Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade:


Sectors 44 and 45 - Retail Trade

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 15,641,530 100.00% $10.55 $13.73 $28,560 0.2 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 348,420 2.23% $35.61 $43.61 $90,700 0.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 13,270 0.08% $74.32 $75.25 $156,520 1.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 203,040 1.30% $34.72 $42.26 $87,900 0.4 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 2,300 0.01% $31.25 $37.08 $77,130 2.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,140 0.01% $46.23 $51.63 $107,400 3.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 75,170 0.48% $35.19 $43.67 $90,820 0.7 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 250 (7) $43.19 $46.18 $96,050 3.3 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 7,740 0.05% $32.34 $36.31 $75,520 1.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 3,350 0.02% $50.12 $53.33 $110,920 1.6 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 15,590 0.10% $43.77 $49.64 $103,240 1.2 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 800 0.01% $33.65 $37.77 $78,560 2.9 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 530 (7) $36.01 $38.64 $80,370 4.0 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 1,450 0.01% $35.90 $38.32 $79,710 1.1 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 550 (7) $34.58 $38.50 $80,070 3.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 4,320 0.03% $35.18 $39.41 $81,960 1.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,490 0.02% $33.79 $36.75 $76,440 1.5 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 130 (7) $24.62 $28.57 $59,420 9.8 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 230 (7) $36.32 $42.48 $88,360 8.6 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 300 (7) $50.70 $55.71 $115,870 6.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 3,240 0.02% $21.30 $23.40 $48,670 3.2 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 290 (7) $52.92 $54.74 $113,850 5.1 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 90 (7) $34.49 $39.99 $83,180 7.6 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 90 (7) $20.22 $22.99 $47,820 9.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 11,000 0.07% $29.31 $33.89 $70,500 1.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 151,780 0.97% $23.11 $26.04 $54,160 0.5 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 1,630 0.01% $19.29 $22.30 $46,390 3.9 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 43,500 0.28% $20.65 $24.42 $50,800 1.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 4,870 0.03% $22.40 $23.60 $49,090 1.4 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 60 (7) $19.08 $20.68 $43,010 6.3 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 400 (7) $25.95 $28.65 $59,600 2.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 11,160 0.07% $24.86 $27.08 $56,320 1.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,370 0.01% $21.26 $23.26 $48,370 2.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 3,160 0.02% $20.80 $22.78 $47,390 1.1 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 9,640 0.06% $17.14 $19.00 $39,520 0.7 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 11,690 0.07% $22.30 $23.08 $48,000 0.4 %
13-1081 Logisticians 2,250 0.01% $21.12 $23.32 $48,510 3.1 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,650 0.01% $30.35 $33.54 $69,760 2.7 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 120 (7) $19.42 $21.54 $44,800 3.7 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 20,710 0.13% $21.36 $24.23 $50,400 1.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 29,530 0.19% $27.65 $30.47 $63,390 1.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 80 (7) $27.83 $28.94 $60,200 4.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 7,490 0.05% $32.67 $36.26 $75,430 1.7 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 530 (7) $29.42 $32.27 $67,110 3.0 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 30 (7) $21.70 $30.05 $62,500 19.7 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 30 (7) $36.77 $36.14 $75,160 4.4 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 150 (7) $22.69 $26.66 $55,460 10.0 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 530 (7) $29.48 $32.87 $68,370 3.9 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 1,180 0.01% $30.14 $33.55 $69,790 3.9 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 58,530 0.37% $23.76 $27.24 $56,650 1.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 8,520 0.05% $31.59 $33.62 $69,930 4.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 3,190 0.02% $37.45 $39.22 $81,570 2.7 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 3,850 0.02% $41.22 $42.48 $88,360 3.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 24,220 0.15% $16.57 $18.02 $37,480 0.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 3,830 0.02% $34.12 $35.26 $73,350 2.2 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 1,180 0.01% $30.41 $31.50 $65,520 3.4 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 6,970 0.04% $29.39 $31.40 $65,320 1.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 4,200 0.03% $28.65 $30.46 $63,360 1.6 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 2,420 0.02% $20.02 $24.08 $50,090 2.5 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts (8) (8) $29.98 $33.59 $69,870 6.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 5,190 0.03% $28.20 $31.73 $66,010 3.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 60 (7) $28.90 $32.01 $66,580 3.7 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 530 (7) $23.57 $26.52 $55,170 3.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 60 (7) $30.91 $35.71 $74,290 10.7 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 250 (7) $38.15 $50.61 $105,280 18.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers (8) (8) $35.27 $41.90 $87,150 12.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 640 (7) $38.81 $39.52 $82,200 3.6 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 30 (7) $31.45 $31.80 $66,130 6.2 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 390 (7) $33.11 $35.16 $73,140 2.9 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 120 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 510 (7) $40.28 $43.59 $90,660 6.4 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 540 (7) $18.97 $20.15 $41,920 4.3 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 220 (7) $22.47 $22.71 $47,250 3.8 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 270 (7) $17.71 $19.16 $39,860 4.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 1,070 0.01% $24.42 $24.91 $51,820 4.2 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 50 (7) $21.48 $22.37 $46,530 2.3 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 40 (7) $22.39 $22.54 $46,880 4.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 5,240 0.03% $24.35 $26.80 $55,750 2.9 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 40 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 50 (7) $29.91 $32.38 $67,360 7.1 %
19-2031 Chemists 170 (7) $21.83 $25.58 $53,200 7.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 4,660 0.03% $24.35 $26.73 $55,590 3.2 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians (8) (8) $14.74 $15.92 $33,110 5.6 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 40 (7) $18.62 $19.13 $39,790 8.6 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other (8) (8) $30.89 $31.85 $66,240 9.5 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations (8) (8) $18.00 $20.05 $41,700 4.9 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 70 (7) $19.41 $21.72 $45,170 8.5 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors (8) (8) $17.56 $18.89 $39,280 5.0 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other (8) (8) $17.27 $18.70 $38,890 13.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 70 (7) $12.56 $13.32 $27,710 4.2 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 90 (7) $17.40 $18.08 $37,600 8.1 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,430 0.01% $16.97 $27.66 $57,530 3.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers 330 (7) $61.66 $64.29 $133,720 3.6 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 160 (7) $22.24 $21.70 $45,130 6.3 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 550 (7) $14.19 $14.91 $31,000 2.7 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 390 (7) $15.16 $17.02 $35,400 4.4 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 5,080 0.03% $15.51 $17.49 $36,380 3.2 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 430 (7) $21.85 $24.95 $51,900 9.7 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 3,880 0.02% $14.77 $16.51 $34,330 3.6 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 430 (7) (4) (4) $37,430 11.3 %
25-4011 Archivists (8) (8) $14.82 $15.88 $33,030 10.0 %
25-4012 Curators 100 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators (8) (8) $14.58 $14.65 $30,470 10.2 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (8) (8) (4) (4) $24,070 11.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 114,000 0.73% $12.85 $14.89 $30,980 0.8 %
27-1011 Art Directors 580 (7) $35.37 $38.20 $79,460 5.7 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 680 (7) $13.98 $16.19 $33,680 12.4 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 520 (7) $17.20 $20.86 $43,380 14.4 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 280 (7) $22.61 $24.24 $50,420 4.3 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 550 (7) $10.18 $13.86 $28,830 17.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 1,340 0.01% $20.14 $24.92 $51,840 8.7 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 780 (7) $25.20 $30.70 $63,850 9.9 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 54,250 0.35% $11.15 $11.74 $24,410 0.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 7,580 0.05% $17.78 $19.37 $40,290 1.3 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 10,010 0.06% $19.00 $21.62 $44,970 2.1 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 26,960 0.17% $12.31 $13.42 $27,910 0.7 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 1,890 0.01% $11.89 $14.24 $29,620 4.2 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 160 (7) $25.08 $30.20 $62,810 10.2 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors (8) (8) (4) (4) $46,090 14.0 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts (8) (8) (4) (4) $39,170 18.3 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 240 (7) $19.53 $19.54 (4) 3.0 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 60 (7) $13.11 $13.43 (4) 10.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,770 0.02% $22.81 $25.00 $52,000 2.1 %
27-3041 Editors 690 (7) $23.07 $27.73 $57,680 6.6 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 270 (7) $31.65 $31.60 $65,730 4.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 750 (7) $19.93 $21.67 $45,080 2.2 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators (8) (8) $21.85 $21.03 $43,750 4.6 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 170 (7) $18.20 $19.79 $41,170 3.2 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 490 (7) $17.57 $21.15 $43,990 13.8 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 280 (7) $17.00 $20.12 $41,860 6.9 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $13.96 $15.37 $31,970 5.6 %
27-4021 Photographers (8) (8) $14.83 $17.43 $36,250 8.5 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 50 (7) $18.24 $20.30 $42,220 13.4 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 40 (7) $22.25 $25.58 $53,200 8.1 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 90 (7) $15.93 $18.84 $39,180 4.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 455,470 2.91% $17.15 $28.44 $59,160 0.4 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 220 (7) $24.59 $25.85 $53,770 6.5 %
29-1041 Optometrists 2,760 0.02% $48.20 $49.23 $102,400 3.2 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 177,220 1.13% $51.64 $50.56 $105,160 0.3 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 1,640 0.01% $29.54 $31.50 $65,510 5.8 %
29-1121 Audiologists 2,220 0.01% $27.53 $30.99 $64,450 7.5 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 1,270 0.01% $23.55 $23.67 $49,240 1.8 %
29-1131 Veterinarians (8) (8) $42.44 $35.29 $73,410 24.2 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 240 (7) $35.93 $35.59 $74,020 11.3 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 60 (7) $14.10 $16.75 $34,840 4.8 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 239,750 1.53% $12.67 $13.04 $27,130 0.3 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 130 (7) $26.27 $25.59 $53,230 15.0 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 130 (7) $19.33 $20.14 $41,890 4.2 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 320 (7) $14.27 $14.97 $31,140 5.7 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 25,780 0.16% $17.02 $17.77 $36,970 1.5 %
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists 1,150 0.01% $33.77 $32.40 $67,400 4.1 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 1,460 0.01% $21.58 $22.62 $47,040 4.0 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 80 (7) $24.87 $26.36 $54,820 2.4 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 30 (7) $18.29 $20.44 $42,510 8.0 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 740 (7) $14.05 $17.56 $36,530 6.9 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 58,630 0.37% $9.77 $10.37 $21,570 0.6 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 60 (7) $9.29 $10.25 $21,330 10.6 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 460 (7) $12.44 $17.66 $36,740 9.7 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants (8) (8) $11.03 $11.32 $23,540 0.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 230 (7) $15.26 $15.12 $31,450 6.8 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 48,320 0.31% $9.52 $10.03 $20,870 0.6 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 760 (7) $13.71 $14.79 $30,770 6.1 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 69,990 0.45% $11.61 $13.31 $27,690 0.4 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 3,560 0.02% $22.60 $22.87 $47,580 0.5 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 1,640 0.01% $15.06 $16.48 $34,290 1.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 45,450 0.29% $11.84 $13.42 $27,920 0.5 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 230 (7) $8.87 $9.01 $18,740 1.3 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.34 $11.05 $22,970 0.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 487,980 3.12% $9.21 $10.23 $21,270 0.2 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 920 0.01% $18.15 $19.14 $39,800 1.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 40,250 0.26% $15.02 $15.68 $32,610 0.4 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 13,980 0.09% $8.51 $9.20 $19,140 0.9 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,250 0.01% $10.98 $11.23 $23,360 2.1 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 4,500 0.03% $9.93 $10.35 $21,530 1.2 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 15,010 0.10% $8.78 $9.41 $19,570 0.9 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other (8) (8) $11.00 $11.65 $24,230 2.6 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 162,310 1.04% $9.27 $10.08 $20,960 0.4 %
35-3011 Bartenders 840 0.01% $7.97 $8.56 $17,810 3.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 175,600 1.12% $8.85 $9.46 $19,690 0.3 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 41,590 0.27% $9.10 $9.86 $20,500 0.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 10,760 0.07% $7.62 $8.42 $17,510 1.2 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 1,750 0.01% $7.95 $8.54 $17,750 1.5 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 6,710 0.04% $8.22 $8.60 $17,880 0.8 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 620 (7) $8.07 $8.41 $17,490 1.8 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 8,170 0.05% $10.18 $10.54 $21,910 0.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 126,360 0.81% $9.74 $10.53 $21,890 0.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,260 0.01% $16.01 $17.44 $36,270 1.7 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,210 0.01% $17.73 $19.30 $40,140 2.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 108,560 0.69% $9.60 $10.26 $21,340 0.3 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,040 0.01% $9.19 $9.76 $20,290 1.9 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.59 $11.86 $24,680 4.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 12,810 0.08% $10.54 $11.33 $23,560 1.3 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 130 (7) $13.15 $13.25 $27,560 4.0 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 80 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 88,490 0.57% $9.02 $10.03 $20,850 0.6 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 2,910 0.02% $14.04 $15.07 $31,350 1.5 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 1,700 0.01% $9.40 $9.76 $20,300 1.1 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 19,920 0.13% $8.81 $9.37 $19,480 1.3 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,360 0.01% $8.04 $8.52 $17,720 3.1 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 1,650 0.01% $8.93 $9.35 $19,450 1.6 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 22,270 0.14% $8.00 $10.50 $21,840 1.7 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 920 0.01% $8.56 $10.15 $21,110 2.5 %
39-5093 Shampooers 70 (7) $11.04 $10.82 $22,510 5.4 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 970 0.01% $11.85 $13.13 $27,300 2.3 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 40 (7) $11.84 $13.31 $27,690 5.8 %
39-6012 Concierges 110 (7) $13.90 $14.00 $29,120 1.9 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 440 (7) $10.63 $12.90 $26,840 18.1 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 790 0.01% $9.65 $10.40 $21,630 3.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers (8) (8) $9.46 $11.42 $23,750 15.1 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 4,710 0.03% $8.64 $9.26 $19,270 1.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 8,531,570 54.54% $9.62 $12.13 $25,230 0.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,054,190 6.74% $16.84 $19.02 $39,560 0.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 10,070 0.06% $27.82 $31.30 $65,110 1.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,956,140 18.90% $8.52 $9.07 $18,870 0.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 85,190 0.54% $12.24 $14.52 $30,200 0.6 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 153,470 0.98% $13.00 $14.40 $29,950 0.5 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 4,081,720 26.10% $9.80 $11.96 $24,880 0.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 650 (7) $18.31 $20.57 $42,780 4.4 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 300 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 390 (7) $33.70 $36.02 $74,930 6.6 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 160 (7) $14.21 $15.10 $31,400 8.6 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 22,940 0.15% $18.04 $23.41 $48,680 2.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 13,120 0.08% $26.39 $31.99 $66,540 5.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 70,790 0.45% $21.93 $26.38 $54,860 1.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 24,040 0.15% $10.41 $11.44 $23,790 1.0 %
41-9012 Models 140 (7) $9.33 $14.06 $29,250 2.6 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 310 (7) $20.11 $24.18 $50,300 14.2 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 1,770 0.01% $40.11 $44.34 $92,240 5.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 19,280 0.12% $10.82 $12.64 $26,290 2.3 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 3,610 0.02% $11.63 $14.14 $29,410 5.7 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 33,290 0.21% $12.73 $15.68 $32,600 3.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 2,676,430 17.11% $10.75 $11.95 $24,850 0.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 175,250 1.12% $15.86 $17.59 $36,580 0.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 20,160 0.13% $10.55 $10.97 $22,820 0.5 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 50 (7) $10.67 $11.13 $23,160 4.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 16,000 0.10% $14.25 $14.87 $30,940 0.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 27,370 0.17% $14.09 $14.53 $30,220 0.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 205,260 1.31% $13.93 $14.46 $30,070 0.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 13,460 0.09% $15.80 $16.12 $33,540 0.5 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 8,060 0.05% $13.96 $14.37 $29,890 1.1 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 460 (7) $14.32 $14.59 $30,350 1.7 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 5,440 0.03% $13.95 $15.21 $31,650 1.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 247,350 1.58% $11.17 $12.23 $25,440 0.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 8,330 0.05% $10.35 $11.04 $22,970 0.9 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 190 (7) $8.93 $9.47 $19,690 2.5 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 1,400 0.01% $13.01 $13.47 $28,010 1.0 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 240 (7) $16.04 $18.55 $38,590 8.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 68,330 0.44% $11.30 $12.10 $25,170 0.7 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 10,320 0.07% $14.50 $14.89 $30,970 0.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 45,900 0.29% $10.34 $10.74 $22,330 0.4 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 12,520 0.08% $12.03 $12.88 $26,800 0.4 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (8) (8) $17.60 $19.02 $39,570 5.2 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,370 0.01% $9.83 $10.37 $21,560 2.9 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 8,950 0.06% $17.11 $18.50 $38,490 1.1 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 12,780 0.08% $15.16 $16.55 $34,430 1.3 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 166,650 1.07% $11.85 $12.54 $26,090 0.4 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,278,960 8.18% $9.35 $10.13 $21,060 0.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 8,720 0.06% $12.59 $13.14 $27,340 0.8 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 30,700 0.20% $17.90 $18.82 $39,150 0.6 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries (8) (8) $13.98 $14.39 $29,930 4.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 68,650 0.44% $12.46 $12.86 $26,740 0.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 7,290 0.05% $15.69 $16.53 $34,370 0.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 12,320 0.08% $12.65 $12.87 $26,780 1.3 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 180 (7) $10.51 $11.82 $24,590 4.5 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 540 (7) $12.96 $14.36 $29,860 4.0 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 260 (7) $11.93 $13.27 $27,610 9.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 1,710 0.01% $13.34 $14.15 $29,440 6.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 199,690 1.28% $11.16 $11.96 $24,880 0.3 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 2,710 0.02% $10.33 $11.27 $23,450 2.1 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 160 (7) $15.99 $15.96 $33,190 3.6 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 40 (7) $15.20 $16.15 $33,600 5.8 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 7,740 0.05% $13.99 $14.24 $29,620 0.9 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 20,200 0.13% $9.67 $10.80 $22,450 1.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 1,000 0.01% $16.99 $18.78 $39,060 3.3 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 2,150 0.01% $9.33 $10.43 $21,690 2.4 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 460 (7) $12.78 $13.27 $27,610 5.1 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 16,260 0.10% $9.48 $10.24 $21,300 1.2 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 170 (7) $9.43 $10.91 $22,690 10.3 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other (8) (8) $7.86 $9.09 $18,910 12.3 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 55,130 0.35% $15.94 $17.86 $37,140 1.1 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,020 0.02% $25.91 $27.62 $57,440 2.9 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (8) (8) $15.95 $17.43 $36,260 10.2 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 440 (7) $11.84 $14.24 $29,610 12.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 13,160 0.08% $16.16 $17.64 $36,680 2.0 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 11,920 0.08% $16.92 $18.75 $39,010 2.2 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 3,850 0.02% $16.95 $18.14 $37,720 3.0 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 490 (7) $14.51 $15.35 $31,920 2.8 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 3,030 0.02% $19.09 $20.50 $42,630 3.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 550 (7) $14.47 $15.34 $31,900 11.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 820 0.01% $15.14 $16.93 $35,220 4.4 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 170 (7) $18.08 $17.84 $37,110 9.6 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,070 0.01% $15.77 $17.52 $36,440 4.3 %
47-2121 Glaziers 7,990 0.05% $14.92 $16.08 $33,450 2.6 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 270 (7) $11.75 $13.74 $28,590 6.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 230 (7) $14.72 $15.89 $33,060 5.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,730 0.01% $16.60 $18.35 $38,170 3.6 %
47-2181 Roofers (8) (8) $11.52 $12.49 $25,990 13.8 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 140 (7) $13.79 $13.73 $28,550 14.2 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers (8) (8) $12.59 $15.76 $32,780 16.4 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 410 (7) $12.04 $12.36 $25,710 4.0 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 770 (7) $12.22 $12.93 $26,890 4.7 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians (8) (8) $13.31 $13.64 $28,360 2.8 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 320 (7) $11.40 $11.55 $24,020 10.3 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 640 (7) $10.55 $11.32 $23,550 3.6 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 1,300 0.01% $12.99 $13.48 $28,030 4.1 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 2,110 0.01% $13.08 $13.79 $28,680 4.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 790,200 5.05% $15.76 $17.53 $36,470 0.2 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 65,030 0.42% $25.04 $27.31 $56,810 0.4 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 27,440 0.18% $16.28 $17.13 $35,630 0.9 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 900 0.01% $16.75 $17.32 $36,020 4.0 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,820 0.01% $19.68 $21.43 $44,570 4.4 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians (8) (8) $22.55 $22.62 $47,050 3.1 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 2,180 0.01% $14.99 $15.21 $31,640 3.1 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 1,760 0.01% $16.80 $17.37 $36,140 3.2 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,300 0.01% $19.35 $21.33 $44,370 6.0 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 14,620 0.09% $12.61 $13.57 $28,230 1.5 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 17,390 0.11% $14.97 $15.70 $32,660 1.3 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 480 (7) $17.31 $17.68 $36,770 3.0 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 570 (7) $20.67 $21.04 $43,750 4.4 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 34,890 0.22% $18.58 $20.09 $41,780 0.7 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 1,450 0.01% $16.29 $16.54 $34,410 5.1 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 318,780 2.04% $17.61 $18.75 $39,010 0.3 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 11,890 0.08% $19.15 $19.98 $41,560 1.2 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 1,830 0.01% $14.26 $14.61 $30,390 2.2 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 510 (7) $15.75 $15.76 $32,780 3.7 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 10,260 0.07% $16.47 $16.96 $35,280 1.4 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 15,470 0.10% $15.12 $16.14 $33,570 0.9 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 14,890 0.10% $13.44 $13.86 $28,820 1.2 %
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers 9,360 0.06% $11.14 $11.61 $24,150 1.4 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 10,830 0.07% $15.12 $16.09 $33,470 1.2 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 83,490 0.53% $10.77 $11.38 $23,670 0.6 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 4,740 0.03% $15.27 $16.01 $33,290 2.3 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 920 0.01% $15.52 $15.92 $33,120 2.2 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 15,020 0.10% $19.65 $20.50 $42,640 1.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 16,390 0.10% $15.12 $15.98 $33,230 1.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 340 (7) $17.71 $18.78 $39,060 5.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 31,570 0.20% $13.92 $14.76 $30,710 0.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 470 (7) $14.30 $15.20 $31,620 4.6 %
49-9044 Millwrights 130 (7) $18.72 $21.40 $44,510 11.0 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 940 0.01% $15.20 $16.19 $33,670 9.5 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 420 (7) $15.70 $16.71 $34,750 4.7 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 2,440 0.02% $15.82 $17.61 $36,620 3.2 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 3,950 0.03% $15.67 $17.05 $35,460 2.7 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers 1,520 0.01% $15.08 $16.31 $33,930 4.0 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 270 (7) $18.62 $18.92 $39,360 8.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 14,350 0.09% $13.17 $13.59 $28,260 1.2 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 160 (7) $13.52 $13.76 $28,630 4.2 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 4,120 0.03% $13.34 $13.71 $28,510 1.6 %
49-9096 Riggers 630 (7) $12.92 $13.90 $28,920 3.8 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 24,870 0.16% $10.17 $10.86 $22,590 0.6 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 19,610 0.13% $13.99 $14.83 $30,850 1.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 429,280 2.74% $11.97 $13.31 $27,690 0.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 23,990 0.15% $19.56 $20.90 $43,480 0.5 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 420 (7) $16.13 $15.25 $31,720 5.1 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 610 (7) $12.77 $13.90 $28,910 6.2 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 110 (7) $14.09 $14.35 $29,850 8.1 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators (8) (8) $14.02 $14.02 $29,160 5.2 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 10,100 0.06% $11.49 $12.24 $25,460 1.3 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 23,270 0.15% $10.76 $11.36 $23,620 0.8 %
51-3011 Bakers 57,180 0.37% $11.29 $12.09 $25,140 0.4 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 106,850 0.68% $13.91 $14.48 $30,120 0.5 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 30,050 0.19% $10.09 $11.16 $23,210 0.8 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 2,960 0.02% $10.87 $11.21 $23,310 2.3 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 740 (7) $9.85 $10.45 $21,730 0.9 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 8,180 0.05% $9.72 $10.66 $22,180 1.0 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 8,590 0.05% $9.57 $10.09 $20,990 0.6 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 (7) $13.89 $14.26 $29,660 2.5 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 330 (7) $11.66 $12.36 $25,710 4.9 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 190 (7) $12.48 $13.79 $28,680 6.9 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $12.36 $12.52 $26,050 9.3 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,120 0.01% $14.33 $14.92 $31,040 2.2 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $11.13 $11.29 $23,480 8.8 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 960 0.01% $14.81 $15.86 $32,990 3.7 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners (8) (8) $16.12 $15.14 $31,480 12.2 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other (8) (8) $9.11 $10.02 $20,850 8.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 200 (7) $12.53 $12.58 $26,170 3.4 %
51-5021 Job Printers 380 (7) $15.22 $15.99 $33,250 5.7 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 260 (7) $14.15 $15.88 $33,030 4.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 4,120 0.03% $11.53 $12.47 $25,940 2.3 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 640 (7) $10.10 $11.15 $23,190 5.5 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 810 0.01% $9.09 $10.01 $20,820 3.6 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 6,590 0.04% $10.88 $11.29 $23,480 1.8 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers (8) (8) $11.07 $11.52 $23,960 3.0 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 1,490 0.01% $11.21 $11.48 $23,880 2.0 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 14,180 0.09% $13.26 $13.78 $28,660 1.7 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 740 (7) $12.95 $13.34 $27,740 5.2 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 120 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-6093 Upholsterers 1,270 0.01% $13.18 $14.46 $30,080 3.2 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 880 0.01% $13.00 $15.60 $32,440 6.1 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 4,640 0.03% $13.96 $14.61 $30,390 1.9 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 2,260 0.01% $13.89 $14.37 $29,890 2.4 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 890 0.01% $12.16 $12.84 $26,710 3.5 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 3,320 0.02% $11.83 $12.53 $26,070 1.9 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 860 0.01% $12.36 $13.31 $27,680 4.9 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 110 (7) $20.30 $19.57 $40,700 6.9 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 (7) $12.09 $14.59 $30,350 11.4 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 460 (7) $13.18 $13.95 $29,020 5.0 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 140 (7) $11.26 $12.30 $25,580 5.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,390 0.01% $13.17 $14.16 $29,450 6.2 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 490 (7) $11.55 $12.31 $25,600 4.0 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,160 0.01% $10.58 $11.82 $24,580 4.6 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 150 (7) $11.27 $12.42 $25,840 10.3 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $7.45 $9.42 $19,590 9.4 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 5,450 0.03% $13.33 $15.11 $31,420 2.3 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 11,250 0.07% $17.21 $18.35 $38,170 1.9 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 1,480 0.01% $17.34 $19.70 $40,980 3.7 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 8,220 0.05% $12.38 $13.12 $27,290 1.8 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 7,060 0.05% $10.41 $11.30 $23,500 1.3 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 (7) $13.10 $15.66 $32,560 5.6 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 5,340 0.03% $18.16 $20.17 $41,950 1.3 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 12,670 0.08% $10.83 $11.22 $23,340 0.4 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 2,520 0.02% $10.38 $11.35 $23,610 3.2 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 35,690 0.23% $9.47 $10.23 $21,280 0.4 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $10.65 $10.62 $22,090 7.2 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $9.21 $9.55 $19,870 3.1 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 3,140 0.02% $12.36 $13.09 $27,230 2.9 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 1,170 0.01% $12.62 $13.42 $27,910 3.2 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $11.24 $12.79 $26,610 19.2 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 910 0.01% $11.16 $11.47 $23,850 2.5 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 2,550 0.02% $9.64 $10.49 $21,820 2.4 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 4,280 0.03% $11.43 $12.39 $25,760 2.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 1,161,480 7.43% $9.87 $11.26 $23,430 0.2 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 100 (7) $22.20 $23.09 $48,020 7.4 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 22,710 0.15% $17.66 $19.01 $39,540 0.7 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 14,150 0.09% $21.61 $23.13 $48,100 0.9 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers (8) (8) (4) (4) $60,090 11.6 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 140 (7) (4) (4) $75,740 13.2 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 120 (7) $11.94 $11.97 $24,900 2.1 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (8) (8) $16.67 $14.56 $30,290 3.8 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (8) (8) $12.54 $13.92 $28,950 17.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 51,470 0.33% $12.50 $13.37 $27,810 0.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 59,990 0.38% $16.16 $16.91 $35,170 0.6 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 202,970 1.30% $10.76 $11.51 $23,950 0.3 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 11,980 0.08% $9.37 $9.90 $20,590 0.7 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 11,030 0.07% $9.38 $10.65 $22,150 1.4 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (8) (8) $11.94 $14.04 $29,200 12.0 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 11,050 0.07% $9.53 $10.16 $21,140 0.9 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 38,130 0.24% $9.03 $9.62 $20,020 0.6 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 70 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 1,040 0.01% $12.13 $13.12 $27,300 4.0 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 140 (7) $11.49 $11.88 $24,720 4.6 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 210 (7) $13.88 $14.77 $30,710 7.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators (8) (8) $19.93 $17.74 $36,890 12.5 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators (8) (8) $15.42 $15.39 $32,000 4.2 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 65,310 0.42% $12.23 $13.08 $27,200 0.4 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 94,080 0.60% $9.65 $10.43 $21,690 0.5 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 355,840 2.27% $9.62 $10.49 $21,820 0.3 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 217,160 1.39% $8.08 $8.82 $18,340 0.4 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 110 (7) $14.50 $14.59 $30,340 4.5 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 140 (7) $11.60 $12.16 $25,300 4.8 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (8) (8) $15.52 $15.55 $32,350 3.7 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 60 (7) $16.78 $16.38 $34,070 6.6 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 1,950 0.01% $12.10 $13.77 $28,630 2.2 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

Recommend this page using: