Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 81 - Other Services (except Federal, State, and Local Government)


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 81 - Other Services (except Federal, State, and Local Government).

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

Sector 81 - Other Services (except Federal, State, and Local Government) consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 81 - Other Services (except Federal, State, and Local Government):


Sector 81 - Other Services (except Federal, State, and Local Government)

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 3,922,780 100.00% $12.84 $16.34 $33,980 0.2 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 185,780 4.74% $34.12 $41.18 $85,650 0.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 9,310 0.24% $65.48 $70.67 $146,990 1.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 75,390 1.92% $39.02 $46.47 $96,660 0.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 2,450 0.06% $36.25 $42.61 $88,630 2.9 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,780 0.05% $39.48 $46.55 $96,820 3.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 3,370 0.09% $38.01 $44.37 $92,280 2.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 7,980 0.20% $38.03 $42.94 $89,320 2.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 6,680 0.17% $30.57 $33.49 $69,660 1.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,500 0.06% $48.92 $50.30 $104,620 1.6 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 8,220 0.21% $42.49 $45.72 $95,100 1.1 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 820 0.02% $36.99 $41.18 $85,650 2.4 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 460 0.01% $39.41 $42.08 $87,530 3.3 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 930 0.02% $42.89 $44.59 $92,740 2.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 880 0.02% $36.39 $40.32 $83,870 2.6 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 170 (7) $43.22 $47.59 $98,990 5.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 790 0.02% $20.97 $28.71 $59,710 3.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 130 (7) $31.31 $32.46 $67,520 6.2 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 3,670 0.09% $18.55 $20.56 $42,770 1.5 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 620 0.02% (4) (4) $88,220 7.2 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 190 (7) $36.90 $41.59 $86,500 5.7 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 770 0.02% $31.52 $34.55 $71,870 6.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 310 0.01% $60.93 $65.93 $137,140 14.2 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 320 0.01% $27.43 $32.78 $68,180 4.3 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors 25,180 0.64% $24.90 $28.16 $58,580 1.3 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 100 (7) $18.94 $21.29 $44,290 5.7 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 680 0.02% $41.27 $46.17 $96,020 6.7 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 300 0.01% $38.31 $39.71 $82,590 5.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 5,610 0.14% $23.29 $25.92 $53,920 2.8 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 16,940 0.43% $25.36 $28.46 $59,190 1.3 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 9,190 0.23% $36.00 $40.14 $83,500 1.8 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 204,330 5.21% $24.04 $25.98 $54,040 0.7 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 80 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 210 0.01% $19.12 $20.63 $42,910 4.8 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,360 0.09% $22.34 $24.01 $49,940 1.8 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 400 0.01% $23.97 $25.92 $53,910 5.3 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 210 0.01% $23.08 $22.79 $47,410 5.3 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,400 0.06% $26.14 $28.36 $58,990 2.4 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 11,500 0.29% $23.30 $24.45 $50,860 1.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,890 0.05% $21.55 $25.62 $53,300 8.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 4,090 0.10% $27.29 $28.48 $59,240 2.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 6,470 0.16% $25.56 $26.96 $56,080 1.8 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 55,610 1.42% $22.18 $23.52 $48,920 2.0 %
13-1081 Logisticians 370 0.01% $27.48 $28.60 $59,490 3.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 6,550 0.17% $30.92 $34.94 $72,680 3.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 10,910 0.28% $22.23 $23.88 $49,660 1.2 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 68,350 1.74% $23.74 $26.24 $54,570 1.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 23,210 0.59% $28.06 $29.98 $62,360 0.8 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 40 (7) $21.69 $27.51 $57,230 21.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 530 0.01% $28.54 $30.18 $62,770 4.1 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 100 (7) $20.49 $25.06 $52,130 14.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 920 0.02% $31.06 $36.33 $75,570 4.8 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 440 0.01% $33.76 $29.44 $61,230 11.7 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 220 0.01% $25.10 $28.14 $58,530 6.7 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 280 0.01% $35.99 $39.24 $81,620 6.3 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 540 0.01% $17.42 $18.90 $39,320 3.3 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 290 0.01% $24.76 $29.95 $62,290 5.8 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 5,260 0.13% $17.59 $21.84 $45,430 7.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 28,150 0.72% $26.92 $29.06 $60,450 0.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 3,810 0.10% $29.98 $31.12 $64,730 1.2 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 1,130 0.03% $38.54 $39.48 $82,120 2.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 730 0.02% $41.02 $40.08 $83,360 3.6 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 8,150 0.21% $20.64 $21.65 $45,030 1.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 1,410 0.04% $34.49 $34.95 $72,700 2.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 3,140 0.08% $27.11 $29.06 $60,450 1.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 4,870 0.12% $30.08 $31.68 $65,890 1.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,380 0.09% $30.23 $31.49 $65,510 1.7 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 800 0.02% $26.86 $28.59 $59,470 4.4 %
15-2011 Actuaries 40 (7) $46.74 $47.39 $98,570 8.5 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 410 0.01% $29.95 $31.12 $64,740 5.3 %
15-2041 Statisticians 260 0.01% $38.04 $37.75 $78,520 7.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 7,200 0.18% $28.76 $31.84 $66,230 2.7 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 70 (7) $21.59 $21.84 $45,430 4.2 %
17-1022 Surveyors (8) (8) $35.60 $33.70 $70,090 7.3 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers (8) (8) $37.73 $44.43 $92,420 16.4 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers (8) (8) $42.23 $38.64 $80,360 13.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 100 (7) $46.55 $49.15 $102,230 8.0 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers (8) (8) $44.54 $45.07 $93,750 6.1 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 960 0.02% $32.62 $38.04 $79,110 12.1 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 670 0.02% $34.78 $36.49 $75,900 2.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 220 0.01% $32.90 $36.75 $76,430 9.2 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 100 (7) $33.05 $33.71 $70,110 10.3 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 460 0.01% $40.36 $44.97 $93,540 7.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 840 0.02% $31.68 $33.53 $69,750 3.6 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 360 0.01% $31.30 $34.50 $71,760 6.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 40 (7) $26.14 $25.89 $53,860 6.8 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 250 0.01% $19.87 $21.60 $44,920 5.9 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 90 (7) $16.62 $18.44 $38,360 5.7 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 1,500 0.04% $23.91 $24.53 $51,030 2.9 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 210 0.01% $20.84 $23.02 $47,880 6.3 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 70 (7) $20.86 $20.99 $43,670 5.8 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 310 0.01% $27.22 $26.75 $55,630 4.8 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $23.29 $23.02 $47,880 3.3 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 120 (7) $24.77 $25.72 $53,500 4.5 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 30 (7) $21.24 $19.96 $41,510 5.4 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 12,930 0.33% $24.12 $27.29 $56,760 2.4 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 30 (7) $24.10 $24.67 $51,320 10.5 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 610 0.02% $21.09 $22.88 $47,600 5.0 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 230 0.01% $24.92 $28.15 $58,560 7.5 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 1,490 0.04% $25.26 $26.28 $54,660 3.1 %
19-1032 Foresters 60 (7) $23.92 $24.44 $50,830 4.7 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 210 0.01% $41.51 $42.83 $89,090 4.6 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 110 (7) $34.87 $36.39 $75,690 11.9 %
19-2031 Chemists 40 (7) $31.11 $33.84 $70,380 8.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 650 0.02% $25.87 $27.45 $57,100 5.1 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers (8) (8) $58.62 $54.58 $113,530 7.9 %
19-3011 Economists 550 0.01% $36.16 $39.17 $81,480 4.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 4,080 0.10% $24.19 $26.45 $55,020 1.4 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 1,300 0.03% $19.52 $20.60 $42,840 5.2 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 180 (7) $30.52 $41.66 $86,660 12.8 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 120 (7) $25.79 $28.79 $59,870 8.5 %
19-3093 Historians (8) (8) $32.52 $26.49 $55,110 4.8 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 250 0.01% $48.09 $56.48 $117,490 19.1 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 320 0.01% $28.40 $30.41 $63,260 8.4 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 80 (7) $13.33 $14.27 $29,680 6.0 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 70 (7) $15.98 $16.17 $33,630 4.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians (8) (8) $18.15 $21.14 $43,970 9.4 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 590 0.02% $17.53 $18.72 $38,940 4.2 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 470 0.01% $14.42 $16.11 $33,520 12.1 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 160 (7) $17.66 $18.89 $39,290 6.4 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 250 0.01% $17.84 $19.08 $39,680 7.2 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 101,680 2.59% $16.45 $18.60 $38,690 0.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 930 0.02% $16.26 $17.08 $35,530 2.9 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 1,770 0.05% $17.53 $19.60 $40,770 4.1 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 280 0.01% $18.51 $19.67 $40,900 3.2 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 650 0.02% $16.14 $17.05 $35,470 3.5 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 1,270 0.03% $14.56 $15.95 $33,170 2.9 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 1,450 0.04% $16.10 $17.82 $37,070 6.3 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 9,960 0.25% $16.72 $18.15 $37,750 1.7 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 3,370 0.09% $18.90 $20.27 $42,170 1.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 3,540 0.09% $18.58 $19.77 $41,110 2.8 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 2,320 0.06% $17.43 $20.33 $42,280 10.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators 5,750 0.15% $18.93 $21.37 $44,440 2.3 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 40 (7) $18.09 $18.35 $38,160 4.1 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 17,000 0.43% $13.82 $14.49 $30,150 1.1 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 12,820 0.33% $16.49 $18.14 $37,730 2.1 %
21-2011 Clergy 23,970 0.61% $18.43 $21.54 $44,800 2.0 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 12,440 0.32% $16.72 $18.41 $38,300 1.8 %
21-2099 Religious Workers, All Other 4,120 0.11% $13.04 $15.52 $32,270 3.8 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 8,590 0.22% $36.95 $43.44 $90,360 2.6 %
23-1011 Lawyers 5,680 0.14% $46.14 $52.33 $108,850 2.7 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 1,420 0.04% $27.34 $29.98 $62,360 7.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 930 0.02% $22.90 $24.21 $50,360 2.5 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 120 (7) $14.77 $15.59 $32,430 8.3 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers (8) (8) $14.10 $14.81 $30,800 8.3 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 310 0.01% $20.50 $22.13 $46,020 4.6 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 74,860 1.91% $12.76 $15.19 $31,600 1.1 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) (4) (4) $90,120 27.0 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 370 0.01% (4) (4) $41,410 17.5 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) (4) (4) $61,890 9.6 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 470 0.01% $23.69 $24.62 $51,220 12.5 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 19,590 0.50% $11.79 $12.77 $26,550 1.2 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 550 0.01% (4) (4) $42,580 4.7 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 2,820 0.07% (4) (4) $41,640 3.9 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 400 0.01% (4) (4) $42,250 6.6 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 780 0.02% (4) (4) $53,340 9.6 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 60 (7) (4) (4) $39,880 11.9 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors 590 0.02% $17.23 $17.49 $36,370 6.6 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 19,570 0.50% $14.80 $16.87 $35,100 2.1 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 5,770 0.15% (4) (4) $37,640 3.6 %
25-4011 Archivists 280 0.01% $21.18 $23.20 $48,250 3.5 %
25-4012 Curators 230 0.01% $19.33 $24.15 $50,240 15.2 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 80 (7) $15.35 $17.43 $36,260 9.4 %
25-4021 Librarians 630 0.02% $20.69 $22.54 $46,890 5.1 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 110 (7) $15.62 $16.81 $34,970 4.1 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 120 (7) $15.97 $14.91 $31,010 12.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 2,080 0.05% $21.72 $24.02 $49,950 3.7 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 17,740 0.45% (4) (4) $21,530 1.0 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 1,170 0.03% $16.96 $19.34 $40,220 8.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 86,650 2.21% $20.72 $24.15 $50,230 1.1 %
27-1011 Art Directors 330 0.01% $28.63 $33.94 $70,600 6.1 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 90 (7) $17.16 $19.45 $40,450 19.1 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 40 (7) $19.58 $21.47 $44,650 2.8 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 150 (7) $15.97 $16.55 $34,430 9.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 60 (7) $18.80 $17.20 $35,770 10.6 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 450 0.01% $12.14 $13.23 $27,520 6.2 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 3,000 0.08% $20.55 $21.88 $45,500 1.3 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 80 (7) $17.51 $18.11 $37,660 8.6 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other (8) (8) $15.58 $18.36 $38,190 8.0 %
27-2011 Actors (8) (8) $13.60 $20.68 (4) 18.2 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 520 0.01% $23.91 $28.63 $59,540 5.4 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 10,270 0.26% (4) (4) $30,090 2.5 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 1,870 0.05% (4) (4) $27,150 4.2 %
27-2032 Choreographers 60 (7) $17.84 $17.43 $36,240 5.6 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 4,800 0.12% $16.48 $21.04 $43,770 5.8 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 8,050 0.21% $12.83 $19.23 (4) 4.5 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 270 0.01% $18.19 $25.04 (4) 10.9 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 60 (7) $20.09 $19.59 $40,750 10.1 %
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 130 (7) $16.90 $18.35 $38,160 5.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 41,100 1.05% $24.39 $28.44 $59,150 1.4 %
27-3041 Editors 6,330 0.16% $24.96 $26.91 $55,970 2.4 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 450 0.01% $28.59 $29.09 $60,500 2.9 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 3,520 0.09% $24.69 $27.39 $56,970 2.1 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 460 0.01% $15.06 $18.90 $39,310 16.0 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 770 0.02% $19.69 $22.32 $46,430 5.6 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 840 0.02% $15.23 $16.67 $34,660 5.2 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 40 (7) $15.72 $17.40 $36,200 6.0 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 210 0.01% $16.23 $19.52 $40,610 6.1 %
27-4021 Photographers 1,160 0.03% $16.03 $17.78 $36,990 6.8 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 150 (7) $17.65 $20.50 $42,640 6.1 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 190 (7) $11.51 $13.41 $27,890 8.2 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other (8) (8) $23.52 $25.94 $53,950 9.2 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 9,360 0.24% $23.46 $27.39 $56,970 2.8 %
29-1021 Dentists, General (8) (8) $20.21 $44.30 $92,150 21.9 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 1,110 0.03% $18.66 $19.47 $40,500 6.0 %
29-1041 Optometrists 60 (7) $22.43 $29.01 $60,330 18.4 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 180 (7) $47.16 $46.07 $95,820 5.6 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 160 (7) (5) $84.39 $175,540 21.7 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (8) (8) $23.42 $27.35 $56,900 11.2 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,250 0.06% $31.16 $33.23 $69,120 3.0 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 170 (7) $29.36 $28.83 $59,960 6.2 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 170 (7) $35.23 $34.15 $71,030 3.8 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists (8) (8) $19.61 $19.21 $39,950 7.3 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 110 (7) $29.60 $29.44 $61,230 4.9 %
29-1129 Therapists, All Other 140 (7) $18.29 $18.23 $37,920 17.4 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 690 0.02% $37.64 $40.67 $84,590 4.3 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 70 (7) $24.25 $27.63 $57,480 22.5 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 40 (7) $25.67 $25.64 $53,340 4.3 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 80 (7) $13.11 $15.50 $32,240 11.2 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 480 0.01% $12.30 $14.00 $29,120 9.8 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 60 (7) $18.12 $17.56 $36,530 4.0 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 1,130 0.03% $13.11 $13.51 $28,090 2.0 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 610 0.02% $18.57 $19.11 $39,740 2.6 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 110 (7) $16.47 $19.46 $40,470 12.9 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 410 0.01% $26.08 $27.08 $56,330 3.3 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 50 (7) $19.82 $22.94 $47,710 14.3 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 150 (7) (4) (4) $51,230 15.1 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 140 (7) $21.19 $21.95 $45,650 8.0 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 33,010 0.84% $14.32 $16.44 $34,190 2.1 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 530 0.01% $9.31 $9.91 $20,610 3.0 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 900 0.02% $11.14 $11.92 $24,790 4.6 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 22,520 0.57% $15.66 $17.90 $37,240 2.4 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants (8) (8) $16.31 $16.54 $34,400 3.2 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 100 (7) $13.41 $13.25 $27,570 3.8 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 70 (7) $16.27 $17.10 $35,560 6.4 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 1,030 0.03% $10.31 $11.19 $23,280 3.5 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 7,620 0.19% $13.43 $13.87 $28,840 3.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 46,640 1.19% $9.62 $11.10 $23,090 1.2 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers (8) (8) $21.29 $21.84 $45,430 5.9 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 850 0.02% $19.77 $21.65 $45,040 2.3 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 50 (7) $15.40 $15.22 $31,670 3.4 %
33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers (8) (8) $13.79 $13.93 $28,980 4.4 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 1,610 0.04% $13.56 $14.14 $29,400 2.9 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 250 0.01% $19.34 $22.39 $46,570 9.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards 17,430 0.44% $11.23 $12.60 $26,210 2.4 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards (8) (8) $9.83 $9.45 $19,650 3.1 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 24,860 0.63% $8.73 $9.19 $19,120 0.5 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 1,260 0.03% $11.40 $13.44 $27,960 5.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 102,730 2.62% $8.66 $9.80 $20,380 0.6 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 590 0.02% $19.50 $22.99 $47,830 4.1 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 5,620 0.14% $13.59 $14.87 $30,920 1.2 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 400 0.01% $8.47 $9.26 $19,260 3.5 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 4,350 0.11% $10.46 $11.24 $23,370 1.1 %
35-2013 Cooks, Private Household 240 0.01% $10.57 $11.54 $24,000 6.2 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 5,570 0.14% $11.15 $11.98 $24,920 1.4 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 2,260 0.06% $9.16 $9.65 $20,060 1.7 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 670 0.02% $10.16 $10.93 $22,740 4.1 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 5,090 0.13% $8.97 $9.72 $20,210 1.1 %
35-3011 Bartenders 44,600 1.14% $8.12 $8.75 $18,200 0.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 3,630 0.09% $8.82 $9.58 $19,920 3.1 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,990 0.05% $8.95 $9.62 $20,020 2.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 17,520 0.45% $8.26 $9.69 $20,160 1.1 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 650 0.02% $9.06 $10.47 $21,790 5.3 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 4,320 0.11% $8.09 $9.10 $18,930 1.7 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 4,430 0.11% $8.45 $9.00 $18,720 1.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 590 0.02% $9.19 $10.73 $22,320 4.8 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 210 0.01% $9.80 $12.44 $25,880 6.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 106,710 2.72% $10.12 $11.23 $23,350 0.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 2,650 0.07% $17.01 $18.05 $37,540 1.0 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 3,210 0.08% $18.36 $19.76 $41,100 2.1 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 56,960 1.45% $9.51 $10.32 $21,470 0.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 13,990 0.36% $9.48 $10.22 $21,260 0.9 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 290 0.01% $10.75 $10.74 $22,340 3.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 29,200 0.74% $11.01 $11.90 $24,750 1.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 60 (7) $13.10 $13.50 $28,080 3.7 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 340 0.01% $11.40 $12.79 $26,610 5.0 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 729,010 18.58% $10.52 $12.36 $25,720 0.4 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 150 (7) $12.71 $14.42 $30,000 5.2 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 30,460 0.78% $16.97 $19.07 $39,670 1.0 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 2,250 0.06% $15.51 $16.70 $34,740 3.7 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 53,850 1.37% $9.32 $10.21 $21,230 0.8 %
39-3011 Gaming Dealers 440 0.01% $8.44 $10.24 $21,310 10.9 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 3,270 0.08% $8.72 $9.80 $20,390 2.8 %
39-3019 Gaming Service Workers, All Other 180 (7) $9.54 $11.95 $24,850 14.7 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 50 (7) $11.94 $14.50 $30,170 7.5 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 920 0.02% $7.85 $8.80 $18,290 4.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 10,130 0.26% $8.50 $9.16 $19,040 1.3 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants 50 (7) $13.76 $14.36 $29,870 9.4 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 2,820 0.07% $8.72 $9.40 $19,540 2.4 %
39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other 2,890 0.07% $9.30 $11.20 $23,300 5.5 %
39-4011 Embalmers 8,050 0.21% $18.32 $18.90 $39,310 2.9 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 32,960 0.84% $10.63 $11.19 $23,270 0.8 %
39-5011 Barbers 9,930 0.25% $11.52 $12.72 $26,450 3.8 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 323,440 8.25% $11.27 $12.96 $26,960 0.6 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 1,020 0.03% $9.99 $12.28 $25,540 9.8 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 48,850 1.25% $9.45 $10.52 $21,870 1.1 %
39-5093 Shampooers 15,460 0.39% $8.31 $8.79 $18,280 1.0 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 20,430 0.52% $13.31 $15.10 $31,400 2.2 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 610 0.02% $12.10 $12.08 $25,120 3.1 %
39-6012 Concierges 2,210 0.06% $13.82 $13.49 $28,070 2.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 570 0.01% $12.03 $12.11 $25,190 4.2 %
39-6022 Travel Guides 30 (7) $10.64 $11.62 $24,180 8.5 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters (8) (8) $9.42 $11.03 $22,940 10.7 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 44,140 1.13% $8.69 $9.30 $19,350 0.6 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 14,390 0.37% $9.11 $9.51 $19,780 1.6 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 40,010 1.02% $12.18 $14.93 $31,050 1.9 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 40,020 1.02% $9.59 $10.94 $22,760 1.0 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 510 0.01% $9.24 $10.39 $21,610 4.9 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 18,760 0.48% $9.03 $10.54 $21,910 2.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 232,130 5.92% $10.42 $14.36 $29,870 0.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 9,190 0.23% $16.04 $18.59 $38,660 1.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 3,480 0.09% $24.96 $28.38 $59,020 2.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 40,990 1.04% $8.63 $9.11 $18,950 0.7 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 130 (7) $15.19 $14.91 $31,020 7.8 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 82,650 2.11% $8.82 $10.05 $20,900 0.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 9,120 0.23% $14.77 $15.86 $33,000 1.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 24,740 0.63% $10.54 $13.08 $27,200 1.9 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 650 0.02% $20.26 $23.63 $49,160 4.7 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 370 0.01% $19.58 $23.34 $48,560 8.7 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 40 (7) $18.48 $19.04 $39,610 5.9 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 60 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 24,750 0.63% $20.37 $23.61 $49,120 1.5 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 2,580 0.07% $28.93 $32.96 $68,560 3.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 9,940 0.25% $22.74 $26.61 $55,360 1.9 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 450 0.01% $13.83 $19.31 $40,160 7.9 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 140 (7) $30.56 $29.97 $62,330 6.9 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,110 0.03% $17.95 $18.50 $38,490 8.4 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 350 0.01% $37.22 $42.00 $87,360 7.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 8,130 0.21% $10.75 $12.33 $25,660 2.3 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 100 (7) $10.93 $12.08 $25,130 8.3 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 13,140 0.33% $18.86 $21.26 $44,230 2.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 602,300 15.35% $12.82 $14.01 $29,150 0.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 28,410 0.72% $21.90 $23.32 $48,500 0.7 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 2,340 0.06% $12.17 $12.74 $26,500 1.8 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators (8) (8) $21.32 $19.42 $40,390 9.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 1,900 0.05% $14.20 $14.60 $30,360 2.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 6,630 0.17% $14.76 $15.28 $31,780 0.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 76,780 1.96% $14.70 $15.24 $31,710 0.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,960 0.08% $16.08 $16.49 $34,310 1.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 940 0.02% $14.04 $14.59 $30,360 2.3 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 150 (7) $12.67 $13.89 $28,900 3.2 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 70 (7) $14.36 $15.39 $32,010 12.1 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks (8) (8) $17.17 $16.65 $34,630 3.1 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 50,440 1.29% $12.68 $13.78 $28,660 0.8 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 260 0.01% $17.33 $17.80 $37,030 7.5 %
43-4071 File Clerks 1,700 0.04% $11.16 $11.79 $24,530 2.0 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 830 0.02% $11.24 $11.40 $23,720 3.0 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 2,630 0.07% $13.06 $13.80 $28,710 2.1 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 70 (7) $10.04 $11.61 $24,150 6.4 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 120 (7) $15.49 $14.76 $30,690 5.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 3,850 0.10% $12.74 $13.65 $28,400 2.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 2,340 0.06% $16.65 $16.95 $35,260 1.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 95,630 2.44% $9.71 $10.38 $21,580 0.4 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 240 0.01% $17.41 $20.26 $42,140 6.2 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 1,970 0.05% $12.45 $13.84 $28,790 4.4 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (8) (8) $20.22 $20.85 $43,360 2.8 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 720 0.02% $10.17 $10.89 $22,650 3.3 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,780 0.07% $14.79 $16.06 $33,410 2.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,800 0.05% $17.18 $17.63 $36,670 3.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 6,630 0.17% $12.70 $13.43 $27,940 1.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 6,910 0.18% $11.47 $12.65 $26,310 1.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 260 0.01% $13.86 $14.91 $31,010 11.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 62,340 1.59% $18.51 $19.39 $40,320 0.5 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 560 0.01% $18.85 $19.79 $41,160 2.9 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries (8) (8) $14.38 $15.81 $32,890 10.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 95,160 2.43% $12.84 $13.39 $27,840 0.4 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 640 0.02% $15.40 $15.74 $32,740 4.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 5,340 0.14% $13.24 $13.51 $28,100 1.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 250 0.01% $12.18 $13.77 $28,640 5.2 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 520 0.01% $17.18 $17.00 $35,370 4.0 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 520 0.01% $16.37 $16.91 $35,180 6.3 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 3,140 0.08% $13.75 $14.14 $29,420 1.4 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 127,860 3.26% $10.88 $11.71 $24,370 0.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 270 0.01% $13.50 $13.84 $28,790 4.3 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 110 (7) $17.57 $17.85 $37,130 3.6 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 90 (7) $16.62 $16.24 $33,780 10.6 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 5,630 0.14% $13.21 $14.09 $29,300 2.0 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,260 0.03% $11.66 $13.33 $27,720 3.7 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 170 (7) $17.37 $19.45 $40,460 5.6 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 150 (7) $10.83 $12.38 $25,760 8.1 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 460 0.01% $9.66 $10.58 $22,000 4.1 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 250 0.01% $11.48 $12.56 $26,120 7.0 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 180 (7) $15.50 $15.81 $32,890 3.2 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 14,020 0.36% $19.16 $21.00 $43,690 2.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 1,100 0.03% $29.07 $29.17 $60,670 2.6 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 940 0.02% $31.42 $28.49 $59,250 6.0 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 30 (7) $26.25 $26.66 $55,450 17.5 %
47-2031 Carpenters 1,150 0.03% $19.79 $20.46 $42,560 3.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 640 0.02% $13.49 $15.36 $31,950 6.6 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (8) (8) $19.26 $18.51 $38,500 13.8 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 450 0.01% $15.91 $19.02 $39,560 8.9 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,730 0.04% $22.87 $23.51 $48,900 2.6 %
47-2121 Glaziers 2,240 0.06% $15.67 $16.09 $33,470 3.4 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 170 (7) $15.19 $16.14 $33,570 3.9 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical (8) (8) $23.34 $24.26 $50,450 16.6 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 430 0.01% $14.30 $15.84 $32,950 3.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2,560 0.07% $21.84 $22.80 $47,420 4.0 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 50 (7) $28.30 $28.25 $58,770 4.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 340 0.01% $16.79 $18.49 $38,460 8.3 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 100 (7) $23.19 $24.03 $49,980 13.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 150 (7) $11.83 $11.60 $24,130 5.9 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 130 (7) $13.75 $14.54 $30,230 6.6 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 130 (7) $11.62 $11.83 $24,610 6.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 150 (7) $18.31 $20.59 $42,820 4.3 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (8) (8) $23.32 $24.38 $50,700 12.2 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 30 (7) $13.40 $13.00 $27,030 3.9 %
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators (8) (8) $13.59 $14.54 $30,250 4.9 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 160 (7) $15.34 $15.66 $32,580 6.3 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 530 0.01% $20.54 $25.80 $53,660 18.2 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 290 0.01% $13.86 $14.50 $30,160 9.8 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other (8) (8) $12.85 $16.56 $34,440 8.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 658,830 16.79% $16.42 $17.82 $37,070 0.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 52,600 1.34% $24.91 $26.44 $54,990 0.7 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 17,740 0.45% $17.03 $18.11 $37,660 1.7 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 1,620 0.04% $17.60 $18.74 $38,990 4.2 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 6,330 0.16% $18.03 $19.60 $40,780 3.4 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 510 0.01% $21.68 $21.73 $45,190 4.3 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 8,000 0.20% $16.40 $17.42 $36,230 1.9 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 1,640 0.04% $19.20 $19.62 $40,810 5.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 6,390 0.16% $20.15 $20.96 $43,590 2.0 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 330 0.01% $24.78 $26.08 $54,240 8.6 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 2,220 0.06% $15.64 $16.34 $33,980 5.5 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 6,240 0.16% $15.41 $16.70 $34,730 3.0 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 240 0.01% $17.64 $18.31 $38,080 4.7 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 560 0.01% $24.08 $23.79 $49,480 3.1 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 100,350 2.56% $17.40 $18.81 $39,110 0.8 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 15,720 0.40% $15.34 $15.78 $32,810 1.4 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 238,790 6.09% $15.27 $16.37 $34,040 0.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 26,270 0.67% $17.81 $18.41 $38,290 1.0 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 1,720 0.04% $14.27 $14.90 $31,000 2.8 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 8,250 0.21% $18.87 $19.68 $40,940 1.9 %
49-3043 Rail Car Repairers 30 (7) $11.96 $13.16 $27,380 2.9 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 3,640 0.09% $16.55 $17.32 $36,030 2.3 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 1,020 0.03% $13.76 $14.67 $30,520 4.0 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 2,030 0.05% $13.19 $13.63 $28,340 3.3 %
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers 140 (7) $12.22 $11.83 $24,610 7.1 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 1,480 0.04% $15.19 $16.03 $33,350 3.1 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 7,470 0.19% $9.95 $10.74 $22,340 2.8 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers (8) (8) $17.30 $18.40 $38,270 7.1 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 600 0.02% $15.35 $16.69 $34,710 5.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 10,470 0.27% $20.45 $21.25 $44,190 1.7 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 13,730 0.35% $17.23 $17.91 $37,260 2.0 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 28,190 0.72% $18.74 $19.88 $41,350 1.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 45,090 1.15% $14.58 $15.43 $32,080 0.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 2,780 0.07% $15.48 $16.39 $34,100 3.1 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,170 0.03% $21.91 $22.38 $46,540 5.9 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons (8) (8) $21.25 $20.93 $43,530 8.1 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 70 (7) $27.78 $26.26 $54,630 8.3 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 480 0.01% $28.31 $27.32 $56,820 3.8 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 970 0.02% $15.29 $16.39 $34,090 4.6 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 5,800 0.15% $21.56 $23.12 $48,100 2.6 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 670 0.02% $15.69 $16.63 $34,580 4.5 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers 670 0.02% $17.83 $18.50 $38,480 5.5 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 2,810 0.07% $22.35 $23.97 $49,860 4.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 1,900 0.05% $12.06 $12.86 $26,750 5.1 %
49-9093 Fabric Menders, Except Garment (8) (8) $14.07 $13.90 $28,910 4.5 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 170 (7) $15.59 $16.45 $34,210 7.4 %
49-9096 Riggers 450 0.01% $17.35 $18.37 $38,200 3.1 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 24,400 0.62% $9.74 $10.41 $21,660 0.8 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 6,550 0.17% $14.63 $16.11 $33,510 3.2 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 324,420 8.27% $10.54 $12.45 $25,890 0.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 18,910 0.48% $18.99 $20.93 $43,540 1.1 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 530 0.01% $14.64 $15.12 $31,450 7.2 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 850 0.02% $12.03 $13.61 $28,300 7.0 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 280 0.01% $14.04 $14.92 $31,030 8.3 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 430 0.01% $14.55 $15.39 $32,010 4.1 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 450 0.01% $13.41 $14.98 $31,170 9.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,850 0.10% $11.74 $12.42 $25,820 1.9 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators (8) (8) $16.66 $15.96 $33,200 8.9 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 870 0.02% $12.35 $13.14 $27,340 3.4 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 (7) $19.66 $20.46 $42,560 6.1 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers (8) (8) $20.35 $22.22 $46,220 5.9 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $11.97 $12.30 $25,590 5.2 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 160 (7) $13.87 $14.19 $29,520 3.3 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 270 0.01% $11.54 $13.17 $27,400 7.6 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 120 (7) $17.41 $17.73 $36,880 4.5 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 (7) $17.43 $17.27 $35,930 4.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 8,210 0.21% $17.69 $18.39 $38,250 1.4 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 140 (7) $14.62 $15.16 $31,540 5.1 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers (8) (8) $18.94 $19.67 $40,920 3.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 20,130 0.51% $15.85 $16.64 $34,620 1.0 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 980 0.02% $14.58 $15.04 $31,290 3.6 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 1,680 0.04% $13.51 $13.86 $28,820 2.4 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 220 0.01% $13.06 $13.62 $28,320 4.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers 140 (7) $16.01 $17.59 $36,590 5.2 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 170 (7) $15.12 $17.29 $35,960 10.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 390 0.01% $15.50 $16.18 $33,660 2.9 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 113,870 2.90% $8.92 $9.41 $19,580 0.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 53,010 1.35% $9.11 $9.43 $19,610 0.6 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 4,680 0.12% $10.21 $11.06 $23,010 2.0 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 2,020 0.05% $11.26 $11.64 $24,210 2.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 600 0.02% $9.83 $10.46 $21,750 3.1 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 7,840 0.20% $10.77 $11.45 $23,810 2.0 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $9.49 $10.13 $21,070 8.2 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 12,180 0.31% $13.54 $14.36 $29,870 1.9 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 370 0.01% $10.04 $11.17 $23,240 6.2 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 470 0.01% $13.65 $14.49 $30,140 5.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 3,250 0.08% $13.06 $13.72 $28,540 2.9 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 80 (7) $10.15 $9.99 $20,780 4.6 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 120 (7) $11.39 $11.92 $24,800 6.0 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (8) (8) $14.68 $16.17 $33,640 6.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 160 (7) $17.14 $17.71 $36,830 3.9 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 570 0.01% $14.86 $15.60 $32,450 13.3 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 620 0.02% $11.51 $12.89 $26,820 7.9 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 50 (7) $18.39 $18.92 $39,360 15.0 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 210 0.01% $9.78 $11.65 $24,220 8.8 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 210 0.01% $11.98 $13.56 $28,200 6.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 11,270 0.29% $11.35 $13.51 $28,110 1.9 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 930 0.02% $12.14 $13.60 $28,280 5.9 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,640 0.04% $9.78 $10.94 $22,760 2.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 580 0.01% $13.07 $13.73 $28,570 4.8 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 24,980 0.64% $17.77 $19.39 $40,340 1.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 900 0.02% $13.69 $14.91 $31,010 6.7 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 5,810 0.15% $12.25 $13.66 $28,420 2.8 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 4,940 0.13% $10.84 $11.74 $24,420 2.6 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 120 (7) $10.27 $11.94 $24,840 9.1 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 50 (7) $15.54 $15.45 $32,140 22.8 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 11,390 0.29% $10.45 $11.24 $23,370 2.4 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 1,590 0.04% $11.27 $13.12 $27,290 3.7 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 352,200 8.98% $9.34 $10.85 $22,570 0.4 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors (8) (8) $15.02 $16.19 $33,670 12.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 13,070 0.33% $16.45 $17.72 $36,850 1.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 9,430 0.24% $18.50 $20.70 $43,050 1.6 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 50 (7) (4) (4) $46,650 6.3 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 30 (7) $9.22 $10.04 $20,890 6.9 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 380 0.01% $10.85 $11.17 $23,240 6.9 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 1,080 0.03% $10.80 $11.23 $23,350 1.9 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 15,940 0.41% $16.00 $16.22 $33,740 1.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 9,290 0.24% $14.96 $15.88 $33,030 1.7 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 18,760 0.48% $12.00 $12.92 $26,880 1.0 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 12,420 0.32% $9.87 $10.76 $22,370 1.8 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 2,120 0.05% $9.58 $11.57 $24,060 5.8 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 50 (7) $15.84 $15.93 $33,130 8.1 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (8) (8) $31.48 $29.06 $60,430 11.6 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators 50 (7) $25.87 $22.60 $47,000 18.0 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 76,220 1.94% $8.95 $9.51 $19,790 0.8 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 37,330 0.95% $9.00 $9.40 $19,550 0.9 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 1,190 0.03% $12.22 $13.99 $29,090 11.2 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 180 (7) $8.47 $9.74 $20,250 8.0 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 170 (7) $20.21 $20.34 $42,310 5.2 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 390 0.01% $15.27 $15.96 $33,200 4.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,110 0.03% $14.09 $14.65 $30,470 2.0 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 132,210 3.37% $8.57 $9.14 $19,010 0.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 16,290 0.42% $10.76 $11.59 $24,110 1.1 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 420 0.01% $9.44 $10.32 $21,470 4.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 3,280 0.08% $9.33 $9.86 $20,500 1.7 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 60 (7) $13.40 $14.51 $30,180 7.2 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 410 0.01% $16.63 $17.30 $35,990 8.8 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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