Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2007 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities is part of: NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities:

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 64,480 100.00% $23.06 $28.07 $58,390 1.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 4,240 6.58% $51.75 $57.16 $118,880 2.2 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 480 0.74% (5) $84.57 $175,900 4.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,650 2.56% $56.62 $60.72 $126,300 3.3 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 120 0.19% $39.48 $43.25 $89,950 7.0 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 30 0.05% $44.60 $55.29 $115,010 13.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 130 0.20% $29.03 $33.77 $70,240 7.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 190 0.29% $38.23 $41.54 $86,400 7.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 200 0.31% $49.26 $53.56 $111,390 8.4 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 260 0.40% $46.40 $52.10 $108,360 4.1 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 40 0.06% $35.71 $39.38 $81,900 6.1 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 30 0.05% $45.10 $47.89 $99,600 7.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 30 0.05% $50.11 $54.39 $113,130 7.0 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 80 0.12% $50.49 $50.89 $105,850 4.9 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 40 0.06% $56.38 $53.75 $111,800 7.4 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 300 0.47% $52.40 $56.11 $116,710 5.0 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 100 0.16% $28.30 $32.00 $66,560 7.0 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 460 0.71% $45.53 $50.22 $104,450 5.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,400 8.37% $28.50 $31.59 $65,710 2.3 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 150 0.23% $28.82 $29.44 $61,230 2.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 60 0.09% $28.02 $30.60 $63,660 6.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 200 0.31% $23.70 $28.14 $58,540 10.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 100 0.16% $27.73 $28.53 $59,340 3.1 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 560 0.87% $29.03 $32.05 $66,670 3.3 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 110 0.17% $27.86 $29.38 $61,110 3.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,090 1.69% $32.59 $37.17 $77,310 3.9 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 160 0.25% $23.47 $24.57 $51,090 3.2 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 1,800 2.79% $26.97 $29.03 $60,380 3.1 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 770 1.19% $28.19 $30.34 $63,100 2.5 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 120 0.19% $32.32 $33.51 $69,710 5.1 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 220 0.34% $35.45 $40.09 $83,400 18.7 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 4,190 6.50% $30.05 $32.14 $66,840 2.0 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 100 0.16% $44.69 $42.80 $89,030 5.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 410 0.64% $29.57 $35.06 $72,920 10.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 130 0.20% $38.01 $38.25 $79,570 2.8 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 140 0.22% $45.55 $46.37 $96,460 8.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 810 1.26% $21.00 $22.08 $45,920 2.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 680 1.05% $35.67 $36.17 $75,240 2.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 270 0.42% $28.55 $29.71 $61,800 3.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 340 0.53% $32.74 $33.66 $70,020 1.8 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 430 0.67% $31.20 $32.09 $66,750 2.9 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other (8) (8) $29.14 $31.18 $64,860 3.8 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 230 0.36% $28.10 $32.81 $68,240 11.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians 260 0.40% $37.14 $37.62 $78,250 3.3 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 60 0.09% $21.23 $21.52 $44,760 4.2 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,470 2.28% $33.87 $34.32 $71,380 2.1 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists (8) (8) $19.48 $21.36 $44,430 4.4 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers (8) (8) $40.33 $40.25 $83,710 4.1 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 270 0.42% $40.95 $41.98 $87,320 3.2 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 220 0.34% $37.68 $37.54 $78,090 8.7 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other (8) (8) $40.18 $39.33 $81,800 3.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 280 0.43% $29.80 $29.73 $61,840 6.4 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 21,560 33.44% $25.53 $29.93 $62,260 2.6 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 60 0.09% $29.80 $34.20 $71,130 8.1 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 140 0.22% $37.47 $41.59 $86,500 4.5 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 370 0.57% $34.22 $40.55 $84,340 6.9 %
19-2012 Physicists 1,150 1.78% $48.06 $47.73 $99,270 2.0 %
19-2031 Chemists 60 0.09% $26.40 $27.44 $57,070 6.1 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 290 0.45% $27.96 $31.00 $64,490 9.6 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 40 0.06% $21.72 $25.10 $52,210 5.2 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 550 0.85% $31.21 $33.59 $69,860 4.7 %
19-3011 Economists 1,190 1.85% $43.96 $51.62 $107,370 7.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,310 2.03% $27.04 $29.04 $60,410 3.8 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 2,650 4.11% $23.42 $25.08 $52,160 5.9 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 230 0.36% (8) (8) (8) (8)
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 130 0.20% $47.05 $47.58 $98,960 9.0 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other (8) (8) $38.04 $38.39 $79,860 10.2 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,320 2.05% $33.13 $35.00 $72,810 3.5 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 200 0.31% $25.03 $27.39 $56,980 15.7 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,370 2.12% $22.42 $24.44 $50,840 3.9 %
19-3093 Historians 350 0.54% $18.39 $20.74 $43,150 7.3 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 540 0.84% $36.55 $40.13 $83,460 9.5 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 3,430 5.32% $30.90 $34.85 $72,490 4.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 320 0.50% $19.39 $20.00 $41,600 7.4 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 110 0.17% $21.03 $21.33 $44,360 5.0 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 3,830 5.94% $17.35 $18.43 $38,330 2.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 90 0.14% $20.66 $21.62 $44,970 6.6 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 1,160 1.80% $17.78 $20.40 $42,440 8.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,680 2.61% $18.60 $20.39 $42,410 4.8 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 440 0.68% $19.92 $22.38 $46,560 5.1 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers (8) (8) $21.14 $23.14 $48,130 2.9 %
21-1091 Health Educators 310 0.48% $17.38 $19.56 $40,690 10.1 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 70 0.11% $15.55 $15.49 $32,230 5.2 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 360 0.56% $16.99 $17.99 $37,420 4.4 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 580 0.90% $33.59 $39.00 $81,120 13.8 %
23-1011 Lawyers 360 0.56% $51.05 $51.26 $106,610 9.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants (8) (8) $23.39 $23.05 $47,940 4.5 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 30 0.05% $23.93 $29.80 $61,970 14.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 5,830 9.04% $22.52 $26.42 $54,950 6.2 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 40 0.06% (4) (4) $78,430 18.6 %
25-1062 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 90 0.14% (4) (4) $62,950 12.4 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 410 0.64% (4) (4) $59,920 3.8 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants (8) (8) (4) (4) $30,950 5.5 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 1,770 2.75% (4) (4) $64,190 6.9 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (8) (8) $26.41 $23.73 $49,360 10.1 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 1,230 1.91% (4) (4) $32,700 4.7 %
25-4011 Archivists (8) (8) $19.33 $20.12 $41,850 2.3 %
25-4021 Librarians 140 0.22% $23.61 $24.39 $50,740 3.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 590 0.92% $29.63 $31.63 $65,800 2.2 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 200 0.31% (4) (4) $34,870 12.9 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 270 0.42% $11.26 $13.44 $27,950 9.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,570 3.99% $26.92 $30.39 $63,220 4.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 300 0.47% $23.35 $24.66 $51,300 4.2 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 50 0.08% $27.59 $29.52 $61,400 10.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 980 1.52% $27.62 $34.10 $70,930 8.5 %
27-3041 Editors 370 0.57% $27.88 $29.22 $60,780 4.2 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 270 0.42% $26.37 $26.37 $54,850 4.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 450 0.70% $27.18 $30.52 $63,470 4.6 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 40 0.06% $22.25 $23.02 $47,890 6.3 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 310 0.48% $25.06 $26.53 $55,170 5.8 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 110 0.17% $31.30 $31.51 $65,530 5.6 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 30 0.05% $20.29 $21.59 $44,910 8.1 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 30 0.05% $21.95 $22.46 $46,710 7.6 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 80 0.12% $18.86 $21.11 $43,900 9.1 %
33-9032 Security Guards 30 0.05% $15.73 $17.05 $35,460 15.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 60 0.09% $12.33 $13.40 $27,870 4.2 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 160 0.25% $11.65 $12.83 $26,690 5.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 90 0.14% $10.89 $12.21 $25,390 9.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 90 0.14% $11.72 $13.42 $27,910 14.0 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 30 0.05% $9.13 $10.13 $21,060 6.6 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 600 0.93% $21.93 $23.89 $49,700 9.0 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 60 0.09% $23.45 $28.24 $58,740 17.9 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 200 0.31% $25.86 $29.36 $61,070 8.2 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 200 0.31% $24.68 $24.76 $51,500 8.9 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 15,140 23.48% $15.02 $16.22 $33,730 1.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 870 1.35% $23.72 $25.83 $53,720 3.3 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 630 0.98% $17.51 $17.97 $37,380 1.8 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 80 0.12% $19.58 $19.88 $41,350 2.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 150 0.23% $16.76 $17.89 $37,200 10.5 %
43-4071 File Clerks (8) (8) $12.88 $13.28 $27,620 6.8 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 3,130 4.85% $12.33 $12.73 $26,490 3.4 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 30 0.05% $10.00 $10.80 $22,470 6.7 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 100 0.16% $18.41 $19.16 $39,840 2.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 670 1.04% $12.98 $13.03 $27,100 4.0 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other (8) (8) $11.25 $12.26 $25,500 8.1 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 60 0.09% $19.17 $20.23 $42,070 5.3 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 40 0.06% $13.72 $13.74 $28,580 3.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2,780 4.31% $20.43 $21.44 $44,590 1.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,960 3.04% $15.80 $16.02 $33,320 2.1 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 340 0.53% $14.38 $14.45 $30,060 3.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 410 0.64% $11.79 $11.79 $24,520 4.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 60 0.09% $17.58 $17.84 $37,120 4.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 70 0.11% $13.19 $13.42 $27,900 3.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,990 4.64% $12.62 $13.19 $27,440 2.1 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 290 0.45% $16.95 $17.88 $37,190 10.7 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 110 0.17% $17.14 $18.18 $37,820 6.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 190 0.29% $20.46 $21.58 $44,890 3.4 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 130 0.20% $18.43 $19.49 $40,540 4.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 150 0.23% $17.39 $18.93 $39,360 4.9 %
51-4041 Machinists (8) (8) $25.48 $22.92 $47,670 9.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations (8) (8) $11.91 $13.57 $28,230 6.2 %

About May 2007 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour or $145,600 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2007 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2007 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2007 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2007 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2007 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 12, 2008

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