Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS Industry 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments is part of: NAICS 454000 - Nonstore Retailers.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:


NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 137,490 100.00% $15.90 $18.35 $38,180 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 6,340 4.61% $37.69 $46.29 $96,290 1.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 290 0.21% $74.16 $76.33 $158,760 6.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 4,230 3.08% $37.25 $45.53 $94,700 2.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 110 0.08% $42.99 $46.92 $97,590 9.0 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 670 0.49% $35.93 $43.64 $90,780 4.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 250 0.18% $29.57 $34.87 $72,540 6.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 100 0.07% $46.42 $47.49 $98,780 7.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 220 0.16% $41.00 $48.69 $101,270 9.0 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 40 0.03% $35.30 $33.81 $70,330 3.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 60 0.04% $50.69 $52.62 $109,450 7.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 220 0.16% $35.89 $39.93 $83,050 4.3 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 70 0.05% $43.10 $49.68 $103,330 12.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,760 1.28% $25.81 $28.15 $58,550 2.2 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 250 0.18% $24.61 $26.73 $55,590 4.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 60 0.04% $23.38 $25.32 $52,660 13.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 40 0.03% $29.31 $27.31 $56,800 9.0 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 30 0.02% $31.38 $30.57 $63,580 5.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 80 0.06% $19.61 $20.06 $41,720 7.0 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 70 0.05% $26.23 $26.83 $55,810 3.6 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 50 0.04% $29.61 $31.64 $65,820 4.5 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 420 0.31% $23.24 $27.64 $57,500 5.6 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 670 0.49% $27.97 $30.46 $63,360 3.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 770 0.56% $31.35 $32.50 $67,600 3.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 90 0.07% $31.81 $34.24 $71,220 4.3 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 60 0.04% $44.68 $44.85 $93,280 5.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 120 0.09% $19.42 $20.05 $41,710 3.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 270 0.20% $31.24 $32.75 $68,130 4.8 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts (8) (8) $34.72 $33.75 $70,200 5.9 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 40 0.03% $43.68 $38.32 $79,710 16.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 160 0.12% $29.30 $29.90 $62,200 3.7 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 140 0.10% $28.99 $29.34 $61,030 4.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 540 0.39% $19.24 $20.62 $42,890 6.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 170 0.12% $21.72 $23.41 $48,690 4.3 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 40 0.03% $26.33 $27.56 $57,330 8.4 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-9032 Security Guards 40 0.03% $8.47 $9.71 $20,200 4.0 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 790 0.57% $8.59 $9.93 $20,660 5.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 60 0.04% $13.81 $17.27 $35,920 15.2 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 330 0.24% $8.82 $9.60 $19,970 4.0 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (8) (8) $8.12 $8.52 $17,730 4.6 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 580 0.42% $9.66 $10.55 $21,950 3.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 470 0.34% $9.35 $10.35 $21,530 3.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers (8) (8) $10.35 $10.21 $21,230 4.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 19,790 14.39% $13.43 $17.02 $35,390 1.9 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,320 0.96% $18.47 $22.30 $46,380 3.9 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 680 0.49% $23.85 $27.36 $56,910 3.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers 2,000 1.45% $8.45 $8.85 $18,410 1.6 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 220 0.16% $13.48 $13.80 $28,700 5.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 6,890 5.01% $12.58 $15.34 $31,900 3.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 910 0.66% $20.20 $24.78 $51,550 6.3 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 110 0.08% $34.98 $42.96 $89,360 18.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,650 1.93% $21.96 $26.16 $54,420 4.0 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 520 0.38% $11.23 $13.46 $28,000 10.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 2,150 1.56% $10.46 $12.16 $25,300 4.3 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 1,910 1.39% $11.11 $13.31 $27,680 4.5 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 390 0.28% $13.26 $16.33 $33,970 9.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 32,830 23.88% $13.61 $14.62 $30,410 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,060 1.50% $21.21 $23.10 $48,060 1.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 630 0.46% $15.51 $16.06 $33,410 2.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 980 0.71% $14.95 $15.15 $31,520 1.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 3,570 2.60% $14.94 $15.58 $32,410 1.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 260 0.19% $18.04 $17.49 $36,370 3.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 40 0.03% $17.44 $18.27 $38,010 4.9 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 170 0.12% $16.68 $17.26 $35,910 4.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 7,330 5.33% $13.39 $13.93 $28,980 1.1 %
43-4071 File Clerks 40 0.03% $9.44 $10.20 $21,210 5.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 910 0.66% $12.67 $13.11 $27,270 3.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 100 0.07% $16.37 $17.51 $36,430 4.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 930 0.68% $11.32 $11.83 $24,610 3.2 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,140 0.83% $17.26 $18.37 $38,210 1.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 130 0.09% $18.60 $20.71 $43,070 7.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 810 0.59% $12.55 $13.58 $28,250 3.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,350 0.98% $10.53 $11.52 $23,970 3.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 960 0.70% $19.62 $19.96 $41,520 2.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 4,300 3.13% $12.51 $12.88 $26,800 2.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 50 0.04% $16.72 $18.36 $38,190 6.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 330 0.24% $11.69 $13.02 $27,080 3.4 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 6,590 4.79% $12.08 $12.79 $26,610 1.3 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 60 0.04% $16.14 $15.38 $31,980 3.7 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (8) (8) $10.45 $11.02 $22,910 4.8 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $9.57 $10.07 $20,940 4.4 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,370 1.00% $16.19 $17.49 $36,380 3.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 70 0.05% $21.70 $24.73 $51,440 6.4 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,040 0.76% $16.17 $17.11 $35,580 3.5 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (8) (8) $20.37 $20.36 $42,350 2.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 20,080 14.60% $19.21 $20.49 $42,620 0.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,360 0.99% $28.95 $29.97 $62,330 1.9 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 300 0.22% $17.50 $18.01 $37,450 3.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 990 0.72% $19.95 $20.33 $42,290 2.0 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 1,070 0.78% $15.65 $16.16 $33,610 2.5 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 11,340 8.25% $20.82 $21.77 $45,280 1.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 580 0.42% $15.27 $15.59 $32,430 2.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 80 0.06% $15.49 $15.83 $32,930 6.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,410 1.03% $16.23 $16.92 $35,200 2.0 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 50 0.04% $15.18 $15.07 $31,340 5.0 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 90 0.07% $16.08 $16.63 $34,600 12.8 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 740 0.54% $12.01 $12.98 $26,990 2.4 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,960 1.43% $16.29 $16.83 $35,000 2.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 1,090 0.79% $13.15 $14.93 $31,050 3.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 90 0.07% $20.75 $21.88 $45,510 6.2 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers (8) (8) $23.59 $24.55 $51,070 9.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 80 0.06% $17.02 $17.65 $36,710 3.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 300 0.22% $10.67 $11.66 $24,250 3.3 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 50 0.04% $11.87 $13.38 $27,820 11.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 50,970 37.07% $15.95 $16.67 $34,670 0.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 530 0.39% $20.72 $21.75 $45,240 2.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,590 1.88% $24.08 $25.30 $52,620 1.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 18,280 13.30% $15.43 $15.91 $33,100 1.3 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 17,330 12.60% $17.55 $18.18 $37,810 0.8 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 6,110 4.44% $15.09 $15.63 $32,520 1.3 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 640 0.47% $9.98 $10.55 $21,940 2.8 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 680 0.49% $12.54 $12.96 $26,960 1.7 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 100 0.07% $9.60 $9.86 $20,520 6.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,340 2.43% $11.24 $11.79 $24,520 1.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 1,080 0.79% $9.22 $10.20 $21,230 5.0 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 100 0.07% $14.95 $15.88 $33,030 7.8 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 110 0.08% $12.12 $13.78 $28,660 6.7 %

About May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2009 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2009 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 14, 2010

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