Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541710 - Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 541710 - Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541710 - Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences is part of: NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541710 - Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences:


NAICS 541710 - Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 561,600 100.00% $34.56 $38.92 $80,950 0.9 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 67,000 11.93% $63.67 $68.01 $141,460 1.1 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 2,430 0.43% (5) $98.82 $205,550 2.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 13,240 2.36% $68.59 $72.85 $151,540 1.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 40 0.01% $51.03 $53.84 $111,990 9.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,740 0.49% $67.37 $70.71 $147,080 1.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,320 0.24% $68.44 $71.73 $149,200 2.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 570 0.10% $51.80 $57.90 $120,430 2.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 2,020 0.36% $49.08 $54.48 $113,320 4.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 5,800 1.03% $62.62 $66.17 $137,630 2.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,130 0.74% $60.56 $65.93 $137,140 1.7 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 700 0.12% $51.57 $55.19 $114,800 2.9 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 380 0.07% $53.42 $54.82 $114,030 2.4 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 920 0.16% $59.75 $64.29 $133,730 2.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,240 0.22% $57.83 $60.64 $126,130 2.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,240 0.22% $52.56 $53.92 $112,150 1.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 250 0.04% $37.77 $44.17 $91,870 7.4 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 30 0.01% $35.80 $39.25 $81,640 9.8 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 160 0.03% $60.49 $62.87 $130,770 6.2 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 60 0.01% $52.60 $58.57 $121,820 8.1 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 8,990 1.60% $67.86 $70.78 $147,230 2.3 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,120 0.20% $51.40 $57.57 $119,750 3.3 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 11,190 1.99% $65.97 $69.87 $145,330 1.9 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 100 0.02% $43.21 $52.73 $109,680 12.8 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 120 0.02% $44.60 $41.67 $86,680 6.3 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 8,190 1.46% $56.99 $58.79 $122,280 2.7 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 48,740 8.68% $34.48 $36.75 $76,440 1.0 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 40 0.01% $29.47 $31.42 $65,360 5.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 110 0.02% $35.91 $35.75 $74,360 7.0 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 5,000 0.89% $31.96 $33.26 $69,190 1.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,560 0.46% $33.26 $35.65 $74,160 1.7 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 920 0.16% $35.01 $36.12 $75,130 2.5 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 140 0.02% $35.52 $36.07 $75,020 3.8 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 730 0.13% $29.88 $33.00 $68,630 2.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,350 0.24% $31.79 $32.97 $68,590 1.7 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,000 0.36% $31.57 $32.75 $68,120 1.4 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,510 0.27% $33.50 $34.91 $72,610 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 2,190 0.39% $35.46 $35.65 $74,140 2.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 4,970 0.88% $39.39 $43.66 $90,820 3.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 340 0.06% $26.14 $26.87 $55,880 2.1 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 14,850 2.64% $35.29 $37.64 $78,280 1.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 6,720 1.20% $33.26 $35.77 $74,410 1.1 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 1,460 0.26% $36.34 $36.94 $76,830 2.0 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 150 0.03% $29.74 $31.28 $65,060 3.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 2,710 0.48% $36.88 $38.30 $79,660 1.8 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 940 0.17% $36.32 $38.11 $79,270 2.5 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 75,360 13.42% $42.89 $43.67 $90,830 1.2 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 3,800 0.68% $47.57 $48.93 $101,780 2.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 4,600 0.82% $37.18 $38.60 $80,290 2.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 12,980 2.31% $45.10 $45.86 $95,390 1.5 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 20,240 3.60% $49.10 $49.54 $103,050 1.6 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 3,850 0.69% $24.82 $26.19 $54,480 1.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 8,560 1.52% $42.07 $43.83 $91,170 2.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,560 0.46% $36.36 $37.44 $77,860 1.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 5,500 0.98% $37.10 $38.11 $79,270 3.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,550 0.63% $41.72 $43.05 $89,550 2.7 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 3,910 0.70% $38.50 $39.33 $81,800 2.4 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 790 0.14% $50.06 $49.20 $102,340 3.2 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 1,830 0.33% $35.48 $38.12 $79,290 2.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians 2,920 0.52% $40.46 $41.64 $86,610 1.5 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 80 0.01% $23.91 $25.39 $52,810 12.2 %
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other (8) (8) $39.92 $45.57 $94,780 7.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 92,750 16.52% $40.42 $41.94 $87,230 1.1 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 50 0.01% $42.94 $43.64 $90,780 4.1 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 110 0.02% $23.80 $25.24 $52,500 3.0 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 5,960 1.06% $49.24 $50.56 $105,170 3.1 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 40 0.01% $39.40 $36.72 $76,370 7.1 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 2,850 0.51% $39.41 $42.67 $88,750 4.0 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 3,950 0.70% $42.28 $45.94 $95,560 3.7 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,260 0.22% $42.49 $42.65 $88,720 3.9 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 4,020 0.72% $50.40 $50.90 $105,870 1.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 8,550 1.52% $44.70 $45.20 $94,010 1.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 6,800 1.21% $49.59 $49.95 $103,890 1.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 1,800 0.32% $40.27 $40.96 $85,200 1.8 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 1,020 0.18% $42.81 $43.00 $89,440 2.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 8,660 1.54% $40.44 $40.80 $84,860 2.3 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects (8) (8) $42.20 $42.53 $88,470 2.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 1,420 0.25% $40.24 $41.69 $86,720 2.3 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 14,470 2.58% $42.94 $43.82 $91,150 2.1 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 30 0.01% $43.28 $45.67 $94,980 20.7 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 2,370 0.42% $49.99 $51.50 $107,120 3.4 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 410 0.07% $60.12 $63.05 $131,140 6.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 10,350 1.84% $45.42 $46.33 $96,370 2.3 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 30 0.01% $23.59 $25.78 $53,630 8.1 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 510 0.09% $26.19 $26.87 $55,890 5.3 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 780 0.14% $27.45 $27.05 $56,260 4.0 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 270 0.05% $26.87 $26.65 $55,430 2.1 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 440 0.08% $29.94 $30.61 $63,660 6.2 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 360 0.06% $18.44 $19.97 $41,540 9.6 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 4,910 0.87% $27.19 $27.27 $56,730 1.8 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 990 0.18% $30.88 $30.57 $63,590 2.2 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 430 0.08% $19.18 $21.13 $43,960 3.7 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 2,010 0.36% $23.65 $24.76 $51,490 3.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 3,880 0.69% $26.89 $27.00 $56,160 2.1 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 3,920 0.70% $26.62 $27.05 $56,270 1.5 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 140,620 25.04% $31.65 $35.72 $74,290 1.2 %
19-1011 Animal Scientists 320 0.06% $34.06 $34.91 $72,620 6.6 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 1,700 0.30% $33.08 $35.27 $73,370 3.6 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 1,730 0.31% $34.85 $36.97 $76,910 3.1 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 10,140 1.81% $41.29 $43.73 $90,970 1.8 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 4,130 0.74% $33.91 $35.74 $74,330 2.8 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 1,120 0.20% $26.15 $27.19 $56,560 3.8 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other (8) (8) $36.29 $39.56 $82,290 2.4 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 110 0.02% $32.94 $32.16 $66,900 6.5 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 280 0.05% $30.86 $35.15 $73,110 6.2 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 33,960 6.05% $38.03 $42.54 $88,480 1.5 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 2,250 0.40% $31.91 $35.79 $74,450 3.7 %
19-2011 Astronomers 310 0.06% $47.17 $49.44 $102,840 4.7 %
19-2012 Physicists 4,540 0.81% $49.29 $50.32 $104,670 1.9 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 1,600 0.28% $42.68 $44.34 $92,230 5.7 %
19-2031 Chemists 14,350 2.56% $36.78 $38.27 $79,600 1.5 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 2,570 0.46% $42.47 $42.80 $89,030 1.6 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 3,640 0.65% $35.17 $37.16 $77,290 2.4 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 960 0.17% $42.76 $45.42 $94,480 8.1 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 120 0.02% $31.49 $34.33 $71,400 7.5 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 5,700 1.01% $48.68 $47.84 $99,500 4.2 %
19-3011 Economists (8) (8) $51.37 $57.69 $119,990 10.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 3,670 0.65% $36.27 $38.89 $80,880 2.1 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 870 0.15% $19.98 $22.66 $47,140 4.7 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 570 0.10% $41.89 $48.46 $100,800 12.5 %
19-3041 Sociologists 300 0.05% $35.56 $36.50 $75,920 5.0 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 290 0.05% $22.05 $25.79 $53,650 8.7 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 40 0.01% $41.32 $45.03 $93,670 17.0 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 830 0.15% $42.90 $46.17 $96,030 5.7 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 2,070 0.37% $17.61 $18.94 $39,400 3.1 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 19,700 3.51% $20.48 $21.86 $45,460 1.3 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 7,790 1.39% $21.04 $22.04 $45,840 2.3 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 660 0.12% $26.11 $24.60 $51,170 5.9 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 580 0.10% $33.21 $34.71 $72,190 12.0 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 1,560 0.28% $19.20 $21.07 $43,830 4.0 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 760 0.14% $18.02 $18.97 $39,470 3.2 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians (8) (8) $17.15 $18.84 $39,190 2.3 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians (8) (8) $16.11 $17.42 $36,230 4.7 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 7,550 1.34% $19.82 $21.84 $45,430 2.9 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,440 0.26% $22.53 $24.93 $51,860 5.0 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 30 0.01% $18.97 $23.99 $49,900 19.7 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 100 0.02% $21.72 $22.40 $46,580 3.9 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 60 0.01% $18.80 $20.37 $42,360 4.8 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 270 0.05% $21.63 $23.39 $48,640 4.1 %
21-1091 Health Educators 610 0.11% $24.38 $28.22 $58,700 8.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 60 0.01% $19.46 $20.65 $42,960 9.7 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other (8) (8) $23.48 $22.95 $47,730 8.8 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 2,450 0.44% $62.71 $66.88 $139,110 2.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,840 0.33% $76.97 $78.48 $163,240 3.0 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 390 0.07% $29.43 $29.95 $62,300 2.2 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 210 0.04% $33.26 $34.67 $72,110 4.5 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 3,420 0.61% $27.53 $35.71 $74,290 9.0 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 40 0.01% (4) (4) $89,430 12.3 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 60 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 520 0.09% (4) (4) $139,830 14.7 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 640 0.11% (4) (4) $30,980 2.4 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 70 0.01% (4) (4) $73,950 2.6 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 120 0.02% $18.32 $20.75 $43,150 7.1 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 220 0.04% (4) (4) $88,180 26.4 %
25-4011 Archivists 50 0.01% $26.27 $27.36 $56,910 3.2 %
25-4021 Librarians 480 0.09% $27.31 $27.62 $57,440 1.8 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 140 0.02% $17.57 $18.28 $38,020 2.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 260 0.05% $28.82 $30.11 $62,640 4.5 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other (8) (8) $24.15 $28.23 $58,710 6.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 7,730 1.38% $29.93 $32.12 $66,800 1.7 %
27-1011 Art Directors 90 0.02% $41.58 $52.65 $109,520 13.6 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 60 0.01% $29.52 $29.83 $62,050 11.4 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 100 0.02% $28.60 $31.05 $64,590 4.1 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 620 0.11% $33.73 $34.43 $71,620 12.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,050 0.19% $25.74 $26.79 $55,730 1.4 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other (8) (8) $40.64 $39.01 $81,130 8.8 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors (8) (8) $29.09 $33.29 $69,240 9.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,170 0.39% $31.21 $35.14 $73,090 2.4 %
27-3041 Editors 870 0.15% $28.29 $29.66 $61,690 1.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,800 0.32% $31.34 $32.21 $66,990 1.4 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 390 0.07% $29.90 $32.30 $67,170 3.6 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators (8) (8) $19.65 $25.01 $52,020 4.4 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 130 0.02% $27.94 $29.22 $60,780 6.6 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 70 0.01% $24.90 $25.76 $53,590 2.7 %
27-4021 Photographers 80 0.01% $25.44 $25.52 $53,080 4.5 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other (8) (8) $19.18 $22.17 $46,110 9.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 11,750 2.09% $25.60 $29.45 $61,260 2.1 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 70 0.01% $28.53 $28.81 $59,930 2.6 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 280 0.05% $45.85 $45.54 $94,720 2.3 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 890 0.16% $38.71 $53.48 $111,240 9.5 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 160 0.03% $41.01 $39.86 $82,910 2.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,380 0.42% $31.06 $32.34 $67,270 4.3 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 170 0.03% $40.11 $44.09 $91,720 4.3 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 40 0.01% $36.09 $44.39 $92,330 29.6 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,470 0.26% $24.82 $26.15 $54,400 3.9 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,370 0.42% $19.68 $20.35 $42,330 2.0 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 170 0.03% $30.66 $30.57 $63,580 3.1 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 100 0.02% $17.18 $16.98 $35,320 2.3 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 110 0.02% $17.34 $18.20 $37,850 3.1 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 580 0.10% $18.50 $19.15 $39,830 5.0 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 230 0.04% $18.03 $18.61 $38,720 2.8 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 570 0.10% $19.00 $19.85 $41,290 3.1 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 270 0.05% $21.65 $23.15 $48,150 6.2 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 1,110 0.20% $32.12 $33.85 $70,410 2.4 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 210 0.04% $25.52 $25.57 $53,180 4.9 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other (8) (8) $19.79 $22.09 $45,940 9.2 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 4,410 0.79% $14.10 $14.90 $31,000 1.8 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 90 0.02% $16.66 $16.13 $33,550 3.6 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 540 0.10% $16.29 $16.48 $34,280 4.4 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 450 0.08% $14.54 $15.11 $31,420 3.1 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists (8) (8) $16.31 $17.31 $36,000 6.2 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 2,480 0.44% $13.89 $14.76 $30,700 2.3 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 750 0.13% $12.58 $13.48 $28,040 3.1 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,970 0.53% $20.73 $21.95 $45,660 3.2 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 230 0.04% $34.78 $35.06 $72,920 2.7 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters (8) (8) $20.14 $22.21 $46,190 12.7 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 130 0.02% $23.98 $26.04 $54,170 10.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,140 0.38% $19.95 $20.02 $41,640 3.9 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 100 0.02% $25.03 $25.91 $53,890 3.3 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 430 0.08% $11.81 $13.07 $27,190 5.0 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks (8) (8) $22.67 $25.32 $52,660 10.4 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 150 0.03% $10.10 $11.42 $23,740 4.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 90 0.02% $10.07 $9.72 $20,220 9.9 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,290 0.59% $13.88 $15.07 $31,340 3.0 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 160 0.03% $20.74 $22.03 $45,830 6.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,530 0.45% $13.49 $14.50 $30,150 3.8 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 140 0.02% $17.25 $16.61 $34,550 6.6 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 410 0.07% $12.38 $13.88 $28,880 5.3 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 780 0.14% $13.06 $14.70 $30,580 3.9 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers (8) (8) $17.65 $17.93 $37,280 3.4 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 530 0.09% $11.59 $13.19 $27,430 3.2 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 40 0.01% $16.65 $17.34 $36,080 3.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 9,210 1.64% $37.68 $40.99 $85,270 2.3 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 600 0.11% $48.40 $51.34 $106,790 4.1 %
41-2011 Cashiers 40 0.01% $9.76 $10.34 $21,500 7.5 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (8) (8) $10.78 $11.67 $24,280 3.1 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 1,670 0.30% $35.63 $38.65 $80,390 3.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 4,080 0.73% $38.69 $43.03 $89,510 3.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 750 0.13% $37.80 $40.22 $83,660 4.5 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 1,090 0.19% $44.52 $46.79 $97,320 4.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 210 0.04% $13.61 $15.74 $32,730 12.2 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 660 0.12% $23.88 $29.40 $61,150 4.6 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 61,350 10.92% $19.27 $20.29 $42,210 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 3,940 0.70% $28.59 $30.07 $62,550 1.2 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 30 0.01% $14.33 $15.28 $31,790 4.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 220 0.04% $19.70 $20.16 $41,930 2.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 350 0.06% $19.35 $19.56 $40,680 2.1 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 4,330 0.77% $18.49 $19.06 $39,630 0.9 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 640 0.11% $19.44 $19.71 $40,990 1.8 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 610 0.11% $19.54 $19.35 $40,240 1.5 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 40 0.01% $18.66 $20.02 $41,640 8.8 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 2,250 0.40% $16.64 $18.60 $38,680 3.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 340 0.06% $14.58 $15.17 $31,560 2.9 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 1,230 0.22% $13.56 $15.40 $32,020 5.5 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 110 0.02% $14.16 $14.73 $30,640 4.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 130 0.02% $20.16 $19.83 $41,250 7.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,210 0.22% $20.25 $20.96 $43,600 2.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,730 0.31% $14.93 $15.18 $31,580 1.7 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 360 0.06% $20.00 $20.33 $42,280 3.4 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 70 0.01% $11.86 $12.36 $25,700 3.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,490 0.27% $22.86 $23.57 $49,020 2.1 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,630 0.29% $16.86 $17.48 $36,360 1.8 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 700 0.12% $15.50 $16.37 $34,040 3.0 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 330 0.06% $15.05 $17.05 $35,460 7.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 19,070 3.40% $22.63 $23.39 $48,650 0.7 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 100 0.02% $21.98 $23.53 $48,950 5.3 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 210 0.04% $17.02 $16.90 $35,160 3.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 7,700 1.37% $17.69 $17.97 $37,380 1.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (8) (8) $20.47 $21.38 $44,460 5.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,420 0.25% $14.76 $15.22 $31,660 2.2 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 190 0.03% $16.72 $17.06 $35,490 2.6 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 120 0.02% $24.05 $24.67 $51,310 5.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 170 0.03% $15.10 $15.40 $32,030 2.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 8,520 1.52% $15.14 $15.70 $32,660 1.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 40 0.01% $17.30 $17.51 $36,420 5.1 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 660 0.12% $19.73 $19.88 $41,340 2.9 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 860 0.15% $18.23 $19.30 $40,150 3.1 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,550 0.28% $10.80 $12.54 $26,080 2.3 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 130 0.02% $23.23 $24.37 $50,690 4.8 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 30 0.01% $16.35 $18.27 $38,000 11.9 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 60 0.01% $12.05 $13.60 $28,280 11.3 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 60 0.01% $15.61 $14.56 $30,280 4.7 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,000 0.18% $9.67 $10.84 $22,550 3.0 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 170 0.03% $11.42 $11.73 $24,410 4.5 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $10.37 $10.90 $22,680 2.3 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 40 0.01% $14.04 $14.90 $31,000 7.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 3,100 0.55% $25.79 $26.47 $55,050 6.5 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 180 0.03% $38.60 $40.75 $84,750 7.1 %
47-2031 Carpenters 210 0.04% $27.83 $26.63 $55,390 4.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 90 0.02% $10.84 $11.97 $24,900 5.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators (8) (8) $15.64 $16.30 $33,900 4.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,010 0.18% $28.37 $27.89 $58,000 5.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 90 0.02% $28.72 $28.06 $58,370 4.7 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 480 0.09% $23.99 $24.18 $50,300 9.4 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 80 0.01% $23.77 $23.93 $49,780 6.2 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 140 0.02% $28.75 $25.88 $53,820 8.0 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (8) (8) $32.35 $30.87 $64,200 3.6 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 50 0.01% $27.91 $26.85 $55,860 8.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 8,590 1.53% $24.05 $24.68 $51,340 1.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 550 0.10% $36.56 $36.66 $76,260 2.3 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 420 0.07% $27.84 $27.88 $57,990 5.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 150 0.03% $28.09 $28.53 $59,340 4.6 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 70 0.01% $26.35 $26.17 $54,430 3.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 400 0.07% $27.19 $27.02 $56,200 3.5 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 50 0.01% $25.46 $27.63 $57,470 6.8 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 280 0.05% $27.72 $27.61 $57,430 5.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 260 0.05% $27.74 $27.07 $56,310 2.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 700 0.12% $24.98 $25.69 $53,440 3.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 4,460 0.79% $21.79 $22.36 $46,510 1.7 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 390 0.07% $23.44 $23.82 $49,550 3.9 %
49-9044 Millwrights 80 0.01% $27.15 $27.44 $57,080 6.3 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 50 0.01% $25.61 $27.03 $56,220 9.6 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 140 0.02% $22.90 $24.46 $50,880 3.6 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers (8) (8) $20.48 $27.20 $56,580 10.1 %
49-9096 Riggers 110 0.02% $26.60 $24.93 $51,860 7.0 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 30 0.01% $19.56 $18.20 $37,850 3.0 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 150 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 11,910 2.12% $20.50 $22.13 $46,030 2.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,590 0.28% $33.04 $33.65 $69,990 2.7 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 170 0.03% $20.32 $20.47 $42,570 4.4 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 560 0.10% $18.10 $18.39 $38,250 3.6 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 360 0.06% $14.51 $15.06 $31,330 3.1 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 80 0.01% $16.21 $18.31 $38,080 5.2 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 50 0.01% $25.53 $24.57 $51,110 3.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 780 0.14% $15.34 $17.26 $35,900 8.7 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 380 0.07% $13.71 $16.76 $34,860 7.5 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,330 0.41% $20.09 $21.08 $43,840 5.3 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $18.52 $20.64 $42,930 8.3 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 90 0.02% $28.61 $27.48 $57,170 4.1 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 140 0.02% $23.20 $22.98 $47,810 3.2 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 0.01% $25.01 $23.10 $48,040 10.6 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 50 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 30 0.01% $20.75 $21.43 $44,580 5.8 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other (8) (8) $23.24 $23.76 $49,420 7.0 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 40 0.01% $29.04 $30.38 $63,190 6.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 160 0.03% $28.18 $28.09 $58,420 3.2 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 50 0.01% $24.47 $24.53 $51,020 7.7 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 40 0.01% $28.25 $26.83 $55,810 6.1 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 140 0.02% $31.99 $30.27 $62,970 7.3 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 460 0.08% $22.83 $23.03 $47,910 3.2 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 220 0.04% $18.14 $17.85 $37,140 3.1 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $13.48 $14.54 $30,240 5.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,670 0.30% $19.08 $20.39 $42,400 2.5 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 270 0.05% $14.40 $14.57 $30,310 6.2 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 50 0.01% $14.88 $16.61 $34,550 10.1 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 150 0.03% $13.39 $14.32 $29,780 4.5 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 30 0.01% $13.24 $14.38 $29,920 10.7 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 210 0.04% $11.81 $13.75 $28,600 3.4 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 770 0.14% $21.63 $20.40 $42,440 4.6 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 2,760 0.49% $15.26 $18.26 $37,980 3.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 140 0.02% $22.49 $24.64 $51,250 2.7 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 40 0.01% $29.24 $31.42 $65,350 6.4 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 70 0.01% (4) (4) $87,330 20.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 160 0.03% $19.74 $19.68 $40,930 4.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 410 0.07% $15.52 $16.45 $34,230 9.0 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 80 0.01% $14.52 $16.05 $33,380 5.8 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other (8) (8) $18.66 $19.24 $40,030 5.8 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 60 0.01% $15.84 $16.91 $35,180 4.0 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 60 0.01% $12.31 $15.16 $31,520 9.1 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 750 0.13% $12.70 $14.49 $30,140 3.9 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 430 0.08% $10.69 $11.29 $23,470 5.3 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 40 0.01% $30.93 $29.20 $60,740 12.7 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other (8) (8) $14.62 $15.21 $31,640 5.3 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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