Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC



For metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.


These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC, a metropolitan statistical area that includes parts of Virginia and North Carolina.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

Major Occupational Groups in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC (Note--clicking a link will scroll the page to the occupational group):

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 758,120 $14.81 $18.65 $38,790 0.7 %
Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 22,630 $40.92 $45.95 $95,570 1.1 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 1,110 $71.11 $74.11 $154,150 4.9 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers (8) $47.37 $53.94 $112,190 2.0 %
11-1031 Legislators 110 (4) (4) $18,510 3.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 70 $36.69 $37.42 $77,840 7.7 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 350 $41.61 $45.84 $95,360 3.0 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,100 $33.84 $41.79 $86,910 4.6 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 110 $40.55 $43.03 $89,510 5.0 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 780 $36.60 $38.52 $80,130 3.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 940 $49.81 $50.81 $105,690 1.9 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 1,430 $43.41 $46.18 $96,050 2.0 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 70 $41.60 $45.04 $93,690 6.4 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 160 $39.81 $41.54 $86,400 4.5 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 190 $45.10 $46.80 $97,340 2.2 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 450 $39.56 $42.22 $87,820 2.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 210 $46.52 $46.11 $95,900 2.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 320 $37.81 $38.29 $79,650 2.6 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 1,450 $36.17 $40.57 $84,380 4.8 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 290 $16.74 $18.46 $38,390 5.1 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 1,270 (4) (4) $73,790 1.4 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 710 $38.27 $43.42 $90,310 3.3 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other (8) $58.06 $55.13 $114,670 6.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 810 $51.84 $51.63 $107,380 2.3 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 790 $23.78 $25.57 $53,190 3.1 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 250 $27.43 $28.45 $59,170 5.6 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 950 $34.86 $37.68 $78,380 3.0 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 40 $44.67 $44.56 $92,680 4.0 %
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 70 $26.19 $26.18 $54,460 1.3 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 350 $27.32 $38.17 $79,380 15.3 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 410 $31.38 $32.75 $68,110 2.4 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 1,170 $41.81 $41.63 $86,600 2.1 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 38,100 $27.18 $29.29 $60,920 1.2 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 550 $19.74 $22.58 $46,970 4.5 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,430 $25.70 $27.74 $57,690 2.6 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,760 $22.84 $24.00 $49,930 3.1 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 60 $23.94 $24.94 $51,870 2.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,370 $20.82 $23.63 $49,150 3.5 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 1,780 $25.10 $28.17 $58,600 4.0 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 120 $25.45 $27.71 $57,640 6.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 900 $18.02 $19.46 $40,470 8.2 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 550 $22.21 $23.47 $48,820 2.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,660 $23.39 $25.61 $53,270 3.1 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,470 $27.62 $28.67 $59,630 1.6 %
13-1081 Logisticians 1,420 $30.47 $31.87 $66,290 2.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 5,080 $36.58 $38.51 $80,110 3.6 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 310 $19.01 $20.50 $42,640 3.7 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 7,580 $30.23 $30.71 $63,870 2.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 5,470 $26.89 $30.09 $62,600 2.7 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 410 $25.80 $29.47 $61,300 17.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 470 $31.12 $31.01 $64,490 1.4 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 260 $22.58 $26.47 $55,050 5.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 450 $28.21 $29.27 $60,870 1.9 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 370 $26.95 $33.44 $69,560 10.9 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 260 $17.98 $19.12 $39,770 3.7 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 50 $19.26 $23.10 $48,050 7.9 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 120 $17.12 $18.33 $38,130 4.7 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 1,350 $21.38 $25.12 $52,240 5.0 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 340 $20.63 $22.29 $46,360 2.6 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 370 $10.21 $11.08 $23,050 6.4 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 1,120 $28.97 $29.84 $62,070 3.3 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 19,470 $31.69 $32.53 $67,650 1.2 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 360 $38.84 $38.86 $80,820 2.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 1,460 $26.41 $30.43 $63,300 4.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 3,150 $35.46 $37.35 $77,690 1.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 1,820 $39.67 $41.32 $85,940 2.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 3,060 $19.22 $20.10 $41,800 1.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 3,280 $32.69 $33.25 $69,150 1.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 720 $29.15 $29.22 $60,780 2.7 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,100 $29.38 $29.72 $61,820 2.0 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,220 $30.83 $31.35 $65,210 2.4 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 1,550 $37.69 $38.08 $79,200 1.9 %
15-2021 Mathematicians (8) $53.09 $47.59 $98,980 3.0 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 420 $38.15 $37.23 $77,430 2.2 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 21,730 $31.76 $32.85 $68,320 2.8 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 540 $36.16 $37.12 $77,200 2.9 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 100 $27.99 $29.63 $61,620 5.5 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 170 $24.95 $26.34 $54,790 6.4 %
17-1022 Surveyors 220 $29.54 $31.73 $66,000 6.9 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 840 $50.42 $49.49 $102,930 3.3 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 70 $35.17 $36.67 $76,270 4.9 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 2,150 $35.53 $37.05 $77,070 2.3 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 190 $45.97 $45.60 $94,850 3.4 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 1,300 $32.02 $34.48 $71,720 5.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 740 $40.06 $39.43 $82,010 1.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 390 $40.67 $40.20 $83,620 3.1 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 160 $29.17 $29.73 $61,840 2.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 740 $31.47 $32.40 $67,400 1.6 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 1,190 $32.61 $33.71 $70,110 3.6 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 130 $38.99 $44.26 $92,070 12.7 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 2,440 $37.24 $37.22 $77,420 2.3 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 750 $38.97 $39.13 $81,400 2.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 1,110 $44.26 $42.48 $88,360 3.6 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 570 $18.55 $19.25 $40,050 3.0 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 130 $20.39 $22.11 $45,990 4.0 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 50 $25.00 $26.32 $54,740 2.9 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 690 $22.37 $22.59 $46,980 3.3 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 1,530 $28.89 $29.26 $60,860 3.7 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 50 $23.97 $24.99 $51,970 8.2 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 130 $18.17 $19.12 $39,770 9.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 380 $18.70 $20.37 $42,370 3.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 240 $20.03 $19.77 $41,130 4.8 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 1,690 $34.40 $33.43 $69,530 1.7 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 450 $15.66 $16.46 $34,240 3.1 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 5,190 $28.56 $29.67 $61,710 2.6 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 100 $24.64 $26.73 $55,590 2.5 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 130 $32.72 $32.43 $67,450 1.8 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 70 $23.00 $28.20 $58,660 6.6 %
19-2012 Physicists 250 $39.66 $42.16 $87,700 4.3 %
19-2031 Chemists 300 $34.90 $34.15 $71,030 3.7 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 430 $27.18 $28.79 $59,880 2.6 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 60 $30.30 $31.71 $65,950 7.5 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other (8) $49.34 $47.04 $97,850 7.4 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 920 $21.59 $24.93 $51,850 3.2 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 420 $28.18 $29.94 $62,270 5.5 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 310 $26.40 $27.78 $57,790 1.2 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 410 $37.11 $37.85 $78,740 1.5 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians (8) $13.84 $13.88 $28,880 6.9 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 40 $16.68 $17.17 $35,720 1.5 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 100 $21.43 $20.83 $43,320 5.0 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians (8) $33.36 $34.17 $71,080 3.9 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 220 $14.12 $15.55 $32,340 5.8 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 50 $18.44 $19.96 $41,520 4.1 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 80 $23.29 $26.74 $55,620 1.8 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 460 $26.60 $26.33 $54,760 3.7 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 9,900 $18.42 $19.43 $40,420 2.2 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 180 $19.05 $19.78 $41,150 4.4 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 1,470 $24.80 $25.39 $52,800 3.2 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 220 $15.87 $18.32 $38,100 7.0 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 930 $20.68 $20.39 $42,410 6.6 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 1,220 $13.99 $14.88 $30,940 5.4 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 180 $18.15 $18.46 $38,390 3.6 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 2,270 $18.90 $19.76 $41,090 2.1 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 360 $19.69 $20.82 $43,300 2.8 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 370 $17.67 $17.96 $37,360 5.8 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 190 $24.28 $24.67 $51,300 3.2 %
21-1091 Health Educators 330 $19.35 $19.85 $41,280 3.9 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 730 $20.46 $20.83 $43,330 6.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 970 $13.30 $13.32 $27,700 3.3 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 340 $15.62 $18.13 $37,710 7.1 %
21-2011 Clergy 110 $20.35 $20.06 $41,720 6.0 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 50 $11.93 $14.62 $30,400 12.2 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 3,870 $25.68 $38.48 $80,050 5.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,770 $52.43 $60.05 $124,900 6.7 %
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 40 $29.71 $38.04 $79,120 2.1 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 1,320 $19.37 $19.88 $41,360 3.9 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 320 $18.46 $19.02 $39,560 8.4 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 170 $17.59 $19.10 $39,740 6.8 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 130 $18.69 $19.68 $40,940 2.9 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 48,500 $20.49 $21.85 $45,450 2.8 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 680 (4) (4) $94,990 7.6 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 460 (4) (4) $78,240 5.1 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 330 (4) (4) $62,380 6.0 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 160 (4) (4) $97,640 7.0 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 210 (4) (4) $63,250 7.1 %
25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 80 (4) (4) $89,850 6.8 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 100 (4) (4) $79,380 6.6 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 90 (4) (4) $82,740 8.9 %
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 80 (4) (4) $92,810 3.8 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 130 (4) (4) $71,620 3.3 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 270 (4) (4) $65,120 4.9 %
25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 130 (4) (4) $60,630 6.1 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 360 (4) (4) $84,020 10.2 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 360 (4) (4) $59,180 1.9 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 290 (4) (4) $68,080 3.5 %
25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 170 (4) (4) $94,960 8.6 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 330 (4) (4) $59,830 3.7 %
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 100 (4) (4) $55,930 4.6 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 430 (4) (4) $56,530 4.3 %
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 130 (4) (4) $56,260 3.3 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary 200 (4) (4) $58,080 4.2 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 150 (4) (4) $61,380 3.3 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 540 (4) (4) $26,290 14.6 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 200 (4) (4) $53,570 2.8 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 700 $19.53 $20.05 $41,710 5.7 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 770 (4) (4) $73,980 8.2 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 2,360 $9.47 $11.56 $24,040 5.6 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 1,040 (4) (4) $35,590 5.7 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 8,290 (4) (4) $52,030 3.7 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 3,200 (4) (4) $51,050 2.4 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School (8) (4) (4) $33,310 9.7 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 5,600 (4) (4) $51,990 3.3 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 420 (4) (4) $44,790 5.8 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 1,000 (4) (4) $46,860 1.8 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 640 (4) (4) $45,420 2.7 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 930 (4) (4) $48,910 1.6 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors (8) $23.66 $23.14 $48,130 4.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (8) $26.17 $25.57 $53,190 5.9 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 5,490 (4) (4) $38,110 4.5 %
25-4012 Curators 120 $23.49 $25.72 $53,490 1.8 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 130 $15.64 $17.98 $37,400 2.2 %
25-4021 Librarians 860 $25.84 $26.38 $54,860 2.1 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 630 $15.05 $15.40 $32,030 1.3 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists 30 $17.37 $17.91 $37,260 2.9 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 800 $30.31 $29.72 $61,820 2.7 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 7,600 (4) (4) $20,900 4.6 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 370 $18.89 $21.93 $45,610 5.1 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 9,280 $18.02 $20.95 $43,570 2.2 %
27-1011 Art Directors 90 $31.55 $32.45 $67,490 3.5 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 90 $24.93 $19.40 $40,340 20.3 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 70 $25.80 $24.33 $50,610 4.3 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 60 $24.68 $25.63 $53,320 8.2 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 60 $25.96 $24.94 $51,870 6.7 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 250 $11.02 $11.65 $24,230 8.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 840 $20.23 $21.56 $44,850 2.1 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 330 $17.74 $19.14 $39,810 9.3 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 240 $12.90 $13.59 $28,260 3.3 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 60 $18.10 $18.28 $38,030 13.5 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 470 $22.23 $24.50 $50,960 5.8 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 830 (4) (4) $31,150 4.8 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 40 (4) (4) $29,270 19.2 %
27-2032 Choreographers (8) $15.21 $15.53 $32,310 13.0 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers (8) $14.13 $19.69 $40,950 22.7 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers (8) $13.65 $16.34 (4) 5.3 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 150 $17.41 $24.04 $49,990 15.7 %
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 340 $19.02 $23.55 $48,980 6.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,120 $22.77 $26.04 $54,170 4.4 %
27-3041 Editors 720 $17.30 $19.25 $40,040 3.3 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 420 $30.56 $35.22 $73,250 7.4 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 270 $22.68 $24.27 $50,480 4.0 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 210 $22.16 $26.25 $54,590 12.2 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other (8) $11.73 $13.97 $29,050 8.5 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 270 $15.12 $15.93 $33,130 2.8 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 180 $13.32 $16.09 $33,470 8.9 %
27-4021 Photographers 420 $10.52 $12.71 $26,440 7.4 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture (8) $24.87 $24.61 $51,180 12.0 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 90 $16.88 $19.44 $40,430 6.1 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 280 $31.30 $29.96 $62,310 3.4 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 36,550 $25.28 $30.92 $64,320 2.2 %
29-1011 Chiropractors 160 $28.54 $32.83 $68,290 22.8 %
29-1021 Dentists, General 440 $66.94 $69.77 $145,120 15.1 %
29-1022 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 80 (5) $92.05 $191,460 27.5 %
29-1023 Orthodontists 70 (5) $102.27 $212,720 18.7 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 450 $23.30 $23.62 $49,130 2.2 %
29-1041 Optometrists 130 $41.60 $41.56 $86,450 11.2 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 1,290 $51.99 $50.75 $105,570 1.8 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 580 $68.95 $74.43 $154,820 7.2 %
29-1063 Internists, General 260 $73.46 $78.38 $163,030 14.8 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists 100 (5) $83.85 $174,410 10.6 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General 270 $64.01 $70.95 $147,580 12.4 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 100 (5) $87.37 $181,740 11.9 %
29-1067 Surgeons 190 (5) $100.64 $209,340 10.6 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 1,590 $76.81 $74.58 $155,130 11.1 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 380 $29.64 $31.11 $64,710 3.9 %
29-1081 Podiatrists (8) (5) $96.54 $200,800 18.8 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 12,280 $27.81 $28.30 $58,860 1.0 %
29-1121 Audiologists 100 $34.04 $34.79 $72,370 7.7 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 420 $34.11 $34.84 $72,470 3.4 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 770 $36.01 $35.91 $74,690 2.3 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 120 $34.59 $34.72 $72,220 1.7 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 80 $16.89 $17.94 $37,320 5.7 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 470 $25.40 $25.56 $53,160 1.2 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 540 $29.46 $34.01 $70,740 5.7 %
29-1129 Therapists, All Other 80 $23.73 $23.76 $49,410 3.4 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 340 $40.62 $46.55 $96,810 16.8 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 50 $31.19 $31.55 $65,620 1.8 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,000 $24.38 $24.17 $50,280 2.0 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 760 $17.19 $17.17 $35,710 2.5 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 650 $33.90 $33.25 $69,170 2.6 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 350 $26.08 $23.73 $49,360 6.4 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 180 $29.18 $28.62 $59,520 2.5 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 120 $30.61 $30.53 $63,500 1.5 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,220 $25.16 $25.40 $52,840 1.9 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 730 $16.40 $16.74 $34,820 3.6 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 220 (8) (8) (8) (8)
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 1,790 $13.16 $13.15 $27,350 2.1 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 500 $13.31 $13.56 $28,200 4.5 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 440 $18.05 $18.67 $38,830 3.3 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 250 $14.33 $14.48 $30,110 6.3 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 4,170 $17.17 $17.21 $35,790 0.9 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 910 $14.64 $15.61 $32,470 2.6 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 320 $18.08 $18.17 $37,800 5.4 %
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists (8) $29.28 $30.40 $63,230 3.6 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 640 $14.52 $15.65 $32,560 1.7 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 550 $30.57 $30.68 $63,820 4.8 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 40 (4) (4) $35,730 4.2 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 160 $13.24 $15.95 $33,170 13.7 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 18,400 $11.00 $11.76 $24,450 1.6 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 2,900 $9.13 $9.24 $19,230 2.1 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 7,470 $10.32 $10.32 $21,460 1.5 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 90 $24.61 $24.33 $50,620 6.1 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 310 $28.29 $27.28 $56,740 3.1 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 130 $11.09 $11.08 $23,040 4.6 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 110 $9.89 $11.08 $23,040 8.5 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 1,700 $15.60 $15.56 $32,360 3.4 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 3,070 $12.18 $12.55 $26,110 2.8 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers (8) $11.74 $12.09 $25,150 2.1 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 510 $13.98 $14.14 $29,400 2.4 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides (8) $9.06 $9.39 $19,530 2.6 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 380 $9.71 $9.77 $20,310 5.1 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 1,200 $13.46 $14.57 $30,300 2.0 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 19,860 $17.14 $17.66 $36,730 2.9 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 190 $24.15 $27.61 $57,420 4.0 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 290 $37.53 $37.67 $78,360 1.5 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 480 $29.99 $30.53 $63,500 2.0 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 360 $17.63 $20.58 $42,800 9.4 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 2,880 $19.83 $20.10 $41,810 1.3 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 2,040 $18.01 $18.71 $38,930 2.3 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 430 $31.94 $31.44 $65,400 2.1 %
33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers 50 $13.24 $13.86 $28,820 1.8 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 4,180 $20.86 $22.07 $45,910 1.2 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 90 $15.13 $15.61 $32,470 2.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 5,990 $10.75 $12.01 $24,980 3.1 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 180 $8.87 $10.08 $20,970 7.9 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 1,620 $8.78 $8.90 $18,500 2.6 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 730 $14.68 $14.54 $30,240 2.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 70,170 $8.50 $9.47 $19,690 1.3 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 510 $18.17 $19.01 $39,540 1.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 5,210 $14.96 $15.66 $32,570 2.6 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 2,620 $7.64 $7.99 $16,630 1.9 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,770 $11.22 $12.62 $26,250 6.1 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 6,020 $10.49 $10.45 $21,740 1.4 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 670 $9.91 $9.65 $20,060 4.1 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 2,850 $9.51 $9.74 $20,260 1.4 %
35-3011 Bartenders 1,710 $9.21 $10.27 $21,350 4.1 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 21,250 $7.76 $8.27 $17,200 2.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 2,010 $8.05 $8.29 $17,250 2.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 14,970 $8.35 $9.19 $19,120 2.1 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 810 $8.46 $8.46 $17,590 2.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 3,570 $7.19 $7.47 $15,540 2.3 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 3,700 $7.72 $8.12 $16,880 3.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 2,200 $8.33 $8.48 $17,630 1.8 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 280 $9.46 $9.15 $19,030 6.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 26,090 $9.56 $10.65 $22,150 1.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 1,030 $15.78 $16.33 $33,970 3.0 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 560 $22.43 $23.11 $48,080 3.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 11,410 $9.05 $9.66 $20,090 1.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 6,780 $8.75 $8.93 $18,580 1.3 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 570 $13.75 $15.66 $32,580 20.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 5,240 $11.19 $11.41 $23,740 1.8 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 220 $14.04 $15.40 $32,030 3.9 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 230 $19.74 $19.59 $40,750 6.3 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 20,490 $9.00 $10.46 $21,750 1.8 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 760 $17.43 $18.32 $38,110 2.3 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers (8) $22.59 $21.34 $44,390 8.8 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 910 $8.84 $9.51 $19,780 2.9 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists (8) $9.57 $11.44 $23,790 3.6 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,040 $7.14 $7.68 $15,980 5.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 2,040 $7.83 $8.32 $17,300 1.7 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 60 $7.37 $7.64 $15,900 5.6 %
39-3099 Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other 230 $8.92 $9.03 $18,780 1.5 %
39-4011 Embalmers (8) $23.40 $23.61 $49,100 13.2 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 510 $9.97 $10.06 $20,920 13.0 %
39-5011 Barbers 260 $8.55 $8.68 $18,060 5.4 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 2,490 $11.27 $12.65 $26,310 6.5 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists (8) $11.32 $11.14 $23,170 4.6 %
39-5093 Shampooers 230 $7.02 $7.12 $14,820 4.5 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists (8) $11.22 $13.34 $27,750 3.1 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 230 $7.86 $8.45 $17,570 4.9 %
39-6012 Concierges 220 $7.85 $9.11 $18,950 4.8 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 480 $11.55 $12.50 $26,000 3.6 %
39-6022 Travel Guides 120 $11.10 $11.53 $23,990 7.6 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 2,310 $8.39 $8.78 $18,250 2.1 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 2,670 $7.47 $7.66 $15,920 2.3 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,130 $12.09 $13.59 $28,260 4.9 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 2,670 $10.10 $11.67 $24,280 1.4 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors (8) $12.33 $12.56 $26,130 4.0 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other (8) $9.26 $8.90 $18,510 4.6 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 84,210 $10.17 $14.82 $30,820 1.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 7,020 $16.16 $18.78 $39,070 2.3 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,230 $31.87 $40.18 $83,580 5.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers 22,770 $7.71 $8.08 $16,810 0.9 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,690 $10.71 $12.36 $25,710 4.3 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 1,120 $14.26 $15.35 $31,940 3.1 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 28,060 $9.17 $11.05 $22,970 2.0 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 800 $19.82 $21.86 $45,470 5.7 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,920 $18.03 $22.82 $47,460 10.9 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 1,110 $23.61 $30.97 $64,410 8.0 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 480 $16.64 $18.77 $39,040 10.9 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 3,270 $20.98 $26.54 $55,190 4.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 610 $31.05 $36.34 $75,590 9.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 6,400 $24.43 $28.19 $58,640 2.9 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (8) $12.72 $12.59 $26,180 4.1 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 330 $24.08 $43.05 $89,550 25.1 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 3,030 $17.33 $23.91 $49,730 8.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 100 $34.54 $35.97 $74,820 4.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 2,330 $9.63 $10.62 $22,090 3.9 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 120 $10.92 $11.31 $23,520 2.4 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 280 $14.11 $18.73 $38,960 10.3 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 128,090 $13.50 $14.50 $30,160 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 7,390 $21.31 $22.75 $47,320 1.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 900 $11.18 $11.33 $23,570 1.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 4,050 $14.11 $14.42 $30,000 1.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 3,200 $14.07 $14.43 $30,010 1.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 9,170 $15.67 $16.07 $33,430 1.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 810 $16.75 $17.01 $35,380 1.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 600 $18.24 $18.21 $37,870 1.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 3,030 $10.84 $10.76 $22,390 2.3 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 220 $17.65 $18.27 $37,990 6.9 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 40 $13.58 $13.75 $28,600 2.2 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 700 $14.97 $15.70 $32,650 2.2 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 190 $12.92 $13.99 $29,110 4.5 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 14,070 $13.00 $13.46 $28,000 1.9 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 930 $18.31 $18.96 $39,440 1.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 630 $10.61 $10.67 $22,200 1.9 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 1,910 $8.89 $9.12 $18,970 1.6 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 530 $12.46 $12.30 $25,580 2.2 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 620 $9.48 $10.06 $20,910 2.0 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,170 $16.87 $16.90 $35,160 3.1 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 490 $13.96 $14.02 $29,160 3.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,610 $11.26 $12.10 $25,170 3.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,150 $15.92 $16.22 $33,740 1.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 5,940 $11.02 $11.30 $23,500 1.6 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 360 $14.10 $15.16 $31,540 5.0 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 1,960 $15.99 $15.79 $32,840 3.0 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 900 $18.07 $19.45 $40,450 4.2 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 660 $11.31 $12.23 $25,430 3.5 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 580 $16.29 $16.97 $35,290 2.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 920 $14.23 $14.89 $30,980 3.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 300 $11.07 $12.71 $26,430 8.0 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 330 (c) $24.54 (c) $24.04 (c) $50,000 (9)
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 1,670 (c) $24.12 (c) $22.91 (c) $47,650 (9)
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 740 (c) $24.54 (c) $22.19 (c) $46,160 (9)
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,450 $23.59 $23.57 $49,030 3.3 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,200 $13.35 $13.83 $28,760 2.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 11,460 $9.90 $10.94 $22,760 2.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 500 $13.58 $14.09 $29,300 4.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 3,500 $18.10 $18.69 $38,880 1.2 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 740 $17.74 $17.63 $36,660 2.7 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 980 $13.90 $14.50 $30,160 4.2 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,920 $14.64 $15.12 $31,450 1.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 610 $15.83 $15.56 $32,360 2.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,770 $11.71 $11.94 $24,840 2.3 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 630 $15.27 $15.02 $31,250 2.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 50 $15.81 $17.20 $35,790 3.9 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 870 $13.59 $13.70 $28,500 4.3 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 690 $11.41 $12.03 $25,020 1.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 27,010 $12.27 $12.64 $26,280 0.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 330 $10.96 $11.74 $24,420 5.5 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 1,330 $16.88 $16.69 $34,720 2.1 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,050 $10.13 $11.50 $23,930 5.3 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 40 $26.42 $26.86 $55,880 4.9 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors (8) $22.11 $22.03 $45,830 2.9 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (8) $10.65 $10.46 $21,770 4.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 370 $8.90 $9.69 $20,150 11.9 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals (8) $9.42 $9.30 $19,330 2.3 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 30 $15.36 $15.78 $32,830 5.7 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 46,320 $16.94 $17.82 $37,060 1.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 4,540 $26.79 $27.54 $57,280 1.8 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 180 $22.67 $23.00 $47,840 3.9 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 1,060 $21.26 $21.33 $44,370 3.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 5,980 $16.64 $17.02 $35,400 2.4 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 70 $19.18 $20.67 $42,990 18.4 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 260 $12.14 $14.24 $29,610 16.0 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 1,090 $16.36 $16.42 $34,150 3.2 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 6,500 $11.33 $11.85 $24,640 2.5 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 270 $12.59 $14.43 $30,020 6.3 %
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators 230 $19.16 $19.52 $40,600 4.3 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,970 $16.84 $17.42 $36,220 1.7 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 530 $18.32 $18.12 $37,690 2.6 %
47-2111 Electricians 5,150 $20.04 $19.65 $40,880 1.6 %
47-2121 Glaziers (8) $15.82 $16.87 $35,080 3.3 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall (8) $16.93 $17.20 $35,780 22.6 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 750 $18.87 $18.34 $38,150 2.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 2,280 $16.01 $16.60 $34,530 2.7 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 370 $14.11 $14.51 $30,180 2.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 4,960 $19.28 $19.31 $40,160 1.5 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers (8) $23.07 $22.24 $46,260 6.5 %
47-2181 Roofers 600 $16.57 $17.80 $37,020 7.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 1,810 $19.45 $18.89 $39,290 1.9 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 370 $18.70 $18.73 $38,960 5.1 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 560 $11.53 $11.78 $24,490 4.9 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 690 $13.21 $13.11 $27,270 4.6 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 1,230 $11.57 $12.01 $24,990 2.9 %
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 50 $9.27 $9.46 $19,680 8.7 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 760 $11.29 $11.15 $23,180 3.6 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 130 $11.51 $11.86 $24,680 8.8 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 350 $11.41 $11.55 $24,030 2.4 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 750 $23.73 $24.09 $50,110 1.9 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers (8) $24.04 $26.58 $55,290 11.6 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 160 $14.31 $13.88 $28,870 7.5 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 260 $16.16 $16.43 $34,170 3.0 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 390 $16.72 $17.03 $35,430 4.8 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (8) $13.81 $13.67 $28,430 2.1 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 70 $15.16 $16.72 $34,780 4.8 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 34,020 $18.03 $18.90 $39,310 1.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,960 $27.07 $27.69 $57,600 1.8 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 600 $14.78 $15.90 $33,060 6.9 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 410 $21.86 $21.59 $44,900 3.4 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 390 $23.89 $23.97 $49,860 3.2 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 60 $19.92 $20.47 $42,580 3.9 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 100 $20.47 $20.98 $43,640 4.7 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 200 $21.17 $21.78 $45,310 3.1 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 490 $22.39 $22.37 $46,540 1.8 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 240 $9.79 $12.99 $27,020 11.5 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 280 $14.83 $15.53 $32,310 10.2 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 480 $16.56 $16.70 $34,730 2.5 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 400 $22.29 $22.18 $46,130 1.8 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 750 $21.86 $24.77 $51,520 10.2 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers (8) $14.39 $14.88 $30,950 5.5 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 4,010 $18.04 $18.98 $39,480 2.7 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,140 $18.54 $19.11 $39,740 1.6 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 760 $19.72 $20.03 $41,660 2.8 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 110 $19.45 $19.66 $40,890 3.3 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics (8) $16.77 $18.14 $37,730 14.7 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 60 $13.54 $13.91 $28,940 8.3 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 330 $11.09 $11.22 $23,330 2.9 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 110 $12.23 $13.31 $27,690 18.4 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 250 $19.90 $20.48 $42,600 2.6 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 2,360 $17.39 $17.94 $37,310 4.5 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 180 $11.45 $13.27 $27,610 11.9 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,640 $19.92 $19.76 $41,110 2.6 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 8,550 $15.28 $15.83 $32,930 1.4 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 590 $18.44 $18.85 $39,210 3.4 %
49-9044 Millwrights 190 $26.53 $25.71 $53,480 6.3 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 230 $25.51 $23.93 $49,770 2.3 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 1,580 $21.44 $21.68 $45,100 4.6 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (8) $13.94 $13.93 $28,970 2.8 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 170 $14.93 $16.36 $34,020 6.8 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 80 $24.06 $24.55 $51,070 2.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 410 $12.86 $12.26 $25,490 8.7 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers (8) $21.40 $23.53 $48,950 19.9 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers (8) $20.97 $19.31 $40,170 3.0 %
49-9096 Riggers 870 $21.24 $20.52 $42,680 2.2 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,040 $11.25 $11.70 $24,330 3.2 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,260 $18.64 $17.72 $36,870 5.9 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 41,700 $14.27 $15.80 $32,860 3.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 3,130 $25.27 $26.72 $55,580 1.7 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 50 $22.52 $22.63 $47,070 4.6 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 690 $11.23 $12.50 $26,010 5.1 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 250 $12.61 $13.19 $27,440 3.9 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 380 $14.31 $15.00 $31,210 3.4 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 510 $15.61 $16.37 $34,040 5.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,160 $11.23 $12.28 $25,550 5.0 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 1,370 (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-3011 Bakers 310 $11.33 $11.48 $23,880 3.2 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters (8) $14.44 $15.23 $31,680 2.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 650 $8.70 $8.95 $18,620 3.9 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 630 $10.25 $10.18 $21,180 3.3 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders (8) $11.91 $13.55 $28,180 11.4 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 460 $12.21 $12.78 $26,590 10.5 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 60 $10.20 $10.44 $21,720 1.8 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 350 $19.30 $19.00 $39,530 5.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 30 $18.90 $20.24 $42,100 6.3 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $14.26 $14.80 $30,790 4.7 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 690 $11.16 $12.39 $25,770 4.3 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 70 $16.74 $16.26 $33,830 8.4 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 150 $12.03 $14.05 $29,230 4.8 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) $13.43 $15.21 $31,650 4.1 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 $15.00 $15.22 $31,660 6.3 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,090 $19.40 $19.32 $40,180 1.6 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders (8) $16.03 $16.00 $33,280 4.9 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic (8) $22.56 $22.35 $46,480 3.6 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 570 $14.16 $14.45 $30,060 2.6 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 $16.01 $15.87 $33,000 4.2 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 120 $24.71 $24.69 $51,350 4.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 2,660 $19.64 $19.47 $40,490 2.0 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 550 $21.60 $20.25 $42,110 7.3 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 120 $16.84 $16.96 $35,280 3.3 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 430 $20.46 $20.31 $42,250 2.2 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 290 $23.03 $22.33 $46,450 5.3 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 140 $9.79 $11.14 $23,170 8.3 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (8) $9.00 $11.33 $23,560 23.3 %
51-5021 Job Printers 90 $16.96 $16.98 $35,320 6.4 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 230 $14.48 $14.87 $30,920 6.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 710 $12.66 $13.52 $28,130 5.2 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 1,450 $9.10 $9.23 $19,200 3.0 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 320 $9.50 $9.65 $20,070 2.4 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 610 $10.64 $11.15 $23,190 3.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand (8) $7.19 $9.14 $19,010 4.4 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 420 $11.95 $11.68 $24,290 5.6 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 270 $12.44 $12.86 $26,760 9.0 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 490 $15.21 $15.98 $33,240 4.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers (8) $11.74 $11.80 $24,540 5.9 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 530 $22.45 $20.62 $42,880 7.0 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 350 $13.08 $14.34 $29,820 6.1 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 70 $19.94 $17.90 $37,230 11.0 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 60 $32.26 $28.97 $60,250 3.5 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 250 $19.19 $19.36 $40,260 4.1 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 520 $19.47 $20.00 $41,610 1.7 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators (8) $23.93 $24.07 $50,060 7.0 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 80 $21.51 $20.67 $43,000 2.2 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) $17.94 $18.80 $39,110 4.6 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 290 $14.98 $15.37 $31,970 8.4 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 230 $20.43 $18.99 $39,510 4.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 530 $12.58 $14.02 $29,150 8.4 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 40 $8.12 $8.58 $17,840 3.9 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 180 $16.22 $16.58 $34,490 9.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 $13.12 $14.22 $29,580 7.2 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 60 $19.33 $18.17 $37,800 6.6 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,200 $18.73 $18.65 $38,780 3.3 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 240 $18.08 $19.07 $39,670 11.7 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians (8) $28.05 $27.92 $58,070 3.9 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 690 $9.22 $10.29 $21,410 2.3 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 740 $10.01 $11.68 $24,290 5.0 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 410 $17.13 $17.83 $37,080 5.4 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 480 $21.88 $24.88 $51,750 5.9 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 200 $10.27 $11.04 $22,960 3.2 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 450 $11.32 $11.61 $24,150 4.0 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 290 $9.30 $10.29 $21,410 2.9 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 40 $10.52 $10.60 $22,040 3.8 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders (8) $10.60 $10.79 $22,440 5.0 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers (8) $14.45 $16.76 $34,870 15.2 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 420 $12.54 $14.15 $29,430 10.2 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 2,830 $9.51 $9.69 $20,150 3.0 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 1,190 $11.06 $13.44 $27,960 12.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 52,500 $12.85 $15.26 $31,730 4.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 810 $19.50 $21.06 $43,800 4.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,250 $23.18 $24.45 $50,850 1.6 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 100 (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-2012 Commercial Pilots (8) (4) (4) $83,580 9.0 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers 90 $45.55 $43.64 $90,770 2.0 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 1,000 $12.28 $12.99 $27,020 2.5 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 2,380 $10.92 $10.83 $22,520 5.1 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 2,430 $10.97 $12.06 $25,090 5.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 7,060 $15.71 $16.77 $34,880 2.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 5,990 $10.87 $12.64 $26,290 4.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 680 $9.17 $9.25 $19,230 3.0 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 700 $8.93 $10.78 $22,410 5.7 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 3,040 $17.93 $18.98 $39,470 3.3 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 1,890 $30.42 $37.65 $78,310 9.4 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators (8) $19.36 $20.27 $42,170 3.3 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 1,690 $27.07 $34.18 $71,090 12.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 380 $8.85 $9.26 $19,250 3.7 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 590 $7.92 $8.78 $18,270 5.4 %
53-6041 Traffic Technicians 50 $19.01 $20.10 $41,810 1.7 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 330 $13.41 $14.39 $29,940 7.5 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 290 $13.18 $13.50 $28,080 4.1 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 500 $21.84 $21.80 $45,340 2.2 %
53-7031 Dredge Operators 80 $21.79 $21.97 $45,700 5.2 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 280 $14.79 $15.22 $31,650 3.8 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,610 $12.84 $13.58 $28,240 2.2 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 1,590 $9.93 $11.40 $23,720 4.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 10,190 $9.99 $11.27 $23,440 2.9 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 3,870 $8.96 $9.69 $20,160 3.0 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 700 $15.11 $15.32 $31,860 1.5 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders (8) $22.53 $21.10 $43,880 10.4 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 130 $18.88 $17.01 $35,370 11.9 %

About May 2008 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) Estimate not available.

(c) Corrected on May 29, 2009.




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State estimates for Virginia


Virginia's metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area estimates:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 29, 2009

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