Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 72 - Accommodation and Food Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 72 - Accommodation and Food Services.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Sector 72 - Accommodation and Food Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 72 - Accommodation and Food Services:


Sector 72 - Accommodation and Food Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 11,525,590 100.00% $8.62 $10.26 $21,350 0.2 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 289,390 2.51% $23.87 $28.37 $59,010 0.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 5,090 0.04% $57.76 $64.82 $134,820 2.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 64,470 0.56% $29.12 $34.80 $72,390 0.9 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 2,180 0.02% $25.31 $29.62 $61,610 1.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,090 0.01% $44.35 $50.13 $104,280 2.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 7,400 0.06% $30.86 $35.94 $74,740 1.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 150 (7) $34.14 $38.36 $79,780 3.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,620 0.04% $27.06 $29.01 $60,340 1.8 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 310 (7) $45.17 $47.85 $99,530 3.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,540 0.04% $39.25 $42.49 $88,380 1.6 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 650 0.01% $31.85 $36.15 $75,180 3.1 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 250 (7) $34.37 $35.85 $74,570 5.1 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 1,080 0.01% $41.57 $43.74 $90,990 1.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 50 (7) $33.77 $40.41 $84,050 9.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 990 0.01% $32.79 $35.12 $73,050 1.9 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 110 (7) $35.92 $36.06 $75,010 2.8 %
11-9012 Farmers and Ranchers (8) (8) $18.54 $23.10 $48,050 13.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers (8) (8) $47.51 $52.49 $109,180 21.6 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 100 (7) $43.92 $48.55 $100,990 7.0 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 161,100 1.40% $22.00 $23.84 $49,580 0.4 %
11-9071 Gaming Managers 1,060 0.01% $34.54 $37.22 $77,410 1.6 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 29,740 0.26% $21.75 $24.87 $51,730 0.7 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 40 (7) $40.28 $38.07 $79,180 6.9 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 300 (7) $23.67 $25.63 $53,310 3.9 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 3,080 0.03% $34.86 $38.09 $79,230 2.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 39,620 0.34% $20.94 $22.68 $47,160 0.8 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 180 (7) $16.51 $21.88 $45,520 6.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,040 0.01% $19.45 $21.82 $45,390 6.3 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,120 0.03% $19.31 $20.78 $43,220 1.4 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 440 (7) $14.67 $17.85 $37,120 9.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 60 (7) $17.60 $21.01 $43,700 9.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,070 0.01% $20.07 $22.68 $47,170 4.5 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,230 0.01% $23.29 $24.09 $50,100 1.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,790 0.02% $18.12 $19.70 $40,970 4.0 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,800 0.02% $22.80 $23.88 $49,660 0.9 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 310 (7) $29.28 $33.41 $69,490 5.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 9,860 0.09% $19.27 $20.42 $42,480 0.7 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 4,100 0.04% $20.83 $24.47 $50,900 2.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 13,060 0.11% $22.92 $24.38 $50,700 1.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 50 (7) $29.07 $29.52 $61,410 4.4 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 90 (7) $23.78 $27.80 $57,820 3.9 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 260 (7) $27.02 $29.34 $61,030 2.5 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 90 (7) $25.37 $27.37 $56,930 2.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 2,640 0.02% $24.04 $26.32 $54,740 2.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 170 (7) $31.66 $33.74 $70,180 3.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 70 (7) $34.38 $32.66 $67,930 6.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,010 0.01% $18.87 $19.85 $41,280 1.7 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 330 (7) $30.48 $32.02 $66,610 5.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 110 (7) $34.65 $35.79 $74,440 3.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 530 (7) $27.81 $28.22 $58,690 1.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 290 (7) $27.09 $28.74 $59,780 4.6 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 70 (7) $24.48 $27.50 $57,200 4.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 40 (7) $22.99 $24.09 $50,110 3.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 420 (7) $28.43 $29.47 $61,290 2.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 70 (7) $31.35 $31.89 $66,320 5.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers (8) (8) $37.24 $36.02 $74,920 3.4 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 30 (7) $25.71 $27.64 $57,490 7.1 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 60 (7) $35.19 $32.19 $66,950 8.9 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 60 (7) $26.21 $24.89 $51,760 2.8 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 1,180 0.01% $21.06 $23.79 $49,470 2.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,110 0.01% $20.95 $23.79 $49,490 3.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 580 0.01% $12.26 $14.01 $29,140 5.0 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 40 (7) $7.55 $11.88 $24,710 9.9 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants (8) (8) $10.16 $11.37 $23,660 6.5 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 30 (7) $15.74 $15.18 $31,580 5.8 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 40 (7) $16.99 $17.25 $35,880 15.2 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 270 (7) $36.39 $43.89 $91,300 7.2 %
23-1011 Lawyers 160 (7) $58.30 $57.19 $118,950 10.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 110 (7) $26.15 $26.78 $55,700 2.9 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 530 (7) $11.88 $14.30 $29,740 4.0 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 260 (7) $10.52 $11.80 $24,550 4.7 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 140 (7) (4) (4) $28,660 5.2 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 15,440 0.13% $15.12 $18.05 $37,540 2.7 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 40 (7) $20.41 $19.46 $40,480 5.2 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 270 (7) $13.19 $14.03 $29,180 2.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 190 (7) $18.42 $19.03 $39,570 1.8 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 120 (7) $17.53 $19.06 $39,650 5.0 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (8) (8) $10.30 $11.22 $23,330 8.1 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 50 (7) $15.59 $19.66 $40,900 14.4 %
27-2011 Actors 80 (7) $14.70 $15.52 (4) 4.3 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 310 (7) $11.25 $18.91 $39,330 25.7 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 70 (7) (4) (4) $54,370 9.4 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 1,280 0.01% (4) (4) $32,800 5.7 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 40 (7) (4) (4) $24,890 8.4 %
27-2031 Dancers 2,510 0.02% $8.06 $12.31 (4) 8.0 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 750 0.01% $16.68 $19.89 (4) 6.3 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 870 0.01% $16.99 $19.12 (4) 12.9 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 60 (7) $9.28 $11.68 $24,300 12.9 %
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 2,880 0.02% $11.32 $15.32 $31,870 7.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,720 0.01% $18.34 $20.89 $43,440 2.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 70 (7) $19.98 $20.69 $43,040 4.1 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 430 (7) $22.05 $23.08 $48,000 2.9 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 2,240 0.02% $19.99 $22.41 $46,600 3.9 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 540 (7) $24.22 $22.22 $46,220 4.9 %
27-4021 Photographers 50 (7) $13.46 $13.98 $29,080 6.9 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 590 0.01% $24.57 $26.00 $54,080 4.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 4,430 0.04% $21.88 $22.27 $46,330 3.4 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 3,780 0.03% $22.23 $22.58 $46,960 4.0 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 140 (7) $27.07 $27.85 $57,930 2.9 %
29-1129 Therapists, All Other 50 (7) $17.16 $16.90 $35,160 19.3 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 110 (7) $14.13 $14.26 $29,650 2.3 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 130 (7) $11.37 $13.80 $28,700 5.4 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 60 (7) $22.41 $21.27 $44,230 6.6 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 60 (7) $24.29 $25.33 $52,680 2.5 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 7,880 0.07% $14.21 $17.03 $35,430 1.9 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides (8) (8) $11.18 $11.16 $23,220 9.4 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 110 (7) $13.00 $12.97 $26,990 4.9 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 6,840 0.06% $14.68 $17.55 $36,500 2.0 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 850 0.01% $13.20 $13.93 $28,970 4.2 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 67,470 0.59% $11.38 $12.41 $25,810 0.6 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 2,120 0.02% $19.87 $20.77 $43,200 0.9 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 120 (7) $15.99 $17.21 $35,800 4.8 %
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 1,400 0.01% $16.46 $16.73 $34,810 0.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 58,150 0.50% $11.37 $12.22 $25,420 0.6 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 5,330 0.05% $9.29 $9.77 $20,330 1.1 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 320 (7) $11.84 $13.82 $28,750 3.9 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 9,194,110 79.77% $8.37 $9.51 $19,790 0.2 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 80,160 0.70% $18.12 $19.76 $41,110 0.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 634,790 5.51% $13.58 $14.51 $30,170 0.2 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 531,720 4.61% $8.10 $8.44 $17,550 0.3 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 59,110 0.51% $10.95 $11.41 $23,730 0.7 %
35-2013 Cooks, Private Household 350 (7) $10.60 $11.00 $22,880 5.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 849,300 7.37% $10.53 $10.88 $22,640 0.3 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 134,490 1.17% $9.29 $9.73 $20,250 0.5 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 9,410 0.08% $11.05 $11.98 $24,920 2.2 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 478,150 4.15% $8.62 $9.04 $18,810 0.4 %
35-3011 Bartenders 410,190 3.56% $8.57 $9.93 $20,660 0.4 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 2,226,150 19.31% $7.76 $8.09 $16,820 0.3 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 356,920 3.10% $8.35 $8.71 $18,110 0.4 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 2,189,330 19.00% $8.00 $9.38 $19,500 0.3 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 77,720 0.67% $8.91 $10.27 $21,370 0.9 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 346,730 3.01% $8.01 $8.61 $17,900 0.3 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 450,870 3.91% $8.13 $8.47 $17,630 0.3 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 335,380 2.91% $8.39 $8.88 $18,470 0.3 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 23,330 0.20% $8.97 $9.86 $20,520 0.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 606,500 5.26% $9.09 $10.05 $20,900 0.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 32,550 0.28% $14.20 $15.18 $31,570 0.5 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 2,640 0.02% $17.13 $18.40 $38,270 2.3 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 94,850 0.82% $9.79 $10.67 $22,200 0.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 453,080 3.93% $8.77 $9.44 $19,620 0.4 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 620 0.01% $9.30 $10.31 $21,440 5.0 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 340 (7) $8.97 $9.87 $20,520 6.9 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 21,310 0.18% $10.60 $11.50 $23,910 0.8 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 390 (7) $9.05 $9.95 $20,690 8.7 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 700 0.01% $8.92 $9.96 $20,720 3.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 143,540 1.25% $9.25 $11.54 $23,990 0.5 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 12,170 0.11% $22.77 $22.81 $47,440 0.9 %
39-1012 Slot Key Persons 3,080 0.03% $12.79 $13.13 $27,320 1.0 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 4,180 0.04% $18.12 $19.59 $40,740 1.2 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 650 0.01% $12.81 $13.31 $27,690 4.1 %
39-3011 Gaming Dealers 36,310 0.32% $7.29 $7.65 $15,910 1.0 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 1,900 0.02% $10.48 $10.51 $21,870 0.7 %
39-3019 Gaming Service Workers, All Other 4,040 0.04% $11.99 $12.39 $25,760 0.8 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 2,210 0.02% $9.88 $11.34 $23,580 2.5 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 15,500 0.13% $8.52 $9.33 $19,410 1.7 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants 480 (7) $13.70 $13.74 $28,570 2.1 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 2,840 0.02% $10.49 $11.28 $23,450 1.5 %
39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other 1,000 0.01% $9.36 $10.74 $22,340 3.6 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 880 0.01% $11.40 $13.53 $28,140 2.7 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 780 0.01% $9.99 $12.95 $26,930 3.1 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 1,020 0.01% $12.56 $15.82 $32,910 3.4 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 26,290 0.23% $9.10 $10.33 $21,490 0.8 %
39-6012 Concierges 9,490 0.08% $12.44 $13.40 $27,860 0.9 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 860 0.01% $11.55 $11.97 $24,890 3.7 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 1,200 0.01% $10.26 $10.30 $21,420 4.8 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 1,050 0.01% $9.21 $9.89 $20,570 2.2 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 240 (7) $9.91 $10.46 $21,760 4.5 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 2,560 0.02% $15.08 $16.90 $35,140 3.2 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 8,940 0.08% $9.78 $11.02 $22,910 1.2 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 820 0.01% $10.12 $10.58 $22,010 2.8 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 4,970 0.04% $10.27 $11.31 $23,520 1.4 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 331,150 2.87% $8.14 $9.81 $20,410 0.5 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 8,660 0.08% $16.81 $17.69 $36,800 1.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,590 0.01% $28.56 $30.53 $63,490 2.0 %
41-2011 Cashiers 275,340 2.39% $7.83 $8.28 $17,220 0.4 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 4,790 0.04% $12.10 $12.11 $25,180 0.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 3,560 0.03% $9.15 $10.51 $21,870 3.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 13,700 0.12% $9.39 $10.79 $22,430 2.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 260 (7) $14.34 $16.40 $34,110 6.8 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 90 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-3041 Travel Agents 470 (7) $12.79 $13.31 $27,690 4.8 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 17,300 0.15% $21.17 $23.87 $49,640 1.6 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (8) (8) $18.70 $23.15 $48,160 14.8 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 1,700 0.01% $20.17 $23.06 $47,970 3.6 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 70 (7) $9.01 $9.37 $19,500 3.6 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 30 (7) $31.90 $38.94 $80,990 21.7 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 250 (7) $21.17 $25.39 $52,810 9.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 960 0.01% $10.74 $11.50 $23,930 3.7 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 2,070 0.02% $15.79 $18.00 $37,440 3.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 428,190 3.72% $10.81 $11.95 $24,850 0.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 29,600 0.26% $16.96 $17.96 $37,350 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 8,240 0.07% $11.69 $12.35 $25,690 0.7 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 190 (7) $12.23 $14.44 $30,040 7.0 %
43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 30 (7) $17.52 $17.21 $35,800 7.6 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 720 0.01% $16.56 $16.33 $33,960 2.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 2,360 0.02% $14.00 $14.29 $29,720 1.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 48,120 0.42% $13.60 $14.04 $29,210 0.6 %
43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers 4,540 0.04% $12.84 $13.05 $27,150 0.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 4,610 0.04% $15.09 $15.26 $31,740 1.1 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,110 0.01% $14.75 $15.43 $32,100 2.3 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 250 (7) $13.94 $14.39 $29,930 1.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 9,930 0.09% $12.12 $13.13 $27,320 1.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 250 (7) $11.42 $11.60 $24,130 2.4 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 219,880 1.91% $9.34 $9.88 $20,550 0.3 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 80 (7) $13.74 $13.85 $28,800 4.3 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,690 0.01% $9.53 $11.06 $23,000 4.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 3,350 0.03% $15.12 $15.75 $32,760 0.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 8,650 0.08% $11.08 $11.49 $23,900 0.9 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 10,610 0.09% $12.78 $13.40 $27,860 0.9 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 360 (7) $11.68 $12.44 $25,880 3.4 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 420 (7) $9.81 $10.52 $21,870 5.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,230 0.01% $13.70 $14.43 $30,010 1.5 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 570 (7) $18.00 $18.38 $38,220 4.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,590 0.03% $12.64 $13.61 $28,310 1.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 9,550 0.08% $10.52 $11.12 $23,130 1.1 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 200 (7) $11.14 $11.26 $23,430 3.2 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 11,580 0.10% $16.89 $17.67 $36,760 0.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 12,660 0.11% $13.77 $14.03 $29,190 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 400 (7) $14.78 $16.19 $33,680 1.8 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 440 (7) $11.87 $12.02 $24,990 2.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 240 (7) $11.57 $12.14 $25,250 2.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 29,920 0.26% $11.24 $11.94 $24,830 1.0 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 2,550 0.02% $13.89 $14.09 $29,300 0.9 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 560 (7) $10.08 $11.85 $24,650 3.3 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 110 (7) $13.23 $12.85 $26,720 5.4 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 360 (7) $9.12 $10.67 $22,190 4.3 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 50 (7) $12.95 $14.45 $30,050 5.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 4,430 0.04% $20.93 $21.16 $44,000 1.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 200 (7) $27.38 $28.58 $59,450 2.2 %
47-2031 Carpenters 1,110 0.01% $24.30 $23.92 $49,750 1.2 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 50 (7) $24.97 $22.80 $47,410 4.9 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers (8) (8) $12.60 $13.30 $27,650 6.7 %
47-2111 Electricians 710 0.01% $22.61 $23.10 $48,040 1.8 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 1,380 0.01% $19.60 $19.76 $41,100 1.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 290 (7) $20.20 $21.40 $44,520 3.5 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 170 (7) $14.54 $16.98 $35,320 6.3 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 98,790 0.86% $13.33 $14.94 $31,070 0.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 7,520 0.07% $23.35 $24.59 $51,140 0.8 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 40 (7) $14.62 $16.40 $34,100 5.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 70 (7) $20.05 $20.94 $43,560 2.8 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 50 (7) $16.72 $19.73 $41,030 8.2 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 90 (7) $23.55 $24.20 $50,340 5.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 340 (7) $20.80 $19.88 $41,350 3.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 150 (7) $19.24 $20.34 $42,310 4.8 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 110 (7) $16.48 $18.01 $37,460 6.7 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 80 (7) $13.44 $14.21 $29,560 2.6 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 40 (7) $15.92 $16.19 $33,670 3.6 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 710 0.01% $19.27 $19.49 $40,530 1.7 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 40 (7) $16.60 $16.80 $34,940 2.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 160 (7) $12.71 $15.20 $31,620 4.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 83,470 0.72% $12.53 $13.84 $28,790 0.4 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 790 0.01% $15.56 $16.47 $34,260 7.7 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 50 (7) $23.47 $22.91 $47,660 4.2 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 3,410 0.03% $16.11 $16.81 $34,970 1.5 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 30 (7) $16.54 $15.82 $32,900 5.5 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 150 (7) $22.29 $21.08 $43,840 1.9 %
49-9096 Riggers 70 (7) $28.82 $28.87 $60,050 3.6 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 510 (7) $11.18 $11.85 $24,640 2.5 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 830 0.01% $17.58 $18.08 $37,610 2.6 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 77,170 0.67% $9.82 $10.93 $22,720 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 3,000 0.03% $12.44 $16.54 $34,410 12.7 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 180 (7) $9.34 $11.06 $23,000 9.4 %
51-3011 Bakers 29,580 0.26% $10.58 $11.30 $23,490 0.7 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,330 0.01% $12.19 $13.13 $27,310 1.8 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 200 (7) $13.21 $12.89 $26,810 4.9 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 160 (7) $11.45 $15.32 $31,870 24.7 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 2,680 0.02% $9.65 $10.36 $21,550 2.7 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 2,960 0.03% $9.13 $9.64 $20,060 1.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 30 (7) $18.51 $20.68 $43,010 15.6 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 32,290 0.28% $9.05 $9.54 $19,850 0.5 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 370 (7) $9.10 $10.19 $21,190 3.1 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 150 (7) $11.30 $11.61 $24,150 2.0 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 90 (7) $12.10 $12.49 $25,970 3.5 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 340 (7) $13.69 $14.42 $30,000 2.1 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 100 (7) $20.74 $20.36 $42,350 2.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 770 0.01% $20.52 $21.98 $45,710 2.5 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 550 (7) $14.90 $15.90 $33,070 2.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $12.50 $13.80 $28,710 4.6 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 190 (7) $11.14 $13.06 $27,170 3.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $14.15 $14.26 $29,660 15.6 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 420 (7) $10.85 $12.59 $26,180 7.3 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 170 (7) $9.89 $10.76 $22,380 5.5 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 90 (7) $11.23 $11.85 $24,650 3.2 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers (8) (8) $8.82 $10.48 $21,790 3.5 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 320 (7) $9.56 $12.29 $25,570 10.1 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 211,300 1.83% $7.93 $9.18 $19,100 0.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 450 (7) $17.92 $18.59 $38,660 2.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,510 0.01% $15.67 $18.11 $37,680 3.2 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 142,370 1.24% $7.67 $8.65 $17,990 0.8 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 310 (7) $11.93 $12.91 $26,850 6.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 34,030 0.30% $8.01 $9.49 $19,750 1.5 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 8,390 0.07% $9.46 $10.15 $21,120 1.2 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 300 (7) $12.94 $13.50 $28,070 6.6 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 30 (7) $21.49 $18.20 $37,860 20.6 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 70 (7) $17.28 $19.55 $40,660 12.0 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 10,910 0.09% $8.68 $9.33 $19,400 0.8 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 200 (7) $9.05 $9.39 $19,520 1.9 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other (8) (8) $14.02 $14.08 $29,280 7.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (8) (8) $11.76 $13.31 $27,680 7.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 710 0.01% $7.63 $8.78 $18,250 5.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 9,090 0.08% $10.94 $12.20 $25,380 2.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 1,890 0.02% $9.33 $10.12 $21,040 3.1 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 30 (7) $10.99 $12.52 $26,050 7.5 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 300 (7) $13.95 $15.67 $32,600 3.3 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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