Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction is part of: Sector 23 - Construction.

NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction:


NAICS 237000 - Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 1,006,170 100.00% $18.53 $22.08 $45,930 0.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 58,590 5.82% $43.56 $50.51 $105,050 0.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,060 0.30% $75.85 $77.59 $161,390 1.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 17,650 1.75% $49.42 $57.12 $118,810 1.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 280 0.03% $48.85 $55.86 $116,190 8.2 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 620 0.06% $44.71 $51.21 $106,520 3.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 60 0.01% $40.18 $48.73 $101,360 13.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers (8) (8) $31.14 $34.88 $72,550 3.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 140 0.01% $56.49 $58.81 $122,330 3.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,790 0.28% $47.38 $52.68 $109,580 1.7 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 100 0.01% $41.82 $44.99 $93,580 5.9 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 120 0.01% $41.25 $44.03 $91,590 4.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (8) (8) $37.93 $40.06 $83,320 2.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 160 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 280 0.03% $46.53 $46.06 $95,810 5.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 24,160 2.40% $39.87 $45.04 $93,680 1.1 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 1,570 0.16% $50.29 $53.07 $110,390 4.6 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers (8) (8) $25.97 $26.98 $56,110 9.9 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 4,490 0.45% $36.54 $41.39 $86,090 4.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 970 0.10% $39.77 $44.72 $93,010 5.0 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 28,080 2.79% $29.47 $31.82 $66,180 1.2 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 40 (7) $20.07 $24.22 $50,380 14.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,070 0.21% $24.98 $26.85 $55,850 1.4 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 210 0.02% $22.23 $24.37 $50,680 4.5 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 12,070 1.20% $30.36 $31.84 $66,230 0.8 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 470 0.05% $23.40 $24.82 $51,620 2.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 330 0.03% $23.35 $24.14 $50,210 2.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 90 0.01% $26.14 $27.42 $57,040 2.8 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 430 0.04% $26.37 $28.98 $60,280 3.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 280 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 2,990 0.30% (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 7,530 0.75% $30.34 $32.48 $67,560 1.3 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate (8) (8) $22.33 $23.73 $49,350 7.2 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 240 0.02% $39.35 $38.77 $80,640 3.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 420 0.04% $34.09 $36.91 $76,770 5.8 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 60 0.01% $17.91 $18.36 $38,190 2.8 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 170 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 210 0.02% $28.52 $31.66 $65,840 6.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 1,660 0.16% $29.70 $32.59 $67,780 2.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 90 0.01% $32.50 $34.12 $70,970 3.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 150 0.01% $46.72 $46.39 $96,490 2.3 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 40 (7) $39.32 $37.81 $78,650 6.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 400 0.04% $21.75 $22.34 $46,460 2.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 250 0.02% $31.59 $35.87 $74,610 7.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 340 0.03% $31.81 $32.78 $68,190 1.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 280 0.03% $29.16 $34.12 $70,970 2.3 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 50 (7) $34.71 $33.89 $70,500 8.1 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations (8) (8) $31.74 $33.91 $70,540 3.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval (8) (8) $38.76 $40.08 $83,370 2.8 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 340 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-1022 Surveyors 2,280 0.23% $24.75 $26.81 $55,760 2.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (8) (8) $38.09 $40.64 $84,530 3.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 570 0.06% $41.77 $42.89 $89,220 3.6 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 100 0.01% $37.96 $37.98 $79,000 5.7 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 50 (7) $35.20 $34.93 $72,650 3.8 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 1,860 0.18% $31.32 $32.15 $66,860 1.1 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 240 0.02% $34.88 $36.15 $75,190 3.4 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (8) (8) $40.10 $39.26 $81,660 4.6 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 300 0.03% $35.33 $35.45 $73,730 4.2 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 1,160 0.12% $24.30 $25.32 $52,660 2.3 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 50 (7) $21.53 $22.92 $47,660 3.5 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 160 0.02% $22.23 $22.00 $45,760 3.4 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 110 0.01% $21.59 $21.21 $44,110 6.4 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 1,030 0.10% $23.17 $24.13 $50,190 2.7 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 440 0.04% $26.96 $28.71 $59,720 8.6 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 100 0.01% $25.47 $27.73 $57,680 10.0 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 80 0.01% $26.00 $26.79 $55,710 4.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 1,110 0.11% $23.92 $25.84 $53,750 2.7 %
19-1032 Foresters (8) (8) $24.16 $25.49 $53,020 8.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 40 (7) $28.08 $33.33 $69,320 11.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health (8) (8) $25.81 $29.76 $61,910 6.0 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 590 0.06% $24.83 $27.02 $56,190 3.8 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians (8) (8) $16.95 $18.69 $38,870 5.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 90 0.01% $15.76 $20.02 $41,650 8.6 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 580 0.06% $39.53 $49.28 $102,500 4.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers 380 0.04% $55.85 $62.36 $129,720 4.3 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 150 0.01% $25.32 $26.13 $54,350 3.8 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 50 (7) $18.40 $22.86 $47,540 7.9 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 670 0.07% $23.49 $26.04 $54,170 2.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 110 0.01% $21.62 $22.28 $46,330 4.0 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 150 0.01% $22.18 $23.58 $49,050 5.3 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 260 0.03% $25.22 $27.13 $56,440 3.6 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 530 0.05% $28.06 $28.67 $59,640 2.5 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 480 0.05% $28.98 $29.57 $61,490 2.6 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 50 (7) $18.66 $20.40 $42,430 5.3 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,460 0.34% $11.75 $13.58 $28,260 2.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards 1,200 0.12% $10.42 $11.62 $24,170 3.6 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 2,140 0.21% $12.52 $14.30 $29,740 2.2 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers (8) (8) $9.80 $10.31 $21,440 7.2 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 50 (7) $19.13 $20.55 $42,740 6.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 50 (7) $10.25 $11.19 $23,280 7.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 120 0.01% $11.88 $12.28 $25,550 4.1 %
35-3011 Bartenders 60 0.01% $7.58 $9.00 $18,710 8.0 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (8) (8) $9.58 $9.90 $20,600 2.1 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 110 0.01% $8.80 $8.95 $18,620 2.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (8) (8) $7.61 $8.21 $17,080 3.2 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 90 0.01% $8.77 $9.08 $18,890 3.6 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 30 (7) $8.35 $8.79 $18,290 4.6 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 10,800 1.07% $11.85 $13.03 $27,110 1.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 30 (7) $15.96 $17.37 $36,130 5.5 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 920 0.09% $20.12 $21.88 $45,500 2.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,730 0.17% $11.25 $11.81 $24,570 1.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 450 0.04% $9.40 $9.82 $20,430 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 7,400 0.74% $11.54 $12.33 $25,650 1.5 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (8) (8) $18.94 $18.84 $39,200 2.9 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 80 0.01% $14.85 $15.24 $31,700 5.4 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 630 0.06% $9.24 $10.92 $22,710 4.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 310 0.03% $8.10 $9.05 $18,820 3.4 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors (8) (8) $12.59 $14.94 $31,070 16.4 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 170 0.02% $10.15 $11.83 $24,610 4.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 12,470 1.24% $24.40 $29.50 $61,360 2.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 60 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 440 0.04% $32.62 $37.76 $78,540 7.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers 120 0.01% $8.96 $10.61 $22,060 11.4 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 160 0.02% $15.00 $15.61 $32,460 4.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons (8) (8) $14.12 $15.46 $32,150 12.6 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 2,960 0.29% $28.31 $31.89 $66,320 2.9 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 250 0.02% $30.64 $39.36 $81,860 17.5 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,140 0.21% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 80 0.01% $12.20 $11.64 $24,200 6.4 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 610 0.06% $32.76 $40.56 $84,360 11.2 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 4,390 0.44% $21.43 $29.22 $60,790 6.2 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers (8) (8) $34.22 $43.02 $89,470 11.7 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 300 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 86,330 8.58% $15.26 $16.45 $34,230 0.5 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 5,450 0.54% $24.67 $25.94 $53,960 1.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 90 0.01% $12.62 $14.98 $31,170 7.6 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 3,000 0.30% $16.29 $17.07 $35,500 1.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 15,380 1.53% $16.60 $17.12 $35,600 0.7 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,480 0.35% $17.17 $17.62 $36,660 0.8 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 140 0.01% $14.63 $14.67 $30,510 4.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,680 0.17% (8) (8) (8) (8)
43-4071 File Clerks 130 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks (8) (8) $10.70 $10.97 $22,810 3.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 180 0.02% $17.33 $17.24 $35,850 6.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 140 0.01% $15.53 $16.70 $34,730 8.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 260 0.03% $15.79 $16.93 $35,210 3.0 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 4,990 0.50% $12.70 $13.00 $27,040 1.0 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other (8) (8) $14.79 $15.00 $31,190 3.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 90 0.01% $12.06 $12.59 $26,180 5.0 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,550 0.15% $18.47 $19.55 $40,660 1.6 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 160 0.02% $18.65 $16.74 $34,820 8.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 860 0.09% $22.24 $22.47 $46,740 2.3 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (8) (8) $13.49 $13.71 $28,520 2.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 550 0.05% $13.73 $15.38 $32,000 3.7 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 190 0.02% $13.31 $13.92 $28,960 3.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 11,570 1.15% $20.03 $21.34 $44,380 1.1 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 16,710 1.66% $13.19 $13.52 $28,120 0.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 130 0.01% $19.87 $19.58 $40,740 2.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 70 0.01% $12.92 $13.62 $28,330 3.7 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 70 0.01% $11.42 $11.65 $24,240 3.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 18,280 1.82% $12.15 $12.82 $26,670 0.8 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 620 0.06% (8) (8) (8) (8)
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 50 (7) $25.78 $24.41 $50,770 6.6 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 30 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $10.64 $11.60 $24,120 6.4 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 100 0.01% $10.37 $11.28 $23,460 7.3 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other (8) (8) $14.07 $14.10 $29,320 3.4 %
45-4021 Fallers 60 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 575,690 57.22% $17.82 $20.24 $42,090 0.4 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 68,500 6.81% $28.10 $29.30 $60,940 0.4 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (8) (8) $26.20 $28.44 $59,150 8.6 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (8) (8) $18.52 $19.74 $41,060 3.5 %
47-2022 Stonemasons (8) (8) $14.31 $15.44 $32,120 11.5 %
47-2031 Carpenters 29,230 2.91% $19.42 $21.98 $45,710 1.6 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 100 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 19,370 1.93% $17.13 $19.79 $41,160 1.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 204,440 20.32% $14.29 $16.66 $34,650 0.6 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 20,900 2.08% $16.20 $18.42 $38,310 1.2 %
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators 3,100 0.31% $22.78 $24.83 $51,650 2.6 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 119,160 11.84% $20.02 $22.30 $46,390 0.6 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 90 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-2111 Electricians 7,140 0.71% $22.85 $24.22 $50,370 2.7 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 60 0.01% $20.93 $21.23 $44,150 8.1 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical (8) (8) $18.70 $19.61 $40,780 5.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 4,140 0.41% $16.84 $19.53 $40,620 4.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 28,720 2.85% $15.18 $17.03 $35,430 1.1 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 17,730 1.76% $21.27 $22.26 $46,290 1.6 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 2,770 0.28% $19.52 $21.02 $43,720 4.6 %
47-2181 Roofers 120 0.01% $14.96 $15.44 $32,100 3.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 110 0.01% $20.91 $21.82 $45,390 4.6 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 5,920 0.59% $24.22 $25.48 $52,990 2.8 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters (8) (8) $13.66 $13.40 $27,880 4.3 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 2,640 0.26% $12.69 $13.22 $27,490 3.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 640 0.06% $12.22 $12.64 $26,280 4.7 %
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 8,050 0.80% $12.46 $13.08 $27,210 1.9 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 1,990 0.20% $12.76 $13.59 $28,260 3.8 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 1,370 0.14% $24.97 $26.47 $55,070 4.8 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 480 0.05% $14.20 $15.50 $32,240 5.9 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 2,850 0.28% $15.16 $16.62 $34,560 4.7 %
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 1,530 0.15% (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 1,100 0.11% $16.48 $16.45 $34,210 3.0 %
47-4091 Segmental Pavers 170 0.02% $13.52 $13.94 $28,990 2.8 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 2,150 0.21% $15.22 $17.56 $36,530 4.1 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 270 0.03% $12.64 $16.50 $34,330 12.4 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 80 0.01% $15.36 $15.81 $32,890 3.1 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 8,620 0.86% $17.50 $19.33 $40,220 2.3 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 2,940 0.29% $12.61 $13.93 $28,970 4.0 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 3,720 0.37% $12.99 $13.55 $28,180 2.2 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 200 0.02% $16.07 $17.34 $36,080 4.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 102,260 10.16% $19.30 $20.95 $43,580 0.9 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 8,540 0.85% $27.89 $29.09 $60,510 1.1 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 550 0.05% $19.66 $21.06 $43,800 5.7 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers (8) (8) $15.81 $15.28 $31,780 5.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment (8) (8) $21.77 $21.73 $45,200 2.4 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay (8) (8) $29.40 $29.12 $60,580 3.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 1,900 0.19% $18.50 $19.57 $40,700 1.8 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 4,480 0.45% $18.68 $19.54 $40,640 1.1 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (8) (8) $13.82 $14.37 $29,900 4.8 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 12,690 1.26% $20.10 $21.35 $44,420 1.7 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 70 0.01% $16.42 $14.97 $31,140 17.0 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 2,500 0.25% $16.52 $18.70 $38,890 6.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 190 0.02% $18.54 $18.73 $38,950 3.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics (8) (8) $18.10 $18.81 $39,120 3.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 9,570 0.95% $16.39 $17.54 $36,470 1.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (8) (8) $18.96 $19.39 $40,330 6.2 %
49-9044 Millwrights 2,090 0.21% $22.49 $23.11 $48,070 2.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 31,460 3.13% $21.82 $23.27 $48,410 1.8 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 16,720 1.66% $16.63 $17.52 $36,440 1.6 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 400 0.04% $20.02 $24.18 $50,290 7.7 %
49-9096 Riggers (8) (8) $21.20 $21.83 $45,400 3.6 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 4,720 0.47% $12.21 $12.75 $26,520 1.5 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other (8) (8) $15.49 $16.73 $34,790 3.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 20,900 2.08% $18.30 $20.22 $42,060 1.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,230 0.12% $24.67 $27.63 $57,470 4.6 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 100 0.01% $14.61 $15.84 $32,940 6.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 200 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other (8) (8) $12.43 $13.11 $27,260 5.1 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 220 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-4041 Machinists 260 0.03% $16.60 $16.97 $35,300 3.7 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 12,010 1.19% $19.47 $21.33 $44,360 1.8 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 40 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 220 0.02% $34.96 $34.39 $71,530 3.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 140 0.01% $29.90 $29.57 $61,510 4.3 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (8) (8) $16.94 $16.97 $35,300 5.2 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (8) (8) $21.89 $22.98 $47,800 16.5 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 480 0.05% $23.12 $22.86 $47,550 2.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 180 0.02% $14.57 $15.44 $32,120 5.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 320 0.03% $14.24 $15.28 $31,770 3.5 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $11.59 $12.41 $25,820 4.5 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 1,520 0.15% $11.53 $12.19 $25,350 4.6 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other (8) (8) $15.26 $16.48 $34,280 7.5 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 81,040 8.05% $16.06 $17.78 $36,980 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 580 0.06% $20.81 $22.01 $45,770 3.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,190 0.22% $25.33 $26.83 $55,800 1.6 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 70 0.01% (4) (4) $73,160 4.2 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 42,600 4.23% $16.41 $17.92 $37,270 0.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 4,160 0.41% $14.94 $16.10 $33,490 1.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 70 0.01% $12.82 $11.47 $23,860 20.4 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 250 0.02% $15.54 $16.97 $35,300 4.7 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 380 0.04% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $13.75 $15.42 $32,080 7.9 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators (8) (8) $22.52 $23.58 $49,040 2.7 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators 490 0.05% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 13,530 1.34% $17.15 $18.66 $38,820 1.4 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 100 0.01% $13.37 $13.39 $27,860 2.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 2,500 0.25% $15.37 $16.39 $34,100 2.4 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 110 0.01% $11.07 $11.91 $24,760 5.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 10,330 1.03% $12.00 $12.97 $26,980 1.7 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 200 0.02% $11.86 $12.81 $26,640 5.2 %
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 100 0.01% $20.43 $21.19 $44,070 3.8 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 120 0.01% $17.11 $17.42 $36,240 4.3 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other (8) (8) $18.57 $18.33 $38,140 4.0 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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