Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services is part of: Sector 54 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services:


NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 7,747,850 100.00% $25.41 $31.75 $66,040 0.2 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 551,040 7.11% $56.96 $62.40 $129,780 0.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 30,080 0.39% (5) $90.68 $188,620 0.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 155,920 2.01% $61.68 $67.29 $139,960 0.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 9,300 0.12% $49.19 $56.94 $118,440 2.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 32,230 0.42% $55.84 $60.69 $126,240 1.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 22,300 0.29% $59.84 $63.59 $132,270 0.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 8,280 0.11% $52.85 $60.23 $125,280 2.4 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 20,610 0.27% $41.58 $45.64 $94,940 1.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 72,760 0.94% $56.58 $60.32 $125,460 0.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 47,700 0.62% $53.64 $59.82 $124,420 0.8 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 4,500 0.06% $44.56 $48.26 $100,390 1.1 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 2,630 0.03% $46.96 $50.75 $105,560 1.9 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 6,240 0.08% $51.66 $55.43 $115,300 1.6 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 3,450 0.04% $49.78 $52.96 $110,150 1.7 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 3,980 0.05% $49.70 $51.45 $107,010 1.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,870 0.02% $43.22 $47.62 $99,040 3.2 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 160 (7) $26.04 $26.88 $55,920 13.8 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 12,130 0.16% $41.07 $44.40 $92,350 1.4 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program (8) (8) $24.10 $23.59 $49,070 4.6 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 80 (7) (4) (4) $121,820 21.3 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 180 (7) $46.66 $50.23 $104,480 4.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 58,960 0.76% $57.70 $61.14 $127,160 0.7 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 170 (7) $32.23 $35.20 $73,210 7.7 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 2,950 0.04% $49.27 $55.46 $115,360 3.5 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 16,240 0.21% $60.37 $65.02 $135,250 1.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,450 0.02% $30.93 $35.57 $73,990 4.6 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 410 0.01% $29.60 $33.75 $70,190 5.5 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 36,370 0.47% $50.31 $53.58 $111,450 1.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 951,970 12.29% $30.33 $35.30 $73,420 0.5 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 540 0.01% $37.83 $43.20 $89,850 9.9 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 470 0.01% $39.33 $37.18 $77,340 4.9 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,930 0.02% $22.29 $24.29 $50,520 2.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 24,300 0.31% $28.58 $30.03 $62,470 0.8 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,980 0.03% $24.56 $26.32 $54,740 3.0 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 370 (7) $25.37 $29.94 $62,280 15.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 12,500 0.16% $27.60 $29.67 $61,710 1.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 9,070 0.12% $30.44 $31.95 $66,460 1.9 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 790 0.01% $28.50 $30.54 $63,520 4.6 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 31,650 0.41% $26.81 $32.03 $66,630 2.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 14,240 0.18% $28.66 $31.12 $64,720 2.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 21,920 0.28% $28.83 $30.95 $64,380 2.0 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 13,550 0.17% $29.73 $31.24 $64,970 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 15,360 0.20% $31.90 $33.66 $70,000 1.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 210,420 2.72% $39.08 $45.24 $94,100 1.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 3,420 0.04% $23.77 $24.46 $50,880 1.7 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 101,890 1.32% $30.48 $34.60 $71,970 1.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 366,990 4.74% $29.75 $34.49 $71,730 0.6 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 1,540 0.02% $23.00 $25.68 $53,410 6.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 6,980 0.09% $33.97 $35.18 $73,160 1.6 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 1,800 0.02% $29.01 $31.94 $66,430 3.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 25,860 0.33% $34.85 $39.44 $82,040 1.7 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 6,900 0.09% $30.97 $39.54 $82,240 5.0 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 160 (7) $27.04 $28.18 $58,620 5.5 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 1,150 0.01% $23.38 $31.08 $64,650 21.1 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 1,750 0.02% $17.34 $19.75 $41,070 4.1 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 3,620 0.05% $28.85 $32.10 $66,770 3.8 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 61,840 0.80% $14.06 $16.95 $35,250 2.0 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 8,950 0.12% $29.23 $33.79 $70,290 3.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 1,111,220 14.34% $36.23 $38.12 $79,290 0.4 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 12,220 0.16% $47.65 $48.90 $101,710 1.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 170,290 2.20% $33.83 $36.12 $75,130 0.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 216,530 2.79% $41.02 $42.85 $89,130 0.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 162,240 2.09% $44.80 $45.92 $95,520 0.9 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 137,860 1.78% $21.22 $22.75 $47,330 0.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 171,400 2.21% $37.65 $40.00 $83,200 0.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 30,920 0.40% $35.54 $37.09 $77,140 2.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 87,680 1.13% $34.14 $35.62 $74,100 0.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 62,860 0.81% $35.14 $36.74 $76,410 1.0 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 33,950 0.44% $35.74 $37.16 $77,290 1.8 %
15-2011 Actuaries 3,140 0.04% $46.23 $53.36 $110,980 4.9 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 1,200 0.02% $48.08 $47.83 $99,490 2.7 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 14,380 0.19% $37.47 $39.53 $82,220 2.1 %
15-2041 Statisticians 4,720 0.06% $38.75 $40.09 $83,380 1.2 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 220 (7) $25.04 $26.31 $54,720 5.1 %
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other 1,620 0.02% $29.05 $36.28 $75,460 7.9 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 943,450 12.18% $30.51 $33.55 $69,790 0.4 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 98,050 1.27% $33.45 $36.84 $76,620 0.9 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 13,930 0.18% $28.71 $31.17 $64,830 1.9 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 5,700 0.07% $24.15 $29.25 $60,840 7.9 %
17-1022 Surveyors 44,470 0.57% $25.01 $26.58 $55,280 0.8 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 17,750 0.23% $45.82 $47.81 $99,440 2.4 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 580 0.01% $36.91 $40.38 $84,000 5.9 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 3,580 0.05% $39.11 $41.95 $87,250 3.5 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 9,390 0.12% $41.19 $44.32 $92,180 2.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 140,330 1.81% $35.91 $38.49 $80,060 0.5 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 24,350 0.31% $47.19 $48.46 $100,790 1.8 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 50,300 0.65% $40.73 $42.42 $88,240 1.0 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 26,300 0.34% $42.95 $44.64 $92,860 1.2 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 27,540 0.36% $35.77 $38.75 $80,590 1.9 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 4,000 0.05% $37.34 $38.63 $80,350 1.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 29,430 0.38% $38.37 $39.68 $82,540 1.2 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 3,670 0.05% $31.51 $35.11 $73,040 8.3 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 3,950 0.05% $40.59 $41.80 $86,950 2.2 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 69,520 0.90% $38.01 $40.01 $83,220 1.0 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 2,320 0.03% $34.89 $37.39 $77,780 5.5 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 5,700 0.07% $49.91 $52.16 $108,500 3.6 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 3,580 0.05% $51.85 $59.25 $123,240 11.2 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 44,910 0.58% $41.08 $42.11 $87,590 1.3 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 94,020 1.21% $21.34 $22.22 $46,230 0.7 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 10,920 0.14% $23.18 $24.34 $50,620 1.2 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 23,580 0.30% $23.02 $24.00 $49,920 0.9 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 8,900 0.11% $21.08 $22.60 $47,020 2.3 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 1,840 0.02% $26.83 $27.68 $57,570 3.4 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 43,290 0.56% $21.06 $21.87 $45,490 0.8 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 26,670 0.34% $25.54 $26.10 $54,280 1.2 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 1,890 0.02% $28.25 $27.67 $57,560 3.0 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 11,680 0.15% $18.75 $20.32 $42,260 1.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 6,710 0.09% $26.20 $28.13 $58,510 2.7 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 17,260 0.22% $23.39 $24.40 $50,750 1.2 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 14,620 0.19% $24.47 $24.90 $51,780 1.4 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 52,710 0.68% $15.98 $17.09 $35,550 0.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 374,760 4.84% $27.64 $31.85 $66,260 0.7 %
19-1011 Animal Scientists 370 (7) $30.86 $33.31 $69,280 5.8 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 1,940 0.03% $31.23 $33.91 $70,540 3.2 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 3,180 0.04% $29.98 $33.59 $69,870 4.7 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 11,030 0.14% $41.04 $43.28 $90,010 1.7 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 4,740 0.06% $32.61 $34.72 $72,210 2.6 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 3,590 0.05% $27.67 $30.36 $63,160 6.3 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 4,120 0.05% $32.89 $36.25 $75,400 3.4 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 880 0.01% $28.22 $28.20 $58,650 6.5 %
19-1032 Foresters 730 0.01% $30.11 $30.14 $62,690 3.2 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 520 0.01% $33.84 $36.35 $75,610 5.3 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 38,010 0.49% $37.97 $42.53 $88,460 1.5 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 2,990 0.04% $33.16 $36.56 $76,050 3.1 %
19-2011 Astronomers 320 (7) $47.19 $49.45 $102,850 4.6 %
19-2012 Physicists 7,550 0.10% $49.69 $51.71 $107,560 4.2 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 3,740 0.05% $31.39 $36.79 $76,530 8.6 %
19-2031 Chemists 24,840 0.32% $31.30 $34.25 $71,250 1.4 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 3,200 0.04% $41.11 $42.02 $87,390 1.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 35,270 0.46% $29.48 $33.23 $69,110 1.9 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 14,200 0.18% $31.88 $36.14 $75,170 2.5 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 3,740 0.05% $34.67 $36.18 $75,250 2.4 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 7,580 0.10% $46.49 $45.81 $95,290 4.4 %
19-3011 Economists 3,250 0.04% $44.08 $51.89 $107,920 4.5 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 69,210 0.89% $29.03 $32.39 $67,360 1.0 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 15,110 0.20% $16.55 $19.94 $41,470 4.0 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 1,020 0.01% $33.66 $45.36 $94,350 13.3 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 840 0.01% $37.35 $42.93 $89,280 11.4 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 330 (7) $36.99 $40.85 $84,980 6.3 %
19-3041 Sociologists 2,120 0.03% $35.13 $37.99 $79,010 3.1 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 7,610 0.10% $30.43 $32.80 $68,220 1.8 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 2,940 0.04% $23.24 $25.64 $53,330 2.6 %
19-3092 Geographers 230 (7) $27.85 $29.38 $61,110 4.5 %
19-3093 Historians 830 0.01% $31.72 $31.19 $64,870 5.3 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 490 0.01% $35.59 $39.67 $82,510 9.1 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 5,890 0.08% $36.79 $40.66 $84,570 4.4 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 3,170 0.04% $16.54 $18.45 $38,370 4.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 23,900 0.31% $19.87 $21.25 $44,210 1.2 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 19,870 0.26% $17.72 $19.02 $39,570 1.4 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 3,680 0.05% $18.25 $20.66 $42,980 4.0 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 1,660 0.02% $26.74 $28.88 $60,080 7.3 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 7,420 0.10% $18.00 $19.33 $40,220 1.6 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 15,610 0.20% $18.18 $19.36 $40,270 1.3 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 490 0.01% $24.26 $26.77 $55,690 5.1 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 720 0.01% $15.53 $16.53 $34,390 2.7 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 15,820 0.20% $18.34 $20.24 $42,100 2.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 6,540 0.08% $19.74 $21.65 $45,040 2.5 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 180 (7) $20.47 $21.67 $45,070 8.1 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 660 0.01% $20.62 $22.99 $47,820 4.6 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors (8) (8) $14.77 $18.98 $39,480 15.1 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 40 (7) $17.69 $20.90 $43,480 11.1 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 240 (7) $19.90 $21.49 $44,700 5.4 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 400 0.01% $20.61 $22.42 $46,630 3.7 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 570 0.01% $22.68 $24.28 $50,490 6.3 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 240 (7) $20.11 $21.25 $44,200 2.8 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 870 0.01% $18.46 $19.89 $41,370 7.0 %
21-1091 Health Educators 1,560 0.02% $20.45 $23.72 $49,330 6.2 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 260 (7) $16.12 $17.03 $35,420 5.0 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 1,310 0.02% $18.66 $19.82 $41,220 3.9 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 615,400 7.94% $35.36 $47.11 $97,990 0.8 %
23-1011 Lawyers 372,100 4.80% $56.16 $63.37 $131,810 0.8 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 2,300 0.03% $22.86 $28.82 $59,940 8.6 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 189,730 2.45% $21.43 $22.82 $47,470 0.5 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 15,090 0.19% $16.44 $19.07 $39,660 1.6 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 29,370 0.38% $17.72 $19.18 $39,900 1.4 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 6,790 0.09% $21.78 $24.10 $50,120 2.2 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 17,800 0.23% $23.79 $27.73 $57,680 3.2 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 40 (7) (4) (4) $65,150 6.2 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 50 (7) (4) (4) $91,700 11.1 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) (4) (4) $92,320 6.1 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 70 (7) (4) (4) $134,550 23.1 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 730 0.01% (4) (4) $122,110 16.1 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 800 0.01% (4) (4) $31,200 2.0 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 470 0.01% $28.61 $32.20 $66,970 12.4 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 1,160 0.01% (4) (4) $71,500 5.0 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 130 (7) $12.94 $13.20 $27,460 5.5 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School (8) (8) (4) (4) $43,740 9.0 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 1,280 0.02% $17.24 $20.59 $42,830 6.1 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 3,590 0.05% (4) (4) $51,290 8.1 %
25-4011 Archivists 290 (7) $22.68 $23.76 $49,420 2.7 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 70 (7) $15.54 $17.81 $37,040 5.7 %
25-4021 Librarians 3,230 0.04% $28.69 $29.55 $61,460 0.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 1,090 0.01% $18.94 $19.38 $40,310 1.3 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 670 0.01% $17.80 $20.54 $42,730 11.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 2,090 0.03% $28.11 $29.47 $61,300 2.6 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 460 0.01% (4) (4) $25,910 2.3 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 360 (7) $16.00 $19.86 $41,310 7.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 333,720 4.31% $23.13 $27.16 $56,480 0.7 %
27-1011 Art Directors 16,280 0.21% $39.68 $46.24 $96,180 2.5 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 90 (7) $14.64 $21.54 $44,790 21.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 1,030 0.01% $22.86 $23.96 $49,830 4.1 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 10,610 0.14% $26.12 $28.76 $59,810 4.0 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 1,080 0.01% $21.60 $25.01 $52,020 6.2 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 9,020 0.12% $29.02 $31.64 $65,810 3.7 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 1,330 0.02% $28.62 $37.15 $77,280 19.2 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 260 (7) $12.20 $12.58 $26,160 4.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 79,010 1.02% $22.03 $24.11 $50,160 0.8 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 32,470 0.42% $22.46 $25.37 $52,760 1.4 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 7,380 0.10% $11.78 $12.91 $26,850 2.6 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 1,220 0.02% $26.69 $26.37 $54,850 4.2 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 2,830 0.04% $21.85 $26.15 $54,390 4.0 %
27-2011 Actors 5,240 0.07% $12.02 $18.93 (4) 9.2 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 6,370 0.08% $41.96 $49.62 $103,200 4.0 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $21.05 $23.48 (4) 20.1 %
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents (8) (8) $17.53 $22.35 $46,490 18.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 57,150 0.74% $27.27 $32.57 $67,750 1.6 %
27-3041 Editors 8,560 0.11% $25.53 $28.30 $58,850 1.9 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 18,520 0.24% $30.06 $31.17 $64,840 0.9 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 11,050 0.14% $28.91 $34.59 $71,940 3.5 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 8,860 0.11% $22.51 $25.58 $53,200 4.8 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 3,570 0.05% $23.51 $25.60 $53,250 3.0 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 2,470 0.03% $20.20 $20.70 $43,060 3.2 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 660 0.01% $19.03 $21.14 $43,980 5.1 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 850 0.01% $22.67 $26.10 $54,290 7.9 %
27-4021 Photographers 42,760 0.55% $12.71 $15.92 $33,120 2.5 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 1,150 0.01% $24.09 $25.10 $52,210 5.6 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 1,110 0.01% $20.05 $25.05 $52,110 7.3 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 1,300 0.02% $19.01 $22.51 $46,830 5.9 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 158,910 2.05% $19.34 $26.25 $54,610 0.8 %
29-1021 Dentists, General (8) (8) $61.96 $64.38 $133,900 18.8 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 250 (7) $25.69 $24.44 $50,820 7.3 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 710 0.01% $46.02 $45.14 $93,880 3.0 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 80 (7) $78.73 $78.11 $162,470 9.2 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 90 (7) $65.77 $62.47 $129,940 25.5 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 1,210 0.02% $51.67 $58.60 $121,880 8.0 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 330 (7) $39.89 $39.02 $81,160 3.9 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 8,100 0.10% $29.91 $31.01 $64,500 1.8 %
29-1121 Audiologists (8) (8) $50.07 $44.56 $92,670 16.5 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 110 (7) $31.50 $30.81 $64,090 8.6 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 210 (7) $37.50 $35.83 $74,530 4.8 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 110 (7) $24.16 $25.96 $53,990 17.0 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 49,080 0.63% $38.13 $43.32 $90,100 1.3 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 170 (7) $23.86 $32.81 $68,250 16.8 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 2,950 0.04% $24.96 $25.60 $53,250 3.3 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 3,580 0.05% $18.40 $19.18 $39,890 1.9 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 190 (7) $34.80 $32.87 $68,360 3.4 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 70 (7) $29.17 $40.64 $84,530 26.8 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 110 (7) $29.37 $28.87 $60,050 3.4 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 50 (7) $34.28 $32.99 $68,620 3.0 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,240 0.02% $27.11 $26.40 $54,920 3.7 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 140 (7) $17.29 $17.39 $36,160 2.5 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (8) (8) $11.69 $12.95 $26,940 6.6 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 260 (7) $15.23 $16.20 $33,700 3.1 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 160 (7) $18.16 $18.85 $39,200 6.9 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 73,610 0.95% $13.75 $14.16 $29,460 0.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 950 0.01% $17.82 $18.56 $38,600 2.2 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 5,590 0.07% $16.15 $18.17 $37,790 2.9 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 900 0.01% $20.81 $22.24 $46,250 4.8 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 5,450 0.07% $30.20 $31.96 $66,470 3.9 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 1,390 0.02% $20.37 $21.03 $43,750 3.5 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 1,430 0.02% $24.95 $27.27 $56,720 5.8 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 71,320 0.92% $10.20 $10.97 $22,820 0.9 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 530 0.01% $9.41 $9.76 $20,300 2.9 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 750 0.01% $12.56 $12.92 $26,870 3.8 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants (8) (8) $22.18 $23.39 $48,640 28.5 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 410 0.01% $16.90 $16.64 $34,620 2.0 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,280 0.02% $13.96 $14.84 $30,880 4.5 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 630 0.01% $13.89 $14.47 $30,100 2.8 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 710 0.01% $15.04 $15.32 $31,860 4.0 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 65,710 0.85% $10.00 $10.70 $22,250 1.0 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 1,090 0.01% $12.12 $13.20 $27,460 2.9 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 11,820 0.15% $17.93 $21.58 $44,890 4.4 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers (8) (8) $30.42 $31.36 $65,220 4.7 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 790 0.01% $30.46 $35.30 $73,420 9.2 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 450 0.01% $21.01 $22.53 $46,860 10.1 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators (8) (8) $25.45 $24.48 $50,910 6.5 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 2,280 0.03% $24.50 $28.39 $59,050 5.1 %
33-9032 Security Guards 7,120 0.09% $15.23 $17.84 $37,100 5.2 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers (8) (8) $13.63 $14.06 $29,240 2.6 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 640 0.01% $20.34 $22.53 $46,850 8.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 5,900 0.08% $8.84 $10.99 $22,850 4.5 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 200 (7) $24.27 $26.56 $55,240 3.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,070 0.01% $14.89 $16.03 $33,350 4.5 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 350 (7) $10.89 $11.67 $24,270 3.3 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 100 (7) $12.51 $12.58 $26,180 5.0 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 40 (7) $10.78 $12.12 $25,210 10.1 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 290 (7) $10.13 $10.79 $22,440 3.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 1,660 0.02% $7.80 $8.90 $18,510 4.7 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $7.22 $7.62 $15,850 4.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 220 (7) $8.33 $9.58 $19,920 6.2 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant (8) (8) $13.15 $13.45 $27,970 2.9 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 70 (7) $9.25 $10.77 $22,400 11.1 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 90 (7) $8.33 $8.50 $17,680 4.8 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 250 (7) $7.72 $10.13 $21,070 7.0 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 38,550 0.50% $11.15 $12.19 $25,350 0.9 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 560 0.01% $19.46 $20.71 $43,080 2.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,460 0.02% $18.13 $19.07 $39,660 3.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 19,460 0.25% $10.71 $11.72 $24,390 1.2 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,630 0.02% $9.81 $10.80 $22,460 3.3 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other (8) (8) $21.42 $18.63 $38,750 24.8 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 15,050 0.19% $11.17 $11.79 $24,530 1.3 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (8) (8) $26.86 $22.82 $47,470 16.5 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other (8) (8) $13.59 $15.57 $32,390 9.3 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 31,690 0.41% $9.08 $10.04 $20,890 0.9 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 350 (7) $18.63 $20.18 $41,980 3.3 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 220 (7) $17.13 $17.78 $36,980 6.3 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 26,660 0.34% $8.88 $9.61 $19,980 0.8 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 90 (7) $7.11 $7.95 $16,530 4.2 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants 30 (7) $10.21 $14.53 $30,220 24.0 %
39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other (8) (8) $10.26 $10.69 $22,230 3.2 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 460 0.01% $8.98 $10.84 $22,550 6.7 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 110 (7) $7.42 $11.40 $23,720 4.2 %
39-6012 Concierges 250 (7) $13.75 $13.93 $28,960 4.7 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 50 (7) $11.41 $13.80 $28,710 16.9 %
39-6022 Travel Guides 50 (7) $14.73 $17.35 $36,080 11.5 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 490 0.01% $11.32 $11.48 $23,890 2.8 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,540 0.02% $10.56 $10.79 $22,430 3.9 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 140 (7) $21.24 $19.43 $40,420 7.5 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers (8) (8) $13.88 $14.75 $30,690 4.8 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 320 (7) $9.28 $10.99 $22,860 7.4 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 350,730 4.53% $24.62 $30.23 $62,880 0.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,500 0.03% $17.52 $23.47 $48,810 11.0 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 19,470 0.25% $39.50 $44.10 $91,730 1.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 1,840 0.02% $8.81 $9.25 $19,240 2.0 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,920 0.04% $10.33 $12.03 $25,020 5.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 90 (7) $16.83 $16.86 $35,080 10.3 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 10,700 0.14% $10.46 $12.29 $25,560 2.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 59,090 0.76% $23.40 $27.78 $57,790 1.6 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,390 0.02% $24.17 $36.42 $75,750 11.3 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 2,640 0.03% $25.68 $34.27 $71,280 6.7 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 630 0.01% $15.86 $15.96 $33,200 7.9 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 93,580 1.21% $28.06 $33.53 $69,740 1.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 42,710 0.55% $37.40 $41.32 $85,950 1.4 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 30,460 0.39% $28.11 $32.01 $66,580 1.5 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 25,990 0.34% $10.36 $12.86 $26,750 2.7 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 490 0.01% $22.68 $29.05 $60,430 12.6 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 3,270 0.04% $22.01 $27.27 $56,720 6.3 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 17,930 0.23% $45.04 $47.86 $99,560 1.8 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 24,050 0.31% $11.26 $12.82 $26,670 2.0 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 620 0.01% $8.71 $13.74 $28,570 16.2 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 10,300 0.13% $17.57 $20.96 $43,590 3.3 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 1,855,440 23.95% $15.49 $16.79 $34,930 0.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 97,370 1.26% $24.52 $26.02 $54,120 0.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 6,600 0.09% $14.13 $14.40 $29,950 0.9 %
43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 230 (7) $17.50 $18.69 $38,860 10.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 32,630 0.42% $15.64 $16.68 $34,690 1.0 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 58,430 0.75% $15.20 $16.09 $33,470 0.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 215,900 2.79% $16.34 $16.95 $35,250 0.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 30,640 0.40% $17.18 $17.53 $36,460 0.9 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 2,570 0.03% $18.49 $18.59 $38,660 1.0 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 90 (7) $19.37 $20.95 $43,570 2.8 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 510 0.01% $13.02 $13.71 $28,510 5.3 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 440 0.01% $16.99 $19.92 $41,440 11.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,140 0.01% $14.65 $15.75 $32,750 5.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 114,040 1.47% $15.37 $16.81 $34,960 1.3 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 430 0.01% $19.28 $19.69 $40,960 3.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 31,410 0.41% $12.14 $12.86 $26,750 0.6 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 57,440 0.74% $11.20 $12.30 $25,570 1.8 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 980 0.01% $15.88 $15.90 $33,070 1.8 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 8,730 0.11% $17.02 $17.30 $35,980 1.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,140 0.05% $14.46 $14.89 $30,960 1.6 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 12,030 0.16% $19.23 $19.87 $41,320 1.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 120,990 1.56% $12.23 $12.73 $26,480 0.4 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 90 (7) $16.79 $17.24 $35,860 3.2 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 5,310 0.07% $15.14 $16.54 $34,410 2.3 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 1,900 0.02% $17.81 $18.82 $39,150 3.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 14,400 0.19% $11.01 $11.68 $24,290 1.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,340 0.03% $16.98 $18.03 $37,490 2.5 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 140 (7) $16.62 $17.56 $36,520 5.5 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 20,240 0.26% $19.81 $20.69 $43,030 0.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 18,270 0.24% $13.97 $14.81 $30,810 1.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 12,980 0.17% $12.86 $13.83 $28,760 1.5 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 2,930 0.04% $12.43 $13.64 $28,380 3.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 195,760 2.53% $20.64 $21.67 $45,080 0.3 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 224,060 2.89% $19.10 $20.00 $41,600 0.4 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 7,000 0.09% $13.75 $14.19 $29,520 1.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 188,230 2.43% $14.04 $14.50 $30,160 0.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 14,610 0.19% $17.24 $18.24 $37,950 1.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 38,000 0.49% $12.66 $13.13 $27,310 0.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 11,680 0.15% $17.01 $18.36 $38,190 1.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 2,170 0.03% $18.46 $19.79 $41,160 2.0 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 3,100 0.04% $14.87 $15.61 $32,460 2.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 26,860 0.35% $11.59 $12.32 $25,630 1.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 242,510 3.13% $11.99 $12.79 $26,600 0.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 5,910 0.08% $12.38 $13.21 $27,470 1.3 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 2,580 0.03% $17.35 $17.94 $37,310 2.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 2,460 0.03% $18.77 $19.19 $39,910 2.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 13,120 0.17% $15.23 $16.28 $33,860 1.9 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 5,140 0.07% $10.03 $12.22 $25,410 5.6 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 250 (7) $21.21 $22.27 $46,330 4.3 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 630 0.01% $16.97 $20.44 $42,520 10.5 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 70 (7) $12.14 $14.00 $29,120 10.5 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 170 (7) $9.63 $9.96 $20,720 5.8 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 190 (7) $13.50 $14.01 $29,140 5.6 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 2,710 0.03% $8.16 $9.67 $20,120 5.4 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 630 0.01% $11.04 $10.93 $22,730 3.5 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 370 (7) $9.18 $10.86 $22,580 10.8 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 90 (7) $15.65 $16.01 $33,310 4.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 64,550 0.83% $21.61 $23.23 $48,330 1.1 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 4,770 0.06% $31.40 $33.20 $69,060 2.0 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 210 (7) $25.40 $25.66 $53,370 2.8 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (8) (8) $21.40 $20.56 $42,760 9.9 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,060 0.04% $19.50 $21.14 $43,960 3.2 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 30 (7) $25.75 $25.92 $53,910 4.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 140 (7) $16.89 $20.11 $41,820 10.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 5,970 0.08% $14.32 $16.36 $34,040 3.8 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (8) (8) $14.63 $15.19 $31,600 8.2 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,570 0.02% $18.92 $21.00 $43,670 5.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 3,980 0.05% $25.35 $26.76 $55,650 3.1 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall (8) (8) $17.16 $16.88 $35,100 6.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 1,030 0.01% $19.56 $19.82 $41,220 3.9 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 1,150 0.01% $14.82 $14.92 $31,030 3.3 %
47-2151 Pipelayers (8) (8) $15.11 $17.02 $35,400 17.5 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,670 0.02% $21.04 $22.47 $46,730 3.3 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 360 (7) $19.95 $20.93 $43,530 2.5 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 680 0.01% $18.69 $19.15 $39,830 5.1 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 90 (7) $9.77 $12.20 $25,380 10.5 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 200 (7) $16.87 $16.29 $33,880 4.6 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (8) (8) $11.65 $11.94 $24,840 4.8 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 1,110 0.01% $10.22 $11.28 $23,460 5.6 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 31,040 0.40% $23.85 $24.97 $51,950 1.1 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers (8) (8) $38.49 $37.65 $78,320 3.1 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 2,310 0.03% $15.93 $17.60 $36,610 6.9 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 70 (7) $19.79 $20.94 $43,560 18.8 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 1,240 0.02% $14.99 $16.76 $34,850 5.7 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 250 (7) $21.84 $31.47 $65,450 23.2 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 1,680 0.02% $17.22 $19.03 $39,590 4.0 %
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 40 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas (8) (8) $17.27 $16.62 $34,560 8.8 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 430 0.01% $13.23 $13.67 $28,430 3.4 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 120 (7) $22.03 $21.42 $44,550 5.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 76,040 0.98% $21.26 $22.23 $46,230 1.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,560 0.06% $30.15 $31.14 $64,780 1.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 12,480 0.16% $20.29 $20.78 $43,230 1.6 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics (8) (8) $25.49 $25.03 $52,070 2.6 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 5,280 0.07% $26.13 $25.89 $53,850 2.3 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 890 0.01% $24.37 $24.09 $50,100 3.3 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers (8) (8) $24.82 $23.40 $48,680 7.7 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 60 (7) $21.84 $21.86 $45,470 3.6 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 2,400 0.03% $24.86 $24.28 $50,510 2.7 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 220 (7) $16.96 $17.43 $36,240 3.3 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 150 (7) $21.89 $23.00 $47,830 10.4 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 2,120 0.03% $22.81 $23.51 $48,900 4.3 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 40 (7) $15.49 $17.81 $37,050 9.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 1,140 0.01% $20.68 $20.74 $43,140 4.3 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (8) (8) $23.42 $22.70 $47,220 3.7 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 750 0.01% $19.19 $20.19 $42,000 4.5 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics (8) (8) $9.10 $10.50 $21,840 14.5 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 790 0.01% $20.80 $20.69 $43,030 7.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,050 0.01% $24.09 $24.17 $50,270 2.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,200 0.03% $22.64 $23.27 $48,390 1.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 27,490 0.35% $19.58 $21.26 $44,210 4.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 880 0.01% $19.92 $20.73 $43,110 3.2 %
49-9044 Millwrights 420 0.01% $19.61 $21.56 $44,850 3.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 4,520 0.06% $24.08 $24.14 $50,210 5.8 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 60 (7) $11.45 $15.16 $31,520 9.9 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 190 (7) $19.48 $20.92 $43,520 9.1 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 620 0.01% $21.39 $22.02 $45,800 2.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 410 0.01% $18.81 $19.18 $39,890 3.2 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 80 (7) $21.11 $24.55 $51,060 8.4 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 40 (7) $23.34 $22.85 $47,530 5.6 %
49-9096 Riggers 160 (7) $23.83 $23.35 $48,570 6.1 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,330 0.02% $12.69 $13.03 $27,090 3.6 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 3,450 0.04% $16.18 $17.24 $35,860 2.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 114,560 1.48% $15.09 $17.21 $35,810 0.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 9,100 0.12% $26.87 $28.43 $59,130 1.3 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 330 (7) $18.92 $18.55 $38,580 8.7 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 30 (7) $13.10 $14.15 $29,430 12.2 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 4,570 0.06% $14.75 $15.72 $32,700 2.0 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 1,270 0.02% $15.24 $16.02 $33,320 2.4 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 440 0.01% $15.77 $16.51 $34,350 5.5 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters (8) (8) $19.85 $20.33 $42,290 3.1 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,540 0.05% $12.73 $14.21 $29,550 3.7 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators (8) (8) $17.30 $18.17 $37,780 6.1 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 5,530 0.07% $13.11 $15.07 $31,340 3.5 %
51-3011 Bakers (8) (8) $10.74 $11.66 $24,250 11.6 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 380 (7) $17.35 $19.28 $40,110 9.3 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 70 (7) $21.50 $21.93 $45,600 3.7 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 410 0.01% $12.59 $13.87 $28,850 5.0 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $16.78 $16.88 $35,100 5.1 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 (7) $11.27 $12.87 $26,770 8.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 100 (7) $23.53 $23.05 $47,950 7.5 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 (7) $16.85 $17.72 $36,850 8.5 %
51-4041 Machinists 5,130 0.07% $19.35 $20.18 $41,980 2.9 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 680 0.01% $19.53 $22.73 $47,280 10.7 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 340 (7) $14.53 $15.82 $32,910 8.4 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 260 (7) $15.23 $15.68 $32,620 3.6 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 490 0.01% $23.41 $23.12 $48,090 4.5 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 2,190 0.03% $17.86 $19.18 $39,890 2.9 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 (7) $15.96 $18.39 $38,260 9.0 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 170 (7) $14.21 $16.26 $33,820 7.7 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 1,940 0.03% $11.93 $12.85 $26,720 4.1 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (8) (8) $10.51 $10.44 $21,710 5.7 %
51-5021 Job Printers 3,020 0.04% $15.04 $16.49 $34,300 2.7 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 2,280 0.03% $16.50 $17.42 $36,240 2.7 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 10,910 0.14% $12.76 $14.47 $30,110 3.4 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 50 (7) $10.57 $11.06 $23,000 7.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 50 (7) $7.87 $9.70 $20,180 13.3 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 1,690 0.02% $10.75 $11.48 $23,880 2.7 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 90 (7) $10.70 $11.18 $23,250 9.0 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 660 0.01% $12.07 $12.94 $26,920 4.9 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 140 (7) $12.05 $12.27 $25,520 7.8 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $15.47 $14.20 $29,530 7.8 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 120 (7) $28.34 $27.54 $57,280 10.6 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 230 (7) $14.75 $16.30 $33,900 8.8 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 230 (7) $8.76 $9.60 $19,960 5.4 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 240 (7) $16.91 $16.54 $34,410 6.4 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 60 (7) $16.52 $16.38 $34,080 6.9 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 170 (7) $17.88 $19.57 $40,710 10.6 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 60 (7) $22.61 $22.14 $46,060 5.5 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 220 (7) $26.31 $26.09 $54,260 3.4 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 530 0.01% $25.49 $25.87 $53,800 4.0 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 1,100 0.01% $20.46 $21.02 $43,720 4.4 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (8) (8) $25.16 $24.54 $51,040 3.7 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 170 (7) $26.08 $23.77 $49,450 11.4 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 290 (7) $19.02 $22.41 $46,610 9.8 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 580 0.01% $22.20 $21.97 $45,700 5.3 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 410 0.01% $12.08 $14.57 $30,310 4.1 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand (8) (8) $16.12 $14.79 $30,760 9.7 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 260 (7) $17.65 $17.36 $36,110 3.0 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand (8) (8) $14.81 $14.81 $30,800 6.9 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 150 (7) $14.74 $15.14 $31,490 3.5 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 300 (7) $14.48 $15.29 $31,800 4.4 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 30,370 0.39% $15.92 $17.45 $36,300 1.3 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 670 0.01% $11.79 $13.47 $28,020 7.1 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 40 (7) $17.30 $18.06 $37,560 7.1 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 910 0.01% $12.69 $13.21 $27,470 3.5 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 280 (7) $17.31 $17.11 $35,580 4.8 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 180 (7) $23.43 $23.40 $48,670 3.3 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 1,090 0.01% $13.34 $14.36 $29,870 5.4 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 5,780 0.07% $12.16 $13.95 $29,030 2.9 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 1,770 0.02% $11.06 $12.22 $25,420 4.0 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 290 (7) $16.35 $16.86 $35,060 7.3 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 110 (7) $11.58 $12.37 $25,720 5.8 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 680 0.01% $13.62 $14.35 $29,840 2.5 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $18.16 $19.31 $40,160 27.5 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 (7) $14.90 $15.70 $32,660 2.9 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 3,060 0.04% $10.65 $11.11 $23,110 1.6 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 5,850 0.08% $12.44 $14.90 $30,980 3.4 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 57,310 0.74% $12.80 $14.73 $30,640 1.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,720 0.02% $20.93 $22.54 $46,880 1.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 870 0.01% $23.41 $24.73 $51,430 2.7 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers (8) (8) (4) (4) $95,860 5.3 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 670 0.01% (4) (4) $75,490 4.5 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers (8) (8) $30.20 $39.28 $81,700 13.7 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 80 (7) $22.97 $23.90 $49,720 4.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 530 0.01% $12.50 $15.58 $32,410 15.8 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 4,110 0.05% $17.86 $18.53 $38,540 3.0 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 8,380 0.11% $13.05 $13.91 $28,930 2.1 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 600 0.01% $16.39 $16.37 $34,060 4.4 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 760 0.01% $22.31 $20.93 $43,530 8.9 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers (8) (8) $20.52 $20.08 $41,770 5.5 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 100 (7) $30.28 $34.61 $71,990 26.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 70 (7) $8.16 $8.71 $18,120 6.9 %
53-6041 Traffic Technicians 500 0.01% $15.40 $18.24 $37,930 6.8 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors (8) (8) $24.59 $28.99 $60,290 6.9 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 330 (7) $20.78 $19.74 $41,060 5.9 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 140 (7) $19.30 $22.49 $46,770 5.5 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 130 (7) $22.17 $23.63 $49,150 7.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 330 (7) $14.70 $15.11 $31,430 4.6 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 100 (7) $26.87 $25.20 $52,420 4.7 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 2,630 0.03% $13.26 $14.04 $29,200 1.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 550 0.01% $11.34 $12.73 $26,470 6.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 28,850 0.37% $11.74 $12.61 $26,230 1.2 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 290 (7) $9.94 $10.80 $22,450 3.3 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 3,850 0.05% $9.50 $10.78 $22,420 3.5 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 50 (7) $31.11 $30.12 $62,650 9.0 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 440 0.01% $11.63 $13.53 $28,150 15.3 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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