $6.90 $7.25 $15,080 4.3 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 470 0.33% $9.36 $10.72 $22,300 3.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 390 0.27% $9.32 $10.49 $21,830 3.7 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 60 0.04% $8.43 $9.35 $19,450 6.6 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations (8) (8) $9.23 $11.00 $22,880 13.5 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 25,690 17.90% $11.88 $16.06 $33,400 2.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,360 0.95% $17.14 $20.15 $41,910 3.1 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 730 0.51% $28.29 $31.43 $65,380 3.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 4,040 2.81% $7.98 $8.28 $17,220 1.4 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 130 0.09% $10.36 $11.82 $24,590 10.1 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 5,600 3.90% $10.75 $15.01 $31,230 8.5 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 760 0.53% $18.87 $24.09 $50,110 11.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 130 0.09% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 4,240 2.95% $21.07 $23.31 $48,480 4.6 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 370 0.26% $12.16 $16.15 $33,600 19.1 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 5,510 3.84% $10.91 $13.04 $27,120 4.8 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 1,780 1.24% $10.35 $14.08 $29,300 8.2 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 1,020 0.71% $13.78 $16.75 $34,840 6.9 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 32,220 22.45% $12.70 $13.71 $28,510 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,080 1.45% $19.40 $21.09 $43,870 2.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,150 0.80% $14.45 $15.26 $31,750 2.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,320 0.92% $13.89 $14.11 $29,340 1.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 3,740 2.61% $13.88 $14.59 $30,360 1.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 230 0.16% $13.82 $14.66 $30,490 4.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 160 0.11% $16.83 $16.85 $35,050 5.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 6,420 4.47% $12.43 $12.82 $26,660 1.1 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,190 0.83% $11.43 $12.52 $26,040 3.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 90 0.06% $14.85 $15.48 $32,210 6.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 670 0.47% $10.29 $10.89 $22,650 2.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,330 0.93% $16.70 $17.38 $36,150 1.5 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 180 0.13% $17.27 $18.01 $37,470 4.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 590 0.41% $12.32 $12.52 $26,040 2.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 890 0.62% $9.85 $10.58 $22,010 3.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 980 0.68% $15.94 $17.63 $36,670 5.1 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,710 2.59% $11.85 $12.45 $25,900 2.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 100 0.07% $16.45 $17.18 $35,730 3.6 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 290 0.20% $11.49 $11.73 $24,390 2.7 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 60 0.04% $10.93 $12.55 $26,110 7.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 6,760 4.71% $11.03 $11.75 $24,450 1.8 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 190 0.13% $10.37 $11.18 $23,250 3.3 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (8) (8) $8.87 $9.37 $19,480 5.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $8.78 $8.70 $18,100 4.5 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,360 0.95% $15.24 $16.63 $34,590 3.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 60 0.04% $22.97 $23.00 $47,830 5.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,060 0.74% $15.52 $16.98 $35,310 3.6 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 50 0.03% $15.07 $17.59 $36,580 13.0 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (8) (8) $9.22 $9.93 $20,650 5.8 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 21,450 14.95% $17.66 $18.79 $39,080 1.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,640 1.14% $25.76 $28.80 $59,910 5.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 420 0.29% $16.17 $16.97 $35,310 3.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 940 0.65% $19.14 $19.48 $40,520 2.0 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers (8) (8) $8.70 $8.81 $18,330 5.2 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door (8) (8) $14.08 $14.58 $30,330 2.1 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 12,120 8.44% $19.12 $19.70 $40,980 1.2 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 720 0.50% $14.19 $14.75 $30,680 2.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 2,070 1.44% $14.33 $14.75 $30,690 2.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 90 0.06% $16.42 $16.64 $34,600 7.0 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 190 0.13% $13.34 $13.46 $28,000 4.6 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 740 0.52% $10.53 $11.24 $23,380 2.9 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,370 0.95% $14.76 $15.04 $31,280 2.7 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,440 1.00% $10.59 $12.42 $25,840 3.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 40 0.03% $21.94 $26.02 $54,120 7.7 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters (8) (8) $16.00 $15.42 $32,080 15.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 90 0.06% $8.10 $8.54 $17,770 2.6 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 40 0.03% $16.20 $18.56 $38,610 10.7 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 90 0.06% $18.37 $17.76 $36,940 3.6 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 120 0.08% $12.70 $14.56 $30,290 4.3 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 600 0.42% $9.97 $11.20 $23,300 5.3 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 51,900 36.16% $14.46 $15.14 $31,490 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 490 0.34% $18.91 $19.57 $40,700 3.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,720 1.90% $23.23 $24.26 $50,450 1.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 15,190 10.58% $13.72 $14.12 $29,360 1.6 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 19,400 13.52% $15.82 $16.43 $34,170 0.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 8,010 5.58% $13.24 $13.76 $28,610 1.6 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 1,040 0.72% $8.32 $8.86 $18,440 2.0 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other (8) (8) $17.23 $16.83 $35,010 5.6 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 450 0.31% $13.81 $14.63 $30,440 3.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,630 2.53% $10.17 $10.70 $22,260 2.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 590 0.41% $10.83 $11.31 $23,520 5.5 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 50 0.03% $13.47 $13.54 $28,170 5.5 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 110 0.08% $13.98 $14.75 $30,680 5.9 %

About May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors. Data are being corrected and revised wage estimates will be posted as soon as possible.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2006 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2006 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: September 26, 2008

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