Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 51 - Information


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 51 - Information.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Sector 51 - Information consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 51 - Information:


Sector 51 - Information

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 3,019,290 100.00% $23.10 $27.56 $57,320 1.2 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 205,540 6.81% $54.87 $60.25 $125,310 1.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 10,200 0.34% (5) $94.10 $195,730 7.7 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 53,120 1.76% $54.66 $62.00 $128,960 1.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 6,340 0.21% $39.53 $45.37 $94,360 1.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 15,040 0.50% $57.32 $61.55 $128,020 2.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 20,350 0.67% $55.69 $60.68 $126,210 1.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 2,340 0.08% $53.72 $58.03 $120,700 2.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 8,190 0.27% $42.74 $45.22 $94,060 3.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 33,590 1.11% $58.49 $61.63 $128,190 1.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 14,870 0.49% $57.14 $62.12 $129,210 1.8 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 1,310 0.04% $46.10 $49.16 $102,250 1.5 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 1,210 0.04% $50.00 $53.12 $110,490 2.6 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 2,450 0.08% $52.79 $57.78 $120,180 1.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 2,010 0.07% $42.69 $46.07 $95,830 1.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 920 0.03% $48.87 $52.27 $108,720 2.0 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,450 0.05% $38.81 $41.04 $85,370 2.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 300 0.01% $44.89 $45.94 $95,560 3.7 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 50 (7) $39.12 $45.61 $94,870 7.4 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 5,170 0.17% $57.69 $59.89 $124,580 1.3 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 40 (7) $50.61 $62.91 $130,850 16.8 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 50 (7) $59.59 $61.05 $126,970 7.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 190 0.01% $46.26 $47.89 $99,600 4.9 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 26,320 0.87% $48.19 $52.06 $108,280 2.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 164,410 5.45% $31.58 $33.66 $70,000 0.9 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 470 0.02% $20.85 $25.92 $53,920 13.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 700 0.02% $28.36 $30.48 $63,400 2.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 7,000 0.23% $30.09 $31.36 $65,230 1.3 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (8) (8) $25.46 $28.92 $60,160 7.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 3,790 0.13% $30.19 $31.88 $66,310 1.6 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 690 0.02% $29.03 $30.38 $63,180 1.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 3,000 0.10% $29.34 $31.41 $65,340 2.5 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 3,380 0.11% $29.39 $30.93 $64,320 1.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 10,160 0.34% $28.91 $30.10 $62,600 1.3 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 7,330 0.24% $30.37 $32.01 $66,570 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 2,910 0.10% $33.56 $34.43 $71,620 1.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 24,370 0.81% $36.23 $38.14 $79,330 1.3 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 1,470 0.05% $24.15 $26.30 $54,700 2.2 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 45,470 1.51% $32.26 $33.87 $70,440 0.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 29,930 0.99% $30.69 $32.81 $68,240 0.8 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 30 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-2031 Budget Analysts 2,150 0.07% $35.20 $36.19 $75,270 2.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 2,000 0.07% $32.07 $34.72 $72,220 3.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 12,070 0.40% $33.35 $35.71 $74,280 1.6 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 450 0.01% $28.36 $34.03 $70,780 6.0 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters (8) (8) $18.23 $23.60 $49,100 3.8 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 110 (7) $35.27 $37.29 $77,560 4.1 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 600 0.02% $29.15 $33.93 $70,570 5.7 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 6,010 0.20% $26.51 $30.11 $62,630 6.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 421,410 13.96% $36.16 $36.99 $76,930 1.6 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 4,620 0.15% $50.25 $53.04 $110,320 3.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 44,620 1.48% $35.52 $36.71 $76,360 3.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 69,860 2.31% $41.62 $42.06 $87,480 1.4 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 68,050 2.25% $44.20 $45.11 $93,820 1.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 59,160 1.96% $20.60 $22.36 $46,520 1.1 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 46,810 1.55% $37.60 $38.45 $79,980 0.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 12,610 0.42% $34.08 $35.37 $73,580 0.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 43,790 1.45% $33.50 $34.85 $72,490 1.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 50,200 1.66% $36.14 $37.01 $76,980 0.8 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 15,120 0.50% $32.58 $33.76 $70,230 2.4 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 5,890 0.20% $34.81 $35.06 $72,920 1.3 %
15-2041 Statisticians 510 0.02% $34.45 $34.45 $71,650 4.2 %
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other 90 (7) $39.69 $47.51 $98,810 17.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 64,630 2.14% $34.40 $35.87 $74,600 0.9 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 40 (7) $52.69 $51.03 $106,140 7.5 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 610 0.02% $20.34 $23.76 $49,430 8.9 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 830 0.03% $37.54 $36.80 $76,530 1.9 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 3,460 0.11% $49.16 $50.26 $104,530 3.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 4,640 0.15% $39.36 $41.17 $85,630 1.8 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 27,710 0.92% $38.93 $39.92 $83,030 0.6 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 50 (7) $27.59 $29.85 $62,090 3.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,510 0.08% $35.95 $37.16 $77,300 1.9 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 200 0.01% $37.55 $40.58 $84,400 4.8 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 90 (7) $46.86 $48.27 $100,390 6.3 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 1,980 0.07% $39.44 $41.81 $86,960 2.9 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters (8) (8) $21.54 $22.06 $45,880 3.8 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 1,810 0.06% $26.13 $26.54 $55,210 1.4 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 90 (7) $22.51 $22.89 $47,610 4.5 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 580 0.02% $25.02 $24.58 $51,130 2.4 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 310 0.01% $26.66 $27.78 $57,780 3.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 15,660 0.52% $26.76 $26.93 $56,020 1.0 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 60 (7) $20.97 $21.70 $45,130 5.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,980 0.07% $35.55 $35.24 $73,290 4.1 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 950 0.03% $21.63 $23.75 $49,390 7.6 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 820 0.03% $15.77 $18.24 $37,940 9.5 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 28,620 0.95% $35.41 $37.24 $77,450 3.9 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 210 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 720 0.02% $38.13 $39.83 $82,850 2.9 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers (8) (8) $41.72 $45.43 $94,500 7.9 %
19-3011 Economists 30 (7) $30.43 $36.41 $75,740 16.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 26,040 0.86% $35.62 $37.40 $77,800 4.3 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 270 0.01% $30.18 $29.86 $62,110 5.7 %
19-3093 Historians (8) (8) $16.04 $17.43 $36,260 7.4 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 280 0.01% $36.62 $36.95 $76,860 2.3 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 280 0.01% $19.23 $20.15 $41,920 2.9 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 100 (7) $23.03 $25.96 $54,000 21.1 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 220 0.01% $17.73 $18.73 $38,960 7.7 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 90 (7) $14.27 $15.77 $32,810 17.2 %
21-2099 Religious Workers, All Other (8) (8) $19.08 $19.75 $41,090 9.1 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 6,880 0.23% $52.66 $58.51 $121,700 2.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 4,510 0.15% $71.38 $74.17 $154,280 2.4 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 1,550 0.05% $29.64 $30.09 $62,590 2.6 %
23-2091 Court Reporters 150 (7) $14.06 $17.85 $37,130 4.4 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 180 0.01% $14.67 $21.61 $44,950 14.1 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 450 0.01% $27.44 $29.67 $61,720 3.3 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 15,930 0.53% $19.24 $20.61 $42,860 1.7 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 120 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 50 (7) $26.67 $23.97 $49,860 5.6 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 280 0.01% (4) (4) $53,650 6.2 %
25-4011 Archivists 590 0.02% $26.07 $25.22 $52,450 3.9 %
25-4012 Curators 170 0.01% $28.00 $28.75 $59,800 3.9 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 70 (7) $24.30 $27.36 $56,900 4.4 %
25-4021 Librarians 7,880 0.26% $23.26 $23.72 $49,330 1.4 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 6,050 0.20% $13.77 $14.19 $29,510 2.7 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 470 0.02% $30.45 $32.20 $66,970 4.0 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 200 0.01% $27.20 $28.21 $58,680 8.4 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 487,160 16.13% $21.25 $26.87 $55,890 1.6 %
27-1011 Art Directors 9,590 0.32% $35.10 $39.90 $82,980 1.6 %
27-1012 Craft Artists (8) (8) $16.90 $18.33 $38,120 7.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 1,430 0.05% $27.25 $30.56 $63,560 5.3 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 15,780 0.52% $29.24 $32.03 $66,630 1.9 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 1,210 0.04% $31.57 $31.59 $65,700 3.8 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 650 0.02% $23.50 $26.67 $55,480 5.4 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 150 (7) $38.21 $43.16 $89,760 13.4 %
27-1023 Floral Designers (8) (8) $6.97 $7.29 $15,150 10.3 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 40,400 1.34% $19.10 $21.60 $44,920 2.1 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 40 (7) $13.20 $14.44 $30,030 5.8 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 1,680 0.06% $27.80 $29.29 $60,920 5.7 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 1,240 0.04% $33.17 $32.71 $68,030 6.6 %
27-2011 Actors 12,500 0.41% $27.63 $46.30 (4) 9.7 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 54,550 1.81% $32.30 $41.23 $85,760 4.3 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 550 0.02% $21.68 $29.26 $60,860 14.3 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 660 0.02% $28.38 $46.46 (4) 20.5 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 25,680 0.85% $14.37 $17.47 (4) 3.7 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 35,360 1.17% $12.79 $19.06 $39,650 3.0 %
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 900 0.03% $9.55 $13.26 $27,590 11.3 %
27-3021 Broadcast News Analysts 6,030 0.20% $25.11 $34.49 $71,750 2.3 %
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 49,440 1.64% $16.69 $21.13 $43,950 1.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 14,180 0.47% $25.81 $28.98 $60,270 1.4 %
27-3041 Editors 81,050 2.68% $23.84 $27.68 $57,560 1.4 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 6,900 0.23% $30.28 $31.54 $65,600 3.5 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 16,370 0.54% $23.70 $29.57 $61,500 3.0 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 680 0.02% $21.26 $21.56 $44,850 3.9 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 7,910 0.26% $18.79 $23.74 $49,370 5.5 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 11,880 0.39% $18.52 $20.21 $42,030 2.2 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 28,830 0.95% $15.13 $17.74 $36,910 1.3 %
27-4013 Radio Operators 150 (7) $13.30 $14.62 $30,410 8.7 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 12,070 0.40% $23.64 $26.68 $55,490 2.6 %
27-4021 Photographers 11,090 0.37% $17.76 $20.37 $42,360 1.7 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 15,570 0.52% $19.01 $22.46 $46,720 2.6 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 16,040 0.53% $25.26 $31.16 $64,810 3.5 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 6,280 0.21% $22.66 $25.00 $52,000 2.8 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,220 0.04% $28.91 $30.68 $63,810 3.6 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 70 (7) $47.19 $46.88 $97,520 2.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 210 0.01% $29.55 $31.43 $65,370 6.1 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 40 (7) $23.70 $24.03 $49,980 4.9 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 160 0.01% $17.71 $18.20 $37,860 6.7 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 340 0.01% $35.95 $36.04 $74,960 2.0 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other (8) (8) $39.88 $31.95 $66,470 23.9 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 150 (7) $17.58 $20.18 $41,970 18.5 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists (8) (8) $16.56 $17.94 $37,310 22.3 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 5,430 0.18% $13.75 $16.22 $33,740 2.3 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 210 0.01% $22.12 $24.21 $50,350 2.7 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 490 0.02% $25.78 $28.23 $58,710 3.2 %
33-9032 Security Guards 4,470 0.15% $12.82 $14.61 $30,380 2.3 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $14.79 $19.70 $40,980 17.0 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 42,950 1.42% $7.94 $8.66 $18,010 0.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 2,550 0.08% $11.96 $13.20 $27,460 2.0 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 40 (7) $10.81 $11.76 $24,450 10.5 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 190 0.01% $9.79 $10.40 $21,640 6.6 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 110 (7) $10.26 $12.30 $25,570 5.8 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 1,200 0.04% $8.66 $9.59 $19,950 5.7 %
35-3011 Bartenders 190 0.01% $8.46 $9.08 $18,890 4.4 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 5,260 0.17% $7.98 $8.47 $17,610 1.2 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 32,060 1.06% $7.76 $8.23 $17,120 1.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 930 0.03% $7.64 $8.95 $18,620 4.2 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 190 0.01% $8.39 $8.31 $17,280 3.8 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $9.24 $10.66 $22,170 5.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 11,990 0.40% $11.03 $12.01 $24,980 1.1 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 450 0.01% $20.49 $21.10 $43,880 1.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 10,920 0.36% $10.72 $11.54 $24,010 1.1 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 120 (7) $10.95 $11.39 $23,700 3.5 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other (8) (8) $11.34 $14.44 $30,030 27.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 370 0.01% $12.09 $13.60 $28,290 6.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 55,280 1.83% $8.15 $9.85 $20,480 1.2 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 5,190 0.17% $14.59 $16.22 $33,730 1.8 %
39-3019 Gaming Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $11.77 $14.30 $29,730 16.2 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 9,730 0.32% $9.40 $10.75 $22,360 1.7 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 37,620 1.25% $7.87 $8.29 $17,250 0.7 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 940 0.03% $7.49 $8.02 $16,680 3.4 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants 460 0.02% $23.38 $22.48 $46,760 8.6 %
39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other 310 0.01% $8.88 $9.24 $19,210 3.2 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 210 0.01% $33.03 $28.59 $59,470 16.0 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 310 0.01% $30.09 $32.76 $68,140 8.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (8) (8) $12.59 $14.19 $29,520 9.0 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 70 (7) $9.24 $10.21 $21,240 4.3 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 90 (7) $9.10 $10.03 $20,860 5.6 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 403,730 13.37% $20.10 $24.94 $51,870 0.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 12,280 0.41% $20.30 $22.94 $47,710 1.3 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 21,990 0.73% $35.52 $39.85 $82,890 1.0 %
41-2011 Cashiers 25,240 0.84% $8.18 $8.89 $18,490 0.8 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 470 0.02% $9.75 $11.51 $23,930 5.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 44,320 1.47% $12.29 $14.38 $29,900 1.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 93,230 3.09% $19.37 $24.24 $50,430 1.0 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 300 0.01% $36.27 $41.61 $86,550 5.9 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 40 (7) $19.53 $19.86 $41,310 4.5 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 99,930 3.31% $25.41 $28.29 $58,850 1.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 26,980 0.89% $36.37 $40.02 $83,250 1.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 28,240 0.94% $25.73 $29.80 $61,980 1.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 350 0.01% $11.52 $15.33 $31,880 8.0 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 240 0.01% $35.88 $35.63 $74,110 3.2 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 8,500 0.28% $44.28 $45.33 $94,290 1.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 32,150 1.06% $12.19 $13.93 $28,970 1.9 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 2,840 0.09% $9.28 $12.27 $25,510 5.2 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 6,580 0.22% $18.00 $20.85 $43,370 2.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 659,520 21.84% $15.67 $17.05 $35,470 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 40,940 1.36% $25.47 $26.28 $54,670 0.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 4,400 0.15% $11.53 $12.12 $25,200 1.8 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 15,620 0.52% $19.12 $17.50 $36,410 2.0 %
43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 590 0.02% $13.81 $16.30 $33,910 15.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 12,560 0.42% $16.16 $17.09 $35,540 1.0 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 9,480 0.31% $15.24 $15.96 $33,200 0.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 37,240 1.23% $16.75 $17.05 $35,470 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,630 0.09% $18.14 $18.35 $38,180 1.0 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,100 0.04% $18.89 $18.68 $38,850 1.6 %
43-3071 Tellers 730 0.02% $12.00 $12.73 $26,480 2.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 600 0.02% $17.26 $17.09 $35,550 3.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,880 0.06% $19.84 $19.40 $40,360 1.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 189,120 6.26% $15.55 $17.05 $35,460 0.6 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 370 0.01% $18.37 $18.79 $39,090 3.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks 4,160 0.14% $14.03 $15.11 $31,430 1.9 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 620 0.02% $11.05 $11.89 $24,740 8.3 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 10,890 0.36% $9.63 $10.46 $21,760 1.5 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,220 0.04% $16.85 $17.69 $36,800 3.5 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 50 (7) $14.45 $13.48 $28,050 12.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 21,570 0.71% $15.42 $16.49 $34,310 1.3 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 5,120 0.17% $18.53 $18.97 $39,460 1.0 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 14,830 0.49% $12.25 $12.58 $26,170 0.6 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 2,260 0.07% $17.76 $18.14 $37,730 2.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 2,700 0.09% $11.28 $12.18 $25,330 1.8 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 140 (7) $18.95 $19.00 $39,520 6.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 7,690 0.25% $16.14 $17.18 $35,740 1.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 21,640 0.72% $21.16 $20.75 $43,150 1.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 10,530 0.35% $14.06 $15.06 $31,330 1.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 7,640 0.25% $12.32 $13.65 $28,390 1.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 610 0.02% $16.43 $16.23 $33,760 2.6 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 44,060 1.46% $21.33 $22.08 $45,930 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 510 0.02% $24.42 $24.12 $50,160 2.5 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 890 0.03% $13.76 $13.72 $28,540 4.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 24,910 0.83% $14.69 $15.08 $31,370 0.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 13,360 0.44% $17.19 $17.69 $36,790 1.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 25,430 0.84% $12.07 $12.66 $26,340 1.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 2,210 0.07% $13.09 $14.12 $29,370 2.5 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 11,600 0.38% $16.15 $17.55 $36,510 2.0 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 190 0.01% $14.91 $17.41 $36,210 8.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 18,030 0.60% $11.93 $12.86 $26,740 1.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 63,490 2.10% $13.31 $14.40 $29,950 0.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 6,240 0.21% $11.92 $12.81 $26,640 1.5 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 5,630 0.19% $13.77 $14.76 $30,710 1.4 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 880 0.03% $19.81 $19.28 $40,090 6.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 13,140 0.44% $14.72 $15.61 $32,460 2.3 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 4,640 0.15% $23.10 $25.13 $52,280 3.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 410 0.01% $34.77 $33.67 $70,030 5.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 1,550 0.05% $28.13 $27.81 $57,840 4.4 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 360 0.01% $14.84 $16.71 $34,750 7.8 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 830 0.03% $16.82 $17.07 $35,500 1.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 740 0.02% $29.76 $30.58 $63,610 3.1 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance (8) (8) $21.93 $24.03 $49,990 9.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (8) (8) $21.56 $23.19 $48,220 5.9 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 30 (7) $37.93 $37.44 $77,860 2.5 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 370 0.01% $16.43 $21.06 $43,800 10.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 304,690 10.09% $26.85 $25.55 $53,140 0.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 20,190 0.67% $33.59 $33.53 $69,750 0.5 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 4,130 0.14% $19.31 $20.01 $41,620 2.9 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 550 0.02% $17.97 $19.57 $40,710 3.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 141,320 4.68% $27.56 $26.40 $54,920 0.4 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 80 (7) $15.80 $16.82 $34,980 4.3 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 4,720 0.16% $24.67 $24.44 $50,830 1.6 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 240 0.01% $29.71 $29.65 $61,670 3.2 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 60 (7) $12.71 $13.93 $28,980 9.5 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 5,000 0.17% $15.52 $16.54 $34,400 1.9 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 50 (7) $17.79 $18.90 $39,310 7.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 800 0.03% $27.61 $26.03 $54,150 1.5 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 210 0.01% $22.52 $23.08 $48,010 5.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 580 0.02% $28.10 $26.99 $56,140 1.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 640 0.02% $23.48 $24.04 $50,000 2.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 9,340 0.31% $20.27 $21.06 $43,790 1.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 150 (7) $19.59 $20.21 $42,040 5.0 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 1,720 0.06% $22.13 $22.82 $47,470 3.4 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 109,870 3.64% $26.12 $24.48 $50,920 0.6 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 260 0.01% $27.04 $26.62 $55,370 4.5 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 160 0.01% $26.43 $25.76 $53,570 2.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 330 0.01% $20.59 $20.48 $42,590 3.7 %
49-9096 Riggers (8) (8) $26.49 $29.07 $60,470 10.3 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 2,330 0.08% $13.54 $14.31 $29,760 2.0 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,670 0.06% $17.92 $18.66 $38,810 2.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 71,870 2.38% $15.69 $17.28 $35,940 0.9 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 7,190 0.24% $25.54 $26.91 $55,970 1.0 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 330 0.01% $13.33 $16.49 $34,290 7.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 770 0.03% $11.08 $12.04 $25,050 4.0 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 220 0.01% $12.86 $18.52 $38,530 19.6 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers (8) (8) $17.58 $16.39 $34,090 16.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 610 0.02% $23.68 $22.39 $46,570 5.3 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 3,210 0.11% $12.78 $13.68 $28,450 1.9 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 410 0.01% $16.07 $17.83 $37,090 10.5 %
51-5021 Job Printers 6,150 0.20% $15.25 $16.16 $33,600 2.6 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 12,060 0.40% $15.70 $16.62 $34,570 1.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 19,280 0.64% $17.63 $18.45 $38,380 1.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (8) (8) $11.31 $11.24 $23,370 4.3 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 70 (7) $33.47 $27.48 $57,160 18.9 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 50 (7) $21.28 $23.41 $48,690 21.1 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 300 0.01% $34.60 $31.90 $66,350 3.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 (7) $17.54 $19.23 $39,990 7.4 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 130 (7) $14.69 $14.83 $30,840 5.3 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 (7) $14.15 $15.44 $32,120 3.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,610 0.05% $16.32 $18.19 $37,840 3.3 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 3,280 0.11% $11.52 $12.83 $26,690 2.7 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 3,300 0.11% $13.66 $15.78 $32,810 5.6 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 1,110 0.04% $12.47 $14.62 $30,400 6.4 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 40 (7) $15.26 $17.12 $35,610 6.7 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 2,890 0.10% $15.47 $14.70 $30,570 2.8 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 5,440 0.18% $10.01 $10.84 $22,540 1.8 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 2,500 0.08% $13.24 $14.74 $30,670 2.7 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 63,020 2.09% $11.70 $13.92 $28,950 1.5 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,370 0.08% $20.77 $21.68 $45,090 1.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,730 0.09% $21.56 $23.12 $48,100 1.7 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 180 0.01% (4) (4) $77,370 5.6 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 7,780 0.26% $11.55 $13.80 $28,700 4.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,380 0.05% $23.02 $23.80 $49,500 5.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 10,280 0.34% $12.95 $14.81 $30,800 1.9 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 410 0.01% $14.90 $21.53 $44,780 14.7 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 240 0.01% $19.72 $23.88 $49,680 12.3 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 80 (7) $10.17 $10.17 $21,150 3.1 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 440 0.01% $10.04 $12.56 $26,120 16.4 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators (8) (8) $20.61 $20.00 $41,610 12.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,280 0.04% $16.64 $16.99 $35,340 3.0 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 150 (7) $10.08 $10.62 $22,090 4.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 17,030 0.56% $11.38 $12.76 $26,530 2.8 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 8,680 0.29% $10.30 $11.44 $23,790 2.1 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 9,680 0.32% $9.07 $9.97 $20,730 1.7 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 110 (7) $13.31 $14.44 $30,030 11.5 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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