Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet).

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet) is part of: Sector 51 - Information.

NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet) consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet):


NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 892,060 100.00% $22.21 $27.97 $58,170 2.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 71,160 7.98% $54.12 $59.46 $123,680 1.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,130 0.35% (5) $90.49 $188,210 1.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 17,230 1.93% $56.90 $62.81 $130,650 1.4 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 3,320 0.37% $38.83 $44.35 $92,240 2.1 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 6,280 0.70% $56.73 $60.31 $125,450 2.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 7,290 0.82% $52.43 $58.52 $121,730 1.5 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 570 0.06% $56.08 $60.43 $125,690 4.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 2,260 0.25% $39.90 $42.50 $88,390 1.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 11,990 1.34% $59.52 $62.89 $130,800 3.4 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 5,260 0.59% $56.98 $62.04 $129,040 3.1 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 660 0.07% $44.88 $48.68 $101,250 2.1 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 350 0.04% $52.10 $55.68 $115,820 2.9 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 930 0.10% $53.31 $58.40 $121,470 3.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,600 0.18% $41.71 $45.55 $94,740 2.1 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 310 0.03% $48.37 $50.91 $105,890 3.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 990 0.11% $35.14 $36.75 $76,450 2.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 730 0.08% $61.46 $64.14 $133,410 3.5 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 40 (7) $47.82 $55.82 $116,100 10.9 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 8,130 0.91% $46.32 $51.37 $106,840 2.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 41,570 4.66% $31.95 $34.32 $71,380 2.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 310 0.03% $24.96 $27.29 $56,770 2.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,490 0.17% $30.23 $31.79 $66,110 4.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 900 0.10% $27.34 $30.88 $64,220 5.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 150 0.02% $25.18 $27.63 $57,470 3.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 890 0.10% $30.17 $31.56 $65,640 6.4 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,170 0.13% $29.06 $30.61 $63,670 2.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,640 0.30% $29.77 $31.78 $66,110 4.2 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,780 0.20% $31.82 $33.80 $70,300 3.7 %
13-1081 Logisticians 780 0.09% $31.89 $33.38 $69,430 2.6 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 5,770 0.65% $40.53 $42.05 $87,470 2.6 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 670 0.08% $24.07 $26.28 $54,660 3.0 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 10,300 1.15% $30.81 $32.80 $68,210 2.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 9,980 1.12% $30.60 $32.68 $67,980 2.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 470 0.05% $35.38 $36.00 $74,870 2.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 750 0.08% $37.91 $38.09 $79,230 7.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 2,500 0.28% $36.45 $39.35 $81,840 3.6 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 960 0.11% $30.92 $36.19 $75,270 8.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 157,820 17.69% $37.93 $38.85 $80,800 3.2 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 2,810 0.32% $52.11 $55.13 $114,660 2.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 21,550 2.42% $37.87 $38.91 $80,930 4.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 41,950 4.70% $41.96 $42.67 $88,750 2.0 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 26,640 2.99% $44.96 $46.42 $96,560 2.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 22,440 2.52% $22.15 $23.74 $49,370 2.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 14,500 1.63% $37.81 $39.31 $81,770 1.6 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 4,400 0.49% $33.66 $35.10 $73,010 1.4 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 9,130 1.02% $35.75 $36.49 $75,900 3.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 5,990 0.67% $36.30 $36.90 $76,760 4.1 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 7,580 0.85% $34.88 $35.71 $74,280 3.7 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 550 0.06% $32.45 $35.29 $73,410 4.8 %
15-2041 Statisticians 240 0.03% $32.95 $32.82 $68,270 4.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 4,390 0.49% $34.38 $35.96 $74,800 3.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 70 0.01% $40.14 $41.22 $85,740 6.5 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 1,000 0.11% $48.37 $49.55 $103,060 2.8 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 390 0.04% $42.59 $45.24 $94,090 6.7 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 240 0.03% $44.75 $45.23 $94,080 4.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 560 0.06% $37.41 $38.15 $79,360 2.3 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 150 0.02% $37.89 $41.21 $85,710 5.1 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers (8) (8) $51.90 $52.40 $108,990 3.2 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 230 0.03% $39.40 $41.18 $85,650 3.8 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 40 (7) $35.60 $32.50 $67,610 6.7 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 270 0.03% $24.83 $25.35 $52,730 3.1 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 210 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 40 (7) $28.59 $29.01 $60,350 8.1 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 640 0.07% $15.97 $18.74 $38,980 10.9 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 12,790 1.43% $37.14 $39.00 $81,120 7.5 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 210 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 11,840 1.33% $37.54 $39.27 $81,670 7.9 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 160 0.02% $28.24 $27.83 $57,890 8.9 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $38.14 $38.37 $79,810 2.5 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants (8) (8) $20.34 $20.56 $42,770 4.8 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 50 0.01% $19.10 $21.44 $44,590 8.4 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 2,110 0.24% $52.06 $58.50 $121,680 3.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,380 0.15% $69.59 $73.13 $152,100 4.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 540 0.06% $31.35 $31.89 $66,330 3.1 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $25.68 $28.88 $60,080 5.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 1,630 0.18% $23.64 $25.92 $53,900 3.4 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 80 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 130 0.01% (4) (4) $50,650 7.0 %
25-4011 Archivists 110 0.01% $20.24 $22.67 $47,150 13.4 %
25-4021 Librarians 560 0.06% $24.80 $25.86 $53,780 2.0 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 290 0.03% $16.82 $16.68 $34,680 2.8 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 320 0.04% $32.09 $33.48 $69,630 3.4 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 120 0.01% $28.42 $29.89 $62,170 9.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 176,560 19.79% $21.05 $24.72 $51,430 1.3 %
27-1011 Art Directors 6,410 0.72% $32.78 $37.25 $77,490 1.9 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 850 0.10% $24.67 $26.62 $55,370 3.9 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 3,760 0.42% $26.89 $28.99 $60,290 2.7 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 660 0.07% $28.75 $30.82 $64,100 6.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 580 0.07% $23.38 $26.54 $55,210 5.6 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 29,940 3.36% $17.97 $19.83 $41,260 0.8 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 780 0.09% $31.47 $30.62 $63,690 9.7 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 1,170 0.13% $32.86 $38.74 $80,570 4.4 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 170 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-3021 Broadcast News Analysts 140 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 37,510 4.20% $16.07 $19.50 $40,560 1.8 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 4,390 0.49% $25.23 $29.32 $60,990 2.8 %
27-3041 Editors 67,480 7.56% $23.73 $27.51 $57,220 1.6 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 5,140 0.58% $30.50 $31.99 $66,540 4.3 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 9,310 1.04% $21.30 $25.11 $52,220 2.5 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 360 0.04% $19.19 $19.69 $40,960 4.3 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 1,280 0.14% $20.57 $24.78 $51,540 6.7 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 40 (7) $20.33 $20.94 $43,550 5.2 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 50 0.01% $16.58 $20.15 $41,920 5.0 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 120 0.01% $24.59 $28.43 $59,130 7.0 %
27-4021 Photographers 5,990 0.67% $17.28 $19.58 $40,730 1.7 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 50 0.01% $19.24 $18.26 $37,980 6.0 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 80 0.01% $23.19 $25.26 $52,540 6.7 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 180 0.02% $25.46 $27.01 $56,180 6.3 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 300 0.03% $36.20 $36.76 $76,470 5.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 90 0.01% $30.47 $31.80 $66,150 4.7 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 60 0.01% $35.04 $36.56 $76,030 5.7 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 850 0.10% $13.51 $15.84 $32,940 3.5 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 100 0.01% $21.88 $24.22 $50,370 3.9 %
33-9032 Security Guards 710 0.08% $12.55 $13.76 $28,610 2.9 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 170 0.02% $11.49 $13.37 $27,810 4.7 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 50 0.01% $10.42 $12.53 $26,060 13.3 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,090 0.35% $11.32 $12.23 $25,440 1.4 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 220 0.02% $19.92 $20.47 $42,570 1.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,790 0.31% $10.93 $11.59 $24,100 1.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 50 0.01% $10.90 $11.47 $23,870 6.4 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 30 (7) $12.72 $13.06 $27,170 5.5 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 140 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 118,900 13.33% $20.66 $25.96 $54,000 1.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 680 0.08% $20.41 $23.98 $49,880 6.4 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 8,780 0.98% $32.44 $37.73 $78,480 2.0 %
41-2011 Cashiers 230 0.03% $11.71 $12.56 $26,130 5.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 800 0.09% $14.09 $16.67 $34,680 6.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 54,500 6.11% $18.33 $22.27 $46,330 1.1 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 30 (7) $19.02 $19.53 $40,620 4.6 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 10,090 1.13% $25.69 $30.42 $63,270 4.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 10,750 1.21% $36.16 $39.70 $82,580 2.6 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 14,990 1.68% $26.87 $30.32 $63,070 1.5 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 140 0.02% $14.77 $19.79 $41,170 10.4 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 1,680 0.19% $48.77 $50.00 $104,000 4.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 11,460 1.28% $12.14 $13.48 $28,040 1.6 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 2,190 0.25% $9.40 $11.49 $23,890 3.1 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 2,540 0.28% $18.76 $20.60 $42,850 2.9 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 177,740 19.92% $14.98 $16.25 $33,810 0.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 10,800 1.21% $24.53 $25.65 $53,350 0.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 1,360 0.15% $11.98 $12.42 $25,830 1.3 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 300 0.03% $13.88 $14.75 $30,670 5.3 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 3,410 0.38% $15.98 $16.85 $35,050 1.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 2,580 0.29% $14.62 $15.19 $31,600 1.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 14,140 1.59% $16.16 $16.49 $34,290 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 730 0.08% $18.45 $18.76 $39,020 1.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 280 0.03% $18.46 $18.50 $38,470 2.3 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 270 0.03% $17.59 $17.11 $35,580 3.1 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 160 0.02% $16.28 $16.80 $34,940 5.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 24,730 2.77% $14.73 $15.86 $32,990 1.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 360 0.04% $11.19 $12.43 $25,850 4.3 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 150 0.02% $13.29 $14.08 $29,280 9.5 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 160 0.02% $10.41 $11.84 $24,620 6.9 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 6,910 0.77% $13.41 $14.03 $29,190 0.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,540 0.17% $18.34 $18.97 $39,460 1.3 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 5,360 0.60% $11.85 $12.22 $25,430 0.7 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 680 0.08% $14.97 $15.86 $32,990 3.4 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,690 0.19% $10.78 $11.47 $23,860 1.6 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 110 0.01% $16.76 $18.07 $37,590 3.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 4,630 0.52% $19.74 $20.43 $42,490 1.5 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 4,380 0.49% $13.41 $14.08 $29,290 1.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 2,610 0.29% $10.91 $11.77 $24,470 1.7 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 290 0.03% $16.89 $16.02 $33,310 4.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 15,040 1.69% $20.99 $22.05 $45,870 1.0 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 70 0.01% $25.11 $24.66 $51,290 2.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 9,320 1.04% $14.65 $14.96 $31,110 1.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 2,780 0.31% $17.46 $17.93 $37,290 1.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 4,440 0.50% $12.73 $13.40 $27,870 2.4 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 1,490 0.17% $12.14 $13.00 $27,040 1.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 10,440 1.17% $15.99 $17.18 $35,730 1.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 13,610 1.53% $12.14 $13.04 $27,120 2.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 21,960 2.46% $12.59 $13.72 $28,540 1.9 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (8) (8) $13.88 $14.33 $29,810 2.2 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 5,150 0.58% $13.45 $14.52 $30,200 1.5 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 530 0.06% $19.24 $19.03 $39,590 10.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 4,800 0.54% $13.19 $13.97 $29,060 2.1 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 530 0.06% $28.59 $28.98 $60,270 2.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 50 0.01% $34.77 $33.21 $69,090 4.8 %
47-2031 Carpenters 30 (7) $23.69 $24.96 $51,910 5.5 %
47-2111 Electricians 400 0.04% $29.13 $29.78 $61,950 2.5 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 6,340 0.71% $19.82 $20.72 $43,100 2.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 430 0.05% $32.91 $33.00 $68,640 2.0 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 1,460 0.16% $16.99 $18.66 $38,820 5.9 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 90 0.01% $27.97 $27.20 $56,570 3.5 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 80 0.01% $25.30 $24.27 $50,490 3.0 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 60 0.01% $24.79 $23.63 $49,140 3.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 40 (7) $27.59 $26.39 $54,900 3.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 600 0.07% $23.60 $24.19 $50,310 2.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 3,180 0.36% $18.67 $19.30 $40,140 1.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 80 0.01% $17.29 $18.22 $37,910 4.7 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 140 0.02% $15.65 $16.36 $34,030 3.8 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 50 0.01% $11.78 $12.60 $26,210 5.4 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 30 (7) $23.91 $23.85 $49,620 8.2 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 63,240 7.09% $15.85 $17.27 $35,930 1.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 6,570 0.74% $25.55 $26.89 $55,930 1.1 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 130 0.01% $15.04 $16.45 $34,220 5.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 630 0.07% $11.21 $12.23 $25,430 4.6 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 170 0.02% $12.20 $14.90 $30,980 20.2 %
51-4041 Machinists 570 0.06% $23.75 $22.42 $46,640 5.5 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 3,200 0.36% $12.76 $13.67 $28,440 1.9 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 390 0.04% $15.98 $17.61 $36,630 10.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers 6,030 0.68% $15.20 $16.12 $33,540 2.8 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 11,330 1.27% $15.82 $16.64 $34,610 1.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 18,740 2.10% $17.69 $18.50 $38,480 1.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (8) (8) $11.23 $11.10 $23,090 4.2 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (8) (8) $20.75 $23.34 $48,540 8.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 0.01% $17.54 $19.23 $39,990 7.4 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.01% $16.11 $16.13 $33,540 4.4 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 0.01% $14.04 $15.39 $32,000 3.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 520 0.06% $16.23 $18.27 $38,010 3.5 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 3,020 0.34% $11.48 $12.83 $26,680 2.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 1,100 0.12% $15.44 $16.39 $34,100 3.8 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (8) (8) $10.31 $12.65 $26,310 12.8 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 30 (7) $15.16 $16.98 $35,310 7.6 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 2,850 0.32% $15.54 $14.74 $30,650 2.8 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 5,340 0.60% $9.97 $10.80 $22,460 1.8 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 1,640 0.18% $13.89 $14.87 $30,940 3.1 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 52,600 5.90% $11.32 $13.31 $27,690 1.4 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,960 0.22% $19.89 $20.83 $43,320 1.3 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,570 0.29% $21.18 $22.79 $47,400 1.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 7,680 0.86% $11.56 $13.83 $28,760 4.2 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 650 0.07% $22.88 $23.59 $49,060 8.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 9,070 1.02% $12.53 $14.20 $29,540 2.1 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 40 (7) $11.20 $13.08 $27,220 10.9 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $8.82 $11.64 $24,210 21.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,160 0.13% $16.79 $17.16 $35,680 3.3 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 140 0.02% $10.07 $10.58 $22,010 4.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 11,290 1.27% $10.80 $11.75 $24,450 1.5 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 8,580 0.96% $10.28 $11.43 $23,780 2.1 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 9,060 1.02% $9.05 $9.95 $20,700 1.9 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 100 0.01% $13.18 $13.96 $29,030 12.0 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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