Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files(XLS).

NAICS Industry 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments is part of: NAICS 454000 - Nonstore Retailers.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:


NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 141,630 100.00% $15.57 $17.95 $37,340 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 6,010 4.24% $37.51 $45.71 $95,070 1.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 340 0.24% $63.80 $69.94 $145,460 5.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 4,040 2.85% $37.40 $45.40 $94,420 2.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 60 0.04% $37.47 $40.37 $83,970 9.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 620 0.44% $34.52 $42.50 $88,400 4.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 240 0.17% $28.35 $33.44 $69,550 6.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 70 0.05% $39.02 $41.09 $85,460 6.8 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 220 0.16% $39.80 $47.74 $99,290 9.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 50 0.04% $39.96 $39.82 $82,830 6.7 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 210 0.15% $36.07 $40.54 $84,330 5.6 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 70 0.05% $39.51 $48.28 $100,410 15.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,750 1.24% $24.38 $27.16 $56,500 3.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 310 0.22% $20.69 $23.10 $48,050 4.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 60 0.04% $20.88 $25.02 $52,050 13.9 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 30 0.02% $25.66 $27.97 $58,180 6.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 90 0.06% $17.02 $18.19 $37,830 6.8 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 60 0.04% $27.46 $27.74 $57,700 3.7 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 430 0.30% $21.35 $26.89 $55,920 8.7 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 660 0.47% $27.95 $30.98 $64,430 3.7 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 700 0.49% $28.70 $30.93 $64,330 4.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 100 0.07% $29.79 $32.00 $66,560 5.3 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 110 0.08% (8) (8) (8) (8)
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 140 0.10% $18.95 $20.61 $42,860 5.7 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 230 0.16% $29.36 $32.26 $67,090 6.5 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts (8) (8) $33.87 $31.79 $66,130 8.5 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 160 0.11% $30.88 $31.60 $65,730 5.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 110 0.08% $29.83 $30.42 $63,260 6.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 510 0.36% $16.93 $18.92 $39,350 8.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 190 0.13% $20.56 $21.46 $44,630 2.9 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (8) (8) $9.45 $10.78 $22,420 8.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 40 0.03% $25.62 $28.65 $59,600 11.5 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 30 0.02% $23.26 $26.24 $54,590 15.4 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 80 0.06% $9.38 $10.27 $21,360 3.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards 80 0.06% $9.38 $10.27 $21,360 3.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 670 0.47% $8.15 $9.23 $19,210 4.5 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 40 0.03% $10.94 $15.60 $32,450 20.5 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 260 0.18% $8.48 $9.48 $19,720 5.2 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 200 0.14% $7.94 $8.49 $17,670 6.0 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 570 0.40% $9.33 $10.64 $22,120 4.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 500 0.35% $9.06 $10.22 $21,260 3.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 40 0.03% $11.01 $10.80 $22,460 4.3 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations (8) (8) $14.06 $12.97 $26,980 7.9 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 21,830 15.41% $13.29 $17.18 $35,720 2.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,260 0.89% $18.79 $22.37 $46,520 3.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 680 0.48% $25.71 $29.04 $60,410 3.9 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,490 1.76% $8.27 $8.69 $18,080 1.7 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 230 0.16% $13.13 $13.64 $28,370 5.5 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 7,370 5.20% $12.15 $15.72 $32,700 5.4 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 1,020 0.72% $19.98 $24.86 $51,710 8.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 170 0.12% $35.76 $47.36 $98,510 16.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 3,050 2.15% $21.55 $24.89 $51,780 6.1 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 470 0.33% $11.71 $15.87 $33,000 20.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 2,290 1.62% $10.28 $12.25 $25,490 5.6 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 2,320 1.64% $11.14 $14.36 $29,860 8.1 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 420 0.30% $14.38 $16.83 $35,000 10.7 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 33,560 23.70% $13.49 $14.41 $29,960 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,000 1.41% $19.83 $21.62 $44,970 1.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 760 0.54% $15.94 $16.77 $34,890 3.0 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 1,010 0.71% $14.34 $14.50 $30,160 1.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 4,020 2.84% $14.59 $15.19 $31,590 1.7 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 240 0.17% $17.07 $17.03 $35,430 3.2 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 210 0.15% $17.16 $17.42 $36,240 4.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 7,190 5.08% $13.27 $13.80 $28,710 1.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 50 0.04% $9.19 $10.07 $20,950 7.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 800 0.56% $12.64 $13.04 $27,120 2.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 90 0.06% $17.39 $17.58 $36,560 4.1 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 850 0.60% $10.52 $11.20 $23,300 3.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 40 0.03% $9.01 $8.97 $18,660 4.0 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,180 0.83% $17.23 $18.38 $38,240 2.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 130 0.09% $18.54 $19.87 $41,330 3.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 900 0.64% $12.74 $13.58 $28,250 3.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,250 0.88% $10.56 $11.63 $24,190 4.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,180 0.83% $17.97 $18.90 $39,310 3.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 4,390 3.10% $12.57 $12.94 $26,920 2.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 80 0.06% $17.94 $18.73 $38,950 4.9 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 250 0.18% $13.02 $13.33 $27,740 2.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 6,730 4.75% $11.88 $12.54 $26,080 1.3 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 80 0.06% $14.54 $14.17 $29,470 8.0 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (8) (8) $9.98 $10.74 $22,330 3.3 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $9.59 $9.96 $20,720 3.4 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,410 1.00% $16.35 $18.15 $37,750 4.1 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 70 0.05% $27.20 $26.15 $54,400 6.7 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,140 0.80% $16.73 $18.51 $38,510 3.9 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (8) (8) $10.60 $10.70 $22,260 3.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 20,810 14.69% $18.64 $19.72 $41,010 0.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,410 1.00% $27.40 $28.33 $58,920 2.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 350 0.25% $16.36 $16.91 $35,180 3.2 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,000 0.71% $19.68 $19.96 $41,520 2.2 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 860 0.61% $15.36 $15.82 $32,910 2.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 11,690 8.25% $20.03 $20.84 $43,360 1.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 800 0.56% $15.15 $15.93 $33,140 3.3 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 50 0.04% $14.22 $14.40 $29,950 4.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,690 1.19% $15.57 $16.20 $33,690 2.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 50 0.04% $14.52 $14.79 $30,770 6.1 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 130 0.09% $15.15 $15.96 $33,190 10.8 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 680 0.48% $12.16 $13.06 $27,160 3.0 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,980 1.40% $15.97 $16.53 $34,390 2.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,490 1.05% $12.37 $13.97 $29,050 3.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 90 0.06% $20.36 $21.35 $44,410 5.8 %
51-3011 Bakers 40 0.03% $10.28 $10.49 $21,810 5.1 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 130 0.09% $9.46 $10.06 $20,930 6.6 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 100 0.07% $20.08 $19.27 $40,070 6.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 80 0.06% $15.68 $18.07 $37,590 7.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 470 0.33% $10.75 $12.26 $25,490 6.6 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 40 0.03% $11.87 $11.58 $24,090 8.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 51,780 36.56% $15.57 $16.33 $33,970 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 440 0.31% $21.83 $22.58 $46,970 2.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,800 1.98% $24.05 $25.61 $53,270 1.9 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 15,860 11.20% $15.00 $15.32 $31,860 1.4 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 18,880 13.33% $17.13 $17.78 $36,980 0.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 7,530 5.32% $14.44 $14.92 $31,030 1.7 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 800 0.56% $10.01 $10.20 $21,220 2.8 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other (8) (8) $18.13 $17.15 $35,670 8.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 330 0.23% $14.03 $14.36 $29,860 2.7 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 30 0.02% $10.60 $11.07 $23,020 8.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,410 2.41% $11.01 $11.49 $23,900 1.9 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 1,170 0.83% $10.42 $11.06 $23,000 4.7 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 110 0.08% $14.50 $14.59 $30,340 4.5 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 140 0.10% $11.60 $12.16 $25,300 4.8 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other (8) (8) $12.81 $11.86 $24,680 14.6 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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