Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors is part of: NAICS 238200 - Building Equipment Contractors.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors:


NAICS 238220 - Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 996,220 100.00% $19.01 $21.98 $45,710 0.4 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 34,630 3.48% $42.36 $49.89 $103,770 1.1 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 2,330 0.23% $68.56 $73.10 $152,060 2.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 17,550 1.76% $44.03 $51.52 $107,160 1.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 50 0.01% $39.62 $38.91 $80,940 4.3 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 190 0.02% $42.31 $51.63 $107,390 7.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers (8) (8) $35.28 $36.13 $75,150 5.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 1,240 0.12% $39.11 $43.16 $89,770 2.6 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 30 (7) $31.09 $32.84 $68,310 6.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 60 0.01% $40.56 $37.67 $78,360 3.8 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 12,170 1.22% $38.87 $44.72 $93,020 1.5 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 150 0.02% $49.77 $51.12 $106,330 3.1 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 450 0.05% $38.00 $39.03 $81,190 6.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 24,370 2.45% $28.22 $30.09 $62,590 0.9 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 30 (7) $28.20 $27.07 $56,300 5.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 60 0.01% $25.06 $25.39 $52,800 7.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,450 0.25% $22.96 $24.54 $51,050 1.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 50 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-1051 Cost Estimators 16,320 1.64% $29.08 $30.74 $63,930 1.0 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 80 0.01% $24.71 $24.94 $51,880 2.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 40 (7) $28.13 $27.51 $57,220 5.2 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 230 0.02% $28.72 $31.08 $64,640 5.7 %
13-1081 Logisticians 90 0.01% $33.15 $32.03 $66,630 4.6 %
13-1111 Management Analysts (8) (8) $23.54 $25.16 $52,340 10.3 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 820 0.08% $22.81 $25.57 $53,180 7.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 4,090 0.41% $29.29 $32.12 $66,800 2.0 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 40 (7) $28.11 $27.91 $58,060 4.1 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 540 0.05% (8) (8) (8) (8)
15-1021 Computer Programmers 50 0.01% $30.54 $30.78 $64,020 6.6 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications (8) (8) $28.83 $30.99 $64,450 7.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 110 0.01% $21.56 $22.56 $46,920 4.6 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 100 0.01% $30.02 $30.73 $63,920 2.5 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 30 (7) $35.63 $36.33 $75,580 4.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 7,220 0.72% $26.72 $28.85 $60,010 1.6 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 380 0.04% $31.63 $34.89 $72,570 3.8 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 220 0.02% $39.08 $43.86 $91,230 7.4 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 70 0.01% $37.62 $40.15 $83,520 5.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 190 0.02% $29.30 $30.16 $62,740 3.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 70 0.01% $27.54 $28.76 $59,820 8.5 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 1,350 0.14% $33.21 $36.71 $76,350 4.0 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 220 0.02% $31.95 $31.54 $65,590 4.4 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 750 0.08% $21.35 $22.78 $47,390 3.2 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 1,860 0.19% $24.43 $26.78 $55,710 3.0 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 1,330 0.13% $23.85 $24.94 $51,880 2.6 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 340 0.03% $23.23 $24.59 $51,140 4.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 150 0.02% $24.09 $24.24 $50,420 6.6 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $21.51 $21.32 $44,340 4.7 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 90 0.01% $23.52 $22.77 $47,360 5.7 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 70 0.01% $19.88 $22.06 $45,880 6.8 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 40 (7) $22.05 $22.30 $46,390 9.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 40 (7) $29.54 $31.35 $65,210 9.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 260 0.03% $24.16 $24.60 $51,170 2.8 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 150 0.02% $25.24 $25.14 $52,290 4.3 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 70 0.01% $25.71 $25.56 $53,170 4.9 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations (8) (8) $20.99 $26.93 $56,020 1.9 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 140 0.01% $28.25 $28.53 $59,340 2.9 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 40 (7) $26.61 $25.63 $53,310 3.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 8,160 0.82% $12.59 $13.75 $28,610 2.2 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 450 0.05% $19.81 $21.95 $45,660 5.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,970 0.20% $10.77 $11.50 $23,920 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 5,650 0.57% $12.80 $13.75 $28,610 2.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 18,550 1.86% $25.75 $28.71 $59,720 1.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 130 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 190 0.02% $35.79 $37.11 $77,190 5.0 %
41-2011 Cashiers 80 0.01% $9.47 $11.22 $23,340 15.0 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 130 0.01% $11.56 $13.09 $27,240 8.2 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 320 0.03% $14.25 $15.44 $32,110 6.1 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 1,140 0.11% $12.46 $14.94 $31,080 6.5 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 6,000 0.60% $27.92 $32.42 $67,420 3.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 470 0.05% $29.36 $32.21 $67,010 6.6 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 9,300 0.93% $27.21 $29.42 $61,200 1.6 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 170 0.02% $37.72 $41.73 $86,790 9.7 %
41-9041 Telemarketers (8) (8) $11.02 $11.06 $23,000 3.4 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 160 0.02% $10.11 $13.64 $28,370 16.3 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 119,160 11.96% $14.39 $15.34 $31,900 0.5 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 6,720 0.67% $23.00 $24.32 $50,580 1.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 40 (7) $12.70 $14.96 $31,110 11.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 200 0.02% $16.10 $15.79 $32,840 8.3 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 750 0.08% $13.90 $14.54 $30,240 3.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 23,590 2.37% $16.12 $16.74 $34,820 0.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,640 0.27% $17.30 $17.51 $36,430 1.1 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 170 0.02% $14.99 $15.43 $32,090 3.1 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,840 0.18% $14.96 $15.91 $33,080 3.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 120 0.01% $11.17 $11.75 $24,440 6.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 210 0.02% $11.87 $12.82 $26,670 8.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 480 0.05% $17.13 $17.67 $36,760 3.1 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 6,450 0.65% $12.46 $12.72 $26,460 1.1 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 30 (7) $15.12 $14.80 $30,780 11.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 60 0.01% $9.15 $11.06 $23,000 13.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 7,660 0.77% $15.13 $16.45 $34,220 1.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 450 0.05% $19.10 $19.86 $41,320 4.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 350 0.04% $14.85 $14.81 $30,800 3.3 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 3,580 0.36% $13.69 $14.21 $29,560 1.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 8,650 0.87% $18.89 $19.87 $41,330 1.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 26,570 2.67% $13.03 $13.25 $27,550 1.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (8) (8) $16.77 $15.80 $32,870 10.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 27,830 2.79% $12.17 $12.74 $26,500 1.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 130 0.01% $11.78 $16.90 $35,150 10.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 542,970 54.50% $20.04 $22.42 $46,620 0.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 35,720 3.59% $29.82 $31.62 $65,760 0.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 3,470 0.35% $26.00 $26.34 $54,780 2.9 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 310 0.03% $17.47 $19.86 $41,300 8.5 %
47-2022 Stonemasons (8) (8) $16.27 $18.65 $38,790 4.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,010 0.30% $20.06 $21.00 $43,680 3.8 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers (8) (8) $11.13 $14.51 $30,190 24.2 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (8) (8) $28.97 $26.13 $54,350 18.8 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 330 0.03% $22.21 $23.34 $48,550 8.5 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 18,320 1.84% $12.99 $14.71 $30,610 2.2 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 3,170 0.32% $22.85 $25.03 $52,070 2.9 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 70 0.01% $24.01 $22.19 $46,160 11.2 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,660 0.87% $20.21 $21.99 $45,740 2.3 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 330 0.03% $18.15 $18.38 $38,230 6.2 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 5,190 0.52% $17.97 $19.81 $41,200 3.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance (8) (8) $14.83 $16.70 $34,730 6.0 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 5,010 0.50% $18.75 $20.20 $42,010 3.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 308,310 30.95% $21.85 $23.87 $49,640 0.6 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons (8) (8) $23.34 $24.46 $50,880 3.6 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers (8) (8) $21.70 $23.03 $47,910 9.3 %
47-2181 Roofers 580 0.06% $17.89 $19.11 $39,750 3.6 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 79,500 7.98% $20.14 $22.48 $46,760 1.1 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 1,560 0.16% $22.79 $23.37 $48,620 4.6 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 150 0.02% $10.92 $10.93 $22,720 3.6 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 1,440 0.14% $11.52 $11.81 $24,560 2.3 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 61,820 6.21% $12.74 $13.02 $27,080 0.6 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 190 0.02% $11.85 $12.16 $25,290 2.2 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 1,860 0.19% $12.87 $13.71 $28,510 4.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 420 0.04% $20.95 $22.24 $46,260 3.6 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 1,720 0.17% (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 290 0.03% $16.94 $18.57 $38,630 4.9 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas (8) (8) $17.68 $18.42 $38,310 6.6 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 216,400 21.72% $18.11 $19.66 $40,890 0.6 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 14,420 1.45% $27.59 $29.11 $60,550 1.1 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers (8) (8) $22.37 $21.64 $45,010 13.2 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers (8) (8) $18.59 $18.79 $39,070 6.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 610 0.06% $27.95 $27.00 $56,160 5.0 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 2,520 0.25% $18.94 $20.24 $42,090 3.8 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (8) (8) $16.50 $16.81 $34,950 4.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 520 0.05% $19.06 $19.78 $41,140 2.5 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 100 0.01% $18.33 $18.68 $38,860 3.3 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers (8) (8) $16.98 $17.93 $37,280 3.5 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 620 0.06% $15.54 $16.46 $34,240 6.6 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 170,070 17.07% $18.23 $19.62 $40,800 0.7 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 630 0.06% (8) (8) (8) (8)
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics (8) (8) $20.98 $22.27 $46,320 6.8 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 5,640 0.57% $17.71 $18.62 $38,730 2.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 200 0.02% $15.84 $16.70 $34,740 15.1 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,690 0.17% $21.51 $22.21 $46,190 2.4 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (8) (8) $18.78 $19.56 $40,680 14.0 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 15,830 1.59% $11.61 $11.97 $24,890 1.3 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 2,340 0.23% $14.69 $15.95 $33,170 5.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 9,080 0.91% $17.10 $18.00 $37,450 2.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 510 0.05% $24.01 $25.30 $52,610 2.6 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 2,400 0.24% $16.20 $17.47 $36,350 2.6 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 130 0.01% $11.98 $12.82 $26,670 7.5 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $12.13 $12.56 $26,130 9.1 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 4,170 0.42% $18.39 $19.21 $39,950 2.6 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters (8) (8) $9.53 $10.25 $21,330 3.7 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 200 0.02% $16.69 $17.48 $36,350 4.3 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers (8) (8) $11.28 $12.23 $25,450 9.5 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 160 0.02% $14.13 $17.00 $35,370 10.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 14,100 1.42% $14.13 $15.21 $31,630 0.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand (8) (8) $18.11 $19.52 $40,590 5.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 310 0.03% $24.78 $26.28 $54,660 5.0 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 100 0.01% $12.08 $12.91 $26,860 12.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 1,640 0.16% $17.06 $18.25 $37,950 2.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 4,460 0.45% $13.99 $14.67 $30,520 1.1 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 170 0.02% $23.84 $23.60 $49,080 4.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators (8) (8) $18.27 $19.40 $40,340 4.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 300 0.03% $13.47 $13.77 $28,650 5.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 60 0.01% $11.49 $12.05 $25,070 6.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 5,720 0.57% $12.52 $13.06 $27,170 1.2 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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