Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 424000 - Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 424000 - Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 424000 - Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods is part of: Sector 42 - Wholesale Trade.

NAICS 424000 - Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 424000 - Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods:


NAICS 424000 - Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 2,071,460 100.00% $16.18 $21.18 $44,060 0.4 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 112,190 5.42% $46.90 $54.83 $114,050 0.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 6,440 0.31% (5) $85.00 $176,800 1.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 43,220 2.09% $47.54 $56.65 $117,840 1.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 2,330 0.11% $37.79 $44.12 $91,760 2.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 3,470 0.17% $58.21 $62.21 $129,390 3.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 21,720 1.05% $48.70 $55.41 $115,260 1.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 280 0.01% $48.63 $55.97 $116,420 6.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 3,790 0.18% $36.15 $39.90 $82,990 1.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,890 0.14% $47.62 $50.52 $105,070 1.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 7,100 0.34% $49.68 $55.90 $116,270 1.5 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 410 0.02% $45.58 $49.64 $103,250 3.9 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 210 0.01% $45.09 $46.73 $97,200 3.4 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 810 0.04% $48.58 $51.71 $107,560 3.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,590 0.08% $39.20 $44.76 $93,110 3.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 3,120 0.15% $39.79 $44.98 $93,550 2.0 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 9,060 0.44% $34.40 $37.62 $78,250 1.0 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 180 0.01% $30.41 $30.60 $63,640 5.4 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 30 (7) $56.52 $61.08 $127,060 18.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 300 0.01% $58.96 $62.75 $130,520 5.1 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 380 0.02% $49.28 $54.55 $113,460 3.8 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 740 0.04% $58.03 $62.22 $129,410 3.5 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 40 (7) $29.39 $37.78 $78,590 13.9 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 4,070 0.20% $46.63 $50.19 $104,390 5.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 68,750 3.32% $27.03 $30.26 $62,950 0.8 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 5,010 0.24% $24.32 $28.84 $59,980 3.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 19,680 0.95% $24.08 $26.99 $56,130 1.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,650 0.13% $24.18 $25.50 $53,040 1.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 950 0.05% $28.24 $31.76 $66,070 4.1 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 330 0.02% $25.94 $28.08 $58,400 3.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 400 0.02% $23.50 $25.46 $52,960 3.4 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 990 0.05% $27.42 $28.94 $60,200 1.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,520 0.07% $26.26 $28.54 $59,370 2.5 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,580 0.08% $27.23 $28.56 $59,400 1.3 %
13-1081 Logisticians 2,150 0.10% $27.65 $32.61 $67,830 7.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 2,130 0.10% $34.40 $39.20 $81,540 3.3 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 100 (7) $23.35 $23.57 $49,030 8.1 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 9,270 0.45% $28.25 $32.57 $67,750 2.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 18,340 0.89% $29.88 $32.74 $68,100 1.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 210 0.01% $31.41 $34.79 $72,370 6.0 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 2,260 0.11% $24.53 $27.35 $56,890 1.5 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 840 0.04% $35.94 $37.56 $78,120 2.0 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 240 0.01% $29.60 $32.63 $67,880 6.4 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 20,180 0.97% $29.62 $31.66 $65,850 1.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 5,230 0.25% $33.05 $34.45 $71,650 1.2 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 1,380 0.07% $40.11 $40.53 $84,300 2.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 380 0.02% $43.99 $44.74 $93,050 2.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 5,730 0.28% $21.17 $22.17 $46,110 1.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 1,940 0.09% $37.30 $38.43 $79,930 2.4 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 710 0.03% $31.40 $32.49 $67,580 1.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,550 0.12% $31.68 $33.20 $69,060 1.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,100 0.05% $29.99 $31.49 $65,490 2.5 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 1,070 0.05% $33.05 $35.95 $74,770 4.4 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 80 (7) $30.42 $33.77 $70,250 6.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 3,850 0.19% $34.95 $37.00 $76,970 2.6 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 60 (7) $33.31 $37.71 $78,430 7.9 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 770 0.04% $39.37 $41.27 $85,830 5.9 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 50 (7) $45.72 $59.52 $123,810 26.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 120 0.01% $38.60 $39.47 $82,100 5.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 150 0.01% $37.32 $36.80 $76,550 3.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 770 0.04% $35.15 $35.96 $74,790 1.9 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 210 0.01% $41.49 $38.67 $80,430 8.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 170 0.01% $34.90 $39.16 $81,440 7.9 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 190 0.01% $56.69 $58.96 $122,640 10.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 290 0.01% $39.10 $40.82 $84,910 4.4 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 50 (7) $22.67 $23.03 $47,910 8.1 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 90 (7) $23.77 $25.06 $52,120 8.4 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 40 (7) $21.49 $23.91 $49,740 9.4 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 120 0.01% $22.02 $28.88 $60,070 20.4 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 230 0.01% $20.94 $23.37 $48,600 3.6 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 40 (7) $21.98 $22.42 $46,640 3.8 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 300 0.01% $30.19 $30.08 $62,560 4.8 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 14,350 0.69% $30.90 $34.07 $70,870 1.8 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 350 0.02% $34.47 $35.09 $72,980 5.3 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 1,810 0.09% $27.34 $30.67 $63,800 2.6 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 360 0.02% $41.40 $41.83 $87,010 3.0 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 50 (7) $36.89 $39.78 $82,740 8.6 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 2,440 0.12% $43.58 $44.75 $93,090 4.3 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 260 0.01% $43.67 $43.45 $90,380 4.1 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,920 0.09% $33.25 $35.17 $73,160 3.4 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 100 (7) $40.91 $40.72 $84,700 4.0 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health (8) (8) $36.54 $36.21 $75,310 5.4 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 80 (7) $68.86 $66.92 $139,200 6.8 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 70 (7) $40.67 $45.87 $95,400 15.6 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 4,600 0.22% $30.56 $33.79 $70,280 2.6 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 770 0.04% $13.37 $14.80 $30,780 5.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 170 0.01% $19.59 $21.74 $45,230 8.5 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 970 0.05% $19.85 $20.70 $43,050 2.6 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 60 (7) $35.30 $37.02 $77,010 4.8 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 30 (7) $23.91 $25.72 $53,490 11.4 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 80 (7) $23.18 $25.67 $53,390 6.3 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 180 0.01% $31.79 $33.45 $69,570 16.6 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 40 (7) $14.88 $16.18 $33,660 8.3 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 920 0.04% $50.01 $57.92 $120,470 4.6 %
23-1011 Lawyers 650 0.03% $65.75 $70.49 $146,630 4.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 190 0.01% $28.01 $28.32 $58,910 3.4 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 70 (7) $22.69 $24.48 $50,930 8.1 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 320 0.02% $16.44 $18.95 $39,410 7.4 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 40 (7) $17.15 $17.99 $37,410 2.6 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 80 (7) (4) (4) $41,410 15.3 %
25-4021 Librarians 50 (7) $19.53 $22.23 $46,240 6.8 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators (8) (8) $24.71 $25.53 $53,100 11.7 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 29,180 1.41% $17.73 $22.90 $47,620 2.3 %
27-1011 Art Directors 330 0.02% $45.02 $53.86 $112,030 7.7 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 70 (7) $10.50 $14.73 $30,640 17.7 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 90 (7) $23.90 $25.31 $52,650 5.8 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 520 0.03% $25.43 $29.59 $61,550 5.5 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 7,340 0.35% $29.50 $34.46 $71,680 2.5 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 1,060 0.05% $9.68 $10.88 $22,640 4.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 3,970 0.19% $19.27 $21.35 $44,410 1.7 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 100 (7) $21.53 $21.71 $45,150 10.8 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 11,810 0.57% $12.58 $13.87 $28,850 1.2 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 390 0.02% $18.83 $20.56 $42,770 6.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,570 0.12% $26.90 $33.20 $69,050 6.6 %
27-3041 Editors 320 0.02% $22.08 $24.16 $50,260 3.2 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 120 0.01% $28.49 $29.45 $61,260 4.9 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 260 0.01% $23.68 $25.57 $53,190 3.7 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 50 (7) $26.87 $30.11 $62,620 12.2 %
27-4021 Photographers 40 (7) $14.57 $17.20 $35,780 5.4 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 40 (7) $15.35 $19.68 $40,930 18.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 9,370 0.45% $22.58 $29.07 $60,460 1.7 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 60 (7) $25.50 $25.41 $52,850 9.9 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 3,160 0.15% $49.18 $48.77 $101,440 1.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 1,010 0.05% $30.84 $31.17 $64,820 2.0 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 40 (7) $44.13 $40.49 $84,230 8.3 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 80 (7) $17.49 $18.49 $38,460 7.2 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 3,790 0.18% $13.55 $13.85 $28,810 1.3 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 340 0.02% $15.93 $16.92 $35,190 4.2 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other (8) (8) $17.49 $18.10 $37,650 4.3 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 250 0.01% $30.37 $30.69 $63,830 2.8 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 90 (7) $18.63 $20.34 $42,300 3.3 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 100 (7) $19.45 $21.06 $43,810 10.2 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 460 0.02% $11.86 $14.53 $30,210 7.4 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides (8) (8) $9.71 $9.80 $20,380 2.9 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 250 0.01% $18.64 $18.29 $38,050 8.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 1,270 0.06% $12.50 $14.03 $29,180 1.9 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 70 (7) $25.33 $27.13 $56,430 4.7 %
33-9032 Security Guards 1,130 0.05% $11.95 $12.90 $26,830 1.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 4,480 0.22% $8.30 $9.70 $20,170 3.1 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 60 (7) $26.69 $27.08 $56,320 6.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 170 0.01% $14.63 $17.44 $36,270 8.5 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (8) (8) $7.48 $7.56 $15,730 3.7 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 60 (7) $10.70 $11.50 $23,920 3.2 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 60 (7) $11.74 $12.28 $25,540 5.0 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 100 (7) $8.94 $9.73 $20,230 2.7 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 60 (7) $11.60 $12.25 $25,470 7.2 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 990 0.05% $8.68 $9.51 $19,780 3.6 %
35-3011 Bartenders (8) (8) $18.29 $17.29 $35,960 12.3 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 930 0.04% $7.98 $8.80 $18,310 2.5 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $7.62 $7.88 $16,380 6.0 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 250 0.01% $9.07 $11.01 $22,900 7.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 40 (7) $9.14 $10.05 $20,890 6.8 %
35-9021 Dishwashers (8) (8) $8.02 $8.10 $16,840 4.0 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $9.83 $10.77 $22,390 3.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 13,540 0.65% $11.51 $12.19 $25,360 0.7 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 130 0.01% $19.92 $20.82 $43,310 3.4 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 180 0.01% $20.54 $20.87 $43,420 7.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 10,010 0.48% $10.91 $11.49 $23,900 0.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 90 (7) $8.51 $9.40 $19,550 4.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 700 0.03% $10.70 $11.25 $23,410 5.2 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 2,380 0.11% $13.67 $14.38 $29,920 1.9 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 750 0.04% $9.14 $10.42 $21,660 4.9 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 370 0.02% $8.43 $9.08 $18,880 4.8 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 240 0.01% $9.40 $10.63 $22,120 8.3 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 50 (7) $17.77 $17.12 $35,610 10.5 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 469,670 22.67% $23.33 $27.98 $58,210 0.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 6,970 0.34% $18.58 $21.40 $44,500 1.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 33,870 1.64% $33.61 $39.64 $82,450 1.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 16,400 0.79% $8.56 $9.23 $19,200 0.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 1,640 0.08% $11.37 $12.59 $26,200 2.6 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 470 0.02% $13.90 $14.49 $30,150 4.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 26,020 1.26% $10.71 $12.69 $26,400 2.0 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 410 0.02% $19.44 $29.09 $60,500 28.7 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 180 0.01% $43.84 $49.99 $103,990 18.9 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 2,770 0.13% $22.24 $27.98 $58,190 6.8 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 71,170 3.44% $34.35 $37.71 $78,430 1.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 287,210 13.87% $23.17 $27.81 $57,840 0.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 9,590 0.46% $12.75 $14.49 $30,140 2.0 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents (8) (8) $34.05 $38.71 $80,520 9.5 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 460 0.02% $44.41 $42.63 $88,680 4.5 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 7,030 0.34% $13.31 $14.96 $31,120 2.6 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 40 (7) $13.38 $12.53 $26,070 6.3 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 5,350 0.26% $17.32 $19.69 $40,960 2.6 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 483,620 23.35% $14.07 $15.08 $31,370 0.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 25,380 1.23% $23.85 $25.39 $52,820 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 240 0.01% $10.98 $11.40 $23,710 3.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 7,660 0.37% $15.94 $16.93 $35,210 1.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 12,750 0.62% $14.42 $14.92 $31,040 0.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 49,200 2.38% $15.60 $16.27 $33,830 0.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,370 0.16% $17.24 $17.54 $36,470 0.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 4,170 0.20% $15.91 $16.24 $33,780 0.9 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks (8) (8) $18.99 $20.49 $42,620 5.2 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 720 0.03% $13.79 $13.16 $27,360 11.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,800 0.09% $17.04 $17.54 $36,470 1.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 53,210 2.57% $15.20 $15.96 $33,200 0.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 900 0.04% $10.80 $11.42 $23,750 2.8 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (8) (8) $12.70 $13.16 $27,370 4.7 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 130 0.01% $9.69 $9.91 $20,620 4.3 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 28,300 1.37% $13.40 $13.84 $28,790 0.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,050 0.05% $17.13 $17.54 $36,490 1.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 10,050 0.49% $12.54 $12.79 $26,610 0.6 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 380 0.02% $16.94 $16.68 $34,690 3.5 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 360 0.02% $19.49 $19.35 $40,250 5.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 170 0.01% $12.61 $12.77 $26,560 2.5 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 4,030 0.19% $18.07 $18.89 $39,300 0.9 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 8,900 0.43% $18.74 $19.72 $41,020 1.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 59,420 2.87% $13.31 $13.92 $28,950 0.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 99,110 4.78% $11.92 $12.60 $26,200 0.6 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 5,860 0.28% $14.01 $14.38 $29,920 1.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 19,300 0.93% $19.38 $20.50 $42,640 0.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 25,330 1.22% $13.01 $13.42 $27,920 0.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 2,790 0.13% $16.97 $17.65 $36,700 1.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 5,590 0.27% $12.10 $12.67 $26,360 1.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 50 (7) $16.46 $16.99 $35,340 6.0 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 150 0.01% $17.10 $17.39 $36,170 4.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 540 0.03% $12.74 $13.28 $27,620 2.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 50,310 2.43% $11.86 $12.54 $26,070 0.6 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 380 0.02% $12.41 $13.25 $27,550 2.8 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 60 (7) $15.63 $17.65 $36,700 5.3 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 70 (7) $22.25 $22.59 $46,990 5.2 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 1,490 0.07% $14.00 $14.41 $29,960 3.5 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 47,150 2.28% $9.57 $11.08 $23,050 1.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 2,630 0.13% $19.01 $20.64 $42,940 1.8 %
45-1012 Farm Labor Contractors (8) (8) $23.14 $23.29 $48,440 7.9 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 320 0.02% $19.85 $22.12 $46,010 6.2 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 8,950 0.43% $9.10 $10.22 $21,260 2.3 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 4,090 0.20% $12.79 $13.14 $27,330 1.8 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 20,380 0.98% $9.19 $10.09 $20,980 1.3 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 8,830 0.43% $8.93 $10.13 $21,070 3.8 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 1,750 0.08% $9.87 $10.25 $21,320 3.3 %
45-3011 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers (8) (8) $11.59 $13.78 $28,670 19.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,900 0.09% $19.45 $21.40 $44,510 5.0 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 220 0.01% $26.02 $28.56 $59,400 4.9 %
47-2031 Carpenters (8) (8) $27.49 $25.04 $52,090 11.2 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 250 0.01% $10.56 $12.08 $25,130 7.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 280 0.01% $24.98 $24.61 $51,180 8.3 %
47-2111 Electricians 170 0.01% $21.36 $22.31 $46,400 5.5 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 100 (7) $16.93 $17.64 $36,700 5.0 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors (8) (8) $12.25 $12.38 $25,750 2.7 %
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 300 0.01% $20.82 $22.77 $47,360 4.2 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 40,440 1.95% $17.75 $18.65 $38,780 0.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 3,300 0.16% $27.07 $27.74 $57,700 0.8 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 450 0.02% $17.06 $18.60 $38,690 8.8 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 150 0.01% $15.96 $17.22 $35,830 9.6 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 100 (7) $17.81 $17.69 $36,790 2.4 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 60 (7) $19.09 $19.28 $40,090 4.8 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 770 0.04% $16.09 $16.89 $35,120 2.5 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 6,280 0.30% $18.65 $18.96 $39,430 0.8 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 470 0.02% $14.15 $14.56 $30,290 3.0 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 440 0.02% $21.22 $21.17 $44,040 3.5 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 110 0.01% $12.09 $13.51 $28,100 9.6 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 230 0.01% $10.71 $10.91 $22,680 2.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 410 0.02% $15.59 $15.84 $32,940 2.6 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,300 0.06% $18.60 $19.56 $40,690 2.0 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 110 0.01% $16.12 $17.63 $36,680 5.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,090 0.10% $21.78 $23.38 $48,620 3.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 17,110 0.83% $16.82 $17.34 $36,070 0.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 950 0.05% $16.24 $17.30 $35,990 5.2 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers (8) (8) $20.47 $21.27 $44,240 4.4 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 50 (7) $26.21 $26.90 $55,960 8.7 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 3,900 0.19% $16.00 $15.77 $32,810 1.4 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 410 0.02% $11.92 $12.14 $25,250 4.2 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,560 0.08% $17.85 $18.43 $38,340 3.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 100,960 4.87% $12.54 $14.34 $29,830 0.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 8,960 0.43% $23.30 $24.65 $51,270 1.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 14,770 0.71% $11.06 $11.96 $24,880 1.4 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 1,540 0.07% $10.64 $11.49 $23,900 3.3 %
51-3011 Bakers 1,170 0.06% $10.53 $10.96 $22,810 3.2 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 4,190 0.20% $13.79 $14.59 $30,350 2.4 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 6,680 0.32% $11.07 $11.94 $24,830 2.4 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 260 0.01% $10.77 $13.55 $28,180 10.5 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 1,880 0.09% $11.90 $12.45 $25,890 3.1 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 4,170 0.20% $9.87 $10.84 $22,540 2.1 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 250 0.01% $13.17 $13.58 $28,250 5.2 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 170 0.01% $15.19 $15.89 $33,060 2.8 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $14.39 $14.34 $29,830 6.1 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 230 0.01% $13.45 $14.07 $29,260 4.0 %
51-4041 Machinists 440 0.02% $17.44 $17.76 $36,930 3.8 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 280 0.01% $10.91 $11.31 $23,530 4.8 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 160 0.01% $13.93 $13.93 $28,980 6.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 150 0.01% $14.47 $15.27 $31,760 3.4 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 (7) $16.01 $16.05 $33,380 2.5 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other (8) (8) $14.04 $13.78 $28,660 6.8 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 240 0.01% $12.72 $13.27 $27,600 6.1 %
51-5021 Job Printers 460 0.02% $15.38 $15.89 $33,050 5.4 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 310 0.01% $13.85 $14.88 $30,950 3.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 2,320 0.11% $14.01 $14.80 $30,790 3.2 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 190 0.01% $9.20 $9.42 $19,600 3.5 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 2,860 0.14% $10.07 $10.68 $22,210 3.2 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers (8) (8) $17.37 $16.24 $33,770 12.8 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 1,100 0.05% $9.47 $11.19 $23,280 6.9 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 630 0.03% $11.78 $14.01 $29,140 9.2 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 40 (7) $11.38 $12.29 $25,560 5.8 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 270 0.01% $9.79 $11.10 $23,080 4.7 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 810 0.04% $22.98 $24.54 $51,050 5.6 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 390 0.02% $9.26 $9.98 $20,760 8.1 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters (8) (8) $14.23 $13.96 $29,040 4.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 40 (7) $20.00 $20.32 $42,270 6.3 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 250 0.01% $25.05 $25.10 $52,200 6.4 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 160 0.01% $22.68 $25.36 $52,760 10.2 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 1,280 0.06% $24.43 $24.04 $50,000 3.3 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 160 0.01% $17.63 $19.06 $39,640 4.7 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 2,200 0.11% $19.62 $20.39 $42,410 3.9 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 770 0.04% $15.91 $16.98 $35,310 5.1 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 810 0.04% $12.41 $12.90 $26,840 3.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 4,990 0.24% $13.43 $14.07 $29,270 1.7 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 520 0.03% $11.85 $12.45 $25,890 7.0 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,220 0.06% $14.53 $14.97 $31,130 3.4 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 280 0.01% $13.26 $13.62 $28,340 3.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 6,370 0.31% $14.20 $15.47 $32,180 1.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 18,490 0.89% $11.30 $12.15 $25,260 1.1 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 220 0.01% $12.78 $13.82 $28,740 8.1 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 120 0.01% $12.50 $12.17 $25,310 5.3 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 160 0.01% $11.59 $11.70 $24,340 2.2 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 260 0.01% $15.46 $14.86 $30,910 6.7 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 80 (7) $14.66 $16.35 $34,000 8.5 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 500 0.02% $13.00 $14.25 $29,630 6.7 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 1,000 0.05% $9.51 $10.73 $22,320 3.4 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 5,330 0.26% $12.99 $14.19 $29,520 5.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 647,940 31.28% $13.91 $15.16 $31,520 0.3 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 110 0.01% $24.67 $25.88 $53,830 4.4 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 17,010 0.82% $21.17 $21.93 $45,610 0.5 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 18,460 0.89% $23.90 $25.07 $52,150 0.6 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 160 0.01% (4) (4) $60,860 6.0 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 30 (7) $16.30 $15.96 $33,200 6.6 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 90,680 4.38% $14.06 $15.59 $32,440 0.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 138,990 6.71% $18.18 $18.99 $39,510 0.5 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 85,640 4.13% $13.43 $14.12 $29,360 0.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 200 0.01% $14.91 $16.59 $34,500 5.9 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 740 0.04% $20.97 $19.91 $41,400 7.0 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (8) (8) $38.53 $38.76 $80,620 7.9 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 2,250 0.11% $9.79 $10.80 $22,470 2.5 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 1,700 0.08% $12.63 $14.82 $30,830 5.7 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 8,650 0.42% $12.12 $12.80 $26,630 1.6 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 110 0.01% $16.44 $17.20 $35,780 6.3 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 160 0.01% $16.34 $17.10 $35,560 5.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 51,300 2.48% $14.54 $15.02 $31,240 0.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 4,320 0.21% $10.34 $10.68 $22,210 0.9 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 179,040 8.64% $11.43 $12.12 $25,210 0.5 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,710 0.08% $15.88 $14.52 $30,210 3.5 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 44,480 2.15% $9.73 $10.77 $22,410 0.9 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 230 0.01% $17.61 $18.44 $38,360 7.4 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 650 0.03% $15.57 $17.07 $35,510 3.8 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 30 (7) $13.32 $14.66 $30,490 4.6 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 550 0.03% $16.87 $18.29 $38,030 6.1 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 600 0.03% $16.17 $16.46 $34,230 3.2 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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