Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 221000 - Utilities


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 221000 - Utilities.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 221000 - Utilities is part of: Sector 22 - Utilities.

NAICS 221000 - Utilities consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 221000 - Utilities:


NAICS 221000 - Utilities

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 557,010 100.00% $27.70 $29.10 $60,520 0.6 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 34,790 6.25% $50.81 $54.41 $113,170 1.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,690 0.30% (5) $80.08 $166,570 4.1 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 9,910 1.78% $51.04 $55.51 $115,470 1.2 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 90 0.02% $39.74 $45.96 $95,610 4.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,440 0.26% $50.48 $54.00 $112,320 2.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 950 0.17% $49.31 $53.61 $111,510 4.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 480 0.09% $50.14 $57.79 $120,200 8.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 2,070 0.37% $43.55 $44.16 $91,850 2.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,930 0.35% $52.51 $53.30 $110,870 2.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,870 0.52% $50.17 $53.52 $111,310 2.0 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 330 0.06% $44.07 $47.10 $97,960 3.2 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 260 0.05% $49.85 $51.39 $106,890 2.0 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 320 0.06% $49.58 $53.56 $111,410 2.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,740 0.31% $48.61 $51.02 $106,110 2.0 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 430 0.08% $46.25 $48.83 $101,570 2.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 860 0.15% $44.78 $46.66 $97,060 1.7 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 640 0.11% $47.87 $49.44 $102,830 2.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 4,880 0.88% $53.26 $55.58 $115,610 1.6 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 160 0.03% $56.22 $57.98 $120,600 3.4 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 170 0.03% $29.34 $32.00 $66,550 9.0 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 3,530 0.63% $51.42 $52.10 $108,370 1.8 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 39,200 7.04% $33.75 $34.55 $71,870 0.8 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 70 0.01% $37.98 $37.83 $78,680 4.2 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 290 0.05% $29.98 $37.37 $77,730 12.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,450 0.62% $29.66 $30.56 $63,560 1.5 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 200 0.04% $30.95 $31.84 $66,220 2.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,880 0.34% $36.01 $36.29 $75,490 1.9 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 1,180 0.21% $34.68 $33.76 $70,220 1.4 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 400 0.07% $36.97 $36.94 $76,830 2.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 480 0.09% $31.19 $32.06 $66,690 2.7 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 890 0.16% $28.18 $29.58 $61,530 1.7 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 3,130 0.56% $35.77 $34.87 $72,530 1.9 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,020 0.18% $34.41 $34.78 $72,350 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 1,520 0.27% $35.38 $35.90 $74,670 1.6 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 5,690 1.02% $35.13 $36.51 $75,940 1.2 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 8,050 1.45% $35.55 $35.70 $74,270 1.7 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 7,510 1.35% $30.71 $32.01 $66,580 1.2 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 370 0.07% $33.22 $33.95 $70,620 1.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 230 0.04% $29.67 $34.88 $72,540 6.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,870 0.34% $36.39 $38.59 $80,280 2.6 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 150 0.03% $38.63 $42.96 $89,360 7.8 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 770 0.14% $36.20 $37.30 $77,590 3.1 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 17,850 3.20% $36.45 $36.50 $75,920 0.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 1,530 0.27% $34.22 $35.43 $73,690 2.1 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 2,000 0.36% $39.95 $39.94 $83,080 1.4 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,310 0.24% $43.71 $43.83 $91,170 1.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,040 0.37% $24.71 $26.34 $54,780 2.3 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 5,720 1.03% $38.33 $38.26 $79,590 1.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 520 0.09% $36.96 $37.20 $77,370 2.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,130 0.38% $33.51 $34.37 $71,500 1.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,460 0.26% $37.00 $36.97 $76,890 2.7 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 480 0.09% $36.37 $35.07 $72,950 4.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 640 0.11% $34.62 $36.26 $75,430 3.1 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 48,660 8.74% $35.92 $36.69 $76,320 0.8 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 280 0.05% $27.45 $28.47 $59,220 2.0 %
17-1022 Surveyors 320 0.06% $28.10 $28.12 $58,490 2.2 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 330 0.06% $40.19 $41.26 $85,810 2.7 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 2,210 0.40% $36.69 $37.80 $78,620 1.7 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 300 0.05% $46.22 $46.16 $96,020 3.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 12,680 2.28% $39.88 $40.69 $84,630 1.2 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 430 0.08% $40.13 $40.93 $85,130 2.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 840 0.15% $39.10 $39.66 $82,500 2.3 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 470 0.08% $39.51 $39.75 $82,690 1.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,580 0.28% $37.57 $37.97 $78,970 2.8 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 270 0.05% $32.68 $34.80 $72,390 3.4 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,350 0.24% $37.52 $38.64 $80,370 1.5 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 70 0.01% $27.69 $34.45 $71,650 7.1 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 6,980 1.25% $45.93 $46.08 $95,850 1.4 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 510 0.09% $43.41 $47.20 $98,180 4.9 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 3,150 0.57% $42.81 $41.56 $86,440 1.7 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 230 0.04% $23.98 $23.94 $49,800 2.6 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 2,240 0.40% $29.44 $29.60 $61,560 1.7 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 130 0.02% $27.41 $27.34 $56,880 2.2 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 200 0.04% $25.70 $26.62 $55,380 3.0 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 900 0.16% $29.73 $29.60 $61,560 2.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 7,370 1.32% $28.64 $28.49 $59,250 0.9 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 410 0.07% $28.09 $27.50 $57,210 3.0 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $29.91 $29.88 $62,160 2.7 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $25.74 $27.59 $57,380 3.7 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 170 0.03% $24.78 $25.88 $53,820 7.3 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 1,300 0.23% $29.14 $29.38 $61,110 1.5 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 2,720 0.49% $23.00 $23.85 $49,600 1.5 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 9,550 1.71% $34.05 $34.07 $70,880 1.0 %
19-1032 Foresters 220 0.04% $32.47 $31.83 $66,200 1.8 %
19-2012 Physicists 380 0.07% $43.88 $45.05 $93,710 4.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 720 0.13% $33.10 $34.64 $72,050 1.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 1,040 0.19% $40.11 $37.94 $78,920 2.8 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 80 0.01% $40.99 $40.14 $83,490 6.2 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 310 0.06% $40.68 $39.29 $81,730 1.9 %
19-3011 Economists 60 0.01% $46.45 $47.33 $98,440 4.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,420 0.25% $32.62 $33.83 $70,360 1.8 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 70 0.01% $30.96 $32.63 $67,870 2.7 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,050 0.19% $29.12 $28.64 $59,570 2.6 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 70 0.01% $30.36 $30.55 $63,540 3.8 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 3,260 0.59% $34.35 $33.66 $70,010 1.6 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 250 0.04% $32.85 $33.09 $68,830 3.2 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 400 0.07% $25.92 $25.52 $53,080 3.0 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,660 0.30% $50.97 $57.09 $118,760 4.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,220 0.22% $65.26 $68.03 $141,510 5.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 390 0.07% $27.02 $27.30 $56,790 3.4 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 150 0.03% $30.59 $31.14 $64,770 4.9 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 40 0.01% (4) (4) $87,100 3.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 80 0.01% $28.65 $28.69 $59,680 6.9 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,230 0.40% $30.07 $32.39 $67,380 2.8 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 40 0.01% $27.90 $28.03 $58,310 6.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 120 0.02% $22.27 $23.15 $48,160 2.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,670 0.30% $30.48 $33.23 $69,120 3.4 %
27-3041 Editors 50 0.01% $24.44 $31.17 $64,820 21.6 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 200 0.04% $36.57 $35.66 $74,160 2.6 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 30 0.01% $27.39 $28.47 $59,220 5.4 %
27-4021 Photographers 40 0.01% $21.89 $23.62 $49,140 11.6 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,600 0.29% $33.76 $33.62 $69,930 1.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 60 0.01% $31.63 $33.23 $69,120 3.8 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 1,160 0.21% $34.64 $34.45 $71,660 1.0 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 230 0.04% $26.21 $30.52 $63,480 7.8 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 130 0.02% $33.99 $32.54 $67,690 6.9 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 4,840 0.87% $22.04 $22.49 $46,790 3.0 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 270 0.05% $35.69 $34.62 $72,000 3.4 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 160 0.03% $27.33 $28.15 $58,550 3.6 %
33-9032 Security Guards 3,700 0.66% $21.13 $21.08 $43,850 4.2 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 670 0.12% $21.47 $23.43 $48,740 3.9 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,030 0.54% $15.16 $16.03 $33,340 1.6 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 80 0.01% $25.69 $24.91 $51,820 4.9 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,500 0.27% $12.61 $13.63 $28,350 1.8 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 610 0.11% $17.19 $16.78 $34,900 4.8 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (8) (8) $17.05 $17.28 $35,930 9.9 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 700 0.13% $19.30 $19.25 $40,040 2.2 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $16.91 $17.48 $36,360 5.6 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 40 0.01% $21.75 $18.55 $38,590 10.0 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 9,380 1.68% $22.84 $26.85 $55,850 3.4 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 80 0.01% $25.27 $25.69 $53,430 8.7 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 290 0.05% $36.60 $40.02 $83,240 4.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,970 0.53% $11.74 $12.79 $26,600 7.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 60 0.01% $12.05 $16.49 $34,300 9.3 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 610 0.11% $43.06 $48.57 $101,020 7.1 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 1,630 0.29% $26.81 $29.53 $61,420 4.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 660 0.12% $31.00 $38.11 $79,260 7.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,260 0.41% $29.97 $32.32 $67,220 2.9 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 340 0.06% $30.29 $30.52 $63,480 2.9 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 300 0.05% $26.41 $27.66 $57,540 3.6 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 114,650 20.58% $18.29 $19.52 $40,600 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 8,390 1.51% $28.52 $29.42 $61,200 1.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 130 0.02% $12.03 $14.51 $30,170 9.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 4,000 0.72% $18.28 $19.24 $40,010 1.6 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 4,120 0.74% $16.02 $16.54 $34,410 1.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 6,510 1.17% $17.14 $17.62 $36,650 1.2 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 840 0.15% $19.11 $19.33 $40,210 1.5 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 210 0.04% $21.77 $22.97 $47,770 3.1 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 80 0.01% $24.74 $30.51 $63,470 8.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 120 0.02% $22.41 $23.28 $48,420 7.5 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 29,350 5.27% $17.56 $18.71 $38,920 1.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 270 0.05% $15.58 $16.35 $34,000 4.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 240 0.04% $18.69 $20.11 $41,840 3.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 270 0.05% $19.78 $20.78 $43,230 1.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 380 0.07% $13.51 $13.76 $28,610 2.6 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 190 0.03% $19.63 $19.13 $39,800 2.8 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 100 0.02% $15.55 $18.23 $37,920 19.2 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 70 0.01% $14.06 $15.15 $31,520 4.0 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,820 0.69% $20.44 $21.43 $44,580 1.5 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 20,020 3.59% $17.38 $18.14 $37,720 1.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 3,450 0.62% $23.92 $25.06 $52,120 1.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 300 0.05% $18.60 $18.76 $39,020 2.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 4,430 0.80% $20.17 $19.30 $40,130 1.4 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 80 0.01% $18.36 $18.25 $37,960 4.8 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 9,030 1.62% $21.13 $21.81 $45,360 0.7 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 80 0.01% $25.81 $25.84 $53,760 1.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 6,210 1.11% $14.57 $14.95 $31,100 1.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 310 0.06% $21.23 $21.09 $43,870 2.2 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 470 0.08% $16.08 $17.96 $37,360 2.8 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 450 0.08% $28.16 $26.56 $55,240 5.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 330 0.06% $19.01 $18.53 $38,540 3.7 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 8,460 1.52% $14.92 $15.61 $32,470 1.2 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 60 0.01% $23.05 $23.45 $48,770 3.1 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 40 0.01% $21.98 $21.52 $44,750 5.2 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 1,760 0.32% $21.87 $23.94 $49,790 5.3 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 270 0.05% $11.11 $13.07 $27,190 6.6 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 140 0.03% $10.40 $11.63 $24,200 11.5 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 100 0.02% $10.20 $11.45 $23,810 6.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 31,970 5.74% $25.82 $25.58 $53,200 0.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 3,830 0.69% $32.81 $32.94 $68,510 1.0 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (8) (8) $24.67 $25.14 $52,290 6.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 330 0.06% $26.77 $25.93 $53,930 1.8 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 70 0.01% $23.72 $22.23 $46,240 5.7 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 2,900 0.52% $19.00 $19.72 $41,010 2.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 3,860 0.69% $23.23 $23.18 $48,220 1.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,510 1.53% $28.43 $27.90 $58,040 1.5 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 120 0.02% $28.48 $30.16 $62,730 8.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 210 0.04% $26.93 $27.03 $56,220 4.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 1,080 0.19% $19.12 $19.27 $40,080 2.7 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 8,340 1.50% $25.78 $25.09 $52,180 1.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 420 0.08% $15.25 $16.97 $35,300 7.6 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 170 0.03% $16.20 $17.11 $35,590 4.7 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 170 0.03% $18.62 $19.28 $40,110 8.5 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 490 0.09% $27.34 $26.67 $55,480 3.6 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 370 0.07% $22.91 $21.61 $44,950 8.0 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 120 0.02% $12.32 $12.94 $26,920 8.4 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 320 0.06% $28.60 $26.41 $54,930 4.1 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 140 0.03% $17.63 $18.05 $37,550 7.3 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 80 0.01% $22.43 $21.02 $43,720 3.9 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 180 0.03% $15.51 $17.62 $36,660 10.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 145,150 26.06% $28.06 $27.56 $57,320 0.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 15,480 2.78% $34.76 $34.15 $71,030 0.6 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 30 0.01% $28.40 $27.73 $57,680 6.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 390 0.07% $34.09 $33.74 $70,180 2.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 50 0.01% $25.50 $23.47 $48,810 4.7 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (8) (8) $20.08 $21.31 $44,320 4.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,030 0.18% $28.63 $27.69 $57,600 2.2 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 18,070 3.24% $29.71 $29.51 $61,390 0.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,610 0.47% $26.32 $25.11 $52,220 1.3 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,790 0.50% $27.15 $26.35 $54,810 1.5 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (8) (8) $22.95 $22.21 $46,190 11.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 410 0.07% $25.52 $26.04 $54,160 3.5 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 18,640 3.35% $26.78 $25.80 $53,670 1.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,000 0.18% $25.67 $24.15 $50,230 3.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,190 0.21% $23.69 $23.07 $47,970 4.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 9,220 1.66% $27.80 $26.92 $56,000 1.1 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 10,640 1.91% $22.49 $22.47 $46,730 1.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,250 0.22% $21.64 $22.11 $45,980 3.0 %
49-9044 Millwrights 90 0.02% $30.04 $30.07 $62,550 2.6 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 54,090 9.71% $28.34 $28.09 $58,440 0.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 860 0.15% $27.28 $26.38 $54,860 4.0 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 320 0.06% $28.96 $28.16 $58,580 3.4 %
49-9096 Riggers 90 0.02% $32.46 $30.80 $64,070 3.5 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 3,730 0.67% $15.91 $16.32 $33,950 1.7 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 2,680 0.48% $26.25 $25.74 $53,550 2.9 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 80,220 14.40% $27.98 $27.94 $58,110 0.6 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 11,020 1.98% $35.58 $35.05 $72,910 1.0 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 100 0.02% $14.48 $15.79 $32,840 6.1 %
51-4041 Machinists 950 0.17% $27.96 $26.59 $55,300 2.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 2,840 0.51% $25.77 $24.81 $51,600 1.7 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $24.38 $24.36 $50,670 5.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 40 0.01% $23.27 $25.52 $53,090 6.3 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 4,450 0.80% $35.31 $35.24 $73,300 1.1 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 7,300 1.31% $31.46 $31.71 $65,950 1.3 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 25,290 4.54% $28.64 $28.56 $59,410 0.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 3,090 0.55% $27.20 $27.04 $56,240 2.0 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 12,530 2.25% $18.36 $19.25 $40,050 1.3 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 5,990 1.08% $27.25 $27.32 $56,820 2.2 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 300 0.05% $27.51 $28.20 $58,660 5.3 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 1,740 0.31% $28.38 $27.73 $57,690 2.6 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,590 0.46% $23.98 $23.76 $49,410 1.8 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 30 0.01% $29.64 $28.63 $59,550 10.1 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 710 0.13% $14.55 $14.81 $30,800 3.1 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 860 0.15% $20.40 $21.42 $44,550 4.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 11,730 2.11% $21.02 $21.57 $44,860 1.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 220 0.04% $27.96 $27.52 $57,240 3.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 570 0.10% $33.55 $32.40 $67,380 1.7 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots (8) (8) (4) (4) $91,520 2.6 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 100 0.02% $16.33 $15.56 $32,360 17.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 2,570 0.46% $20.82 $20.83 $43,340 3.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 400 0.07% $17.90 $18.46 $38,400 4.8 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 160 0.03% $23.76 $25.57 $53,180 4.9 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 30 0.01% $17.07 $17.62 $36,640 3.5 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (8) (8) $15.50 $15.80 $32,860 5.6 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $26.41 $25.41 $52,860 8.1 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 310 0.06% $24.94 $24.89 $51,770 2.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 1,020 0.18% $28.75 $28.29 $58,840 1.6 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 220 0.04% $24.95 $24.86 $51,720 2.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 730 0.13% $27.43 $25.99 $54,070 2.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 30 0.01% $11.82 $13.64 $28,370 9.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,820 0.69% $14.39 $15.92 $33,110 2.3 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 310 0.06% $24.67 $23.67 $49,240 3.7 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 200 0.04% $22.93 $21.71 $45,150 11.6 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 130 0.02% $25.57 $25.13 $52,270 5.6 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 530 0.10% $28.15 $26.20 $54,500 4.9 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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