Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

NAICS Industry 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities is part of: NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities:


NAICS 541720 - Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 60,370 100.00% $24.51 $30.28 $62,990 2.1 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 4,580 7.59% $54.17 $60.74 $126,340 2.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 520 0.86% (5) $90.10 $187,400 5.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,700 2.82% $58.04 $63.55 $132,180 3.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 150 0.25% $43.93 $49.31 $102,560 6.3 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 90 0.15% $59.14 $68.16 $141,780 17.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 170 0.28% $31.24 $37.10 $77,170 7.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 210 0.35% $46.48 $48.51 $100,900 5.9 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 220 0.36% $54.23 $58.43 $121,530 6.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 280 0.46% $48.31 $55.39 $115,210 4.2 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 30 0.05% $39.96 $42.23 $87,850 5.9 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 30 0.05% $60.25 $62.03 $129,020 9.6 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 40 0.07% $50.15 $54.11 $112,550 9.9 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 60 0.10% $51.97 $52.87 $109,970 5.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 60 0.10% $62.13 $62.70 $130,410 8.3 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 390 0.65% $53.04 $60.32 $125,470 4.7 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 110 0.18% $29.54 $36.32 $75,540 9.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 440 0.73% $45.49 $48.24 $100,330 4.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 4,640 7.69% $30.22 $33.39 $69,450 2.0 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 160 0.27% $30.55 $31.46 $65,430 4.3 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 60 0.10% $32.18 $34.40 $71,560 7.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 130 0.22% $25.17 $30.65 $63,750 9.9 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 100 0.17% $30.64 $30.77 $63,990 2.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 430 0.71% $29.88 $32.46 $67,510 4.3 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 100 0.17% $31.15 $31.46 $65,440 2.7 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 990 1.64% $34.72 $39.39 $81,930 4.3 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 160 0.27% $23.44 $23.99 $49,890 3.0 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 1,320 2.19% $27.44 $30.78 $64,020 3.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 790 1.31% $30.84 $32.24 $67,060 2.3 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 90 0.15% $35.05 $35.69 $74,240 5.4 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 250 0.41% $33.36 $38.57 $80,230 13.1 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 30 0.05% $30.76 $31.99 $66,530 7.4 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 3,730 6.18% $32.61 $34.62 $72,020 2.2 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 80 0.13% $28.89 $35.54 $73,920 12.5 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 620 1.03% $33.63 $35.48 $73,810 5.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 190 0.31% $37.33 $38.71 $80,510 3.2 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 290 0.48% $48.31 $48.84 $101,590 3.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 520 0.86% $21.22 $22.30 $46,380 2.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 290 0.48% $34.98 $36.04 $74,970 3.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 240 0.40% $30.05 $31.25 $65,000 2.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 370 0.61% $35.06 $35.69 $74,230 1.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 310 0.51% $32.92 $34.30 $71,350 2.9 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 80 0.13% $28.31 $32.52 $67,650 9.2 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 390 0.65% $33.11 $36.51 $75,950 8.2 %
15-2041 Statisticians 260 0.43% $37.56 $40.01 $83,230 5.0 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 60 0.10% $21.92 $22.27 $46,330 5.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,690 2.80% $34.69 $36.26 $75,430 2.9 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 60 0.10% $20.78 $22.69 $47,190 4.2 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers (8) (8) $41.76 $40.15 $83,520 6.6 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers (8) (8) $43.65 $45.34 $94,310 4.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (8) (8) $37.02 $37.64 $78,300 4.9 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians (8) (8) $28.33 $28.67 $59,640 7.4 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 30 0.05% $23.68 $23.63 $49,150 8.8 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 21,860 36.21% $26.91 $32.24 $67,070 4.1 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 40 0.07% $37.19 $37.69 $78,390 4.6 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 610 1.01% $40.66 $41.71 $86,760 4.4 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 100 0.17% $33.14 $37.80 $78,620 5.5 %
19-2031 Chemists 40 0.07% $29.46 $30.57 $63,590 6.7 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 330 0.55% $27.98 $30.48 $63,390 10.7 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 170 0.28% $30.57 $36.84 $76,620 7.4 %
19-3011 Economists 840 1.39% $47.94 $57.81 $120,240 8.5 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,090 1.81% $26.48 $28.97 $60,250 3.5 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 2,620 4.34% $24.71 $27.10 $56,370 8.8 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 310 0.51% $19.16 $25.90 $53,870 16.3 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 250 0.41% $39.05 $43.39 $90,260 7.2 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other (8) (8) $42.49 $39.55 $82,260 12.5 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,680 2.78% $34.56 $37.56 $78,120 3.8 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 240 0.40% $29.19 $29.64 $61,640 9.3 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,600 2.65% $23.40 $25.67 $53,380 3.2 %
19-3093 Historians 260 0.43% $21.89 $23.49 $48,860 5.0 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 400 0.66% $36.30 $40.51 $84,260 10.3 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 3,460 5.73% $32.96 $36.46 $75,830 4.5 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 320 0.53% $23.37 $23.49 $48,850 7.8 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 60 0.10% $22.50 $22.54 $46,880 6.3 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 4,260 7.06% $17.40 $18.57 $38,630 1.9 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (8) (8) $19.48 $20.53 $42,710 10.6 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 940 1.56% $16.96 $20.36 $42,340 9.5 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,700 2.82% $19.68 $21.12 $43,920 4.5 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors (8) (8) $22.03 $23.60 $49,090 5.5 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 300 0.50% $20.32 $23.31 $48,490 5.7 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 50 0.08% $19.86 $21.87 $45,480 6.9 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 150 0.25% $19.58 $21.25 $44,200 3.2 %
21-1091 Health Educators 460 0.76% $22.63 $22.32 $46,430 9.9 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 90 0.15% $17.17 $17.12 $35,600 4.2 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 370 0.61% $17.30 $17.73 $36,890 2.5 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 390 0.65% $31.33 $35.50 $73,840 10.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 230 0.38% $43.55 $46.22 $96,130 5.3 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 4,390 7.27% $21.80 $25.23 $52,480 3.2 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 160 0.27% (4) (4) $32,110 3.8 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (8) (8) $27.87 $25.74 $53,530 8.5 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 1,370 2.27% (4) (4) $41,120 7.0 %
25-4011 Archivists 110 0.18% $20.05 $21.25 $44,200 4.4 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 30 0.05% $16.05 $16.82 $34,990 5.4 %
25-4021 Librarians (8) (8) $24.98 $25.69 $53,440 2.7 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 550 0.91% $29.08 $29.77 $61,920 2.5 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 2,420 4.01% $28.30 $32.02 $66,600 4.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 320 0.53% $22.36 $24.63 $51,230 4.4 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors (8) (8) $26.18 $28.00 $58,250 13.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 950 1.57% $29.80 $35.37 $73,570 7.8 %
27-3041 Editors 420 0.70% $28.61 $31.80 $66,140 7.1 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 170 0.28% $28.02 $28.90 $60,110 3.4 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 370 0.61% $29.47 $33.31 $69,280 5.7 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 30 0.05% $24.07 $25.95 $53,970 8.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 200 0.33% $27.59 $26.77 $55,690 7.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 60 0.10% $31.48 $33.00 $68,650 5.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 30 0.05% $20.59 $22.56 $46,920 10.6 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 100 0.17% $11.07 $12.38 $25,750 5.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 70 0.12% $10.96 $12.44 $25,880 8.2 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 50 0.08% $13.89 $16.16 $33,610 13.1 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 970 1.61% $22.71 $25.98 $54,030 11.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 50 0.08% $29.22 $32.43 $67,460 9.5 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 420 0.70% $28.51 $33.83 $70,370 11.1 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 180 0.30% $26.26 $25.54 $53,120 7.3 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 13,220 21.90% $15.86 $17.10 $35,570 1.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 710 1.18% $25.47 $27.02 $56,200 3.0 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (8) (8) $16.73 $17.18 $35,740 16.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 700 1.16% $18.46 $18.71 $38,920 1.7 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 60 0.10% $19.50 $20.50 $42,640 3.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 240 0.40% $15.52 $17.31 $36,000 7.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks 30 0.05% $11.55 $12.16 $25,290 5.0 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 2,650 4.39% $12.50 $13.11 $27,280 4.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 100 0.17% $20.18 $20.77 $43,200 2.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 450 0.75% $13.35 $13.65 $28,390 4.4 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 560 0.93% $12.78 $13.30 $27,660 3.4 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 40 0.07% $21.22 $22.46 $46,710 4.5 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 50 0.08% $13.63 $15.97 $33,210 10.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2,500 4.14% $21.61 $22.54 $46,890 1.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,720 2.85% $16.65 $17.08 $35,530 2.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 350 0.58% $13.01 $13.65 $28,380 7.0 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 30 0.05% $24.31 $23.64 $49,160 12.4 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 60 0.10% $14.06 $13.98 $29,080 4.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,280 3.78% $13.47 $13.96 $29,030 1.9 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 80 0.13% $18.75 $19.39 $40,340 4.1 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 170 0.28% $19.71 $19.49 $40,540 3.5 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 150 0.25% $17.83 $18.61 $38,710 3.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 100 0.17% $16.77 $16.91 $35,170 3.4 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 160 0.27% $17.38 $17.92 $37,270 7.0 %
51-4041 Machinists (8) (8) $22.66 $21.17 $44,030 15.0 %

About May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped Excel files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 04, 2009

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