Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services is part of: NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services:


NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 586,220 100.00% $30.12 $34.23 $71,190 0.9 %
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Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 62,140 10.60% $56.44 $60.20 $125,220 0.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,280 0.56% (5) $84.33 $175,410 1.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 13,500 2.30% $59.80 $63.99 $133,110 1.4 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 80 0.01% $38.83 $43.59 $90,670 4.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,380 0.41% $61.73 $63.68 $132,450 1.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,460 0.25% $59.05 $62.20 $129,380 2.5 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 720 0.12% $44.44 $49.98 $103,960 2.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 1,720 0.29% $39.44 $43.51 $90,510 2.8 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 5,530 0.94% $55.89 $58.15 $120,950 2.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,210 0.72% $54.40 $59.21 $123,160 1.5 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 740 0.13% $43.70 $46.89 $97,540 2.5 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 280 0.05% $50.53 $53.15 $110,560 2.7 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 800 0.14% $50.83 $54.95 $114,300 1.9 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,110 0.19% $53.40 $54.89 $114,160 2.1 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,350 0.23% $46.97 $48.10 $100,040 1.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 180 0.03% $45.54 $49.13 $102,180 3.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 220 0.04% $47.69 $50.38 $104,790 7.9 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 60 0.01% $48.87 $52.33 $108,840 13.3 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 150 0.03% $44.29 $45.22 $94,050 5.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 7,190 1.23% $60.87 $63.14 $131,320 2.5 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,090 0.19% $46.40 $52.92 $110,080 2.9 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 10,340 1.76% $57.92 $61.08 $127,050 1.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 130 0.02% $31.31 $38.68 $80,440 7.3 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 200 0.03% $26.66 $29.95 $62,300 6.0 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 5,330 0.91% $47.04 $49.90 $103,790 3.1 %
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Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 46,790 7.98% $31.89 $34.04 $70,810 1.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 40 0.01% $23.80 $24.30 $50,540 6.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 4,570 0.78% $29.91 $31.15 $64,780 1.4 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,450 0.42% $30.52 $32.58 $67,760 1.8 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 750 0.13% $30.83 $33.30 $69,260 4.1 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 100 0.02% $30.57 $31.45 $65,420 5.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 790 0.13% $27.54 $29.10 $60,540 3.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,150 0.20% $29.85 $31.40 $65,320 1.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,120 0.36% $29.42 $30.56 $63,560 1.6 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,750 0.30% $30.38 $32.19 $66,960 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 1,760 0.30% $35.45 $36.29 $75,480 4.0 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 5,930 1.01% $36.71 $40.59 $84,430 2.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 620 0.11% $23.04 $26.22 $54,530 7.2 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 13,030 2.22% $33.25 $34.75 $72,280 2.1 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 7,400 1.26% $29.44 $32.03 $66,620 1.2 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 990 0.17% $34.11 $34.82 $72,430 1.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 60 0.01% $27.20 $27.54 $57,290 3.1 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 2,470 0.42% $33.80 $35.49 $73,820 2.3 %
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Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 71,980 12.28% $39.22 $40.07 $83,340 1.5 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 3,510 0.60% $45.88 $46.98 $97,730 2.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 5,780 0.99% $34.68 $35.66 $74,170 1.6 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 12,100 2.06% $41.97 $42.35 $88,080 1.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 15,890 2.71% $46.72 $47.12 $98,010 2.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 4,490 0.77% $22.48 $23.64 $49,160 1.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 9,120 1.56% $40.12 $41.05 $85,390 2.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,930 0.50% $32.08 $33.33 $69,330 1.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 4,510 0.77% $34.06 $35.13 $73,060 1.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,850 0.66% $35.15 $36.98 $76,930 3.8 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 4,170 0.71% $35.52 $36.73 $76,400 2.4 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 740 0.13% $46.09 $47.73 $99,290 4.2 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 1,590 0.27% $34.07 $37.06 $77,080 3.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians 2,920 0.50% $37.16 $38.26 $79,580 1.7 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 190 0.03% $28.18 $35.86 $74,580 10.7 %
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other (8) (8) $26.07 $33.01 $68,660 9.9 %
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Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 88,370 15.07% $38.27 $39.28 $81,700 1.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 40 0.01% $37.86 $39.17 $81,480 4.1 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 130 0.02% $21.88 $23.37 $48,610 3.5 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 6,000 1.02% $46.79 $47.18 $98,140 2.8 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 2,800 0.48% $39.74 $44.86 $93,300 8.1 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 3,770 0.64% $40.82 $43.36 $90,190 2.8 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 890 0.15% $40.21 $40.57 $84,380 3.1 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 3,280 0.56% $47.82 $48.98 $101,880 2.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 7,390 1.26% $41.01 $41.81 $86,960 1.5 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 8,620 1.47% $46.74 $46.14 $95,970 1.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 3,280 0.56% $40.60 $40.87 $85,000 3.1 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 710 0.12% $38.37 $40.59 $84,430 3.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 7,600 1.30% $38.94 $39.39 $81,930 1.8 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 710 0.12% $35.76 $35.58 $74,000 3.8 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 1,840 0.31% $39.33 $39.67 $82,510 4.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 8,780 1.50% $39.31 $40.02 $83,240 1.9 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 150 0.03% $34.71 $35.30 $73,420 4.9 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 4,490 0.77% $44.77 $46.89 $97,530 3.6 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 80 0.01% $46.23 $43.16 $89,780 6.8 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 8,430 1.44% $42.19 $42.61 $88,620 1.5 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 310 0.05% $25.92 $25.41 $52,850 9.3 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 650 0.11% $26.61 $27.26 $56,700 3.5 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 330 0.06% $23.16 $24.46 $50,880 4.7 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 320 0.05% $32.41 $33.24 $69,130 4.7 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 5,480 0.93% $24.99 $25.16 $52,330 1.8 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 840 0.14% $28.80 $28.86 $60,020 2.3 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 1,440 0.25% $24.44 $24.35 $50,640 3.1 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,340 0.23% $23.53 $24.67 $51,320 2.8 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 4,020 0.69% $23.91 $24.70 $51,370 2.6 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 4,310 0.74% $27.83 $27.64 $57,500 2.0 %
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Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 147,670 25.19% $28.18 $31.79 $66,130 1.1 %
19-1011 Animal Scientists 390 0.07% $27.14 $29.86 $62,110 5.9 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 1,060 0.18% $36.97 $35.12 $73,050 3.9 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 1,630 0.28% $29.22 $30.67 $63,790 2.9 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 8,960 1.53% $38.46 $40.42 $84,080 1.8 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 4,290 0.73% $29.98 $33.34 $69,350 3.9 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 2,850 0.49% $28.75 $29.54 $61,440 4.4 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 3,290 0.56% $33.21 $35.15 $73,100 3.1 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 260 0.04% $30.55 $32.89 $68,410 4.8 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 400 0.07% $30.91 $34.17 $71,080 5.0 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 24,470 4.17% $34.32 $37.83 $78,680 1.7 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 3,200 0.55% $33.51 $36.89 $76,740 4.6 %
19-2011 Astronomers 360 0.06% $46.29 $46.26 $96,230 4.3 %
19-2012 Physicists 6,520 1.11% $47.02 $47.11 $97,990 1.3 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 1,900 0.32% $38.36 $40.82 $84,900 5.1 %
19-2031 Chemists 13,590 2.32% $33.06 $35.37 $73,570 1.8 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 3,050 0.52% $38.83 $39.36 $81,860 2.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 3,950 0.67% $31.15 $34.16 $71,050 2.9 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 800 0.14% $33.60 $35.21 $73,240 4.5 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 170 0.03% $38.50 $38.02 $79,080 5.2 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 3,460 0.59% $38.29 $39.60 $82,360 2.3 %
19-3011 Economists 1,500 0.26% $39.57 $45.91 $95,500 5.7 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 4,150 0.71% $32.34 $34.97 $72,730 2.5 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 3,040 0.52% $19.40 $21.55 $44,810 6.8 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 570 0.10% $31.78 $39.48 $82,120 14.9 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 210 0.04% $36.50 $40.05 $83,300 4.8 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 210 0.04% $42.42 $44.15 $91,820 7.8 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,590 0.27% $32.54 $34.94 $72,670 3.0 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 130 0.02% $27.02 $27.04 $56,240 2.1 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,460 0.25% $21.73 $24.03 $49,990 4.3 %
19-3093 Historians 280 0.05% $22.48 $24.75 $51,470 6.5 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 550 0.09% $33.77 $38.02 $79,090 9.5 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 5,420 0.92% $31.20 $35.12 $73,040 5.1 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 2,030 0.35% $16.72 $17.35 $36,080 2.9 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 19,650 3.35% $19.14 $20.43 $42,490 1.4 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 7,050 1.20% $19.73 $20.50 $42,640 3.0 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 260 0.04% $26.03 $23.25 $48,360 9.1 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 610 0.10% $34.03 $33.32 $69,310 3.0 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 6,610 1.13% $15.82 $17.22 $35,810 5.7 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 800 0.14% $16.94 $18.39 $38,250 4.5 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians (8) (8) $37.85 $34.79 $72,350 17.5 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 190 0.03% $15.76 $16.20 $33,690 3.0 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 6,570 1.12% $19.27 $21.18 $44,060 2.9 %
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Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 3,220 0.55% $19.95 $21.70 $45,130 3.1 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 440 0.08% $18.76 $21.62 $44,960 5.2 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 340 0.06% $22.73 $28.41 $59,090 11.0 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 450 0.08% $17.71 $19.05 $39,630 5.3 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers (8) (8) $21.25 $21.75 $45,230 2.6 %
21-1091 Health Educators 770 0.13% $20.85 $22.35 $46,490 6.1 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 120 0.02% $15.37 $15.28 $31,780 6.4 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 250 0.04% $19.77 $20.63 $42,900 5.9 %
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Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 2,680 0.46% $46.10 $52.90 $110,040 2.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 2,000 0.34% $57.67 $61.41 $127,740 3.5 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 410 0.07% $25.52 $26.23 $54,550 2.0 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers (8) (8) $20.36 $21.36 $44,440 6.6 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 240 0.04% $30.66 $32.51 $67,630 4.8 %
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Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 9,650 1.65% $24.71 $30.16 $62,740 4.9 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) (4) (4) $85,130 8.9 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 400 0.07% (4) (4) $95,580 8.6 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 680 0.12% (4) (4) $71,020 11.0 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 270 0.05% (4) (4) $28,690 5.1 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 2,390 0.41% (4) (4) $76,280 5.4 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 100 0.02% $13.06 $14.40 $29,950 7.2 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 180 0.03% $15.88 $17.74 $36,910 6.9 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 1,580 0.27% (4) (4) $29,980 4.5 %
25-4011 Archivists 190 0.03% $19.46 $21.24 $44,190 6.2 %
25-4021 Librarians 560 0.10% $26.16 $26.96 $56,080 1.7 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 200 0.03% $16.31 $17.14 $35,640 2.4 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,070 0.18% $26.80 $28.75 $59,800 2.4 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 280 0.05% (4) (4) $33,100 10.7 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 280 0.05% $11.54 $16.63 $34,580 18.5 %
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Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 10,560 1.80% $26.86 $29.20 $60,750 1.4 %
27-1011 Art Directors 90 0.02% $36.66 $44.41 $92,370 10.6 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 90 0.02% $22.83 $23.30 $48,460 6.6 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 130 0.02% $24.98 $27.36 $56,910 3.5 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 530 0.09% $35.44 $38.12 $79,280 5.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,460 0.25% $23.36 $24.91 $51,810 2.8 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 160 0.03% $27.04 $28.56 $59,410 3.0 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 3,280 0.56% $26.64 $30.11 $62,620 2.4 %
27-3041 Editors 1,140 0.19% $26.17 $27.51 $57,220 1.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 2,270 0.39% $28.31 $29.27 $60,880 1.3 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 720 0.12% $26.38 $30.07 $62,550 3.9 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 40 0.01% $24.75 $26.96 $56,080 7.0 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 270 0.05% $27.19 $28.81 $59,930 10.8 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 70 0.01% $21.85 $21.97 $45,700 3.1 %
27-4021 Photographers 70 0.01% $20.30 $22.06 $45,890 5.7 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $19.84 $23.67 $49,230 13.1 %
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Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 10,910 1.86% $24.04 $27.49 $57,190 1.7 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 140 0.02% $26.15 $25.27 $52,570 4.4 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 170 0.03% $42.55 $42.92 $89,270 4.8 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 60 0.01% (5) $83.94 $174,600 16.9 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 480 0.08% $34.17 $48.59 $101,070 11.1 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 200 0.03% $38.59 $37.83 $78,690 2.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,750 0.47% $27.40 $29.43 $61,220 4.8 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 230 0.04% $39.71 $40.90 $85,080 3.2 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other (8) (8) $36.01 $51.63 $107,380 9.8 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 990 0.17% $24.31 $26.09 $54,260 5.8 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,970 0.34% $17.71 $18.69 $38,880 2.6 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 230 0.04% $26.03 $26.50 $55,120 4.2 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 100 0.02% $16.28 $16.36 $34,030 2.5 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians (8) (8) $16.56 $17.40 $36,190 4.0 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 200 0.03% $18.33 $17.96 $37,350 4.2 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 660 0.11% $17.94 $18.97 $39,450 3.0 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 370 0.06% $19.43 $19.46 $40,470 3.4 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 760 0.13% $33.79 $34.57 $71,900 1.8 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 170 0.03% $27.76 $28.21 $58,670 4.4 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 270 0.05% $22.16 $24.46 $50,880 6.9 %
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Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 4,370 0.75% $12.95 $13.85 $28,810 2.2 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 230 0.04% $16.60 $15.73 $32,720 8.2 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 590 0.10% $14.72 $14.84 $30,860 6.7 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 550 0.09% $12.64 $13.07 $27,180 3.4 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 2,500 0.43% $12.47 $13.53 $28,140 2.7 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 430 0.07% $12.43 $14.11 $29,350 5.0 %
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Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,250 0.55% $18.02 $18.91 $39,320 2.7 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 230 0.04% $26.69 $28.91 $60,130 2.6 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 260 0.04% $21.66 $22.50 $46,800 4.3 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 220 0.04% $23.29 $24.13 $50,180 9.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,340 0.40% $16.54 $16.62 $34,570 2.9 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 140 0.02% $18.64 $21.40 $44,520 5.2 %
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Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 440 0.08% $11.54 $12.92 $26,880 4.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 150 0.03% $9.45 $10.56 $21,960 4.3 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 70 0.01% $11.45 $11.47 $23,850 5.5 %
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Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,420 0.58% $12.48 $13.67 $28,430 3.0 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 140 0.02% $17.29 $19.35 $40,240 4.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,700 0.46% $12.12 $13.25 $27,560 3.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 230 0.04% $15.27 $14.95 $31,090 8.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 300 0.05% $11.10 $12.64 $26,290 4.8 %
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Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,240 0.21% $11.07 $12.30 $25,590 3.7 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 90 0.02% $19.05 $20.91 $43,490 5.1 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 680 0.12% $10.95 $11.38 $23,670 4.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 50 0.01% $10.71 $10.99 $22,850 7.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 60 0.01% $10.24 $12.12 $25,200 7.8 %
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Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 8,880 1.51% $33.64 $37.14 $77,250 2.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 590 0.10% $42.56 $44.96 $93,510 4.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 30 0.01% $8.84 $10.26 $21,340 7.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 70 0.01% $10.93 $13.04 $27,130 3.9 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (8) (8) $21.55 $23.31 $48,480 6.1 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 1,900 0.32% $33.46 $36.12 $75,130 3.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 3,310 0.56% $37.63 $41.89 $87,130 2.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 390 0.07% $39.39 $41.23 $85,770 8.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 1,010 0.17% $43.13 $43.87 $91,250 7.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 420 0.07% $9.11 $13.39 $27,850 8.1 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 910 0.16% $21.62 $25.59 $53,220 4.4 %
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Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 80,050 13.66% $17.07 $18.10 $37,640 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 5,400 0.92% $25.69 $27.42 $57,030 1.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 310 0.05% $17.72 $18.95 $39,410 2.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 470 0.08% $17.59 $18.00 $37,430 2.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 5,150 0.88% $17.22 $18.04 $37,520 2.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 730 0.12% $17.89 $18.41 $38,290 1.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 600 0.10% $18.45 $18.40 $38,260 1.7 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 50 0.01% $18.55 $20.68 $43,020 8.6 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 2,380 0.41% $14.93 $16.52 $34,370 4.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 360 0.06% $15.37 $15.53 $32,290 2.7 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 4,680 0.80% $12.15 $12.58 $26,170 3.2 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 140 0.02% $13.05 $13.18 $27,410 3.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 90 0.02% $16.45 $16.99 $35,350 3.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,260 0.21% $18.72 $19.22 $39,970 1.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,940 0.50% $13.17 $13.36 $27,790 1.6 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 500 0.09% $12.55 $15.91 $33,090 7.8 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 60 0.01% $10.02 $10.47 $21,770 3.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,240 0.21% $21.42 $22.01 $45,790 2.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,010 0.17% $15.88 $16.43 $34,180 1.8 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 790 0.13% $14.79 $15.99 $33,260 4.0 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 410 0.07% $16.62 $17.16 $35,680 6.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 21,570 3.68% $20.66 $21.24 $44,190 0.7 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 130 0.02% $20.22 $22.44 $46,670 6.1 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 260 0.04% $15.00 $15.06 $31,320 4.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 10,460 1.78% $16.20 $16.54 $34,410 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 690 0.12% $15.29 $16.78 $34,900 3.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 2,180 0.37% $13.02 $13.44 $27,950 2.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 440 0.08% $16.47 $17.07 $35,500 2.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 140 0.02% $20.49 $20.93 $43,540 2.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 270 0.05% $13.90 $14.10 $29,320 2.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 12,570 2.14% $13.70 $14.45 $30,050 1.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 130 0.02% $17.63 $17.93 $37,290 3.2 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (8) (8) $11.47 $19.07 $39,680 2.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 1,200 0.20% $17.51 $17.95 $37,330 4.7 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 1,130 0.19% $17.51 $18.01 $37,460 2.9 %
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Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,240 0.21% $9.52 $11.38 $23,670 4.6 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 100 0.02% $20.32 $21.83 $45,400 8.6 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 80 0.01% $9.61 $10.08 $20,970 4.5 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 850 0.15% $8.85 $9.52 $19,800 3.1 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 60 0.01% $12.53 $13.09 $27,230 9.4 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 70 0.01% $10.96 $12.57 $26,140 8.2 %
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Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 2,800 0.48% $26.41 $26.49 $55,100 2.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 170 0.03% $34.74 $36.72 $76,390 5.4 %
47-2031 Carpenters 260 0.04% $27.12 $26.84 $55,830 2.5 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,040 0.18% $28.37 $28.44 $59,150 3.3 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 140 0.02% $25.40 $24.75 $51,480 4.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 400 0.07% $26.59 $26.87 $55,890 3.4 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 130 0.02% $23.76 $23.05 $47,950 5.9 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 30 0.01% $11.57 $13.42 $27,900 11.9 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 40 0.01% $14.98 $15.01 $31,230 6.8 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 30 0.01% $25.63 $26.38 $54,870 5.2 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 30 0.01% $21.36 $21.45 $44,620 4.5 %
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Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 9,810 1.67% $22.55 $22.68 $47,180 2.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 620 0.11% $33.11 $33.43 $69,530 2.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 170 0.03% $24.54 $25.91 $53,900 12.8 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 320 0.05% $24.84 $23.77 $49,450 4.0 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 30 0.01% $30.98 $31.06 $64,600 2.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 240 0.04% $28.25 $28.66 $59,610 3.2 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines (8) (8) $22.92 $28.22 $58,690 15.2 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 230 0.04% $26.50 $25.98 $54,040 3.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 780 0.13% $25.77 $25.11 $52,230 2.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 5,640 0.96% $20.18 $20.45 $42,530 3.2 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 390 0.07% $22.08 $22.78 $47,380 7.3 %
49-9044 Millwrights 130 0.02% $24.39 $22.23 $46,250 9.3 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 40 0.01% $11.19 $15.59 $32,430 16.8 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 90 0.02% $20.72 $20.90 $43,470 5.9 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 140 0.02% $24.54 $24.74 $51,470 6.5 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 30 0.01% $24.79 $23.83 $49,570 3.9 %
49-9096 Riggers 90 0.02% $25.09 $23.10 $48,040 8.8 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 30 0.01% $13.88 $14.84 $30,860 6.2 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 120 0.02% $28.65 $26.92 $56,000 4.7 %
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Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 13,760 2.35% $18.61 $20.67 $42,990 2.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,740 0.30% $31.81 $34.38 $71,510 7.0 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 880 0.15% $14.31 $15.20 $31,620 2.8 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 180 0.03% $15.69 $16.31 $33,920 4.6 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,090 0.19% $14.96 $15.67 $32,590 4.8 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 60 0.01% $24.17 $24.20 $50,340 5.5 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 760 0.13% $15.15 $16.38 $34,070 8.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers (8) (8) $12.77 $12.68 $26,380 3.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,810 0.31% $22.55 $21.88 $45,500 2.3 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 60 0.01% $19.13 $22.95 $47,740 8.8 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 80 0.01% $28.54 $27.89 $58,010 2.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 450 0.08% $15.48 $17.02 $35,390 3.5 %
51-5021 Job Printers 30 0.01% $16.66 $18.20 $37,850 5.3 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 90 0.02% $20.57 $23.38 $48,620 7.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 220 0.04% $26.30 $26.62 $55,380 2.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 40 0.01% $23.16 $23.26 $48,380 4.1 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 100 0.02% $26.00 $25.56 $53,160 2.4 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 70 0.01% $21.15 $20.31 $42,250 7.0 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 370 0.06% $20.21 $20.34 $42,310 2.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $16.01 $15.71 $32,690 8.3 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $12.78 $14.05 $29,210 7.7 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,910 0.33% $18.91 $20.04 $41,690 2.4 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 270 0.05% $13.87 $14.43 $30,010 5.8 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 40 0.01% $17.33 $18.18 $37,810 11.3 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment (8) (8) $23.65 $24.11 $50,150 6.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (8) (8) $14.67 $14.39 $29,920 5.5 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 210 0.04% $9.86 $11.38 $23,660 7.4 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 790 0.13% $18.77 $19.45 $40,460 4.2 %
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Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 2,980 0.51% $15.13 $16.74 $34,820 3.4 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 80 0.01% $21.84 $24.29 $50,530 4.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 80 0.01% $29.21 $30.25 $62,930 5.7 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 40 0.01% (4) (4) $63,320 6.4 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 150 0.03% $21.43 $20.70 $43,060 4.5 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 290 0.05% $18.49 $18.01 $37,460 4.8 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 110 0.02% $14.80 $15.77 $32,790 4.8 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers (8) (8) $16.14 $16.49 $34,300 2.2 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (8) (8) $22.96 $24.54 $51,050 8.0 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers (8) (8) $24.19 $25.51 $53,070 4.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 50 0.01% $13.45 $14.61 $30,400 5.9 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 60 0.01% $16.16 $17.38 $36,160 12.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,170 0.20% $12.24 $13.50 $28,080 5.0 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 380 0.06% $9.02 $10.07 $20,950 8.0 %

About May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) Wage data for this occupation were removed because of reporting errors. Data are being corrected and revised wage estimates will be posted as soon as possible.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2006 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2006 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2006 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: September 26, 2008

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