Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 624000 - Social Assistance


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 624000 - Social Assistance.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 624000 - Social Assistance is part of: Sector 62 - Health Care and Social Assistance.

NAICS 624000 - Social Assistance consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 624000 - Social Assistance:


NAICS 624000 - Social Assistance

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 2,362,380 100.00% $11.27 $13.61 $28,310 0.3 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 130,390 5.52% $24.64 $28.81 $59,920 0.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 4,860 0.21% $45.85 $53.88 $112,070 1.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 25,600 1.08% $31.55 $35.54 $73,930 0.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 170 0.01% $25.48 $30.84 $64,150 10.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 350 0.01% $30.58 $34.79 $72,370 5.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 240 0.01% $32.41 $39.00 $81,130 8.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 2,370 0.10% $26.80 $30.43 $63,290 1.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 3,960 0.17% $22.51 $25.08 $52,160 1.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 340 0.01% $37.86 $40.22 $83,650 2.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,180 0.18% $34.66 $38.50 $80,070 1.3 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 510 0.02% $31.78 $34.34 $71,420 2.4 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 350 0.01% $30.38 $33.79 $70,270 4.4 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 700 0.03% $32.67 $34.36 $71,460 3.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 130 0.01% $26.80 $28.40 $59,070 3.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 40 (7) $32.08 $34.09 $70,910 6.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 110 (7) $25.81 $29.62 $61,610 3.5 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 140 0.01% $27.68 $30.44 $63,320 6.3 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 35,190 1.49% $18.10 $20.14 $41,900 0.7 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 500 0.02% (4) (4) $59,810 9.8 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 760 0.03% $28.23 $30.23 $62,880 3.4 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 40 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-9051 Food Service Managers 790 0.03% $20.18 $21.31 $44,320 5.4 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 5,570 0.24% $29.75 $33.55 $69,780 2.0 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 620 0.03% $20.80 $23.62 $49,120 7.7 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 40,520 1.72% $24.71 $27.42 $57,040 0.6 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 2,340 0.10% $25.99 $29.43 $61,210 3.5 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 48,850 2.07% $19.99 $21.93 $45,610 0.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 470 0.02% $20.96 $22.10 $45,970 2.2 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 40 (7) $24.61 $29.45 $61,250 8.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,230 0.05% $19.52 $21.13 $43,960 2.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 180 0.01% $21.61 $22.30 $46,380 4.3 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 740 0.03% $20.25 $21.60 $44,930 5.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 9,030 0.38% $17.25 $18.52 $38,510 1.5 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,600 0.07% $22.69 $23.51 $48,910 1.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 8,390 0.36% $18.05 $19.90 $41,390 1.5 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 2,020 0.09% $21.78 $22.60 $47,010 2.1 %
13-1081 Logisticians 100 (7) $22.44 $23.55 $48,990 7.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,330 0.06% $22.53 $26.53 $55,180 4.4 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 330 0.01% $21.60 $22.70 $47,210 4.4 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 10,240 0.43% $19.77 $22.39 $46,580 1.8 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 11,160 0.47% $23.69 $25.05 $52,110 0.6 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 230 0.01% $24.15 $25.67 $53,400 3.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 130 0.01% $28.09 $30.36 $63,160 6.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors (8) (8) $16.34 $17.98 $37,400 5.1 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 610 0.03% $16.06 $17.18 $35,740 4.2 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 70 (7) $20.42 $23.84 $49,580 9.3 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 660 0.03% $21.09 $22.32 $46,420 3.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 5,770 0.24% $21.96 $23.83 $49,560 1.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 260 0.01% $25.44 $27.55 $57,310 3.4 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 140 0.01% $31.11 $31.68 $65,890 3.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 30 (7) $34.02 $35.60 $74,050 14.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,130 0.09% $18.26 $19.27 $40,080 1.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 350 0.01% $28.95 $28.72 $59,730 3.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 500 0.02% $22.78 $24.93 $51,860 2.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,500 0.06% $25.14 $26.24 $54,580 1.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 450 0.02% $26.85 $28.23 $58,710 2.6 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 300 0.01% $20.45 $21.88 $45,500 4.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 80 (7) $21.65 $23.84 $49,590 4.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 140 0.01% $27.30 $33.39 $69,450 12.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 70 (7) $35.14 $40.86 $84,990 24.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 9,470 0.40% $26.01 $30.28 $62,970 2.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 80 (7) $17.24 $21.54 $44,800 20.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 680 0.03% $22.07 $24.04 $50,000 2.7 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 8,030 0.34% $26.59 $30.82 $64,100 2.9 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 200 0.01% $47.76 $54.13 $112,580 13.8 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners (8) (8) $29.22 $32.92 $68,480 11.8 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 230 0.01% $17.02 $23.11 $48,070 12.5 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 110 (7) $15.35 $16.85 $35,050 11.1 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 419,410 17.75% $14.97 $16.14 $33,580 0.4 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 14,160 0.60% $16.85 $17.69 $36,800 1.4 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 23,930 1.01% $16.76 $18.37 $38,210 1.6 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 10,010 0.42% $18.86 $20.43 $42,490 2.2 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 21,070 0.89% $17.21 $18.58 $38,650 1.6 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 49,150 2.08% $13.86 $15.34 $31,910 1.1 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 6,490 0.27% $15.33 $16.16 $33,620 1.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 76,340 3.23% $16.33 $17.37 $36,120 0.6 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 18,190 0.77% $18.25 $19.13 $39,800 1.2 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 26,750 1.13% $16.99 $18.07 $37,580 1.2 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 15,850 0.67% $17.05 $18.76 $39,010 1.5 %
21-1091 Health Educators 9,730 0.41% $16.63 $18.17 $37,800 2.3 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 1,520 0.06% $14.33 $14.84 $30,860 4.0 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 119,450 5.06% $12.23 $12.86 $26,740 0.5 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 25,710 1.09% $15.42 $16.27 $33,830 1.0 %
21-2011 Clergy 560 0.02% $17.91 $19.62 $40,810 4.2 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 220 0.01% $15.93 $17.83 $37,080 5.1 %
21-2099 Religious Workers, All Other 270 0.01% $11.08 $12.36 $25,720 6.4 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,660 0.07% $22.43 $25.19 $52,400 3.0 %
23-1011 Lawyers 740 0.03% $28.26 $33.28 $69,230 3.5 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 120 0.01% $14.65 $16.80 $34,950 9.3 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 510 0.02% $19.33 $19.95 $41,490 3.0 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (8) (8) $18.55 $18.79 $39,070 6.1 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 260 0.01% $15.77 $16.92 $35,180 7.6 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 491,860 20.82% $10.64 $11.94 $24,840 0.5 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 90 (7) (4) (4) $56,840 14.3 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 910 0.04% $19.11 $21.33 $44,360 6.1 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 296,310 12.54% $10.76 $11.60 $24,120 0.6 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 8,380 0.35% (4) (4) $31,530 4.0 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 1,510 0.06% (4) (4) $41,580 5.5 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 260 0.01% (4) (4) $39,380 4.5 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 330 0.01% (4) (4) $36,610 3.5 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 140 0.01% (4) (4) $39,010 5.8 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 9,420 0.40% (4) (4) $40,180 2.4 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 40 (7) (4) (4) $40,240 7.1 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 430 0.02% (4) (4) $40,760 10.2 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors 5,580 0.24% $18.12 $18.83 $39,170 1.6 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 14,980 0.63% $15.32 $18.17 $37,800 2.9 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 13,470 0.57% (4) (4) $33,430 2.5 %
25-4021 Librarians (8) (8) $14.84 $16.82 $34,980 8.2 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors (8) (8) $22.48 $21.78 $45,300 13.3 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 7,440 0.31% $17.77 $19.87 $41,340 1.7 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 130,540 5.53% (4) (4) $20,380 0.4 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 1,680 0.07% $15.18 $15.77 $32,800 4.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 11,620 0.49% $18.64 $20.23 $42,070 1.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 150 0.01% $20.38 $20.97 $43,630 3.4 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 450 0.02% (4) (4) $35,290 9.3 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 50 (7) (4) (4) $25,300 11.8 %
27-2032 Choreographers 40 (7) $28.14 $35.22 $73,250 26.8 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers (8) (8) $17.02 $17.46 $36,320 10.0 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers (8) (8) $8.41 $8.99 (4) 7.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 7,520 0.32% $20.03 $21.53 $44,780 1.0 %
27-3041 Editors 90 (7) $18.50 $20.50 $42,630 8.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 190 0.01% $15.91 $20.97 $43,620 8.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 580 0.02% $21.86 $22.27 $46,320 2.2 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 2,020 0.09% $14.69 $16.08 $33,440 2.6 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 50 (7) $23.18 $23.75 $49,410 10.5 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians (8) (8) $15.98 $18.37 $38,210 5.7 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 45,140 1.91% $24.22 $26.69 $55,520 1.5 %
29-1021 Dentists, General 100 (7) $59.91 $58.92 $122,560 6.3 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 1,800 0.08% $20.88 $22.01 $45,770 2.2 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 70 (7) $48.07 $60.24 $125,300 17.9 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 70 (7) $67.71 $73.47 $152,820 8.0 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 760 0.03% $75.26 $76.32 $158,740 4.3 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 50 (7) $69.27 $69.89 $145,360 9.8 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 60 (7) $38.09 $37.83 $78,680 2.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 17,890 0.76% $26.91 $28.10 $58,450 1.0 %
29-1121 Audiologists 80 (7) $24.07 $26.29 $54,670 8.2 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 5,630 0.24% $26.26 $26.53 $55,190 5.7 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 1,990 0.08% $35.34 $36.14 $75,170 2.6 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 1,400 0.06% $14.90 $16.51 $34,330 4.3 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 3,240 0.14% $30.36 $32.49 $67,590 3.3 %
29-1129 Therapists, All Other 1,260 0.05% $21.64 $25.51 $53,070 7.2 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other (8) (8) $18.44 $37.61 $78,220 20.2 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 60 (7) $25.85 $25.98 $54,030 4.1 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 70 (7) $18.15 $18.89 $39,300 5.2 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 90 (7) $28.10 $27.94 $58,120 3.2 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 60 (7) $14.45 $14.74 $30,650 4.4 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 510 0.02% $13.46 $13.72 $28,530 2.6 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 50 (7) $12.46 $14.84 $30,860 8.5 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 830 0.04% $11.19 $11.79 $24,520 3.5 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 6,960 0.29% $17.74 $18.28 $38,010 1.4 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 540 0.02% $13.51 $14.37 $29,890 2.4 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 110 (7) $19.96 $24.37 $50,700 9.1 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists (8) (8) $9.27 $15.11 $31,430 17.6 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 480 0.02% $15.23 $18.99 $39,510 9.4 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 162,530 6.88% $9.63 $10.11 $21,030 0.7 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 137,870 5.84% $9.51 $9.89 $20,580 0.7 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 18,020 0.76% $10.11 $10.30 $21,420 1.6 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides 1,840 0.08% $10.83 $11.25 $23,390 3.6 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 740 0.03% $18.85 $19.13 $39,800 6.5 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 520 0.02% $11.02 $12.12 $25,210 4.2 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 390 0.02% $25.37 $23.38 $48,630 3.5 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 340 0.01% $13.51 $13.48 $28,030 4.1 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 70 (7) $15.60 $18.89 $39,280 8.2 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 170 0.01% $14.28 $14.65 $30,470 2.5 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 350 0.01% $13.73 $13.98 $29,080 4.4 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 270 0.01% $14.30 $15.01 $31,230 2.6 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other (8) (8) $11.80 $13.50 $28,080 3.5 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 7,280 0.31% $11.19 $12.07 $25,110 1.3 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 180 0.01% $16.85 $18.55 $38,570 2.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators (8) (8) $17.72 $18.37 $38,210 5.9 %
33-9032 Security Guards 4,170 0.18% $11.43 $12.22 $25,410 1.6 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 1,290 0.05% $8.68 $9.27 $19,280 1.6 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 1,530 0.06% $12.20 $13.03 $27,090 2.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 53,610 2.27% $9.16 $9.80 $20,390 0.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 170 0.01% $12.64 $15.19 $31,590 6.8 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 3,280 0.14% $13.40 $14.16 $29,450 1.4 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 130 0.01% $8.17 $8.72 $18,130 8.0 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 27,950 1.18% $9.27 $9.73 $20,240 0.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 50 (7) $8.59 $9.42 $19,600 9.1 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 260 0.01% $9.19 $9.62 $20,010 3.4 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 950 0.04% $10.05 $10.29 $21,400 2.5 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 9,900 0.42% $8.84 $9.20 $19,140 0.8 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 6,600 0.28% $8.64 $9.02 $18,770 0.9 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,590 0.07% $8.55 $9.03 $18,790 2.2 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 100 (7) $7.55 $9.13 $19,000 12.8 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 620 0.03% $8.33 $8.73 $18,160 1.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 350 0.01% $8.71 $9.15 $19,040 2.9 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 730 0.03% $8.00 $8.34 $17,350 2.1 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 910 0.04% $9.09 $10.69 $22,240 9.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 52,590 2.23% $9.58 $10.46 $21,760 0.7 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 2,610 0.11% $15.56 $16.32 $33,950 1.1 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 320 0.01% $15.06 $16.15 $33,590 5.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 36,600 1.55% $9.49 $10.12 $21,050 0.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 6,620 0.28% $8.87 $9.29 $19,330 1.3 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 120 0.01% $8.59 $9.26 $19,260 14.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 6,080 0.26% $9.69 $11.09 $23,060 3.8 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 240 0.01% $8.02 $8.01 $16,660 3.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 600,920 25.44% $9.29 $9.79 $20,370 0.3 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 20,300 0.86% $15.09 $15.91 $33,100 0.7 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 70 (7) $16.69 $14.91 $31,020 13.6 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 80 (7) $10.98 $11.65 $24,220 6.8 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 160 0.01% $9.48 $10.06 $20,930 6.5 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 560 0.02% $8.67 $9.07 $18,860 3.1 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 120 0.01% $7.93 $8.72 $18,130 3.6 %
39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other 350 0.01% $8.81 $9.28 $19,300 5.1 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 180 0.01% $7.86 $8.09 $16,830 3.0 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 261,110 11.05% $8.49 $8.95 $18,610 0.5 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 273,630 11.58% $9.74 $9.89 $20,580 0.4 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,580 0.07% $12.77 $16.22 $33,730 4.3 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 26,710 1.13% $10.55 $11.29 $23,490 0.8 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 11,550 0.49% $10.45 $11.31 $23,520 1.2 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 4,400 0.19% $9.55 $10.23 $21,270 2.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 17,250 0.73% $9.73 $12.78 $26,580 1.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,870 0.08% $14.38 $15.43 $32,100 1.8 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 210 0.01% $22.10 $26.11 $54,310 9.0 %
41-2011 Cashiers 5,220 0.22% $8.65 $9.26 $19,250 1.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (8) (8) $12.82 $17.29 $35,960 10.5 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 5,680 0.24% $8.51 $9.67 $20,110 2.4 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 1,360 0.06% $19.05 $20.42 $42,480 2.1 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 180 0.01% $21.96 $23.71 $49,330 10.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 450 0.02% $9.12 $9.96 $20,710 4.3 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 2,010 0.09% $18.72 $20.46 $42,550 3.5 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 205,990 8.72% $13.14 $13.86 $28,830 0.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 13,880 0.59% $19.74 $21.04 $43,760 0.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 2,210 0.09% $11.39 $11.61 $24,150 1.0 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 30 (7) $7.77 $9.75 $20,270 14.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 410 0.02% $14.69 $15.56 $32,360 3.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 6,000 0.25% $14.19 $14.48 $30,130 0.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 22,780 0.96% $14.73 $15.24 $31,700 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,230 0.14% $14.96 $15.48 $32,210 0.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 180 0.01% $15.19 $15.47 $32,170 2.9 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 70 (7) $16.87 $16.45 $34,220 19.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 2,910 0.12% $13.62 $13.71 $28,520 1.6 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 2,300 0.10% $15.96 $16.30 $33,900 3.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks 1,040 0.04% $11.23 $11.63 $24,200 1.9 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 2,530 0.11% $14.29 $14.35 $29,840 1.7 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical (8) (8) $7.69 $10.37 $21,580 9.2 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 80 (7) $15.36 $15.17 $31,550 8.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 390 0.02% $11.55 $11.94 $24,830 9.6 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 3,750 0.16% $15.13 $15.60 $32,460 0.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 21,010 0.89% $11.04 $11.28 $23,460 0.5 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 1,350 0.06% $13.18 $13.78 $28,670 4.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 330 0.01% $8.75 $10.07 $20,950 10.0 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 490 0.02% $13.51 $14.09 $29,310 2.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 940 0.04% $14.96 $15.65 $32,550 3.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,920 0.08% $9.47 $11.23 $23,360 4.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 6,080 0.26% $9.82 $10.75 $22,360 1.4 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 150 0.01% $14.15 $13.68 $28,450 7.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 26,160 1.11% $15.82 $16.55 $34,420 0.6 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 30 (7) $21.36 $20.74 $43,130 9.9 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 890 0.04% $12.62 $13.10 $27,240 2.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 30,160 1.28% $12.97 $13.30 $27,660 0.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 210 0.01% $15.28 $16.41 $34,130 7.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 2,430 0.10% $11.36 $11.74 $24,420 1.8 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 680 0.03% $9.92 $12.13 $25,230 9.3 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 1,000 0.04% $9.50 $10.52 $21,880 4.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 46,670 1.98% $11.11 $11.51 $23,950 0.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 250 0.01% $11.42 $11.41 $23,730 6.4 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 30 (7) $12.67 $14.41 $29,970 6.5 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 3,070 0.13% $12.99 $13.58 $28,240 2.2 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 630 0.03% $8.55 $9.83 $20,440 3.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 190 0.01% $7.87 $10.00 $20,800 4.8 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 80 (7) $9.40 $10.08 $20,960 13.4 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 190 0.01% $8.84 $9.13 $18,990 5.3 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 150 0.01% $8.08 $9.06 $18,850 9.4 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,930 0.08% $15.19 $16.34 $33,990 2.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 420 0.02% $18.99 $21.50 $44,720 4.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 350 0.01% $16.47 $17.02 $35,410 3.0 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 460 0.02% $11.02 $12.43 $25,860 7.3 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 300 0.01% $12.88 $14.53 $30,220 5.2 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 40 (7) $9.30 $10.08 $20,960 2.4 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other (8) (8) $9.78 $10.81 $22,480 6.8 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 190 0.01% $17.96 $18.38 $38,220 2.7 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 70 (7) $14.23 $14.34 $29,840 3.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 12,200 0.52% $13.92 $14.80 $30,790 0.9 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 700 0.03% $21.62 $22.50 $46,800 1.4 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 50 (7) $12.88 $14.03 $29,180 5.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 150 0.01% $18.15 $18.47 $38,420 3.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 70 (7) $17.97 $18.02 $37,480 3.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 200 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 90 (7) $15.89 $18.98 $39,480 7.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 10,490 0.44% $13.37 $13.95 $29,020 0.8 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 140 0.01% $10.89 $11.71 $24,350 4.8 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 90 (7) $14.24 $16.26 $33,810 9.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 25,740 1.09% $8.47 $10.42 $21,660 1.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,880 0.08% $15.09 $17.19 $35,750 2.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 6,990 0.30% $8.17 $9.38 $19,510 2.2 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 6,100 0.26% $8.00 $9.95 $20,690 4.1 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $11.59 $13.67 $28,440 2.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (8) (8) $13.06 $12.34 $25,670 6.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 870 0.04% $8.68 $8.86 $18,430 1.5 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 1,760 0.07% $7.52 $8.27 $17,190 4.3 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (8) (8) $10.78 $11.41 $23,740 8.0 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 160 0.01% $10.11 $14.58 $30,330 17.2 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood (8) (8) $17.62 $16.77 $34,880 5.3 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing (8) (8) $9.39 $10.83 $22,530 8.1 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 30 (7) $10.53 $10.47 $21,770 4.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (8) (8) $19.38 $20.17 $41,950 4.3 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 300 0.01% $7.39 $8.79 $18,280 11.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 660 0.03% $9.79 $11.41 $23,740 4.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 540 0.02% $10.73 $11.60 $24,130 5.9 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 1,240 0.05% $8.07 $9.26 $19,250 4.5 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 4,070 0.17% $8.14 $10.46 $21,750 6.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 57,410 2.43% $9.53 $10.50 $21,830 0.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 780 0.03% $15.44 $16.63 $34,580 3.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,110 0.05% $16.49 $17.84 $37,110 1.5 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 190 0.01% $13.07 $12.45 $25,890 6.3 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 610 0.03% $9.74 $10.46 $21,750 3.8 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 18,110 0.77% $9.90 $10.46 $21,770 1.0 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 220 0.01% $8.87 $9.60 $19,960 3.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 520 0.02% $14.09 $14.77 $30,720 2.0 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 7,030 0.30% $9.98 $10.83 $22,540 1.3 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 10,960 0.46% $9.76 $10.07 $20,940 1.0 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 1,140 0.05% $9.99 $10.35 $21,530 2.2 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 40 (7) $8.96 $9.02 $18,750 3.2 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other (8) (8) $9.04 $10.58 $22,020 6.7 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 410 0.02% $11.49 $12.32 $25,620 3.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 100 (7) $8.91 $9.58 $19,930 5.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 10,990 0.47% $8.63 $9.82 $20,430 1.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 80 (7) $12.70 $12.35 $25,680 10.4 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 4,490 0.19% $8.20 $9.33 $19,410 3.2 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 340 0.01% $7.40 $7.78 $16,170 3.4 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 90 (7) $13.78 $14.50 $30,160 11.1 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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