Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS Industry 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services is part of: Sector 54 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services:


NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 7,610,310 100.00% $26.30 $32.81 $68,240 0.3 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 564,510 7.42% $57.67 $63.96 $133,050 0.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 30,700 0.40% (5) $93.52 $194,510 1.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 160,450 2.11% $62.18 $68.84 $143,190 0.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 10,790 0.14% $49.90 $57.10 $118,770 2.9 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 33,020 0.43% $56.78 $62.11 $129,190 1.1 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 22,700 0.30% $59.98 $64.74 $134,660 1.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 8,250 0.11% $54.82 $62.39 $129,770 2.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 20,640 0.27% $42.32 $46.45 $96,620 1.4 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 77,230 1.01% $57.58 $61.71 $128,350 0.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 47,920 0.63% $55.68 $62.96 $130,950 0.9 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 4,280 0.06% $45.16 $48.84 $101,590 1.2 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 3,080 0.04% $47.21 $51.24 $106,580 1.7 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 6,560 0.09% $51.90 $55.72 $115,900 1.6 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 3,120 0.04% $50.53 $53.60 $111,480 1.6 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 3,820 0.05% $51.09 $52.80 $109,820 1.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 1,690 0.02% $43.38 $45.44 $94,520 2.1 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers 160 (7) $25.58 $28.08 $58,410 5.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 12,130 0.16% $41.83 $45.64 $94,940 1.5 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 40 (7) $61.23 $63.90 $132,900 19.3 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 150 (7) $46.97 $50.99 $106,060 5.9 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 58,740 0.77% $58.56 $62.19 $129,360 0.8 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 170 (7) $31.75 $32.94 $68,520 9.5 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 2,640 0.03% $50.28 $57.92 $120,460 3.3 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 15,910 0.21% $61.70 $67.58 $140,570 1.9 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,600 0.02% $29.31 $34.66 $72,100 4.1 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 430 0.01% $37.20 $38.25 $79,560 6.0 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 38,240 0.50% $51.21 $54.73 $113,830 1.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 963,250 12.66% $30.81 $35.98 $74,830 0.5 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 450 0.01% $40.70 $52.04 $108,240 19.0 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 400 0.01% $41.62 $38.37 $79,800 4.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,330 0.02% $24.33 $27.44 $57,070 4.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 23,410 0.31% $28.83 $30.41 $63,240 0.9 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 2,380 0.03% $25.54 $27.24 $56,660 2.4 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 340 (7) $27.16 $30.71 $63,870 15.8 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 11,660 0.15% $28.13 $31.19 $64,870 1.8 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 8,660 0.11% $31.93 $33.38 $69,420 1.9 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 1,180 0.02% $31.55 $38.08 $79,220 12.4 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 30,920 0.41% $27.80 $32.43 $67,450 2.0 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 13,790 0.18% $29.27 $31.66 $65,850 2.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 23,260 0.31% $28.59 $30.55 $63,550 1.6 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 14,030 0.18% $30.02 $31.16 $64,810 1.4 %
13-1081 Logisticians 16,130 0.21% $32.16 $33.78 $70,260 1.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 215,500 2.83% $39.66 $45.90 $95,470 1.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 3,680 0.05% $23.48 $24.25 $50,440 1.4 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 108,640 1.43% $30.53 $34.77 $72,320 1.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 371,430 4.88% $30.16 $35.27 $73,360 0.7 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 1,660 0.02% $23.04 $25.49 $53,010 4.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 6,160 0.08% $33.63 $34.88 $72,560 1.3 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 1,270 0.02% $27.36 $31.09 $64,670 5.2 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 25,510 0.34% $35.34 $40.32 $83,860 2.3 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 7,320 0.10% $31.94 $41.34 $85,980 4.7 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 260 (7) $27.66 $28.40 $59,070 3.8 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 1,100 0.01% $31.66 $35.31 $73,440 2.9 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 1,770 0.02% $17.64 $20.21 $42,040 4.0 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 3,370 0.04% $29.35 $32.96 $68,550 4.4 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 60,270 0.79% $14.39 $17.24 $35,850 2.1 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 7,360 0.10% $29.33 $33.17 $68,990 3.5 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 1,124,020 14.77% $36.77 $38.84 $80,790 0.4 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 12,750 0.17% $48.21 $50.39 $104,800 1.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 159,000 2.09% $34.16 $36.53 $75,990 1.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 219,450 2.88% $41.88 $43.87 $91,250 0.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 169,180 2.22% $44.72 $46.49 $96,710 0.9 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 139,370 1.83% $21.72 $23.36 $48,600 1.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 185,040 2.43% $38.36 $40.77 $84,800 0.9 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 29,190 0.38% $35.54 $37.14 $77,260 2.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 88,710 1.17% $34.82 $36.29 $75,490 0.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 64,140 0.84% $35.57 $37.82 $78,660 1.0 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 33,170 0.44% $35.19 $36.05 $74,980 1.2 %
15-2011 Actuaries 2,850 0.04% $44.50 $51.74 $107,630 3.7 %
15-2021 Mathematicians 1,170 0.02% $43.47 $45.43 $94,490 3.3 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 14,270 0.19% $36.87 $39.22 $81,570 2.3 %
15-2041 Statisticians 4,470 0.06% $39.47 $40.87 $85,000 1.5 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 190 (7) $23.20 $23.90 $49,720 7.1 %
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other 1,080 0.01% $28.87 $38.18 $79,420 10.6 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 894,100 11.75% $31.47 $34.60 $71,980 0.4 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 89,760 1.18% $34.58 $37.88 $78,790 0.8 %
17-1012 Landscape Architects 12,350 0.16% $29.30 $31.98 $66,510 1.8 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 5,660 0.07% $24.93 $29.64 $61,660 8.3 %
17-1022 Surveyors 39,520 0.52% $25.39 $27.11 $56,380 0.8 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 21,560 0.28% $46.97 $48.93 $101,780 2.5 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 660 0.01% $37.39 $40.47 $84,180 4.9 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 3,320 0.04% $40.08 $41.71 $86,760 2.3 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 8,420 0.11% $43.15 $45.82 $95,310 1.9 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 141,010 1.85% $36.49 $39.53 $82,220 0.6 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 21,630 0.28% $47.73 $49.13 $102,190 1.9 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 50,600 0.66% $40.77 $42.56 $88,520 0.8 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 25,440 0.33% $43.84 $45.12 $93,840 1.1 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 27,060 0.36% $36.87 $39.68 $82,530 1.6 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 3,960 0.05% $38.09 $38.93 $80,970 1.6 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 28,550 0.38% $39.16 $40.53 $84,290 1.2 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 2,890 0.04% $32.33 $36.08 $75,040 9.5 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 3,770 0.05% $39.16 $40.73 $84,720 2.1 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 71,940 0.95% $39.33 $41.35 $86,020 1.0 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 2,320 0.03% $37.79 $38.66 $80,420 4.6 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 4,330 0.06% $50.45 $53.98 $112,270 4.4 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 4,330 0.06% $53.20 $59.33 $123,410 10.0 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 36,220 0.48% $40.23 $42.04 $87,440 1.5 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 86,390 1.14% $21.86 $22.84 $47,510 0.7 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 10,400 0.14% $24.26 $25.23 $52,470 1.0 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 22,700 0.30% $23.60 $24.63 $51,230 0.9 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 7,700 0.10% $21.52 $23.01 $47,870 1.8 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 1,830 0.02% $28.51 $32.35 $67,290 8.7 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 40,020 0.53% $21.90 $22.62 $47,060 0.6 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 27,590 0.36% $25.80 $26.66 $55,440 1.0 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 1,660 0.02% $28.51 $28.18 $58,610 3.1 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 11,780 0.15% $19.28 $20.76 $43,180 1.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 5,390 0.07% $24.38 $25.59 $53,220 2.1 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 16,260 0.21% $23.81 $24.81 $51,610 1.3 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 14,270 0.19% $25.47 $26.12 $54,330 1.3 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 42,840 0.56% $16.74 $17.86 $37,150 0.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 382,200 5.02% $27.98 $32.51 $67,620 0.7 %
19-1011 Animal Scientists 280 (7) $32.99 $36.78 $76,510 4.4 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 2,420 0.03% $30.89 $33.45 $69,580 2.9 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 4,210 0.06% $28.95 $32.97 $68,570 3.9 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 11,500 0.15% $40.93 $44.21 $91,960 1.9 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 5,310 0.07% $32.70 $34.64 $72,060 2.5 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 3,290 0.04% $27.17 $30.41 $63,250 6.4 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 3,950 0.05% $31.61 $34.96 $72,710 2.8 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 890 0.01% $28.88 $30.02 $62,440 4.0 %
19-1032 Foresters (8) (8) $29.35 $29.54 $61,440 4.8 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 550 0.01% $33.32 $35.51 $73,850 3.0 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 40,130 0.53% $39.28 $44.51 $92,590 1.5 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 3,380 0.04% $34.46 $38.07 $79,180 3.1 %
19-2011 Astronomers 340 (7) $49.66 $51.52 $107,170 3.7 %
19-2012 Physicists 6,400 0.08% $51.67 $54.67 $113,720 4.0 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 3,010 0.04% $32.50 $37.69 $78,400 8.3 %
19-2031 Chemists 25,610 0.34% $32.99 $35.42 $73,670 1.4 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 2,770 0.04% $40.10 $41.98 $87,320 1.9 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 33,570 0.44% $29.75 $34.26 $71,270 2.0 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 13,790 0.18% $32.31 $36.64 $76,210 1.9 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 3,360 0.04% $35.95 $37.87 $78,770 2.6 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 9,000 0.12% $46.58 $46.98 $97,710 3.6 %
19-3011 Economists 3,370 0.04% $48.63 $59.26 $123,250 5.0 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 70,200 0.92% $29.29 $32.41 $67,420 0.9 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 15,190 0.20% $15.74 $19.86 $41,320 5.3 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 930 0.01% $31.88 $37.78 $78,580 6.2 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 1,080 0.01% $41.50 $54.59 $113,550 17.2 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 280 (7) $33.24 $39.51 $82,180 9.5 %
19-3041 Sociologists 2,170 0.03% $35.57 $38.68 $80,460 3.3 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 8,030 0.11% $32.30 $34.87 $72,540 1.8 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 3,120 0.04% $22.37 $24.90 $51,800 2.1 %
19-3092 Geographers 240 (7) $33.29 $33.88 $70,460 3.0 %
19-3093 Historians 790 0.01% $28.76 $29.53 $61,420 6.5 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 840 0.01% $28.75 $36.74 $76,410 4.4 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 5,630 0.07% $35.17 $39.95 $83,090 5.5 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 3,560 0.05% $15.96 $18.01 $37,450 3.7 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 26,290 0.35% $19.73 $20.99 $43,660 1.0 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 20,170 0.27% $17.53 $19.00 $39,510 1.0 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 3,320 0.04% $19.72 $22.19 $46,160 2.6 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 1,380 0.02% $29.28 $30.67 $63,790 6.9 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 8,290 0.11% $18.80 $20.73 $43,120 3.0 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 14,300 0.19% $18.58 $19.77 $41,110 1.2 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 370 (7) $27.50 $32.34 $67,260 9.7 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 670 0.01% $15.42 $16.40 $34,110 3.0 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 17,700 0.23% $19.43 $21.16 $44,010 1.7 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 6,880 0.09% $21.47 $23.34 $48,550 3.4 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 210 (7) $20.81 $20.93 $43,530 5.8 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 510 0.01% $22.62 $23.51 $48,890 5.7 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 200 (7) $17.39 $20.21 $42,040 9.0 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 50 (7) $17.36 $19.69 $40,950 7.2 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 220 (7) $19.96 $20.90 $43,470 3.1 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 250 (7) $20.71 $21.86 $45,480 5.9 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 620 0.01% $24.82 $25.65 $53,350 5.0 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 400 0.01% $20.75 $22.85 $47,530 3.5 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 1,230 0.02% $24.05 $26.18 $54,460 11.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators 1,380 0.02% $22.60 $25.04 $52,090 6.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 210 (7) $16.88 $17.87 $37,160 6.2 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 1,530 0.02% $19.71 $21.09 $43,860 3.6 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 607,180 7.98% $36.53 $49.10 $102,120 0.9 %
23-1011 Lawyers 372,050 4.89% $57.56 $65.81 $136,890 0.8 %
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 2,020 0.03% $23.36 $31.59 $65,700 10.7 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 181,630 2.39% $21.80 $23.34 $48,540 0.6 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 16,030 0.21% $16.47 $19.33 $40,210 1.9 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 29,530 0.39% $17.98 $19.45 $40,450 1.4 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 5,900 0.08% $21.37 $23.56 $49,010 2.4 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 17,910 0.24% $25.21 $28.75 $59,800 3.3 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 290 (7) (4) (4) $116,450 3.4 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) (4) (4) $85,920 9.8 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 510 0.01% (4) (4) $154,370 11.9 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants (8) (8) (4) (4) $31,830 2.4 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 1,500 0.02% $25.91 $27.75 $57,710 5.9 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 610 0.01% (4) (4) $67,290 9.5 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 150 (7) $12.41 $12.60 $26,200 3.2 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education (8) (8) (4) (4) $63,560 3.2 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School (8) (8) (4) (4) $45,690 8.7 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 790 0.01% $24.95 $25.91 $53,890 6.0 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 3,680 0.05% (4) (4) $49,220 6.6 %
25-4011 Archivists 250 (7) $22.95 $24.39 $50,720 3.6 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 70 (7) $14.69 $16.05 $33,380 5.3 %
25-4021 Librarians 3,290 0.04% $29.82 $30.55 $63,540 0.9 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 1,200 0.02% $19.72 $20.07 $41,740 1.8 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors 600 0.01% $17.08 $19.09 $39,700 5.8 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 2,480 0.03% $28.29 $30.37 $63,180 2.8 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 390 0.01% (4) (4) $26,180 2.6 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 260 (7) $20.94 $23.50 $48,880 5.9 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 322,070 4.23% $23.39 $27.58 $57,370 0.7 %
27-1011 Art Directors 15,380 0.20% $40.07 $47.29 $98,370 2.5 %
27-1012 Craft Artists 130 (7) $13.59 $18.90 $39,300 15.1 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 950 0.01% $25.06 $26.19 $54,470 5.1 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 9,290 0.12% $27.55 $29.05 $60,430 2.2 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 910 0.01% $23.24 $26.74 $55,630 4.6 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 7,670 0.10% $29.57 $31.21 $64,910 2.9 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers 1,370 0.02% $30.47 $38.69 $80,470 15.8 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 240 (7) $15.26 $15.93 $33,140 5.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 75,110 0.99% $22.02 $24.32 $50,580 0.8 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 27,690 0.36% $22.95 $25.89 $53,850 1.3 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 7,710 0.10% $11.72 $12.73 $26,470 2.3 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 1,010 0.01% $27.87 $27.00 $56,160 5.2 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 2,600 0.03% $23.98 $27.25 $56,680 3.7 %
27-2011 Actors 9,190 0.12% $14.84 $21.70 (4) 7.9 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 6,780 0.09% $41.72 $49.97 $103,930 4.0 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers (8) (8) $29.19 $28.96 (4) 10.3 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 300 (7) $20.04 $22.11 (4) 24.8 %
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 210 (7) $12.60 $24.03 $49,990 26.0 %
27-3021 Broadcast News Analysts 130 (7) $18.41 $24.81 $51,600 10.1 %
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents (8) (8) $16.52 $19.32 $40,180 2.7 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 54,370 0.71% $28.23 $33.60 $69,880 1.5 %
27-3041 Editors 9,010 0.12% $25.71 $28.77 $59,840 2.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 18,170 0.24% $30.54 $31.68 $65,900 1.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 10,080 0.13% $29.40 $34.18 $71,090 2.1 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 11,480 0.15% $23.79 $26.36 $54,820 4.1 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 3,550 0.05% $21.60 $24.33 $50,610 3.1 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 2,510 0.03% $19.05 $20.93 $43,530 4.2 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 590 0.01% $18.82 $21.54 $44,800 5.0 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 840 0.01% $24.02 $28.05 $58,350 6.8 %
27-4021 Photographers 40,620 0.53% $13.02 $16.30 $33,900 2.2 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 1,210 0.02% $24.19 $25.05 $52,110 5.3 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 920 0.01% $18.73 $22.45 $46,700 4.5 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 1,240 0.02% $18.56 $22.89 $47,610 5.7 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 159,690 2.10% $19.97 $26.81 $55,760 0.8 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 330 (7) $27.33 $29.44 $61,240 8.8 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 670 0.01% $48.38 $51.87 $107,890 8.7 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 90 (7) (5) $92.81 $193,050 15.7 %
29-1063 Internists, General 30 (7) $76.97 $82.14 $170,840 11.0 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 90 (7) $65.85 $59.94 $124,660 11.8 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 1,210 0.02% $60.49 $63.62 $132,330 6.8 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 360 (7) $40.21 $39.42 $81,990 2.9 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 8,620 0.11% $30.46 $31.52 $65,570 1.7 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 70 (7) $33.90 $34.22 $71,190 2.6 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 80 (7) $39.62 $36.75 $76,440 8.1 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 30 (7) $40.85 $40.00 $83,200 3.6 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 110 (7) $33.49 $33.36 $69,380 4.4 %
29-1129 Therapists, All Other 70 (7) $26.54 $27.76 $57,740 3.0 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 49,990 0.66% $38.74 $43.51 $90,510 1.2 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 160 (7) $31.87 $38.09 $79,220 11.4 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 2,900 0.04% $25.97 $26.91 $55,970 3.6 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 4,020 0.05% $18.69 $19.29 $40,130 1.6 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists (8) (8) $34.38 $31.12 $64,730 6.4 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 70 (7) $28.35 $40.31 $83,840 26.1 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 150 (7) $27.07 $27.61 $57,420 4.0 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 50 (7) $34.66 $33.22 $69,110 3.1 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,080 0.01% $27.77 $27.38 $56,950 3.3 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 170 (7) $18.72 $19.36 $40,260 3.8 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (8) (8) $12.56 $15.47 $32,170 10.6 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 240 (7) $14.72 $15.94 $33,150 3.9 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 180 (7) $18.44 $19.44 $40,430 4.6 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 73,780 0.97% $13.94 $14.51 $30,180 0.7 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 1,090 0.01% $18.85 $19.48 $40,510 1.9 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 5,320 0.07% $17.30 $19.02 $39,570 2.4 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 880 0.01% $23.18 $25.03 $52,060 4.1 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 5,130 0.07% $30.70 $31.89 $66,330 2.4 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 1,060 0.01% $18.89 $20.39 $42,400 3.0 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 1,250 0.02% $25.10 $27.84 $57,910 6.3 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 70,960 0.93% $10.43 $11.25 $23,400 0.9 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 330 (7) $9.48 $10.35 $21,530 4.6 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 830 0.01% $12.11 $12.78 $26,590 3.5 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants (8) (8) $17.02 $19.30 $40,150 13.1 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants (8) (8) $17.25 $17.21 $35,800 4.5 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 1,650 0.02% $14.14 $15.15 $31,510 3.1 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 830 0.01% $12.70 $13.55 $28,180 3.7 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 770 0.01% $15.99 $16.22 $33,730 3.5 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 64,820 0.85% $10.20 $10.92 $22,720 1.0 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 1,460 0.02% $13.87 $15.48 $32,200 4.4 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 12,020 0.16% $18.46 $22.93 $47,700 4.7 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 860 0.01% $31.63 $35.59 $74,020 7.8 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 330 (7) $19.05 $22.02 $45,790 14.6 %
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators (8) (8) $32.56 $30.19 $62,800 10.4 %
33-9011 Animal Control Workers (8) (8) $15.21 $16.28 $33,860 12.9 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 2,310 0.03% $26.54 $32.17 $66,910 7.7 %
33-9032 Security Guards 7,400 0.10% $15.90 $18.53 $38,550 4.9 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 750 0.01% $20.13 $22.89 $47,620 7.9 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 5,750 0.08% $9.19 $11.50 $23,910 4.7 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 150 (7) $25.51 $28.09 $58,420 2.9 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,010 0.01% $15.28 $16.68 $34,690 4.6 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 260 (7) $12.73 $13.54 $28,170 2.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 120 (7) $12.09 $12.91 $26,850 5.0 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 370 (7) $9.90 $10.59 $22,030 4.9 %
35-3011 Bartenders 30 (7) $7.47 $8.37 $17,400 9.2 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 1,620 0.02% $8.57 $9.50 $19,760 4.5 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (8) (8) $7.57 $8.15 $16,960 5.7 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 260 (7) $9.17 $9.84 $20,470 5.5 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 110 (7) $12.71 $13.27 $27,590 2.8 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 110 (7) $8.96 $10.10 $21,000 9.9 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 100 (7) $8.45 $8.67 $18,030 3.5 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 250 (7) $10.00 $12.46 $25,910 11.2 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 33,970 0.45% $11.27 $12.38 $25,750 1.0 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 540 0.01% $19.36 $20.92 $43,510 2.8 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,010 0.01% $18.59 $20.14 $41,890 4.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 19,410 0.26% $10.80 $11.86 $24,660 0.9 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,720 0.02% $9.66 $10.87 $22,620 3.8 %
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other (8) (8) $23.48 $22.70 $47,220 6.1 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 11,030 0.14% $11.54 $12.24 $25,470 1.7 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 100 (7) $14.30 $17.14 $35,650 18.9 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 33,580 0.44% $9.28 $10.29 $21,410 0.9 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 330 (7) $17.78 $19.50 $40,560 3.8 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 170 (7) $13.21 $14.51 $30,180 9.4 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 27,650 0.36% $9.04 $9.85 $20,490 0.9 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 100 (7) $8.09 $8.56 $17,810 7.0 %
39-3099 Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other (8) (8) $10.55 $10.63 $22,110 3.7 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists (8) (8) $8.82 $10.95 $22,770 6.2 %
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 110 (7) $8.02 $14.62 $30,400 10.6 %
39-6012 Concierges 210 (7) $14.63 $14.92 $31,020 3.8 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 50 (7) $11.83 $13.40 $27,870 13.2 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 550 0.01% $11.04 $11.50 $23,910 3.0 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 2,590 0.03% $11.33 $11.46 $23,840 3.5 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 150 (7) $21.27 $19.55 $40,660 5.9 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 110 (7) $13.22 $14.54 $30,240 7.7 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 440 0.01% $10.16 $11.56 $24,040 5.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 336,910 4.43% $24.54 $30.57 $63,590 0.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,360 0.03% $19.15 $24.16 $50,260 10.9 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 17,650 0.23% $38.88 $44.51 $92,590 1.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers 1,790 0.02% $8.73 $9.12 $18,960 1.7 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,000 0.03% $10.87 $11.94 $24,840 2.3 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons (8) (8) $18.46 $19.01 $39,540 8.9 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 13,320 0.18% $10.85 $12.30 $25,580 1.5 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 56,880 0.75% $23.04 $27.87 $57,960 1.6 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,460 0.02% $20.71 $31.60 $65,720 10.5 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 2,980 0.04% $30.85 $41.57 $86,460 8.5 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 340 (7) $17.03 $17.93 $37,280 4.4 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 89,850 1.18% $28.30 $34.18 $71,100 1.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 43,520 0.57% $38.19 $42.35 $88,100 1.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 27,790 0.37% $27.27 $31.37 $65,250 1.5 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 24,660 0.32% $10.14 $12.39 $25,770 2.4 %
41-9012 Models 40 (7) $28.70 $28.80 $59,900 4.7 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 330 (7) $20.80 $28.86 $60,030 15.6 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 2,620 0.03% $22.17 $27.62 $57,450 7.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 16,810 0.22% $45.40 $48.52 $100,920 1.9 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 23,130 0.30% $11.27 $12.88 $26,790 1.9 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 260 (7) $8.87 $9.92 $20,640 7.0 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 9,040 0.12% $17.70 $22.01 $45,780 4.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 1,776,170 23.34% $15.91 $17.28 $35,940 0.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 93,700 1.23% $25.30 $26.85 $55,840 0.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 6,610 0.09% $14.60 $14.97 $31,140 1.2 %
43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 150 (7) $12.94 $15.62 $32,490 15.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 29,770 0.39% $15.75 $16.78 $34,890 1.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 59,690 0.78% $15.61 $16.56 $34,440 0.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 211,920 2.78% $16.80 $17.45 $36,300 0.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 27,600 0.36% $17.96 $18.24 $37,930 1.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 2,610 0.03% $18.37 $18.79 $39,080 1.4 %
43-3071 Tellers 1,100 0.01% $12.50 $13.09 $27,230 3.2 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 100 (7) $23.02 $23.44 $48,760 5.1 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 600 0.01% $14.69 $15.49 $32,220 5.3 %
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 320 (7) $21.89 $23.36 $48,580 8.5 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 820 0.01% $14.39 $15.56 $32,360 5.2 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 114,640 1.51% $15.60 $16.96 $35,280 0.8 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 400 0.01% $19.94 $20.35 $42,330 3.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks 29,840 0.39% $12.73 $13.45 $27,970 0.7 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 49,630 0.65% $11.48 $12.59 $26,190 1.8 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 830 0.01% $15.98 $16.15 $33,590 2.6 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 7,640 0.10% $17.04 $17.45 $36,300 2.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,020 0.05% $14.96 $15.26 $31,740 1.7 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 11,080 0.15% $20.05 $20.79 $43,250 1.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 117,470 1.54% $12.40 $12.96 $26,970 0.4 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 70 (7) $16.78 $17.41 $36,220 3.1 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 4,860 0.06% $15.60 $17.04 $35,440 3.0 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 1,980 0.03% $17.89 $18.72 $38,940 3.0 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 14,280 0.19% $11.46 $12.31 $25,600 1.7 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,190 0.03% $17.23 $18.65 $38,790 2.4 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 110 (7) $17.28 $18.46 $38,390 7.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 20,350 0.27% $20.44 $21.57 $44,870 0.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 15,570 0.20% $14.43 $15.40 $32,030 1.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 11,700 0.15% $13.26 $14.18 $29,480 1.3 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 3,250 0.04% $12.91 $13.67 $28,430 3.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 177,250 2.33% $21.44 $22.50 $46,790 0.4 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 213,500 2.81% $19.75 $20.67 $42,980 0.5 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 7,250 0.10% $13.73 $14.35 $29,840 1.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 181,370 2.38% $14.49 $15.05 $31,310 0.5 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 13,040 0.17% $16.92 $17.96 $37,360 1.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 33,260 0.44% $13.12 $13.59 $28,260 0.7 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 10,430 0.14% $17.94 $18.96 $39,430 1.1 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 2,010 0.03% $18.90 $20.32 $42,260 1.8 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 3,220 0.04% $15.17 $16.00 $33,270 1.8 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 24,890 0.33% $11.79 $12.65 $26,310 1.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 241,450 3.17% $12.41 $13.28 $27,620 0.4 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 5,020 0.07% $12.67 $13.61 $28,310 1.4 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 2,450 0.03% $17.33 $17.76 $36,940 2.8 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 2,310 0.03% $19.15 $19.75 $41,070 2.5 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 12,510 0.16% $15.90 $16.88 $35,110 1.9 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 4,200 0.06% $11.85 $14.18 $29,500 2.8 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 240 (7) $21.79 $23.81 $49,530 4.5 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 730 0.01% $17.84 $19.83 $41,250 5.4 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 60 (7) $12.57 $14.74 $30,650 10.5 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 190 (7) $9.98 $10.62 $22,080 7.1 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 270 (7) $16.10 $16.17 $33,640 5.0 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,240 0.02% $9.94 $11.07 $23,030 2.9 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 630 0.01% $10.21 $10.48 $21,790 3.7 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 640 0.01% $11.90 $13.12 $27,290 11.6 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 110 (7) $13.20 $14.12 $29,380 6.6 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 59,590 0.78% $21.97 $23.72 $49,350 1.0 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 4,410 0.06% $30.46 $32.41 $67,400 1.9 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 270 (7) $25.62 $25.41 $52,840 4.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,080 0.04% $19.20 $20.94 $43,560 3.0 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers (8) (8) $23.86 $22.95 $47,730 4.7 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (8) (8) $17.78 $21.90 $45,550 17.7 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 120 (7) $15.93 $19.27 $40,080 12.8 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 4,870 0.06% $14.10 $16.11 $33,520 3.8 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (8) (8) $17.49 $18.96 $39,430 12.5 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,610 0.02% $19.67 $21.81 $45,360 5.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 4,040 0.05% $27.81 $28.44 $59,150 3.2 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall (8) (8) $16.73 $16.56 $34,440 6.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 680 0.01% $20.30 $20.04 $41,680 2.8 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 1,050 0.01% $14.88 $15.03 $31,260 2.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,390 0.02% $23.25 $24.06 $50,050 4.0 %
47-2181 Roofers (8) (8) $19.70 $21.40 $44,520 14.2 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 270 (7) $20.60 $22.00 $45,750 3.5 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 610 0.01% $18.74 $20.36 $42,350 4.8 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 80 (7) $9.61 $10.49 $21,830 8.7 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 190 (7) $13.52 $14.36 $29,880 5.8 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 50 (7) $14.57 $13.62 $28,340 9.9 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 850 0.01% $10.06 $11.15 $23,190 2.8 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 28,370 0.37% $24.15 $25.50 $53,040 1.1 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 2,310 0.03% $17.09 $18.16 $37,760 5.3 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 100 (7) $13.06 $14.96 $31,110 9.0 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 1,540 0.02% $17.48 $20.30 $42,220 10.0 %
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 240 (7) $22.12 $30.42 $63,270 21.7 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 1,680 0.02% $17.43 $19.22 $39,970 3.3 %
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 270 (7) $21.57 $27.63 $57,460 10.4 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 90 (7) $20.52 $20.09 $41,780 4.9 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 410 0.01% $13.54 $14.22 $29,570 2.9 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 90 (7) $23.02 $22.97 $47,780 5.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 71,020 0.93% $20.91 $22.11 $45,980 1.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,320 0.06% $31.21 $31.98 $66,520 1.2 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 13,740 0.18% $17.79 $18.84 $39,180 3.7 %
49-2021 Radio Mechanics 50 (7) $25.53 $24.75 $51,470 4.2 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 5,540 0.07% $27.12 $26.32 $54,750 2.2 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 670 0.01% $24.29 $24.78 $51,550 2.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 90 (7) $26.89 $25.48 $53,000 5.3 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 60 (7) $22.23 $22.03 $45,830 3.8 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,760 0.02% $26.20 $25.58 $53,210 1.8 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 230 (7) $23.74 $25.00 $52,010 9.5 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (8) (8) $15.69 $15.77 $32,810 7.1 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 170 (7) $16.99 $18.08 $37,610 3.8 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 140 (7) $22.51 $24.21 $50,350 10.5 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 1,110 0.01% $25.48 $26.26 $54,610 6.2 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers (8) (8) $29.56 $25.85 $53,770 10.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 940 0.01% $18.62 $19.90 $41,380 6.2 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 750 0.01% $21.28 $21.69 $45,110 2.5 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 1,430 0.02% $17.58 $18.65 $38,780 2.7 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 560 0.01% $22.50 $22.86 $47,550 7.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,270 0.02% $26.42 $26.29 $54,670 2.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,840 0.02% $22.63 $23.68 $49,250 2.1 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 23,730 0.31% $19.31 $21.26 $44,210 5.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,360 0.02% $23.61 $22.85 $47,530 2.8 %
49-9044 Millwrights 330 (7) $21.13 $23.87 $49,650 4.8 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (8) (8) $26.67 $24.68 $51,340 6.0 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 4,150 0.05% $21.72 $23.05 $47,940 6.0 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 130 (7) $16.18 $16.50 $34,310 6.4 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 230 (7) $19.89 $20.83 $43,330 5.4 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 1,150 0.02% $23.78 $23.40 $48,680 5.9 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 330 (7) $19.39 $19.87 $41,320 3.4 %
49-9092 Commercial Divers 60 (7) $21.07 $22.86 $47,560 7.5 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 50 (7) $23.15 $23.04 $47,930 4.3 %
49-9096 Riggers (8) (8) $27.50 $27.56 $57,320 5.1 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 820 0.01% $12.87 $13.49 $28,070 4.1 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 3,330 0.04% $17.13 $18.09 $37,640 1.9 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 106,780 1.40% $15.59 $17.73 $36,880 0.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 8,220 0.11% $27.92 $29.08 $60,490 1.1 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 140 (7) $20.86 $20.23 $42,080 4.9 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 4,500 0.06% $15.11 $16.29 $33,870 2.1 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 1,080 0.01% $15.34 $16.09 $33,470 3.3 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 340 (7) $15.49 $16.75 $34,850 6.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters (8) (8) $20.80 $21.22 $44,140 3.0 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 70 (7) $10.88 $11.50 $23,920 6.6 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 3,510 0.05% $13.34 $14.59 $30,350 3.1 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators (8) (8) $16.23 $17.11 $35,580 3.0 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 5,090 0.07% $13.30 $14.97 $31,140 3.5 %
51-3011 Bakers (8) (8) $10.42 $11.57 $24,060 15.8 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 280 (7) $18.65 $19.88 $41,360 8.5 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 70 (7) $21.87 $21.99 $45,740 4.2 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 290 (7) $14.52 $15.08 $31,370 3.8 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $17.28 $17.35 $36,080 5.1 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $11.70 $12.81 $26,630 4.5 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $27.37 $24.94 $51,870 7.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 4,850 0.06% $20.40 $20.77 $43,200 2.9 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 440 0.01% $19.31 $21.76 $45,260 5.3 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 250 (7) $12.61 $14.36 $29,870 5.8 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 290 (7) $16.33 $16.68 $34,680 3.8 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 230 (7) $22.96 $23.97 $49,850 4.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 2,540 0.03% $18.88 $19.40 $40,360 2.0 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 (7) $18.57 $20.35 $42,330 10.6 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 130 (7) $13.40 $16.56 $34,440 10.3 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 1,760 0.02% $12.71 $13.60 $28,290 2.0 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (8) (8) $10.88 $11.28 $23,460 5.0 %
51-5021 Job Printers 2,770 0.04% $14.51 $15.82 $32,900 2.1 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 2,360 0.03% $16.26 $17.54 $36,470 2.6 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 9,580 0.13% $13.79 $15.24 $31,700 3.0 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 60 (7) $9.27 $10.30 $21,420 10.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 30 (7) $10.22 $11.19 $23,280 11.8 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 1,360 0.02% $11.58 $12.18 $25,340 2.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 60 (7) $11.41 $11.91 $24,780 5.9 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 590 0.01% $11.42 $12.36 $25,700 3.7 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $13.08 $13.37 $27,820 12.2 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 90 (7) $24.82 $25.24 $52,490 8.8 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 120 (7) $15.93 $17.51 $36,420 8.5 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 100 (7) $9.08 $10.03 $20,860 7.7 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 210 (7) $15.00 $15.84 $32,950 6.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 50 (7) $13.77 $15.00 $31,190 5.6 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 160 (7) $18.54 $20.03 $41,660 8.9 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 380 (7) $30.84 $31.08 $64,640 4.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 570 0.01% $25.09 $25.11 $52,240 3.6 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 910 0.01% $20.72 $21.81 $45,360 4.5 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 260 (7) $25.75 $25.65 $53,360 2.7 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 220 (7) $26.43 $25.18 $52,370 8.8 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 180 (7) $20.57 $23.67 $49,230 12.3 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 810 0.01% $21.47 $21.34 $44,390 4.4 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 400 0.01% $12.91 $15.75 $32,760 6.7 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 90 (7) $16.59 $15.94 $33,160 5.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 350 (7) $17.74 $17.80 $37,020 2.3 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 40 (7) $10.80 $10.75 $22,360 7.3 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 180 (7) $17.85 $19.71 $41,000 12.2 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 290 (7) $14.85 $15.75 $32,760 4.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 30,170 0.40% $16.55 $18.23 $37,910 1.2 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 520 0.01% $12.96 $14.67 $30,510 8.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,000 0.01% $13.32 $13.59 $28,270 3.0 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 270 (7) $19.53 $17.94 $37,320 4.9 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 150 (7) $18.97 $21.19 $44,080 4.6 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 880 0.01% $13.72 $14.77 $30,720 6.2 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 5,410 0.07% $12.28 $13.92 $28,950 2.9 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 1,670 0.02% $10.41 $12.11 $25,190 3.6 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 220 (7) $18.23 $18.72 $38,930 6.8 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 90 (7) $11.32 $12.38 $25,750 7.2 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 520 0.01% $13.85 $14.59 $30,340 2.6 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 250 (7) $16.44 $17.73 $36,890 13.4 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 170 (7) $16.16 $16.58 $34,490 3.4 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 2,150 0.03% $11.14 $11.61 $24,150 1.6 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 5,330 0.07% $12.58 $14.80 $30,780 2.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 57,570 0.76% $13.00 $14.93 $31,060 1.0 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,720 0.02% $20.76 $22.36 $46,510 2.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 930 0.01% $24.53 $25.57 $53,180 2.0 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 90 (7) (4) (4) $91,440 3.5 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 810 0.01% (4) (4) $77,310 4.6 %
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers (8) (8) $30.50 $38.79 $80,680 9.9 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 90 (7) $29.14 $28.50 $59,280 5.5 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 50 (7) $17.42 $17.10 $35,560 6.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 430 0.01% $12.95 $15.02 $31,230 10.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 3,950 0.05% $17.99 $18.93 $39,370 2.6 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 7,220 0.09% $13.09 $14.01 $29,140 1.9 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 460 0.01% $13.61 $15.59 $32,430 4.4 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 1,070 0.01% $19.63 $18.90 $39,310 9.8 %
53-5022 Motorboat Operators (8) (8) $22.48 $21.71 $45,160 7.9 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 50 (7) $9.25 $10.55 $21,950 6.5 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (8) (8) $11.36 $12.21 $25,400 4.5 %
53-6041 Traffic Technicians 570 0.01% $15.15 $17.31 $36,010 8.9 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors 480 0.01% $21.41 $26.12 $54,320 7.5 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 330 (7) $21.26 $19.30 $40,150 8.7 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 130 (7) $22.59 $24.28 $50,500 21.6 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 150 (7) $23.63 $24.36 $50,670 8.1 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 320 (7) $16.89 $19.06 $39,650 8.7 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 100 (7) $27.98 $26.92 $56,000 9.2 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 2,300 0.03% $14.01 $14.75 $30,680 1.7 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 730 0.01% $10.06 $11.70 $24,340 5.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 30,930 0.41% $11.88 $12.91 $26,850 1.2 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 120 (7) $10.41 $11.64 $24,220 4.4 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 3,610 0.05% $9.83 $11.05 $22,970 3.8 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 30 (7) $35.21 $34.90 $72,590 3.2 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 360 (7) $13.65 $15.71 $32,670 11.4 %

About May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2009 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2009 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 14, 2010

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