Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Northwestern Virginia nonmetropolitan area



For metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the MSA definitions page.


These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in the Northwestern Virginia nonmetropolitan area.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

Major Occupational Groups in Northwestern Virginia nonmetropolitan area (Note--clicking a link will scroll the page to the occupational group):

All Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 124,110 $13.75 $16.33 $33,980 1.5 %
Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 3,660 $33.11 $36.84 $76,630 2.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 140 $44.73 $42.55 $88,510 10.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,210 $33.86 $40.55 $84,340 3.5 %
11-1031 Legislators 130 (4) (4) $17,560 8.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers (8) $24.43 $30.58 $63,620 10.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 80 $30.71 $32.73 $68,080 3.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 90 $53.78 $55.56 $115,560 10.6 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 190 $36.03 $38.88 $80,870 4.1 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 180 $41.22 $46.58 $96,880 5.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 30 $35.18 $41.52 $86,360 8.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 60 $41.95 $41.40 $86,110 3.9 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 110 $36.62 $41.78 $86,890 9.7 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 310 (4) (4) $70,170 1.5 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 90 $36.07 $41.20 $85,700 9.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 70 $45.55 $47.70 $99,220 4.8 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 160 $19.50 $21.15 $43,980 4.5 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 $19.92 $24.54 $51,040 13.6 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 130 $30.65 $34.00 $70,720 6.0 %
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 100 $25.94 $25.62 $53,290 1.1 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 30 $40.15 $31.74 $66,010 9.2 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 70 $30.17 $30.55 $63,550 3.2 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 110 $32.75 $35.09 $72,980 4.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 3,180 $24.05 $26.51 $55,150 2.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 90 $21.24 $24.03 $49,980 12.3 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 240 $22.53 $23.56 $49,010 2.6 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 60 $29.02 $28.60 $59,480 7.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 100 $21.67 $22.25 $46,270 3.2 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 210 $23.32 $24.20 $50,340 5.5 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 80 $19.08 $21.18 $44,050 7.7 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 60 $22.48 $22.72 $47,250 4.2 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 230 $22.01 $23.33 $48,540 5.8 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 160 $23.56 $24.23 $50,400 4.2 %
13-1081 Logisticians 30 $38.59 $37.39 $77,780 5.8 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 270 $36.31 $41.05 $85,380 9.7 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 50 $15.69 $23.39 $48,650 24.7 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 330 $26.77 $26.84 $55,820 2.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 570 $23.49 $26.75 $55,630 3.7 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 80 $20.23 $22.84 $47,510 7.6 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 70 $17.75 $23.96 $49,850 19.6 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors (8) $35.66 $43.60 $90,680 22.8 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 40 $27.03 $28.11 $58,460 12.2 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 140 $26.17 $27.59 $57,380 7.6 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 80 $14.41 $16.75 $34,850 7.6 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 40 $22.79 $23.32 $48,510 5.5 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 1,200 $27.80 $31.55 $65,620 6.5 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 60 $25.10 $26.11 $54,310 8.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 200 $29.11 $31.59 $65,700 7.5 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 80 $46.29 $46.39 $96,490 5.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 250 $17.23 $17.73 $36,880 4.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 220 $42.95 $41.85 $87,040 10.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 50 $27.32 $28.60 $59,480 5.5 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 240 $26.46 $29.24 $60,810 6.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 100 $44.24 $41.66 $86,660 6.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,190 $29.16 $29.74 $61,870 3.9 %
17-1022 Surveyors 50 $21.37 $23.23 $48,330 8.3 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 130 $33.42 $34.12 $70,960 3.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 70 $36.40 $35.54 $73,930 2.7 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer (8) $56.84 $52.61 $109,430 9.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 60 $31.35 $32.02 $66,600 2.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 130 $34.27 $34.61 $71,990 3.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 190 $33.36 $33.98 $70,670 3.0 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 40 $19.07 $18.54 $38,570 5.7 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters (8) $17.04 $17.12 $35,610 2.7 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 60 $25.16 $24.47 $50,890 2.6 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 30 $23.50 $24.63 $51,240 4.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 50 $15.74 $17.47 $36,340 7.2 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 90 $13.86 $15.55 $32,340 11.1 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 720 $24.07 $24.90 $51,780 3.5 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 40 $20.61 $22.73 $47,270 5.7 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 60 $29.83 $29.61 $61,590 8.0 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 100 $26.42 $26.55 $55,220 4.4 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 90 $27.25 $27.66 $57,530 1.7 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians (8) $11.98 $12.27 $25,530 6.0 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 40 $15.65 $17.78 $36,990 2.5 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 60 $22.51 $22.59 $46,990 3.4 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,720 $18.17 $19.11 $39,740 2.9 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 50 $15.47 $16.15 $33,590 2.2 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 270 $22.38 $22.44 $46,670 2.2 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 160 $20.35 $21.18 $44,060 5.9 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 150 $14.88 $17.70 $36,820 12.5 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 290 $17.29 $17.98 $37,400 2.6 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 130 $16.63 $17.67 $36,750 6.0 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 160 $15.54 $17.30 $35,980 6.0 %
21-1091 Health Educators (8) $16.44 $19.12 $39,770 7.4 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 140 $20.67 $21.05 $43,790 2.8 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 90 $14.35 $14.67 $30,500 3.3 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 50 $26.16 $25.92 $53,910 4.6 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 470 $16.65 $23.24 $48,330 13.0 %
23-1011 Lawyers 130 $33.12 $41.59 $86,510 13.4 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 230 $14.36 $15.74 $32,740 8.8 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 9,460 $19.00 $19.23 $39,990 2.1 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $82,600 12.9 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 (4) (4) $59,420 21.0 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 60 (4) (4) $58,130 17.5 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (4) (4) $63,350 13.7 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (4) (4) $59,360 8.5 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 120 (4) (4) $50,390 8.7 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (4) (4) $55,710 9.1 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (4) (4) $57,990 14.0 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 50 $18.41 $19.07 $39,660 11.4 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 280 $11.46 $12.74 $26,500 8.2 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 200 (4) (4) $47,080 1.6 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 1,550 (4) (4) $42,710 1.0 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 840 (4) (4) $42,680 1.1 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School 50 (4) (4) $46,320 2.0 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 1,270 (4) (4) $44,190 1.0 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 240 (4) (4) $47,270 1.4 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 220 (4) (4) $40,390 3.8 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 110 (4) (4) $42,820 1.4 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 170 (4) (4) $43,540 1.7 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors 130 $23.20 $21.49 $44,690 9.3 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 90 $20.56 $19.42 $40,390 12.0 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 1,260 (4) (4) $35,830 4.2 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators (8) $9.22 $10.03 $20,860 8.8 %
25-4021 Librarians 180 $22.33 $22.31 $46,410 1.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 140 $13.61 $14.36 $29,880 6.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 80 $22.37 $24.86 $51,700 5.1 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,250 (4) (4) $16,850 2.6 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,180 $14.63 $17.41 $36,200 5.1 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 60 $10.23 $10.80 $22,460 8.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 130 $16.33 $17.32 $36,020 4.5 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 180 (4) (4) $27,070 18.5 %
27-2032 Choreographers 100 $18.89 $22.98 $47,790 15.3 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers (8) $11.51 $13.86 (4) 15.6 %
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 70 $14.07 $14.12 $29,370 7.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 140 $16.51 $19.61 $40,780 4.2 %
27-3041 Editors 70 $18.02 $19.94 $41,480 7.8 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 50 $9.78 $11.97 $24,900 6.6 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 5,930 $23.06 $28.86 $60,030 7.8 %
29-1021 Dentists, General (8) (5) $86.00 $178,880 29.7 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 210 $53.00 $51.40 $106,900 2.9 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners (8) (5) $92.67 $192,750 14.6 %
29-1063 Internists, General 90 $62.71 $68.68 $142,860 8.4 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 70 $42.55 $38.55 $80,180 11.1 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,090 $25.29 $25.24 $52,510 3.3 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists (8) $35.67 $36.06 $75,010 4.5 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 150 $35.64 $36.51 $75,940 3.1 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 70 $25.97 $26.11 $54,310 3.1 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 130 $25.24 $29.74 $61,860 6.7 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 80 $36.44 $37.42 $77,840 7.9 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 70 $23.64 $24.20 $50,340 1.8 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 110 $15.29 $16.70 $34,730 6.8 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 30 $31.49 $29.43 $61,210 4.2 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 210 $23.94 $24.44 $50,820 1.4 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 100 $15.04 $14.89 $30,970 2.7 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 270 $11.85 $12.08 $25,130 2.0 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists (8) $19.37 $19.43 $40,420 3.5 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 60 $13.81 $13.82 $28,750 4.7 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 860 $17.20 $17.18 $35,740 1.4 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 90 $12.69 $14.34 $29,820 4.0 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 60 $16.80 $16.67 $34,680 2.3 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 70 $23.35 $24.96 $51,910 3.6 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 3,360 $10.50 $11.10 $23,090 2.4 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 480 $9.23 $9.58 $19,920 4.5 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,600 $10.11 $10.25 $21,310 1.9 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 30 $25.28 $24.25 $50,450 5.3 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 90 $21.66 $21.83 $45,400 9.8 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 90 (8) (8) (8) (8)
31-9091 Dental Assistants 230 $13.93 $13.87 $28,860 3.0 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 220 $10.88 $10.85 $22,560 4.4 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 60 $11.48 $12.66 $26,340 4.2 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides (8) $9.00 $9.72 $20,230 4.3 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 220 $8.56 $8.62 $17,930 5.3 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other (8) $12.94 $13.13 $27,300 2.5 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,320 $17.45 $19.05 $39,630 2.8 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 200 $23.61 $24.65 $51,270 2.5 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 120 $34.28 $34.36 $71,480 2.1 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 30 $23.44 $22.37 $46,520 6.7 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 170 $15.28 $16.13 $33,560 4.7 %
33-3011 Bailiffs 60 $16.11 $16.21 $33,720 2.9 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 1,050 $17.28 $17.51 $36,430 2.5 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 190 $33.74 $33.54 $69,760 1.4 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 790 $18.03 $18.90 $39,300 2.9 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 60 $13.74 $13.85 $28,810 3.6 %
33-9032 Security Guards 380 $12.28 $12.87 $26,760 3.1 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 30 $8.80 $9.17 $19,080 3.5 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 170 $15.26 $16.39 $34,090 4.7 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 11,100 $7.75 $8.62 $17,930 1.2 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 840 $13.78 $14.82 $30,820 2.9 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 630 $7.84 $8.19 $17,040 4.7 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 410 $9.21 $9.96 $20,720 3.4 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 700 $9.75 $10.15 $21,120 3.8 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 160 $10.06 $10.39 $21,610 4.5 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 590 $8.19 $8.46 $17,600 2.0 %
35-3011 Bartenders 110 $8.65 $9.01 $18,730 8.2 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 3,420 $7.28 $7.64 $15,890 1.9 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (8) $7.25 $7.49 $15,580 3.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 2,260 $7.26 $7.62 $15,850 3.1 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 80 $9.18 $9.35 $19,440 4.1 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 300 $7.27 $7.49 $15,570 2.6 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 820 $7.90 $7.91 $16,450 2.0 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 240 $7.40 $7.57 $15,750 3.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,460 $9.81 $10.72 $22,290 2.4 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 170 $14.35 $14.70 $30,570 3.6 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 120 $17.06 $18.15 $37,750 4.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,810 $10.04 $10.52 $21,880 2.1 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,120 $7.63 $7.92 $16,460 2.3 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers (8) $18.01 $18.32 $38,110 10.6 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 1,010 $11.96 $11.95 $24,850 5.1 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other (8) $9.03 $9.22 $19,170 7.2 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 3,400 $8.46 $9.72 $20,220 3.8 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 120 $15.42 $16.81 $34,960 5.0 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 30 $14.42 $18.05 $37,530 25.6 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 200 $9.37 $9.61 $19,980 6.2 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers (8) $6.95 $7.36 $15,320 9.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 340 $7.44 $8.07 $16,780 3.1 %
39-4011 Embalmers (8) $20.14 $22.85 $47,530 15.2 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 90 $9.21 $8.94 $18,600 10.3 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 360 $9.90 $11.11 $23,100 15.5 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 180 $7.24 $7.83 $16,290 4.4 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 320 $8.12 $8.90 $18,520 2.7 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,050 $8.03 $8.11 $16,880 5.0 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 90 $9.26 $11.44 $23,790 5.9 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 250 $9.90 $10.89 $22,650 5.9 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 80 $13.31 $12.75 $26,520 5.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 13,680 $9.93 $13.88 $28,860 3.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,210 $16.85 $18.29 $38,050 4.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 130 $29.36 $36.18 $75,250 18.6 %
41-2011 Cashiers 4,890 $7.81 $8.32 $17,300 1.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 330 $8.22 $9.52 $19,800 6.3 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 240 (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 4,220 $9.72 $11.14 $23,160 3.8 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 130 $13.53 $18.39 $38,260 24.6 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 340 $25.46 $30.63 $63,710 17.0 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 110 $20.52 $32.03 $66,630 24.1 %
41-3041 Travel Agents (8) $17.19 $20.15 $41,900 7.0 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 380 $20.43 $22.05 $45,870 6.9 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 150 $31.14 $43.08 $89,610 14.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 930 $25.68 $29.70 $61,780 7.9 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (8) $9.27 $10.51 $21,860 20.7 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 400 $13.11 $14.38 $29,920 5.6 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 60 $25.42 $29.70 $61,770 22.6 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 17,950 $12.99 $13.86 $28,820 1.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 870 $20.30 $21.32 $44,350 2.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 60 $11.50 $11.34 $23,580 3.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 80 $14.42 $14.77 $30,730 3.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 280 $13.59 $13.65 $28,380 2.1 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,700 $14.47 $14.76 $30,690 2.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 180 $15.05 $15.47 $32,170 3.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 50 $17.85 $20.44 $42,510 8.0 %
43-3071 Tellers 560 $11.09 $11.10 $23,080 3.4 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 170 $14.71 $15.92 $33,120 2.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 740 $12.67 $13.67 $28,440 2.7 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 100 $15.42 $16.60 $34,540 2.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 70 $9.47 $10.10 $21,000 4.0 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 450 $8.51 $8.70 $18,090 3.0 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 110 $12.07 $12.64 $26,280 4.0 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 150 $11.82 $12.12 $25,200 5.9 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 130 $14.18 $14.66 $30,490 4.0 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks (8) $13.90 $14.37 $29,890 4.2 %
43-4151 Order Clerks (8) $16.17 $16.82 $34,990 10.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 90 $17.94 $18.20 $37,850 1.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 920 $10.75 $11.07 $23,030 2.5 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other (8) $14.86 $15.51 $32,270 2.2 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 40 $12.74 $14.24 $29,620 7.0 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 50 $11.72 $12.33 $25,650 4.1 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 280 $13.98 $14.33 $29,800 1.9 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 150 $16.62 $19.11 $39,750 6.7 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 120 (c) $24.54 (c) $23.44 (c) $48,760 (9)
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 400 (c) $21.62 (c) $21.54 (c) $44,800 (9)
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 70 (c) $12.21 (c) $14.76 (c) $30,700 (9)
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 250 $16.38 $17.83 $37,100 2.6 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 660 $12.78 $13.18 $27,420 2.3 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 2,510 $11.80 $12.37 $25,730 6.5 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 50 $17.09 $17.15 $35,670 2.6 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 500 $17.23 $17.92 $37,270 3.2 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 80 $14.56 $15.06 $31,330 11.4 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 150 $11.60 $12.06 $25,090 2.3 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 640 $14.64 $14.87 $30,930 1.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 40 $17.48 $19.39 $40,320 8.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 90 $12.32 $12.31 $25,610 2.5 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 100 $13.33 $13.02 $27,080 3.7 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 200 $7.99 $8.81 $18,320 3.9 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 4,170 $11.90 $12.03 $25,030 1.5 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 140 $16.79 $16.29 $33,890 5.2 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 490 $12.30 $13.46 $27,990 6.4 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 90 $9.55 $11.18 $23,250 7.3 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 150 $11.60 $11.41 $23,720 3.6 %
45-4021 Fallers (8) $20.71 $20.64 $42,930 5.6 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 120 $11.45 $11.39 $23,680 11.1 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 6,850 $15.42 $16.58 $34,480 2.2 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 710 $20.79 $23.13 $48,100 3.5 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 220 $20.79 $20.05 $41,710 4.4 %
47-2031 Carpenters 1,290 $15.76 $16.13 $33,550 3.2 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 70 $15.03 $14.91 $31,020 6.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 830 $11.61 $11.87 $24,690 2.8 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (8) $13.99 $13.90 $28,920 1.7 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 620 $15.68 $15.78 $32,830 4.1 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers (8) $13.64 $13.44 $27,960 6.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 460 $18.25 $19.54 $40,650 4.1 %
47-2121 Glaziers (8) $15.10 $15.93 $33,120 2.6 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 190 $14.77 $14.97 $31,140 3.2 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 80 $12.65 $13.21 $27,470 5.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 380 $18.28 $19.88 $41,340 4.3 %
47-2181 Roofers 70 $14.22 $14.05 $29,230 4.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 150 $15.08 $15.82 $32,910 5.0 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 80 $14.23 $14.00 $29,110 7.4 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 230 $11.93 $11.42 $23,750 7.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 260 $10.04 $11.05 $22,980 6.5 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 110 $9.96 $9.98 $20,750 7.4 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 130 $22.81 $30.50 $63,440 8.4 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 50 $14.01 $14.06 $29,240 6.1 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 370 $18.63 $18.52 $38,520 3.3 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas (8) $15.92 $15.78 $32,820 16.2 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 5,860 $17.03 $17.89 $37,210 1.9 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 390 $25.43 $26.54 $55,200 3.2 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 80 $17.00 $18.90 $39,300 4.5 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers (8) $24.29 $24.96 $51,920 4.9 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 80 $26.44 $25.48 $52,990 5.2 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 140 $14.22 $15.07 $31,340 24.0 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 670 $16.66 $16.63 $34,600 3.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 410 $16.21 $16.49 $34,290 3.3 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 140 $17.31 $17.38 $36,140 3.5 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 100 $14.80 $14.80 $30,790 2.4 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 130 $10.99 $11.53 $23,970 9.1 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 40 $22.86 $23.76 $49,410 3.0 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 400 $16.41 $16.98 $35,320 5.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 430 $21.08 $20.97 $43,620 3.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,540 $15.49 $15.67 $32,590 1.8 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 220 $17.04 $16.96 $35,280 2.6 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 230 $19.51 $20.71 $43,080 5.9 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 130 $25.67 $22.71 $47,230 6.7 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 60 $11.36 $11.87 $24,690 14.5 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 170 $12.01 $12.38 $25,750 8.2 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other (8) $16.25 $16.86 $35,060 5.2 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 14,060 $14.13 $14.98 $31,160 2.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 790 $23.23 $24.80 $51,580 2.5 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 300 $11.37 $11.35 $23,600 4.1 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 60 $16.63 $16.61 $34,560 6.8 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,040 $13.95 $14.49 $30,140 5.4 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 230 $9.72 $10.35 $21,540 3.9 %
51-3011 Bakers (8) $8.97 $9.31 $19,370 4.6 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 100 $14.01 $14.18 $29,480 3.5 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers (8) $14.45 $14.64 $30,450 2.8 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 240 $16.27 $16.19 $33,680 9.0 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 440 $13.66 $13.93 $28,970 7.0 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 280 $15.15 $14.50 $30,150 3.8 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 160 $14.49 $15.02 $31,240 4.4 %
51-4041 Machinists 450 $16.74 $17.08 $35,530 4.8 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) $9.58 $12.09 $25,150 10.8 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 130 $18.69 $19.16 $39,850 3.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 270 $13.82 $14.96 $31,120 7.9 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) $14.88 $14.89 $30,970 4.9 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 $13.73 $14.38 $29,910 3.9 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 60 $19.81 $18.96 $39,440 3.2 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 210 $12.34 $12.90 $26,830 3.9 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 220 $8.62 $8.84 $18,400 2.4 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 230 $9.12 $9.16 $19,060 2.5 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 340 $10.91 $11.04 $22,960 7.6 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $9.59 $11.03 $22,930 6.3 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 40 $9.52 $10.54 $21,930 7.4 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 510 $13.13 $13.61 $28,310 2.8 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 170 $12.17 $12.98 $27,000 8.7 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 350 $13.53 $13.21 $27,470 3.1 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 210 $15.58 $15.83 $32,920 3.7 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 80 $17.91 $17.66 $36,730 4.4 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 230 $18.61 $17.70 $36,820 7.2 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 130 $15.68 $14.65 $30,470 6.1 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 $18.45 $18.34 $38,140 3.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 870 $15.79 $15.49 $32,220 3.5 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 50 $12.31 $12.66 $26,320 2.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 510 $14.93 $14.87 $30,930 8.9 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 130 $12.90 $14.14 $29,420 4.9 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 30 $11.22 $13.10 $27,240 6.5 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 60 $9.49 $9.64 $20,050 6.0 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (8) $11.22 $11.39 $23,700 6.3 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 70 $13.28 $13.28 $27,610 7.2 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 630 $19.51 $19.30 $40,140 10.4 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 480 $10.74 $10.68 $22,220 2.7 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 690 $11.94 $13.15 $27,340 8.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 10,880 $13.03 $13.74 $28,590 2.1 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 220 $20.64 $21.20 $44,100 2.3 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 280 $23.95 $24.68 $51,330 3.2 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 40 $11.16 $11.04 $22,970 3.2 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 880 $7.85 $10.65 $22,150 5.0 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 290 $15.65 $15.60 $32,440 11.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 2,330 $15.13 $16.63 $34,600 3.2 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 530 $10.72 $11.00 $22,880 2.0 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 200 $9.06 $9.12 $18,960 3.8 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 60 $9.28 $11.44 $23,800 4.5 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (8) $9.89 $10.86 $22,590 4.4 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 150 $13.87 $14.70 $30,570 3.2 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 170 $14.51 $14.45 $30,060 4.2 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 820 $12.65 $13.12 $27,280 4.4 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 260 $11.26 $11.70 $24,330 4.6 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 2,390 $11.78 $12.27 $25,520 2.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 580 $16.50 $15.64 $32,530 5.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 1,300 $11.34 $11.33 $23,560 4.0 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 190 $9.81 $10.62 $22,090 2.8 %

About May 2008 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) Estimate not available.

(c) Corrected on May 29, 2009.




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State estimates for Virginia


Virginia's metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area estimates:

May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 29, 2009

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