Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 23 - Construction


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 23 - Construction.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Sector 23 - Construction consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 23 - Construction:


Sector 23 - Construction

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 7,456,300 100.00% $18.38 $21.68 $45,100 0.2 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 373,300 5.01% $41.31 $48.47 $100,810 0.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 18,900 0.25% $75.23 $77.30 $160,790 1.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 125,060 1.68% $45.34 $53.06 $110,360 0.6 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 130 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,700 0.04% $43.12 $48.21 $100,280 1.6 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 3,500 0.05% $48.07 $54.56 $113,490 1.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 180 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 5,070 0.07% $31.97 $35.07 $72,940 1.6 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 760 0.01% $51.47 $55.92 $116,310 2.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers (8) (8) $43.57 $49.21 $102,350 1.0 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 290 (7) $41.72 $43.70 $90,890 3.1 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 110 (7) $42.48 $44.08 $91,680 3.3 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 420 0.01% $44.57 $48.11 $100,060 2.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,760 0.02% $44.29 $46.37 $96,450 1.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 500 0.01% $43.80 $44.10 $91,720 5.1 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 182,630 2.45% $38.10 $43.06 $89,560 0.5 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 5,110 0.07% $49.27 $52.01 $108,170 2.2 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers (8) (8) $26.42 $28.61 $59,520 12.1 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 7,700 0.10% $34.64 $39.00 $81,130 2.8 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 4,520 0.06% $39.02 $42.68 $88,770 2.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 216,330 2.90% $28.13 $30.14 $62,690 0.4 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 120 (7) $26.24 $27.18 $56,530 5.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 500 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 16,080 0.22% $23.84 $25.54 $53,120 0.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 680 0.01% $23.75 $24.92 $51,840 2.4 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 132,120 1.77% $28.33 $30.13 $62,670 0.4 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,360 0.02% $24.72 $26.60 $55,330 1.5 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,150 0.02% $23.96 $25.03 $52,050 1.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 690 0.01% $26.78 $27.71 $57,640 2.2 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,960 0.03% $27.98 $29.25 $60,830 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 890 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,260 0.02% $35.48 $39.41 $81,980 3.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 40 (7) $21.67 $22.31 $46,400 5.1 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 16,380 0.22% $26.78 $30.82 $64,110 2.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 40,310 0.54% $29.45 $31.52 $65,550 0.5 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 580 0.01% $36.80 $37.72 $78,460 2.6 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 60 (7) $27.41 $27.38 $56,940 3.7 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 850 0.01% $34.25 $36.22 $75,330 3.3 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 190 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-2072 Loan Officers 470 0.01% $29.73 $33.57 $69,830 4.9 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 470 0.01% $29.45 $32.46 $67,510 3.1 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations (8) (8) $29.32 $30.95 $64,380 1.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 920 0.01% $32.70 $33.43 $69,530 2.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 660 0.01% $38.14 $38.82 $80,750 2.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 360 (7) $37.34 $39.92 $83,040 5.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists (8) (8) $21.66 $22.87 $47,580 1.3 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 1,060 0.01% $33.66 $36.46 $75,840 3.2 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 260 (7) $32.38 $34.66 $72,100 3.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,410 0.03% $30.17 $31.36 $65,230 1.5 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts (8) (8) $30.75 $33.28 $69,220 2.4 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 330 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 160 (7) $36.78 $36.65 $76,240 2.4 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 85,150 1.14% $30.05 $32.46 $67,510 1.4 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 5,250 0.07% $34.87 $36.67 $76,280 1.9 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 540 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-1022 Surveyors 3,900 0.05% $25.46 $26.95 $56,050 1.7 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 31,960 0.43% $35.40 $38.25 $79,550 2.2 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 3,870 0.05% $36.51 $37.91 $78,860 2.8 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 1,020 0.01% $36.82 $37.61 $78,230 3.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 200 (7) $32.78 $33.36 $69,390 3.2 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 5,130 0.07% $30.69 $31.88 $66,310 0.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,430 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-2131 Materials Engineers (8) (8) $31.79 $36.42 $75,760 5.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 3,150 0.04% $35.09 $37.18 $77,330 2.3 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 1,790 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 9,140 0.12% $21.49 $22.42 $46,640 0.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 6,130 0.08% $24.67 $26.23 $54,550 1.6 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters (8) (8) $22.47 $23.62 $49,120 1.8 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 1,630 0.02% $20.29 $21.54 $44,800 3.9 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 2,340 0.03% $22.34 $23.26 $48,390 2.3 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $23.62 $25.03 $52,060 4.8 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 150 (7) $23.65 $26.14 $54,370 8.2 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 140 (7) $23.53 $23.45 $48,770 8.6 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 330 (7) $24.16 $24.74 $51,450 2.8 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 250 (7) $24.06 $23.70 $49,290 4.3 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 160 (7) $19.22 $22.12 $46,020 5.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations (8) (8) $26.59 $28.80 $59,910 1.5 %
19-1032 Foresters (8) (8) $24.16 $25.49 $53,020 8.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 60 (7) $32.23 $35.96 $74,800 8.9 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 30 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 2,660 0.04% $27.74 $29.69 $61,760 1.6 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians (8) (8) $18.03 $19.95 $41,500 4.5 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 270 (7) $17.17 $19.52 $40,600 5.6 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,490 0.02% $39.82 $48.67 $101,240 2.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 930 0.01% $53.89 $62.76 $130,550 3.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 290 (7) $26.63 $26.81 $55,770 2.4 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 250 (7) $20.74 $23.19 $48,230 3.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators (8) (8) $19.00 $20.36 $42,360 19.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 390 0.01% $26.24 $27.39 $56,970 4.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 660 0.01% $19.63 $20.48 $42,590 3.0 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 3,790 0.05% (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers (8) (8) $33.79 $27.51 $57,210 11.7 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 490 0.01% $18.86 $21.00 $43,670 9.9 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 30 (7) (4) (4) $38,540 6.1 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (8) (8) $24.28 $26.17 $54,440 2.5 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other (8) (8) $18.87 $19.55 $40,660 6.3 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 2,340 0.03% $26.75 $28.04 $58,320 1.1 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 1,730 0.02% $28.85 $29.18 $60,700 1.2 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 280 (7) $22.41 $22.95 $47,730 1.9 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations (8) (8) $10.97 $11.24 $23,370 11.0 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides (8) (8) $11.70 $11.52 $23,960 11.1 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 4,840 0.06% (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators (8) (8) $22.91 $22.56 $46,920 4.1 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,250 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-9091 Crossing Guards 2,330 0.03% $12.58 $14.49 $30,150 2.1 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers (8) (8) $9.91 $10.16 $21,130 4.9 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 80 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 50 (7) $20.10 $21.14 $43,970 6.2 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 50 (7) $10.47 $11.43 $23,770 8.0 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 130 (7) $11.81 $12.77 $26,560 4.7 %
35-3011 Bartenders 60 (7) $7.57 $8.92 $18,560 7.2 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (8) (8) $9.37 $9.82 $20,420 2.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 110 (7) $8.80 $8.95 $18,620 2.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (8) (8) $7.61 $8.21 $17,080 3.2 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 90 (7) $8.77 $9.08 $18,890 3.6 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 30 (7) $8.19 $8.67 $18,040 4.0 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 43,460 0.58% $11.60 $12.62 $26,250 0.8 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 420 0.01% $17.03 $19.64 $40,850 5.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,810 0.02% $20.46 $22.18 $46,130 2.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 18,640 0.25% $10.60 $11.37 $23,650 0.9 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,420 0.02% $10.04 $10.61 $22,060 2.9 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other (8) (8) $12.14 $13.07 $27,180 4.2 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 40 (7) $16.47 $16.40 $34,110 5.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 20,240 0.27% $12.06 $12.85 $26,730 1.2 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (8) (8) $14.85 $15.36 $31,950 2.3 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 200 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 160 (7) $14.11 $14.33 $29,800 4.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,270 0.02% $10.72 $11.88 $24,710 3.1 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers (8) (8) $15.96 $15.99 $33,270 3.2 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 400 0.01% $8.55 $9.24 $19,210 3.4 %
39-6012 Concierges 40 (7) $12.28 $13.88 $28,860 6.3 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors (8) (8) $12.81 $15.44 $32,120 8.4 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 200 (7) $10.68 $12.17 $25,320 4.0 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 143,020 1.92% $23.93 $28.37 $59,000 0.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,360 0.02% $19.85 $23.23 $48,310 3.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 2,930 0.04% $34.58 $38.71 $80,520 2.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 690 0.01% $9.36 $10.42 $21,680 3.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 1,170 0.02% $13.40 $14.00 $29,120 2.6 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 610 0.01% $14.14 $15.07 $31,340 3.7 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 10,480 0.14% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 110 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 43,040 0.58% $27.25 $31.74 $66,020 1.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 3,420 0.05% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 49,820 0.67% $25.45 $29.02 $60,370 1.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 1,540 0.02% $10.98 $12.16 $25,280 3.5 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 1,340 0.02% $31.78 $42.14 $87,640 8.4 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 17,620 0.24% $23.33 $30.30 $63,030 2.5 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 1,340 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-9041 Telemarketers (8) (8) $10.65 $11.56 $24,040 2.9 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 550 0.01% $9.73 $12.14 $25,250 7.2 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 2,770 0.04% $17.27 $21.05 $43,790 4.3 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 721,860 9.68% $14.71 $15.82 $32,910 0.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 39,940 0.54% $23.49 $24.96 $51,920 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 610 0.01% $13.17 $13.53 $28,140 4.0 %
43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 60 (7) $12.89 $13.72 $28,530 7.0 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 820 0.01% $14.84 $15.26 $31,740 3.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 8,270 0.11% $15.70 $16.45 $34,220 0.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 145,700 1.95% $16.25 $16.88 $35,120 0.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 19,840 0.27% $17.01 $17.34 $36,060 0.4 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,440 0.02% $15.91 $16.30 $33,900 1.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 40 (7) $16.91 $17.53 $36,460 6.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 17,010 0.23% $15.74 $16.79 $34,920 1.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 2,480 0.03% $11.49 $12.03 $25,030 1.3 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks (8) (8) $10.89 $11.28 $23,460 3.6 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 580 0.01% $17.56 $17.85 $37,130 2.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,150 0.02% $14.29 $14.39 $29,920 2.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 2,570 0.03% $17.28 $17.75 $36,920 0.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 37,070 0.50% $12.73 $12.95 $26,940 0.4 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 600 0.01% $14.93 $15.21 $31,630 2.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 500 0.01% $11.73 $12.34 $25,680 3.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 17,310 0.23% $15.74 $17.33 $36,040 0.8 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities (8) (8) $14.22 $14.61 $30,380 6.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 7,810 0.10% $20.32 $20.77 $43,190 1.0 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 2,070 0.03% $14.06 $14.44 $30,040 1.4 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 11,090 0.15% $13.50 $14.12 $29,360 0.7 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 330 (7) $13.45 $14.06 $29,250 2.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 78,250 1.05% $19.61 $20.81 $43,290 0.5 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 30 (7) $21.83 $22.13 $46,040 5.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 156,850 2.10% $13.12 $13.48 $28,030 0.4 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 380 0.01% $17.61 $16.73 $34,790 6.2 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,000 0.01% $13.28 $13.88 $28,870 2.8 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 120 (7) $11.89 $12.32 $25,630 2.6 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 164,450 2.21% $11.93 $12.68 $26,370 0.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (8) (8) $14.76 $15.19 $31,600 6.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $14.16 $15.61 $32,470 2.4 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 70 (7) $25.08 $23.47 $48,810 5.5 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $9.72 $10.96 $22,800 5.1 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 180 (7) $12.05 $12.14 $25,250 4.9 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other (8) (8) $13.64 $13.87 $28,850 3.6 %
45-4021 Fallers 80 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 4,908,950 65.84% $18.16 $20.49 $42,620 0.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 457,450 6.14% $27.95 $29.49 $61,350 0.2 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (8) (8) $25.97 $26.05 $54,180 2.2 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 102,780 1.38% $21.92 $22.95 $47,730 0.8 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 16,290 0.22% $18.56 $20.09 $41,780 1.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 748,790 10.04% $18.93 $20.89 $43,450 0.3 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 21,180 0.28% $18.24 $20.43 $42,480 2.1 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 9,780 0.13% $17.79 $19.52 $40,600 2.6 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 7,340 0.10% $15.71 $17.21 $35,790 2.6 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 44,150 0.59% $19.13 $20.30 $42,230 1.3 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 189,720 2.54% $16.95 $18.84 $39,180 0.6 %
47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 4,940 0.07% $17.67 $19.31 $40,170 3.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 804,040 10.78% $13.98 $15.86 $32,990 0.3 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 41,770 0.56% $16.14 $17.94 $37,310 0.9 %
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators 4,630 0.06% $23.05 $24.88 $51,750 2.3 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 265,420 3.56% $19.54 $21.99 $45,740 0.5 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 127,500 1.71% $18.17 $19.73 $41,040 0.8 %
47-2082 Tapers 31,750 0.43% $21.03 $22.07 $45,900 1.1 %
47-2111 Electricians 487,500 6.54% $21.70 $23.74 $49,390 0.6 %
47-2121 Glaziers 37,910 0.51% $17.80 $19.56 $40,680 1.4 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 26,570 0.36% $15.39 $16.85 $35,040 2.6 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 28,040 0.38% $17.83 $19.92 $41,440 1.6 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 203,840 2.73% $15.48 $17.11 $35,580 0.7 %
47-2142 Paperhangers (8) (8) $17.58 $19.71 $40,990 3.7 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 42,440 0.57% $15.52 $17.45 $36,310 1.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 362,170 4.86% $21.83 $23.71 $49,330 0.5 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 41,490 0.56% $17.95 $19.21 $39,950 1.2 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 27,500 0.37% $19.35 $21.46 $44,640 1.7 %
47-2181 Roofers 116,010 1.56% $16.13 $17.96 $37,350 0.8 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 109,860 1.47% $19.57 $21.92 $45,590 0.9 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 61,240 0.82% $21.06 $22.95 $47,740 1.2 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 51,990 0.70% $13.21 $14.26 $29,660 0.9 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 74,310 1.00% $12.28 $12.76 $26,530 0.6 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 99,510 1.33% $12.61 $13.06 $27,160 0.6 %
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 18,900 0.25% $11.22 $11.68 $24,290 0.9 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 76,750 1.03% $12.72 $13.05 $27,140 0.5 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 18,560 0.25% $11.48 $11.86 $24,670 0.9 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 19,540 0.26% $12.15 $13.06 $27,170 1.4 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 5,230 0.07% $25.36 $26.39 $54,890 3.0 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 23,530 0.32% $33.45 $32.68 $67,970 1.2 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 22,630 0.30% $13.53 $14.55 $30,270 1.5 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 2,280 0.03% $16.76 $17.31 $36,000 2.6 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 3,090 0.04% $15.19 $16.47 $34,250 4.5 %
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 1,540 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 4,400 0.06% $16.71 $17.71 $36,830 4.0 %
47-4091 Segmental Pavers 1,040 0.01% $12.98 $13.46 $28,000 3.5 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 23,520 0.32% $15.24 $16.81 $34,970 1.6 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas (8) (8) $22.82 $21.25 $44,190 5.8 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 160 (7) $17.90 $18.75 $39,000 2.3 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 12,170 0.16% $18.12 $19.66 $40,890 2.0 %
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 770 0.01% $21.66 $23.00 $47,840 7.0 %
47-5049 Mining Machine Operators, All Other (8) (8) $18.48 $19.77 $41,120 6.5 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 3,600 0.05% $12.77 $14.35 $29,840 3.3 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 5,080 0.07% $13.13 $13.93 $28,970 2.5 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 555,500 7.45% $18.45 $20.03 $41,660 0.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 41,730 0.56% $27.55 $29.03 $60,380 0.7 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 1,150 0.02% $16.82 $17.09 $35,550 5.2 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 22,670 0.30% $19.57 $21.04 $43,760 1.7 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers (8) (8) $17.54 $18.94 $39,400 4.7 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (8) (8) $14.64 $15.39 $32,000 5.8 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 7,880 0.11% $22.33 $23.13 $48,100 2.6 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay (8) (8) $29.23 $28.91 $60,130 2.9 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (8) (8) $14.27 $14.22 $29,580 4.7 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 5,600 0.08% $16.13 $16.58 $34,490 3.8 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 20,890 0.28% $17.88 $19.16 $39,850 1.6 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 410 0.01% $15.71 $16.52 $34,370 2.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,050 0.04% $17.76 $18.75 $39,000 1.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 10,840 0.15% $18.55 $19.49 $40,530 0.7 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (8) (8) $14.46 $14.98 $31,160 3.8 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 25,670 0.34% $20.03 $21.22 $44,140 0.9 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 150 (7) $14.78 $14.40 $29,960 9.5 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 11,390 0.15% $16.33 $17.14 $35,660 2.1 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door (8) (8) $17.43 $19.21 $39,950 4.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 181,060 2.43% $18.27 $19.66 $40,900 0.7 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,140 0.02% $16.31 $17.91 $37,250 7.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 4,000 0.05% $19.41 $20.36 $42,340 1.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 42,490 0.57% $16.44 $17.55 $36,500 0.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (8) (8) $17.98 $18.95 $39,430 4.2 %
49-9044 Millwrights 21,130 0.28% $21.32 $22.38 $46,550 1.1 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 450 0.01% $22.37 $22.76 $47,350 6.2 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 38,240 0.51% $22.30 $23.65 $49,190 1.6 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 45,960 0.62% $17.57 $18.72 $38,930 1.4 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other (8) (8) $19.69 $20.99 $43,660 4.4 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 220 (7) $17.37 $16.83 $35,010 7.6 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 400 0.01% $20.02 $24.16 $50,240 7.6 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 120 (7) $20.81 $18.83 $39,170 9.4 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers (8) (8) $13.68 $14.64 $30,450 5.0 %
49-9096 Riggers 2,900 0.04% $19.75 $20.71 $43,090 3.5 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 32,300 0.43% $11.87 $12.49 $25,980 0.9 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 19,440 0.26% $15.40 $16.98 $35,320 1.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 110,950 1.49% $16.35 $17.88 $37,190 0.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 7,580 0.10% $24.13 $25.72 $53,490 1.4 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers (8) (8) $12.72 $14.03 $29,190 7.7 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 50 (7) $21.28 $20.80 $43,260 7.5 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 12,010 0.16% $16.38 $17.36 $36,100 1.5 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 140 (7) $14.10 $14.90 $31,000 8.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers (8) (8) $11.84 $13.01 $27,060 3.0 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other (8) (8) $12.87 $13.80 $28,700 3.3 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 (7) $16.94 $17.19 $35,750 4.9 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 60 (7) $25.26 $24.07 $50,070 6.4 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 (7) $16.27 $15.84 $32,940 6.7 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 360 (7) $14.29 $15.44 $32,120 6.5 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 250 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 (7) $14.84 $15.47 $32,180 5.4 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $14.10 $14.93 $31,050 11.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,170 0.02% $17.22 $18.52 $38,530 4.2 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 210 (7) $14.71 $14.77 $30,720 6.5 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $12.66 $13.70 $28,500 6.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 47,240 0.63% $17.57 $18.94 $39,400 1.1 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 990 0.01% $14.76 $15.88 $33,030 7.8 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $13.70 $13.51 $28,090 3.6 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other (8) (8) $17.77 $18.63 $38,750 5.6 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 50 (7) $8.58 $8.70 $18,100 6.3 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (8) (8) $9.47 $10.17 $21,150 8.6 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers (8) (8) $13.39 $12.98 $27,000 14.1 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other (8) (8) $13.16 $14.29 $29,730 6.3 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 8,380 0.11% $14.87 $15.90 $33,070 2.1 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 230 (7) $14.50 $16.28 $33,860 9.6 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 590 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing (8) (8) $11.95 $13.53 $28,150 6.1 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 410 0.01% $13.73 $14.50 $30,150 8.9 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 220 (7) $34.96 $34.39 $71,530 3.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 160 (7) $29.42 $29.12 $60,580 4.1 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (8) (8) $23.08 $23.08 $48,010 3.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (8) (8) $17.03 $17.05 $35,470 5.0 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (8) (8) $21.89 $22.98 $47,800 16.5 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators (8) (8) $32.51 $30.58 $63,620 8.2 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 600 0.01% $21.90 $22.20 $46,170 2.7 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $13.92 $15.39 $32,000 6.1 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 720 0.01% $13.98 $14.25 $29,640 3.1 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 700 0.01% $14.02 $16.09 $33,470 7.8 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,580 0.02% $14.89 $15.88 $33,020 3.8 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 260 (7) $12.11 $12.73 $26,480 4.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,300 0.02% $12.76 $13.53 $28,150 3.6 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment (8) (8) $14.41 $15.45 $32,130 7.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 470 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers (8) (8) $14.20 $13.90 $28,900 4.7 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 2,140 0.03% $14.37 $15.76 $32,770 4.6 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 4,170 0.06% $11.22 $11.82 $24,590 2.2 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 1,950 0.03% $13.56 $14.87 $30,920 3.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 262,950 3.53% $15.56 $17.31 $36,000 0.5 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,070 0.03% $21.68 $22.78 $47,380 2.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 6,320 0.08% $25.19 $26.93 $56,010 1.8 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots (8) (8) (4) (4) $71,300 7.1 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 220 (7) $14.00 $14.19 $29,520 4.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 109,320 1.47% $16.33 $17.87 $37,170 0.6 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 23,780 0.32% $14.40 $15.30 $31,830 0.6 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 90 (7) $13.24 $13.16 $27,370 13.2 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 560 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 290 (7) $13.83 $16.20 $33,690 4.1 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 420 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 70 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 100 (7) $14.60 $15.96 $33,200 7.1 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 40 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 15,620 0.21% $23.26 $24.49 $50,940 1.5 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators 570 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 37,900 0.51% $17.01 $18.67 $38,840 1.2 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 140 (7) $13.92 $14.98 $31,160 2.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 7,010 0.09% $14.99 $16.06 $33,410 1.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 540 0.01% $10.13 $11.00 $22,880 6.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 55,500 0.74% $12.13 $12.85 $26,730 0.6 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 110 (7) $11.50 $12.19 $25,360 3.7 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 60 (7) $9.37 $9.63 $20,030 2.8 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 590 0.01% $16.96 $17.87 $37,160 4.9 %
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 100 (7) $19.95 $20.73 $43,110 4.1 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 30 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 130 (7) $16.67 $16.76 $34,860 2.7 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 720 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

Recommend this page using: