Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Pennsylvania


These occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in Pennsylvania.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

Major Occupational Groups in Pennsylvania (Note--clicking a link will scroll the page to the occupational group):

All Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 5,705,170 $15.36 $19.53 $40,630 0.4 %
Management Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 200,390 $39.07 $45.53 $94,700 0.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 16,270 $67.26 $72.17 $150,110 1.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 39,000 $40.69 $47.75 $99,310 0.8 %
11-1031 Legislators 4,360 (4) (4) $28,430 5.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 1,260 $39.11 $47.68 $99,170 4.1 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 5,350 $48.57 $53.36 $110,990 1.9 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 10,120 $45.25 $51.56 $107,240 1.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 1,700 $34.55 $40.68 $84,610 2.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 8,980 $31.30 $35.17 $73,160 1.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 9,060 $52.51 $56.63 $117,780 1.8 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 16,280 $41.58 $46.67 $97,080 1.2 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 2,120 $41.04 $44.60 $92,780 1.8 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 990 $41.83 $45.35 $94,330 3.0 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 1,540 $46.45 $49.23 $102,400 2.0 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 6,510 $37.17 $40.01 $83,230 0.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 2,400 $45.24 $47.28 $98,340 1.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 3,550 $38.77 $42.34 $88,060 1.7 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (8) $24.86 $35.61 $74,080 18.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 5,360 $39.00 $44.09 $91,710 2.2 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 2,250 $17.05 $19.27 $40,090 2.2 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 8,020 (4) (4) $87,830 1.2 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 5,490 $40.10 $49.10 $102,120 4.7 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 1,120 $29.37 $31.62 $65,780 3.3 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 5,500 $50.33 $53.87 $112,050 1.1 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 5,190 $22.50 $24.45 $50,850 1.7 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors 1,430 $26.32 $31.55 $65,620 6.1 %
11-9071 Gaming Managers 30 $54.06 $60.59 $126,040 12.8 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 950 $21.18 $24.30 $50,540 3.0 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 12,930 $35.61 $39.31 $81,770 1.1 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 1,720 $73.55 $75.82 $157,710 7.7 %
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 1,650 $28.21 $28.24 $58,730 0.4 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 2,330 $26.41 $33.40 $69,480 5.3 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 9,830 $28.39 $27.96 $58,160 2.4 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 7,080 $39.48 $43.50 $90,490 1.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 246,070 $26.60 $29.97 $62,340 0.7 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 280 $21.80 $27.39 $56,960 10.5 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 500 $22.48 $24.01 $49,930 3.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 6,740 $23.96 $27.45 $57,090 2.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 13,320 $24.62 $26.57 $55,260 0.7 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 15,750 $26.09 $26.86 $55,870 1.5 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 850 $25.66 $25.34 $52,710 3.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 7,560 $22.50 $24.72 $51,420 1.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 11,250 $25.59 $27.24 $56,650 1.0 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 710 $20.19 $22.35 $46,490 3.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 10,190 $22.14 $23.92 $49,740 1.4 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 5,110 $24.36 $25.88 $53,840 0.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 9,060 $22.90 $24.65 $51,260 1.0 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 9,650 $23.24 $25.74 $53,550 5.9 %
13-1081 Logisticians 5,270 $33.26 $33.45 $69,580 1.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 20,940 $36.82 $41.13 $85,550 1.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 1,850 $20.18 $21.46 $44,650 1.9 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 20,060 $30.07 $31.92 $66,390 1.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 49,850 $27.75 $31.46 $65,440 0.9 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 1,440 $20.37 $24.83 $51,640 8.3 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 2,140 $31.22 $31.47 $65,450 1.4 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 2,190 $24.07 $27.49 $57,180 2.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 13,510 $31.17 $35.37 $73,570 3.4 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 6,930 $29.72 $40.36 $83,940 4.7 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 5,210 $28.57 $31.95 $66,450 2.6 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 1,000 $35.46 $37.39 $77,780 2.5 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 1,070 $18.44 $19.92 $41,440 3.6 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 13,130 $22.60 $26.33 $54,770 2.2 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 5,000 $20.43 $20.77 $43,200 1.6 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 2,380 $13.50 $15.17 $31,540 3.4 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 3,120 $29.45 $31.01 $64,500 1.9 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 123,330 $31.48 $33.93 $70,580 1.1 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 1,070 $35.35 $37.10 $77,170 7.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 19,490 $32.94 $36.53 $75,990 3.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 13,170 $38.85 $40.19 $83,600 1.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 9,620 $41.28 $42.99 $89,430 2.5 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 22,890 $18.96 $20.34 $42,320 0.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 21,660 $33.78 $36.74 $76,410 2.7 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 4,460 $31.63 $32.65 $67,910 1.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 14,770 $30.63 $33.12 $68,900 1.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 6,470 $34.18 $35.70 $74,250 1.4 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 5,110 $35.41 $34.81 $72,410 2.6 %
15-2011 Actuaries 1,120 $48.80 $54.86 $114,100 3.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 2,240 $31.17 $33.82 $70,350 2.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians 1,200 $36.00 $38.21 $79,480 4.7 %
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other (8) $28.45 $29.46 $61,280 5.3 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 98,110 $29.81 $32.08 $66,720 1.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 4,520 $35.04 $38.07 $79,190 2.5 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 710 $28.22 $29.19 $60,720 3.7 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 270 $19.38 $20.62 $42,900 3.0 %
17-1022 Surveyors 2,060 $24.22 $24.96 $51,910 1.9 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 520 $42.70 $42.83 $89,080 2.5 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 60 $28.98 $31.40 $65,310 3.6 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 1,200 $30.61 $34.84 $72,470 6.0 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 1,300 $37.86 $38.02 $79,070 2.3 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 11,510 $33.34 $35.25 $73,310 1.3 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 1,360 $43.32 $44.08 $91,680 3.4 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 5,560 $37.65 $39.13 $81,400 1.5 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 6,170 $39.27 $40.55 $84,350 2.3 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 2,850 $36.06 $39.71 $82,600 4.2 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 1,240 $31.25 $31.42 $65,350 2.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 9,590 $33.66 $35.18 $73,180 1.3 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 130 $44.13 $42.47 $88,330 5.6 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 1,460 $36.89 $37.92 $78,880 1.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 9,200 $33.41 $35.88 $74,640 1.6 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 950 $29.31 $30.75 $63,950 5.0 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 2,190 $47.06 $49.39 $102,730 4.7 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 140 $39.88 $40.50 $84,240 10.5 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 2,160 $41.58 $40.87 $85,000 2.6 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 5,610 $19.21 $20.16 $41,930 1.4 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 1,210 $24.09 $24.53 $51,020 1.8 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 3,980 $21.39 $22.28 $46,350 1.4 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 360 $23.99 $22.82 $47,460 3.3 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 2,880 $18.85 $19.74 $41,050 1.9 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 7,510 $24.26 $23.92 $49,750 2.2 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 690 $19.31 $19.19 $39,910 2.4 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 1,500 $17.71 $19.11 $39,750 3.5 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 3,960 $23.81 $24.79 $51,570 1.6 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 1,900 $20.39 $20.88 $43,430 2.3 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 1,690 $30.69 $31.30 $65,110 3.2 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 1,650 $15.33 $16.47 $34,250 2.5 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 57,350 $26.71 $30.74 $63,930 1.9 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 270 $29.18 $32.45 $67,490 4.4 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 180 $29.28 $30.01 $62,420 5.6 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 2,160 $44.41 $47.85 $99,520 2.9 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 460 $31.92 $35.10 $73,000 4.1 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 150 $22.91 $24.73 $51,440 1.1 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 320 $30.08 $30.39 $63,220 0.9 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 530 $20.48 $22.28 $46,340 3.9 %
19-1032 Foresters 450 $22.44 $23.72 $49,340 2.4 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 140 $31.43 $33.86 $70,420 1.9 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 7,930 $44.07 $47.97 $99,780 3.2 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 370 $18.43 $26.32 $54,740 12.4 %
19-2012 Physicists 120 $53.76 $55.82 $116,110 3.3 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 50 $42.55 $43.50 $90,480 2.4 %
19-2031 Chemists 5,030 $30.62 $33.64 $69,980 3.2 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 910 $34.77 $36.18 $75,260 4.3 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 1,850 $29.38 $31.74 $66,020 2.6 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 640 $30.93 $33.59 $69,870 6.2 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 170 $39.75 $39.06 $81,250 3.2 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 340 $45.52 $43.35 $90,160 3.5 %
19-3011 Economists 360 $39.01 $41.55 $86,420 9.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 12,530 $24.46 $27.55 $57,300 1.4 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 2,320 $9.78 $12.94 $26,920 5.3 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 4,310 $28.88 $31.42 $65,360 2.7 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 400 $37.71 $34.94 $72,670 3.6 %
19-3041 Sociologists 230 $26.61 $33.03 $68,710 10.5 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 1,600 $21.36 $22.38 $46,550 1.9 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists (8) $30.30 $30.99 $64,450 5.2 %
19-3092 Geographers 70 $24.37 $26.06 $54,200 4.6 %
19-3093 Historians (8) $15.68 $22.75 $47,320 15.1 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 40 $41.25 $46.01 $95,700 5.1 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 550 $35.39 $35.73 $74,330 2.5 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 540 $14.47 $16.70 $34,730 4.5 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 3,190 $18.57 $19.79 $41,160 2.3 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 4,600 $20.12 $20.70 $43,060 2.0 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 200 $16.96 $18.46 $38,400 6.3 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 590 $36.68 $36.00 $74,880 4.3 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 180 $25.82 $23.87 $49,640 6.8 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 1,270 $19.03 $20.64 $42,930 2.2 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 530 (8) (8) (8) (8)
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 110 $16.78 $17.32 $36,030 2.1 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 1,040 $22.28 $22.63 $47,070 3.9 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 103,560 $16.47 $18.08 $37,600 0.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 6,040 $17.57 $18.69 $38,880 2.7 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 11,870 $23.29 $24.51 $50,990 1.2 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 940 $20.16 $21.93 $45,620 3.9 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 13,870 $16.08 $17.36 $36,100 1.6 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 5,840 $14.25 $16.36 $34,040 2.9 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 440 $17.86 $18.37 $38,210 6.3 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 16,090 $15.37 $16.57 $34,470 1.3 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 9,660 $19.60 $20.26 $42,130 2.1 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 8,400 $17.14 $18.36 $38,180 1.6 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 780 $24.76 $24.62 $51,200 3.1 %
21-1091 Health Educators 2,340 $20.68 $21.89 $45,530 3.2 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 4,040 $21.76 $21.96 $45,690 1.1 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 18,530 $12.48 $13.09 $27,220 1.6 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 1,840 $16.83 $18.15 $37,760 4.0 %
21-2011 Clergy 1,670 $17.18 $17.96 $37,350 2.7 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 960 $17.91 $19.40 $40,360 5.2 %
21-2099 Religious Workers, All Other 260 $8.15 $11.23 $23,350 5.9 %
Legal Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 39,560 $31.94 $42.32 $88,020 2.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 22,360 $52.44 $57.79 $120,200 2.3 %
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 1,120 $29.49 $34.82 $72,420 2.9 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 460 $29.25 $28.85 $60,000 8.4 %
23-1023 Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates 60 (8) (8) (8) (8)
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 9,180 $21.35 $22.15 $46,080 1.7 %
23-2091 Court Reporters 830 $20.16 $20.76 $43,170 2.8 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 2,210 $18.37 $19.46 $40,470 2.9 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 2,760 $17.70 $19.09 $39,700 4.5 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 590 $20.69 $20.28 $42,180 2.1 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 341,000 $22.44 $24.21 $50,360 1.6 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 3,750 (4) (4) $78,690 4.0 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 2,020 (4) (4) $80,690 3.9 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary 2,500 (4) (4) $73,030 3.2 %
25-1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 250 (4) (4) $81,800 3.7 %
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 2,090 (4) (4) $103,710 4.2 %
25-1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 400 (4) (4) $97,070 2.4 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 3,150 (4) (4) $81,640 2.5 %
25-1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary 270 (4) (4) $78,300 3.8 %
25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 590 (4) (4) $85,090 2.7 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 1,030 (4) (4) $76,010 3.6 %
25-1053 Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary 360 (4) (4) $88,980 6.3 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 720 (4) (4) $87,140 3.9 %
25-1061 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary 360 (4) (4) $87,670 5.6 %
25-1062 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 390 (4) (4) $84,260 7.0 %
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 710 (4) (4) $93,540 7.1 %
25-1064 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 310 (4) (4) $78,910 3.2 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 820 (4) (4) $98,180 4.4 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 1,660 (4) (4) $74,210 2.9 %
25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 1,050 (4) (4) $75,050 2.8 %
25-1069 Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary, All Other 70 (4) (4) $65,220 17.4 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 7,720 (4) (4) $100,300 9.8 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary 3,090 (4) (4) $66,580 2.6 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 3,120 (4) (4) $67,150 2.2 %
25-1082 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 190 (4) (4) $65,460 4.5 %
25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 470 (4) (4) $85,520 4.5 %
25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 270 (4) (4) $69,850 3.8 %
25-1113 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 520 (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 3,460 (4) (4) $61,610 2.8 %
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 1,330 (4) (4) $65,180 2.3 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 3,320 (4) (4) $65,490 2.2 %
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 1,340 (4) (4) $65,510 2.6 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary 1,170 (4) (4) $74,650 3.0 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 1,280 (4) (4) $68,370 2.8 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants 1,120 (4) (4) $28,420 4.7 %
25-1192 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 430 (4) (4) $68,020 4.2 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 910 (4) (4) $63,640 2.0 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 5,350 $21.45 $23.24 $48,340 1.9 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 2,870 (4) (4) $71,330 3.9 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 14,020 $11.05 $11.78 $24,500 1.5 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 7,740 (4) (4) $50,930 1.1 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 75,730 (4) (4) $51,840 0.9 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 30,730 (4) (4) $54,220 1.0 %
25-2023 Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School 800 (4) (4) $56,640 1.9 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education (8) (4) (4) $53,380 0.7 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 3,790 (4) (4) $54,260 2.9 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 12,590 (4) (4) $53,710 1.7 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 5,080 (4) (4) $56,080 1.4 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 6,250 (4) (4) $54,720 1.1 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors 2,550 $19.65 $19.75 $41,090 2.0 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 5,740 $18.20 $19.00 $39,520 2.4 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 5,920 (4) (4) $44,060 3.0 %
25-4011 Archivists 320 $20.57 $21.80 $45,350 4.3 %
25-4012 Curators 420 $23.43 $24.26 $50,460 5.6 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 490 $17.89 $20.11 $41,820 2.3 %
25-4021 Librarians 6,430 $25.30 $24.98 $51,970 1.1 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 4,530 $12.39 $12.86 $26,760 2.0 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists 190 $17.66 $18.90 $39,310 2.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 4,450 $25.05 $26.70 $55,530 2.3 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 48,860 (4) (4) $22,150 2.0 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 1,250 $17.20 $18.38 $38,240 7.1 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 64,360 $18.37 $21.58 $44,880 1.3 %
27-1011 Art Directors 1,210 $31.20 $34.56 $71,870 5.9 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 210 $12.96 $13.50 $28,070 5.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 220 $18.31 $20.62 $42,880 10.3 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 690 $26.03 $25.57 $53,190 3.1 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 170 $18.92 $23.31 $48,480 6.2 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 1,860 $23.57 $24.39 $50,720 2.0 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 280 $20.21 $24.33 $50,610 6.0 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 2,500 $11.36 $11.81 $24,560 2.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 8,560 $18.47 $20.41 $42,450 1.9 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 1,670 $19.58 $21.78 $45,290 3.0 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 2,130 $10.93 $12.45 $25,890 5.4 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 370 $16.69 $21.76 $45,260 8.2 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 190 $23.67 $22.82 $47,470 6.2 %
27-2011 Actors 840 (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-2012 Producers and Directors 2,020 $23.77 $28.38 $59,020 6.5 %
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors (8) (4) (4) $52,100 15.5 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 7,280 (4) (4) $28,500 2.5 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 270 (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-2031 Dancers 90 $11.88 $13.16 (4) 10.8 %
27-2032 Choreographers 530 $14.01 $16.12 $33,530 9.4 %
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 380 $15.44 $18.42 $38,320 7.7 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 1,780 $13.81 $22.21 (4) 12.0 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 260 $10.21 $12.26 (4) 4.2 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 1,890 $12.59 $19.29 $40,120 6.5 %
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 120 $13.02 $16.09 $33,460 8.2 %
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 2,760 $18.06 $20.86 $43,400 6.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 9,260 $24.47 $29.01 $60,340 2.2 %
27-3041 Editors 4,230 $22.78 $25.48 $53,000 3.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,580 $28.62 $28.77 $59,840 2.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 1,540 $22.34 $25.07 $52,140 3.2 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 620 (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 570 $17.14 $18.54 $38,570 3.5 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 1,420 $17.56 $17.86 $37,150 3.4 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 1,130 $14.23 $17.24 $35,850 5.7 %
27-4013 Radio Operators 60 $11.32 $14.64 $30,450 11.0 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 490 $16.00 $19.03 $39,580 7.2 %
27-4021 Photographers 2,430 $14.64 $16.24 $33,770 2.9 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 490 $18.60 $19.68 $40,930 4.7 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 340 $19.32 $22.03 $45,830 9.3 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 450 $23.41 $24.73 $51,440 5.1 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 349,790 $25.71 $30.39 $63,200 0.8 %
29-1011 Chiropractors 1,320 $31.00 $35.96 $74,790 6.7 %
29-1021 Dentists, General 3,300 $56.63 $63.18 $131,410 5.7 %
29-1022 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (8) (5) $100.69 $209,440 17.4 %
29-1023 Orthodontists 140 (5) $95.45 $198,530 11.6 %
29-1029 Dentists, All Other Specialists 190 $77.68 $76.18 $158,440 16.9 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 2,850 $21.36 $21.36 $44,420 1.7 %
29-1041 Optometrists 1,240 $42.36 $45.06 $93,730 5.7 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 11,590 $46.17 $44.85 $93,280 1.2 %
29-1061 Anesthesiologists 1,490 (5) $85.44 $177,710 6.4 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 8,610 $78.88 $80.31 $167,050 2.9 %
29-1063 Internists, General 2,350 (5) $77.88 $161,980 12.2 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists 550 (5) $95.40 $198,430 5.5 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General 640 $66.00 $72.10 $149,960 7.9 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 1,510 $67.65 $65.89 $137,050 6.5 %
29-1067 Surgeons 2,570 (5) $93.75 $194,990 5.4 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 9,500 $75.60 $73.20 $152,250 4.8 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (8) $33.42 $32.79 $68,210 2.5 %
29-1081 Podiatrists 700 $36.33 $45.65 $94,960 11.6 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 129,060 $28.79 $29.51 $61,390 0.8 %
29-1121 Audiologists 560 $23.54 $24.26 $50,450 10.4 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 5,710 $30.24 $31.34 $65,190 2.3 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 8,780 $34.11 $35.01 $72,820 1.2 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 880 $34.75 $38.67 $80,430 10.1 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 1,500 $18.15 $18.79 $39,080 1.9 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 4,460 $24.75 $25.03 $52,060 0.7 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 4,030 $30.21 $32.11 $66,790 3.6 %
29-1129 Therapists, All Other 470 $24.37 $28.07 $58,380 5.3 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 2,260 $43.19 $47.03 $97,820 3.8 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 980 $23.88 $26.36 $54,840 3.8 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 8,700 $23.95 $24.34 $50,620 0.8 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 10,020 $17.46 $18.44 $38,360 1.2 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 7,330 $27.08 $27.23 $56,650 1.9 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 2,870 $21.35 $24.23 $50,410 5.5 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 2,110 $26.94 $26.87 $55,880 1.1 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 1,110 $28.28 $28.36 $58,980 1.0 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 10,510 $22.99 $23.66 $49,200 1.8 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 13,220 $13.13 $14.18 $29,490 2.1 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 1,040 $11.25 $11.85 $24,650 1.8 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 14,990 $12.13 $12.70 $26,410 1.0 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 1,110 $15.96 $17.24 $35,870 3.4 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 660 $20.35 $20.42 $42,460 1.1 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 3,600 $17.55 $17.66 $36,730 0.7 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 3,540 $14.20 $14.42 $29,990 1.8 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 37,140 $18.73 $19.19 $39,920 0.7 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 7,560 $14.06 $15.10 $31,410 1.0 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing 2,430 $14.77 $15.98 $33,240 4.0 %
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists 250 $26.24 $30.06 $62,530 9.0 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 2,160 $17.28 $19.67 $40,900 1.9 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 2,440 $26.96 $27.20 $56,570 2.5 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 370 $18.61 $19.71 $40,990 2.4 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 990 (4) (4) $38,110 1.3 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 4,220 $18.49 $21.63 $45,000 2.4 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 195,080 $11.79 $12.36 $25,720 0.5 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 57,440 $9.85 $10.38 $21,600 1.1 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 74,940 $12.03 $12.23 $25,450 0.6 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides 2,760 $13.81 $14.38 $29,910 2.1 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 1,860 $20.20 $20.49 $42,620 1.3 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 560 $12.99 $14.06 $29,240 3.0 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 3,900 $19.00 $19.39 $40,320 1.3 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 1,860 $12.00 $12.23 $25,430 1.4 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 1,040 $16.25 $18.19 $37,840 5.4 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 11,170 $14.22 $14.75 $30,680 1.7 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 22,750 $12.90 $13.24 $27,540 0.8 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 1,620 $14.01 $14.38 $29,910 0.9 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 5,010 $14.56 $14.62 $30,420 1.2 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 1,670 $10.19 $10.71 $22,280 2.2 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 2,450 $10.66 $11.61 $24,140 3.0 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 6,050 $13.81 $14.38 $29,910 1.7 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 113,800 $17.13 $19.46 $40,480 2.2 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 390 $26.55 $27.41 $57,020 2.2 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 3,530 $36.73 $36.05 $74,980 0.9 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 1,170 $30.53 $30.42 $63,260 2.8 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 1,410 $21.69 $23.12 $48,100 2.1 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 5,230 $24.08 $23.27 $48,410 3.9 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 280 $19.78 $19.91 $41,410 3.5 %
33-3011 Bailiffs 500 (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 16,030 $20.00 $21.15 $43,980 0.9 %
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 3,100 $31.41 $32.33 $67,250 1.7 %
33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers 460 $10.78 $11.61 $24,150 2.5 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 26,880 $27.44 $26.00 $54,080 1.8 %
33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police 430 $24.82 $25.51 $53,070 5.1 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 280 $16.11 $14.90 $31,000 2.9 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 2,720 $17.50 $20.18 $41,980 3.7 %
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 230 $11.87 $20.97 $43,610 21.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 38,270 $11.14 $12.44 $25,880 2.5 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 4,910 $9.43 $10.45 $21,730 3.5 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 5,290 $7.96 $8.77 $18,230 1.1 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 1,860 $13.58 $15.19 $31,600 2.2 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 477,940 $8.49 $9.77 $20,330 0.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 4,020 $17.60 $19.27 $40,080 1.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 29,620 $14.94 $15.73 $32,720 1.0 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 12,020 $7.99 $8.70 $18,090 1.2 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 16,880 $11.36 $11.75 $24,440 1.1 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 34,630 $11.14 $11.73 $24,390 1.5 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 11,830 $9.38 $9.87 $20,520 1.1 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 590 $9.47 $10.41 $21,640 6.0 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 34,520 $9.22 $9.69 $20,150 0.8 %
35-3011 Bartenders 30,200 $8.12 $9.05 $18,830 0.9 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 125,520 $8.03 $8.87 $18,440 0.6 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 15,330 $7.79 $8.52 $17,720 1.1 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 97,990 $7.82 $8.82 $18,360 0.8 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 11,230 $8.90 $9.59 $19,950 1.6 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 15,660 $7.76 $8.51 $17,690 0.8 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 21,840 $7.99 $8.45 $17,570 0.5 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 15,000 $8.60 $9.52 $19,790 1.2 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 1,030 $10.66 $10.80 $22,460 3.8 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 180,950 $11.02 $12.00 $24,960 0.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 6,080 $18.03 $18.59 $38,670 1.0 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 3,810 $21.15 $22.13 $46,040 2.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 98,760 $10.89 $11.59 $24,100 0.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 31,630 $9.34 $9.77 $20,310 0.7 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other (8) $13.71 $13.72 $28,530 2.8 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 1,520 $13.76 $14.34 $29,820 4.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 35,000 $11.65 $12.43 $25,860 1.2 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 1,560 $16.49 $15.84 $32,940 5.1 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 1,120 $15.76 $15.99 $33,250 5.6 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 180 $17.02 $17.89 $37,200 5.3 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 143,720 $9.58 $11.09 $23,070 1.2 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 100 $18.66 $22.58 $46,960 5.3 %
39-1012 Slot Key Persons 110 $11.51 $12.37 $25,730 2.9 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 3,410 $18.49 $20.19 $42,000 1.8 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 320 $12.70 $14.38 $29,920 8.6 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 5,210 $8.71 $10.13 $21,060 2.7 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 440 $7.85 $11.20 $23,290 8.0 %
39-3019 Gaming Service Workers, All Other (8) $9.67 $14.38 $29,920 20.0 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 420 $9.28 $12.65 $26,310 14.2 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 5,700 $7.88 $9.26 $19,250 2.8 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 9,990 $8.04 $8.98 $18,670 1.1 %
39-3092 Costume Attendants 90 $14.06 $15.10 $31,400 5.8 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 830 $10.02 $10.57 $21,980 1.5 %
39-3099 Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other 1,890 $10.05 $12.02 $25,010 4.9 %
39-4011 Embalmers 130 $16.99 $17.32 $36,030 8.8 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants 1,760 $11.43 $11.58 $24,080 3.3 %
39-5011 Barbers 1,000 $13.10 $14.30 $29,750 6.8 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 23,560 $9.95 $11.08 $23,040 1.8 %
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 2,120 $8.83 $9.50 $19,750 2.6 %
39-5093 Shampooers 720 $7.69 $8.14 $16,930 2.0 %
39-5094 Skin Care Specialists 1,520 $9.79 $10.84 $22,540 3.2 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 1,360 $8.45 $9.36 $19,480 3.1 %
39-6012 Concierges 390 $12.53 $12.87 $26,760 4.1 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 1,820 $12.16 $12.43 $25,850 4.3 %
39-6022 Travel Guides 220 $13.91 $15.37 $31,970 6.5 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 680 $9.00 $10.47 $21,780 4.3 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 29,840 $8.88 $9.52 $19,800 1.0 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 19,750 $9.78 $10.36 $21,550 1.6 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 10,230 $10.90 $12.34 $25,670 2.0 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 11,470 $10.90 $12.20 $25,380 1.7 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 4,530 $11.59 $13.12 $27,300 3.2 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 1,690 $9.27 $12.36 $25,710 8.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 613,740 $11.47 $17.39 $36,180 0.7 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 35,300 $18.48 $20.77 $43,210 0.9 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 9,200 $35.90 $44.67 $92,910 2.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 156,520 $8.20 $8.80 $18,290 0.4 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 240 $9.02 $10.22 $21,260 4.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 17,380 $10.32 $11.58 $24,090 1.3 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 10,580 $14.06 $14.67 $30,510 1.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 204,630 $10.02 $12.15 $25,260 0.8 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 7,530 $20.73 $26.46 $55,030 2.7 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 15,900 $23.48 $31.03 $64,540 3.4 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 8,910 $28.14 $39.73 $82,640 4.1 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 3,330 $15.57 $18.21 $37,880 8.0 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 11,900 $25.96 $30.41 $63,250 2.9 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 16,310 $34.32 $38.74 $80,570 2.1 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 83,330 $25.42 $30.50 $63,440 1.2 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 2,840 $9.79 $12.67 $26,350 5.5 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 1,120 (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 9,080 $20.81 $22.85 $47,530 2.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 3,660 $35.27 $38.36 $79,790 2.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 13,100 $10.38 $12.41 $25,800 2.9 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 300 (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 2,600 $17.39 $21.22 $44,130 4.1 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 990,190 $13.94 $15.13 $31,460 0.3 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 48,750 $22.36 $23.91 $49,740 0.5 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 6,430 $11.46 $11.93 $24,820 1.2 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators 2,630 $15.12 $16.79 $34,930 4.3 %
43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 160 $17.63 $17.79 $37,010 4.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 17,510 $13.97 $14.80 $30,780 1.5 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 22,820 $14.37 $14.88 $30,940 0.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 73,220 $15.24 $15.77 $32,800 0.4 %
43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers (8) $10.99 $12.96 $26,950 2.4 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 9,100 $15.91 $16.22 $33,750 0.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 3,590 $17.52 $17.46 $36,310 2.6 %
43-3071 Tellers 31,030 $10.92 $11.16 $23,210 1.5 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 2,470 $15.36 $16.53 $34,380 2.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 1,100 $13.90 $13.86 $28,830 2.7 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 2,040 $15.03 $15.60 $32,440 1.8 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,610 $14.57 $15.52 $32,290 2.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 102,700 $14.40 $15.60 $32,440 1.3 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 8,110 $20.39 $20.96 $43,590 0.8 %
43-4071 File Clerks 10,150 $10.98 $11.87 $24,690 1.2 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 6,540 $9.64 $10.27 $21,360 1.3 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 6,230 $14.02 $14.53 $30,220 0.8 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 5,190 $10.41 $11.14 $23,180 2.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 6,330 $14.67 $15.00 $31,190 1.4 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 2,230 $13.58 $13.50 $28,070 1.5 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 12,640 $12.94 $13.77 $28,630 2.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 8,540 $16.86 $17.50 $36,400 1.2 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 50,930 $11.40 $11.82 $24,590 0.5 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 3,050 $12.36 $13.74 $28,580 2.5 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 5,630 $17.37 $17.62 $36,650 1.2 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 2,710 $17.26 $17.59 $36,590 2.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 5,000 $11.10 $11.63 $24,180 2.1 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 3,010 $16.08 $17.72 $36,860 4.3 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 6,750 $16.33 $17.32 $36,030 1.3 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 1,210 $20.15 $19.69 $40,950 1.9 %
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 3,780 (c) $24.54 (c) $24.25 (c) $50,440 (9)
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 16,230 (c) $24.47 (c) $22.75 (c) $47,320 (9)
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 9,140 (c) $23.97 (c) $21.48 (c) $44,680 (9)
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 13,220 $19.45 $20.27 $42,170 0.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 29,230 $14.30 $14.76 $30,710 0.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 71,980 $9.91 $10.96 $22,810 0.6 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 3,260 $12.51 $13.54 $28,160 1.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 40,090 $18.73 $19.73 $41,050 0.6 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 14,280 $17.24 $18.06 $37,560 1.7 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 19,510 $13.54 $13.83 $28,770 1.0 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 83,670 $13.55 $13.90 $28,900 0.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 4,600 $17.34 $17.83 $37,090 1.0 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 12,490 $12.30 $12.99 $27,010 1.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 11,690 $14.39 $14.70 $30,570 1.1 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 1,180 $17.45 $17.93 $37,290 3.1 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 11,860 $15.72 $16.63 $34,580 1.2 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 8,870 $12.23 $12.81 $26,640 1.5 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 155,080 $12.44 $13.25 $27,550 0.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 3,900 $12.49 $13.06 $27,160 1.4 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 640 $14.04 $15.45 $32,140 4.1 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 930 $16.18 $16.14 $33,580 2.9 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 4,460 $15.54 $16.35 $34,010 1.7 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 6,850 $11.51 $13.48 $28,030 1.7 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 520 $23.81 $24.29 $50,520 2.0 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 360 $21.37 $21.68 $45,100 1.0 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 40 $11.56 $13.54 $28,170 6.0 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 330 $11.43 $12.57 $26,130 6.9 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 220 $18.46 $17.38 $36,150 5.8 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 2,730 $10.19 $11.18 $23,250 2.7 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 1,570 $10.08 $11.00 $22,870 2.5 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 200 $13.43 $13.53 $28,150 8.0 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 200 $17.10 $17.50 $36,400 0.8 %
45-4021 Fallers 160 $11.73 $13.36 $27,790 8.0 %
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 370 $11.57 $12.42 $25,840 5.0 %
45-4023 Log Graders and Scalers 160 $15.31 $17.94 $37,320 14.7 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 233,730 $19.31 $21.09 $43,870 0.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 16,530 $28.73 $30.12 $62,650 1.0 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 400 $22.85 $22.57 $46,940 13.0 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 5,750 $22.89 $23.52 $48,930 2.7 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 530 $20.24 $23.04 $47,920 5.6 %
47-2031 Carpenters 42,840 $18.90 $20.51 $42,660 1.3 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 2,630 $17.14 $18.81 $39,120 6.7 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 420 $18.40 $18.71 $38,910 5.6 %
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 160 $13.55 $14.16 $29,440 8.9 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 1,180 $21.08 $21.16 $44,020 4.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 5,610 $18.54 $19.50 $40,560 1.8 %
47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 60 $26.63 $25.09 $52,180 3.7 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 35,000 $14.65 $15.99 $33,260 1.3 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 2,410 $18.10 $18.65 $38,800 4.2 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 16,320 $20.55 $21.90 $45,540 1.3 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 2,260 $18.28 $20.04 $41,680 4.4 %
47-2082 Tapers 800 $22.56 $23.07 $47,990 2.8 %
47-2111 Electricians 24,440 $23.81 $26.20 $54,490 2.3 %
47-2121 Glaziers 1,480 $15.85 $17.52 $36,430 7.3 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 540 $18.59 $19.74 $41,060 9.8 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 790 $30.59 $29.04 $60,410 4.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 6,520 $17.77 $18.40 $38,270 2.5 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 580 $18.33 $20.56 $42,760 9.0 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 1,010 $18.73 $19.51 $40,580 3.5 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 13,800 $24.41 $25.74 $53,550 2.2 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 570 $21.82 $22.71 $47,240 10.5 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 340 $28.19 $27.00 $56,150 4.2 %
47-2181 Roofers 4,680 $18.12 $19.13 $39,790 2.4 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 5,560 $22.91 $23.41 $48,690 2.4 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 2,320 $24.36 $24.12 $50,170 2.5 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 1,830 $14.17 $14.52 $30,200 4.0 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 2,810 $13.33 $13.58 $28,240 2.3 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 2,190 $13.35 $13.34 $27,750 2.2 %
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 540 $11.55 $12.33 $25,640 5.8 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2,030 $13.12 $13.48 $28,040 3.7 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 530 $11.85 $12.21 $25,400 5.2 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 560 $12.88 $12.68 $26,370 4.0 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 5,130 $21.19 $21.78 $45,300 1.3 %
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 1,430 $37.56 $36.37 $75,640 6.4 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 970 $14.90 $16.29 $33,880 7.4 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 810 $19.74 $20.14 $41,900 3.0 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 9,300 $15.55 $16.56 $34,440 2.2 %
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 620 $18.23 $18.74 $38,970 4.9 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 1,130 $18.02 $17.65 $36,720 2.9 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 280 $18.02 $18.03 $37,500 6.4 %
47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas 100 $15.80 $16.20 $33,690 4.4 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas (8) $21.57 $23.04 $47,930 5.3 %
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 790 $13.89 $15.13 $31,460 5.2 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 890 $18.66 $19.02 $39,560 3.1 %
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 250 $20.78 $20.64 $42,930 4.6 %
47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 650 $21.72 $20.52 $42,680 4.8 %
47-5042 Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators 640 $17.97 $18.38 $38,230 4.8 %
47-5049 Mining Machine Operators, All Other 130 $23.07 $22.73 $47,290 3.7 %
47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry 680 $15.12 $16.63 $34,580 5.5 %
47-5061 Roof Bolters, Mining 450 $22.21 $21.79 $45,330 1.9 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 1,370 $12.72 $12.86 $26,760 2.3 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 1,000 $15.92 $15.52 $32,280 4.9 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 50 $20.92 $19.11 $39,740 9.5 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 235,190 $18.49 $19.34 $40,230 0.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 14,620 $28.48 $29.39 $61,140 0.6 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 4,270 $19.16 $19.85 $41,300 1.8 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics (8) $17.93 $17.45 $36,290 12.1 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 5,460 $23.22 $23.22 $48,300 2.2 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 330 $26.08 $26.63 $55,390 3.9 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 1,020 $18.35 $19.46 $40,470 2.4 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 370 $18.64 $19.84 $41,260 2.8 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 5,000 $22.06 $22.34 $46,460 1.8 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 1,100 $28.37 $28.10 $58,450 2.6 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 670 $12.82 $13.80 $28,710 7.0 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 1,440 $14.43 $15.38 $31,990 3.2 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 2,370 $18.10 $18.78 $39,060 2.2 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 3,240 $23.33 $23.25 $48,370 2.3 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 7,210 $18.47 $19.09 $39,700 1.5 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 1,000 $14.37 $14.63 $30,430 5.1 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 34,920 $16.31 $17.08 $35,520 1.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 11,800 $17.95 $18.32 $38,110 1.2 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 960 $15.83 $16.09 $33,480 3.1 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 5,420 $21.05 $20.85 $43,370 1.2 %
49-3043 Rail Car Repairers 1,580 $19.19 $19.87 $41,330 3.1 %
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics 500 $15.69 $15.68 $32,610 4.2 %
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics 810 $14.88 $15.30 $31,820 4.6 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 1,200 $14.07 $14.64 $30,460 4.0 %
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers 390 $10.85 $11.15 $23,200 7.7 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 590 $15.51 $16.54 $34,410 3.1 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 2,820 $11.12 $11.56 $24,050 2.6 %
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 560 $16.57 $18.01 $37,470 6.3 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 820 $21.64 $21.61 $44,950 3.6 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 13,190 $19.52 $20.10 $41,800 2.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,550 $15.25 $15.95 $33,170 2.8 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 16,020 $20.34 $20.75 $43,150 0.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 60,610 $16.49 $16.98 $35,320 0.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 2,370 $17.87 $19.01 $39,550 2.0 %
49-9044 Millwrights 1,510 $20.99 $21.59 $44,910 2.9 %
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 250 $21.23 $22.15 $46,070 10.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 4,620 $28.85 $28.39 $59,050 1.4 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 9,120 $25.10 $24.27 $50,490 1.6 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (8) $21.63 $20.52 $42,690 8.9 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 2,240 $20.02 $20.66 $42,960 2.8 %
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 190 $11.57 $14.42 $29,990 7.9 %
49-9064 Watch Repairers 110 $20.66 $21.08 $43,840 7.6 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 600 $22.66 $23.02 $47,880 2.3 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 1,750 $15.48 $15.09 $31,390 2.5 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 600 $19.35 $19.65 $40,870 3.8 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 400 $12.82 $13.50 $28,080 5.5 %
49-9096 Riggers 220 $16.35 $16.61 $34,550 5.9 %
49-9097 Signal and Track Switch Repairers (8) $23.73 $23.40 $48,670 3.0 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 6,620 $12.78 $13.30 $27,670 1.3 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 2,420 $19.74 $19.25 $40,040 2.2 %
Production Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 450,100 $15.06 $16.09 $33,470 0.4 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 30,310 $24.79 $26.19 $54,460 0.5 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 690 $25.92 $23.28 $48,420 4.1 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 1,120 $13.27 $13.92 $28,950 4.9 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 9,190 $13.89 $14.32 $29,790 1.5 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 2,500 $15.35 $15.56 $32,360 2.1 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 1,140 $17.47 $17.13 $35,640 3.3 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 6,340 $16.26 $16.99 $35,340 1.7 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 340 $12.50 $12.95 $26,930 3.9 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 47,640 $13.64 $14.32 $29,780 1.4 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators (8) $16.81 $18.40 $38,280 6.4 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 5,270 $12.22 $13.32 $27,710 2.1 %
51-3011 Bakers 8,960 $11.54 $11.92 $24,780 1.2 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 5,450 $15.19 $15.07 $31,350 1.2 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 2,980 $11.75 $11.99 $24,950 1.7 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 3,320 $11.88 $12.30 $25,580 4.7 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 600 $16.30 $15.74 $32,750 4.3 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 7,010 $12.60 $13.33 $27,720 2.1 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 1,890 $12.31 $12.77 $26,550 1.5 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 6,780 $16.45 $16.61 $34,540 1.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 1,110 $21.35 $21.04 $43,750 2.5 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,840 $16.78 $16.96 $35,270 1.9 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,240 $15.98 $16.07 $33,420 1.5 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,490 $17.15 $17.02 $35,400 1.8 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 13,640 $14.23 $14.44 $30,030 1.1 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,500 $15.31 $15.28 $31,780 2.1 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,700 $15.23 $15.62 $32,490 1.6 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 3,610 $16.56 $16.81 $34,970 1.9 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,680 $16.91 $17.35 $36,100 2.1 %
51-4041 Machinists 19,600 $17.56 $17.92 $37,280 0.9 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 2,180 $17.45 $17.52 $36,430 2.0 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 1,360 $15.33 $15.82 $32,900 2.2 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 620 $16.52 $16.57 $34,460 5.2 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 520 $15.54 $15.28 $31,780 6.9 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 710 $14.64 $15.17 $31,560 2.2 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 8,220 $13.93 $14.29 $29,710 1.5 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,940 $15.26 $15.63 $32,520 1.7 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 5,530 $19.89 $20.53 $42,700 1.5 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 16,860 $16.42 $16.75 $34,840 0.9 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,420 $16.32 $16.55 $34,420 3.1 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,700 $17.14 $17.07 $35,510 1.7 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 380 $18.14 $18.58 $38,660 2.8 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,020 $15.69 $15.38 $31,990 2.2 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 830 $15.30 $15.55 $32,340 2.8 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 550 $21.40 $20.25 $42,120 2.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 2,920 $13.67 $14.27 $29,690 2.7 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (8) $15.74 $15.14 $31,480 5.0 %
51-5021 Job Printers 3,470 $16.36 $16.66 $34,660 2.5 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 3,280 $17.39 $17.80 $37,030 2.0 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 9,440 $16.57 $17.52 $36,430 1.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 7,810 $9.97 $10.52 $21,880 1.3 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 1,590 $9.84 $10.41 $21,650 2.9 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 7,300 $9.50 $10.38 $21,590 1.5 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 120 $10.88 $10.98 $22,850 3.7 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 180 $10.75 $11.51 $23,940 4.4 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 1,220 $15.26 $15.57 $32,380 3.1 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 320 $12.16 $13.00 $27,030 5.8 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 850 $12.29 $13.10 $27,240 4.1 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,330 $12.33 $12.88 $26,780 3.5 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 710 $10.88 $11.74 $24,410 5.0 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 690 $15.05 $14.49 $30,140 4.2 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 300 $17.72 $17.42 $36,240 5.2 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 940 $11.80 $13.15 $27,360 3.8 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 350 $11.74 $14.35 $29,850 5.5 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 5,290 $14.93 $16.84 $35,030 6.7 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 840 $14.98 $16.93 $35,220 7.0 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 30 $15.48 $16.35 $34,010 5.5 %
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood 200 $15.89 $15.81 $32,890 3.6 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 2,190 $12.36 $12.56 $26,120 2.1 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 4,720 $13.33 $13.73 $28,550 1.8 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 180 $13.57 $14.59 $30,350 2.6 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 350 $31.35 $32.27 $67,130 2.8 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 420 $33.41 $33.41 $69,500 3.5 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 2,240 $26.55 $26.70 $55,540 1.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 1,170 $22.00 $22.12 $46,010 1.4 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 6,980 $19.49 $19.88 $41,340 1.7 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 2,120 $23.86 $24.25 $50,450 2.1 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 1,190 $24.35 $22.94 $47,720 4.0 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 1,880 $23.45 $23.72 $49,340 3.1 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 600 $22.30 $21.76 $45,260 3.8 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 3,930 $20.63 $21.00 $43,680 2.1 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,570 $16.50 $17.22 $35,810 1.7 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 2,440 $16.12 $16.22 $33,730 2.9 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 1,240 $12.85 $13.60 $28,280 1.9 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 6,300 $16.42 $16.51 $34,340 1.4 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 740 $10.96 $11.58 $24,090 2.5 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 2,710 $14.37 $14.62 $30,400 1.7 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 3,320 $15.68 $15.67 $32,600 2.3 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 1,500 $16.46 $16.47 $34,250 2.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 23,180 $15.95 $16.85 $35,050 1.1 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 850 $20.86 $20.12 $41,840 4.1 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 1,780 $18.11 $18.96 $39,430 4.7 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 1,020 $16.71 $17.45 $36,290 3.6 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 1,790 $12.49 $13.44 $27,950 2.9 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 19,020 $12.75 $13.47 $28,020 1.6 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 5,580 $13.99 $14.34 $29,820 1.8 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 2,000 $18.93 $19.34 $40,230 1.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 1,340 $13.48 $14.93 $31,050 3.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 410 $14.37 $16.02 $33,320 5.2 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 2,950 $9.22 $10.45 $21,740 2.8 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 490 $16.91 $16.43 $34,170 3.7 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 610 $13.33 $13.84 $28,780 3.9 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 820 $11.82 $12.78 $26,590 4.9 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 400 $16.41 $15.73 $32,710 3.6 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 250 $14.17 $14.48 $30,120 7.2 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 2,650 $14.56 $14.55 $30,260 2.2 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 7,120 $16.76 $17.11 $35,590 3.4 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 440 $14.26 $14.65 $30,470 4.1 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 28,660 $11.28 $11.88 $24,720 0.9 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 3,510 $14.27 $15.12 $31,440 2.6 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Wage Estimates
Occupation Code Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 440,350 $13.52 $14.90 $30,990 0.8 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 230 $15.43 $19.35 $40,240 4.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 6,630 $21.61 $22.41 $46,620 0.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 9,240 $25.08 $26.28 $54,670 1.4 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 510 (4) (4) $62,320 6.7 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers 630 $43.74 $43.41 $90,280 8.1 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 290 $30.76 $28.43 $59,140 10.5 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 1,190 $10.46 $10.67 $22,190 2.9 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 13,730 $14.40 $15.03 $31,270 3.5 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School 27,680 $11.87 $12.30 $25,580 1.9 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 17,940 $10.79 $12.74 $26,490 2.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 73,650 $18.35 $19.04 $39,590 0.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 40,360 $13.42 $14.76 $30,700 1.4 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 7,320 $9.63 $10.37 $21,570 1.8 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 1,390 $10.03 $13.66 $28,420 4.1 %
53-4011 Locomotive Engineers 2,800 $24.70 $24.68 $51,340 3.8 %
53-4012 Locomotive Firers 80 (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 490 $18.67 $18.95 $39,420 2.4 %
53-4021 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 900 $18.21 $19.36 $40,270 3.8 %
53-4031 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters (8) $22.28 $23.61 $49,100 4.1 %
53-4099 Rail Transportation Workers, All Other 360 $21.28 $22.04 $45,840 5.3 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 290 $14.69 $15.33 $31,880 3.5 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 490 $26.21 $24.84 $51,670 8.9 %
53-5031 Ship Engineers 180 $25.50 $27.20 $56,570 8.5 %
53-6011 Bridge and Lock Tenders 200 $21.49 $20.46 $42,550 5.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 6,190 $8.93 $9.75 $20,280 2.2 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 2,170 $8.81 $9.38 $19,510 1.8 %
53-6041 Traffic Technicians 70 $21.86 $21.47 $44,660 5.1 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 830 $28.68 $32.02 $66,610 3.2 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 520 $19.02 $19.73 $41,040 2.8 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 1,890 $13.07 $13.86 $28,840 4.3 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 2,070 $18.64 $19.72 $41,010 2.6 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 2,720 $17.89 $18.76 $39,030 2.6 %
53-7033 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 200 $19.32 $18.90 $39,310 4.7 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 120 $18.49 $19.08 $39,680 4.6 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 33,120 $14.69 $15.18 $31,580 0.7 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 12,760 $9.57 $10.31 $21,450 1.1 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 109,810 $11.77 $12.67 $26,360 0.6 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 8,640 $13.36 $13.56 $28,200 1.7 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 40,070 $9.62 $10.75 $22,350 0.9 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 230 $23.07 $22.85 $47,530 3.9 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 440 $15.34 $17.11 $35,580 8.3 %
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 370 $16.68 $17.87 $37,160 5.7 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 5,220 $14.87 $15.44 $32,110 2.4 %
53-7111 Shuttle Car Operators 210 $22.06 $21.60 $44,930 3.0 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 320 $18.65 $18.59 $38,660 4.0 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 1,410 $14.37 $14.57 $30,310 3.1 %

About May 2008 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) Estimate not available.

(c) Corrected on May 29, 2009.




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Pennsylvania's metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area estimates:


May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2008 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2008 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 29, 2009

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