Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS Industry 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services is part of: NAICS 541000 - Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services:


NAICS 541700 - Scientific Research and Development Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 620,810 100.00% $33.48 $38.56 $80,210 0.9 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 72,600 11.69% $64.14 $69.46 $144,480 1.2 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,000 0.48% (5) $103.26 $214,770 2.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 13,940 2.25% $70.35 $74.96 $155,910 1.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 50 0.01% $51.88 $53.40 $111,060 8.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 3,110 0.50% $65.05 $68.99 $143,500 1.8 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,390 0.22% $67.00 $71.98 $149,710 2.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 680 0.11% $50.42 $54.88 $114,140 2.5 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 2,310 0.37% $49.65 $54.07 $112,460 3.7 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 6,250 1.01% $62.26 $65.93 $137,140 2.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,270 0.69% $61.11 $67.47 $140,330 1.8 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 670 0.11% $52.12 $57.02 $118,590 3.0 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 440 0.07% $55.09 $56.68 $117,900 2.7 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 1,010 0.16% $59.23 $64.94 $135,070 3.0 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 1,200 0.19% $55.59 $60.13 $125,070 3.0 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 1,120 0.18% $53.37 $54.92 $114,220 1.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 230 0.04% $39.04 $45.96 $95,610 6.9 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 140 0.02% $50.45 $52.89 $110,020 3.1 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 30 (7) $62.63 $64.85 $134,880 18.8 %
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 100 0.02% $49.30 $52.78 $109,790 7.6 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 8,970 1.44% $68.72 $72.49 $150,790 3.0 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,220 0.20% $57.08 $64.05 $133,220 4.4 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 11,140 1.79% $66.96 $72.90 $151,630 2.3 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 90 0.01% $45.11 $53.90 $112,110 14.8 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 290 0.05% $40.03 $40.82 $84,910 4.8 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 10,880 1.75% $58.42 $60.75 $126,360 3.5 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 55,040 8.87% $34.43 $37.05 $77,060 1.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 110 0.02% $38.99 $37.73 $78,480 5.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 4,410 0.71% $32.22 $33.24 $69,140 1.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 2,790 0.45% $34.03 $36.91 $76,780 1.8 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 860 0.14% $34.32 $35.27 $73,360 2.1 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 180 0.03% $34.25 $35.56 $73,970 3.8 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 860 0.14% $29.42 $32.06 $66,690 3.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 1,370 0.22% $32.17 $32.89 $68,400 1.9 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 2,220 0.36% $31.02 $32.28 $67,140 1.5 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 1,660 0.27% $33.53 $34.77 $72,320 1.5 %
13-1081 Logisticians 1,950 0.31% $35.99 $36.67 $76,280 2.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 7,260 1.17% $40.31 $43.94 $91,400 2.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 530 0.09% $23.56 $25.43 $52,900 2.8 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 18,670 3.01% $33.97 $37.29 $77,560 2.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 7,210 1.16% $33.79 $36.39 $75,690 1.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 1,300 0.21% $35.13 $35.93 $74,740 1.7 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 120 0.02% $29.93 $31.22 $64,930 4.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 2,620 0.42% $37.37 $38.21 $79,480 1.6 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 30 (7) $32.88 $37.63 $78,260 9.1 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 820 0.13% $34.87 $36.97 $76,890 3.1 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 75,400 12.15% $41.93 $43.01 $89,460 1.3 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 3,890 0.63% $47.76 $49.31 $102,560 1.9 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 4,970 0.80% $37.94 $39.89 $82,970 2.5 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 12,090 1.95% $44.51 $45.42 $94,480 1.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 19,790 3.19% $49.06 $49.49 $102,940 1.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 4,570 0.74% $24.93 $26.08 $54,250 1.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 8,290 1.34% $41.15 $43.16 $89,780 2.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,200 0.35% $36.37 $37.19 $77,360 1.1 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 5,780 0.93% $35.93 $36.81 $76,560 3.0 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 3,740 0.60% $38.62 $40.47 $84,180 1.9 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 3,800 0.61% $37.33 $37.85 $78,720 2.5 %
15-2011 Actuaries 70 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
15-2021 Mathematicians 680 0.11% $46.84 $48.08 $100,010 3.5 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 2,160 0.35% $36.25 $38.53 $80,130 2.7 %
15-2041 Statisticians 3,030 0.49% $40.93 $42.01 $87,380 1.9 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians 150 0.02% $22.90 $23.65 $49,190 8.2 %
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other 200 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 87,020 14.02% $40.58 $42.19 $87,750 1.3 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 40 0.01% $42.27 $42.83 $89,090 4.7 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 120 0.02% $24.34 $26.77 $55,690 4.0 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 8,250 1.33% $51.06 $52.29 $108,760 3.6 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers 70 0.01% $34.43 $35.37 $73,580 10.5 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 2,680 0.43% $39.62 $41.42 $86,150 2.5 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 3,550 0.57% $44.17 $47.05 $97,860 2.7 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 810 0.13% $42.58 $42.76 $88,940 4.7 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 3,520 0.57% $50.17 $50.84 $105,760 1.6 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 8,990 1.45% $44.32 $45.42 $94,480 1.2 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 7,050 1.14% $50.05 $50.78 $105,620 1.4 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 1,310 0.21% $39.48 $40.32 $83,870 1.8 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 920 0.15% $43.07 $42.57 $88,540 1.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 7,100 1.14% $40.70 $41.30 $85,900 2.7 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 70 0.01% $35.88 $38.13 $79,310 7.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 1,100 0.18% $42.59 $43.31 $90,090 2.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 14,550 2.34% $42.17 $43.07 $89,580 2.1 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 1,010 0.16% $48.30 $49.24 $102,430 1.9 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 500 0.08% $61.18 $62.83 $130,680 4.7 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 7,650 1.23% $44.55 $46.28 $96,250 2.9 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 40 0.01% $23.25 $25.65 $53,350 6.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 390 0.06% $25.97 $26.87 $55,900 2.5 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 680 0.11% $27.92 $27.72 $57,660 4.1 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 180 0.03% $26.31 $25.94 $53,960 2.5 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 520 0.08% $28.22 $28.95 $60,220 3.4 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 370 0.06% $18.88 $20.78 $43,220 10.8 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 5,000 0.81% $27.32 $27.70 $57,610 1.4 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 900 0.14% $30.72 $30.44 $63,310 2.9 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 470 0.08% $23.16 $23.93 $49,770 9.1 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,480 0.24% $23.39 $24.63 $51,230 3.0 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 3,560 0.57% $25.75 $26.14 $54,360 1.8 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 4,010 0.65% $26.75 $27.07 $56,300 1.5 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 60 0.01% $21.36 $21.41 $44,530 10.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 169,180 27.25% $31.02 $35.64 $74,140 1.1 %
19-1011 Animal Scientists 210 0.03% $35.20 $37.51 $78,020 4.5 %
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 2,100 0.34% $31.73 $34.48 $71,710 3.3 %
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 2,430 0.39% $31.69 $35.08 $72,970 2.8 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 10,740 1.73% $41.55 $44.84 $93,270 2.0 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 4,570 0.74% $33.69 $35.59 $74,030 2.7 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 1,170 0.19% $26.62 $29.11 $60,560 5.6 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 2,610 0.42% $32.45 $36.10 $75,080 2.3 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 80 0.01% $30.88 $30.42 $63,280 8.8 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 300 0.05% $35.78 $38.08 $79,210 4.9 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 37,040 5.97% $39.10 $44.30 $92,130 1.5 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 2,730 0.44% $33.20 $37.69 $78,390 3.6 %
19-2011 Astronomers 340 0.05% $49.66 $51.52 $107,170 3.7 %
19-2012 Physicists 5,180 0.83% $52.80 $55.71 $115,880 4.6 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 920 0.15% $40.38 $41.91 $87,180 3.0 %
19-2031 Chemists 14,700 2.37% $38.56 $39.83 $82,840 1.4 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 2,170 0.35% $41.25 $43.11 $89,670 2.1 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 3,320 0.53% $34.53 $37.68 $78,380 2.6 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 1,180 0.19% $36.07 $40.96 $85,190 8.4 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 70 0.01% $30.84 $33.37 $69,410 7.6 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 6,830 1.10% $48.31 $48.31 $100,480 3.8 %
19-3011 Economists 1,270 0.20% $55.67 $61.98 $128,920 5.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 4,570 0.74% $34.42 $37.92 $78,860 2.0 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 3,070 0.49% $28.03 $29.94 $62,280 8.5 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 820 0.13% $30.84 $36.70 $76,330 6.8 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 240 0.04% $34.50 $42.31 $88,010 7.8 %
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other 190 0.03% $42.63 $43.87 $91,260 7.1 %
19-3041 Sociologists 2,070 0.33% $35.28 $38.39 $79,850 3.3 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 220 0.04% $28.87 $30.03 $62,460 7.8 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 2,000 0.32% $22.18 $24.82 $51,620 2.6 %
19-3092 Geographers 30 (7) $34.72 $33.03 $68,700 9.6 %
19-3093 Historians 350 0.06% $20.58 $22.47 $46,740 4.8 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 690 0.11% $28.65 $37.10 $77,160 4.5 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 3,970 0.64% $32.67 $36.51 $75,930 4.1 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 2,180 0.35% $17.36 $19.01 $39,540 3.5 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 22,330 3.60% $20.26 $21.50 $44,730 1.0 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 7,430 1.20% $20.80 $21.93 $45,620 1.7 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 600 0.10% $23.26 $24.55 $51,060 5.5 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 470 0.08% $35.15 $38.09 $79,230 8.2 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 6,780 1.09% $18.63 $20.16 $41,940 1.8 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 770 0.12% $18.62 $19.65 $40,880 2.6 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians (8) (8) $16.22 $18.46 $38,390 3.2 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 10,250 1.65% $20.31 $21.96 $45,670 2.3 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 3,140 0.51% $21.63 $23.46 $48,800 3.3 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 140 0.02% $22.03 $22.47 $46,730 4.1 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 310 0.05% $20.42 $22.24 $46,260 2.9 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 60 0.01% $20.85 $22.93 $47,690 6.6 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 100 0.02% $19.54 $20.79 $43,240 3.2 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 70 0.01% $19.25 $21.98 $45,720 16.7 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 260 0.04% $24.60 $25.54 $53,120 3.6 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 350 0.06% $20.52 $22.95 $47,740 4.3 %
21-1091 Health Educators 1,030 0.17% $24.56 $26.43 $54,970 6.5 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 120 0.02% $18.29 $18.93 $39,370 6.8 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 620 0.10% $20.14 $20.81 $43,290 2.6 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 2,660 0.43% $64.52 $68.86 $143,220 2.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 2,030 0.33% $77.67 $80.78 $168,030 2.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 370 0.06% $30.48 $31.10 $64,680 2.2 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 180 0.03% $32.29 $34.25 $71,240 3.9 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 7,250 1.17% $26.58 $32.89 $68,410 5.3 %
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary 290 0.05% (4) (4) $116,450 3.4 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) (4) (4) $85,920 9.8 %
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 50 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 510 0.08% (4) (4) $154,370 11.9 %
25-1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants (8) (8) (4) (4) $31,830 2.4 %
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other 580 0.09% (4) (4) $67,640 8.5 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 90 0.01% $26.19 $23.66 $49,220 7.8 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 1,660 0.27% (4) (4) $54,560 7.9 %
25-4011 Archivists 150 0.02% $22.41 $24.62 $51,220 5.0 %
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 30 (7) $16.83 $19.51 $40,590 6.1 %
25-4021 Librarians 670 0.11% $27.21 $27.70 $57,620 1.5 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 180 0.03% $21.07 $20.86 $43,380 2.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 930 0.15% $29.91 $31.12 $64,730 2.3 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 210 0.03% $20.02 $22.92 $47,660 7.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 9,410 1.52% $29.43 $31.61 $65,760 1.6 %
27-1011 Art Directors 90 0.01% $40.49 $43.67 $90,830 5.8 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 60 0.01% $39.75 $38.48 $80,040 5.4 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 100 0.02% $29.49 $29.94 $62,280 3.1 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 580 0.09% $34.62 $31.97 $66,500 10.9 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,330 0.21% $25.44 $26.26 $54,620 1.3 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other (8) (8) $41.79 $41.01 $85,290 5.3 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 80 0.01% $29.32 $30.99 $64,450 7.0 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 2,720 0.44% $30.52 $35.40 $73,640 3.5 %
27-3041 Editors 1,370 0.22% $28.04 $29.76 $61,890 2.1 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,830 0.29% $31.38 $32.12 $66,820 1.6 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 670 0.11% $29.37 $31.08 $64,640 2.2 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators (8) (8) $20.25 $25.24 $52,500 3.7 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 110 0.02% $23.93 $25.39 $52,810 6.1 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 110 0.02% $24.71 $24.93 $51,860 3.7 %
27-4021 Photographers 80 0.01% $19.94 $22.52 $46,830 6.5 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 14,850 2.39% $25.38 $30.16 $62,730 2.4 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 130 0.02% $27.49 $27.19 $56,560 2.8 %
29-1051 Pharmacists 260 0.04% $47.38 $47.47 $98,730 2.3 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 60 0.01% $71.36 $69.47 $144,500 5.8 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 960 0.15% $54.99 $60.42 $125,670 8.0 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 250 0.04% $42.15 $41.63 $86,590 1.7 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 2,440 0.39% $32.50 $33.84 $70,380 3.6 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 250 0.04% $41.42 $46.93 $97,620 4.8 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 100 0.02% $23.34 $33.96 $70,630 15.0 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,820 0.29% $26.20 $27.71 $57,630 3.4 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 3,150 0.51% $19.42 $20.00 $41,610 1.5 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 180 0.03% $30.00 $31.16 $64,800 3.4 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 120 0.02% $18.36 $18.69 $38,880 3.0 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 90 0.01% $16.98 $18.69 $38,870 3.7 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 1,490 0.24% $17.51 $18.49 $38,450 2.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 290 0.05% $18.83 $19.72 $41,020 1.9 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 610 0.10% $19.29 $20.22 $42,050 2.8 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 460 0.07% $21.60 $24.87 $51,740 6.9 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 1,310 0.21% $33.01 $34.94 $72,670 2.1 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 240 0.04% $25.18 $25.71 $53,470 3.7 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 290 0.05% $22.76 $23.75 $49,400 7.6 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 4,600 0.74% $14.95 $15.81 $32,890 1.8 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 140 0.02% $16.94 $16.83 $35,000 3.6 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 710 0.11% $15.70 $16.25 $33,810 3.2 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 530 0.09% $12.58 $13.68 $28,450 5.0 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 50 0.01% $17.11 $17.44 $36,270 2.8 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 2,090 0.34% $15.33 $16.29 $33,890 2.5 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 1,030 0.17% $13.99 $15.02 $31,250 3.2 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,890 0.47% $20.69 $22.20 $46,170 3.4 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 270 0.04% $35.06 $34.80 $72,390 3.3 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters 280 0.05% $17.31 $20.53 $42,690 16.5 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 30 (7) $34.71 $32.84 $68,310 12.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards 2,090 0.34% $19.89 $20.08 $41,770 3.7 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 210 0.03% $24.76 $27.09 $56,340 7.6 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 480 0.08% $12.68 $14.05 $29,210 4.1 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 40 0.01% $23.00 $25.73 $53,510 7.2 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 90 0.01% $14.19 $14.24 $29,610 4.4 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (8) (8) $10.32 $10.11 $21,020 8.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 50 0.01% $10.39 $11.22 $23,330 13.4 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 2,950 0.48% $13.97 $14.91 $31,010 1.9 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 150 0.02% $21.80 $22.60 $47,010 4.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,280 0.37% $13.59 $14.17 $29,480 2.0 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 190 0.03% $16.49 $15.34 $31,910 9.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 290 0.05% $13.92 $15.01 $31,220 3.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 870 0.14% $11.59 $13.57 $28,220 2.7 %
39-2011 Animal Trainers 40 0.01% $16.26 $17.58 $36,560 2.5 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 600 0.10% $11.11 $12.97 $26,980 2.9 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 80 0.01% $13.28 $13.25 $27,560 3.8 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers (8) (8) $8.85 $11.82 $24,590 18.4 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 10,030 1.62% $34.82 $38.56 $80,200 2.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 660 0.11% $43.46 $48.63 $101,150 4.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 60 0.01% $9.17 $10.68 $22,210 8.5 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 30 (7) $22.20 $21.91 $45,570 4.6 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 2,000 0.32% $30.19 $36.11 $75,100 4.1 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 4,440 0.72% $39.82 $43.42 $90,310 3.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 610 0.10% $34.68 $35.78 $74,420 3.7 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 780 0.13% $44.14 $45.92 $95,510 3.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 480 0.08% $11.04 $11.96 $24,880 6.0 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 870 0.14% $23.46 $26.84 $55,820 4.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 74,830 12.05% $19.09 $20.21 $42,030 0.8 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 4,770 0.77% $29.03 $30.29 $63,000 0.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 40 0.01% $15.34 $15.33 $31,890 4.0 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 280 0.05% $20.50 $20.77 $43,200 3.1 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 370 0.06% $19.72 $19.68 $40,940 2.1 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 4,770 0.77% $19.05 $19.68 $40,940 0.8 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 640 0.10% $19.59 $19.73 $41,030 2.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 510 0.08% $19.62 $19.57 $40,710 1.5 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 30 (7) $16.77 $17.83 $37,080 8.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 3,540 0.57% $17.60 $19.79 $41,160 3.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks 450 0.07% $15.83 $16.27 $33,850 2.9 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 4,380 0.71% $13.18 $13.87 $28,850 2.8 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 90 0.01% $12.61 $13.76 $28,620 3.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 150 0.02% $20.08 $19.22 $39,970 6.7 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,190 0.19% $20.55 $21.23 $44,160 2.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,040 0.33% $14.92 $15.25 $31,730 1.4 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 1,030 0.17% $14.56 $15.82 $32,890 7.1 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 60 0.01% $13.09 $13.84 $28,790 5.0 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,740 0.28% $23.18 $24.23 $50,390 1.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 2,010 0.32% $16.91 $17.69 $36,790 1.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 690 0.11% $15.60 $16.56 $34,440 3.4 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 280 0.05% $14.40 $15.33 $31,890 4.7 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 20,810 3.35% $23.57 $24.31 $50,570 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 120 0.02% $21.42 $21.88 $45,510 3.4 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 210 0.03% $18.92 $18.50 $38,480 3.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 8,760 1.41% $18.09 $18.23 $37,920 1.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 380 0.06% $20.90 $22.15 $46,080 5.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,220 0.20% $15.01 $15.47 $32,170 1.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 240 0.04% $18.13 $20.07 $41,750 5.4 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 140 0.02% $23.17 $24.13 $50,190 4.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 260 0.04% $15.44 $15.51 $32,250 2.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 11,740 1.89% $14.44 $15.20 $31,620 1.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 40 0.01% $18.21 $18.15 $37,760 2.2 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 580 0.09% $19.37 $19.76 $41,110 2.5 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 1,120 0.18% $19.12 $19.82 $41,220 2.9 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 1,190 0.19% $11.85 $14.26 $29,660 3.1 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 110 0.02% $25.83 $27.39 $56,970 4.2 %
45-2021 Animal Breeders 60 0.01% $12.57 $14.74 $30,650 10.5 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 150 0.02% $17.62 $17.97 $37,380 3.6 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 630 0.10% $10.09 $11.40 $23,700 3.9 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 140 0.02% $11.38 $11.62 $24,170 3.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 3,570 0.58% $27.08 $26.84 $55,830 5.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 110 0.02% $34.97 $35.33 $73,490 3.4 %
47-2031 Carpenters 230 0.04% $27.41 $26.23 $54,560 4.4 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 100 0.02% $14.47 $15.26 $31,730 5.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators (8) (8) $16.50 $18.59 $38,670 8.5 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,070 0.17% $29.81 $28.86 $60,020 4.7 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 110 0.02% $26.51 $26.94 $56,040 4.6 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 510 0.08% $24.94 $24.86 $51,710 9.0 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 80 0.01% $20.13 $22.34 $46,460 6.3 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 240 0.04% $26.84 $27.61 $57,420 5.7 %
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other 380 0.06% $31.98 $30.94 $64,350 5.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 8,890 1.43% $24.16 $24.81 $51,610 1.3 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 520 0.08% $35.50 $35.70 $74,250 1.6 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 430 0.07% $27.85 $27.90 $58,030 5.4 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 180 0.03% $27.73 $27.81 $57,850 2.8 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 70 0.01% $27.37 $27.44 $57,080 4.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 370 0.06% $27.49 $27.52 $57,230 3.0 %
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 80 0.01% $26.33 $24.34 $50,620 5.6 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 80 0.01% $30.12 $30.55 $63,550 4.9 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 240 0.04% $27.05 $27.63 $57,480 5.7 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 30 (7) $21.83 $20.95 $43,570 4.3 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 280 0.05% $27.87 $28.47 $59,220 3.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 520 0.08% $25.02 $26.63 $55,380 4.3 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 4,140 0.67% $21.79 $22.56 $46,930 1.5 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,080 0.17% $24.26 $23.88 $49,680 2.9 %
49-9044 Millwrights 100 0.02% $29.61 $28.36 $58,990 5.6 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers 50 0.01% $23.82 $26.95 $56,050 8.4 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 190 0.03% $24.74 $26.02 $54,130 3.6 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 30 (7) $23.46 $23.15 $48,150 5.1 %
49-9096 Riggers (8) (8) $28.72 $28.83 $59,980 6.5 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 50 0.01% $17.74 $17.18 $35,720 10.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 11,210 1.81% $20.29 $22.26 $46,310 2.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,550 0.25% $33.61 $34.24 $71,220 2.6 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 450 0.07% $17.51 $18.59 $38,670 4.3 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 290 0.05% $15.02 $15.35 $31,920 2.8 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 50 0.01% $15.65 $17.90 $37,230 4.8 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 40 0.01% $25.56 $24.92 $51,830 5.4 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 850 0.14% $14.57 $16.01 $33,300 7.3 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 380 0.06% $15.18 $16.18 $33,650 5.3 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,160 0.35% $19.81 $20.86 $43,390 5.6 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $18.37 $19.19 $39,910 8.9 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 60 0.01% $27.32 $26.50 $55,120 5.4 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 110 0.02% $23.98 $23.38 $48,640 2.6 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.01% $23.10 $22.61 $47,030 10.6 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 50 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 50 0.01% $22.38 $21.66 $45,060 5.3 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 170 0.03% $37.58 $34.98 $72,750 3.6 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 170 0.03% $27.61 $27.73 $57,690 3.1 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 50 0.01% $20.68 $21.94 $45,640 6.9 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 80 0.01% $25.03 $25.69 $53,420 6.7 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 90 0.01% $34.21 $32.01 $66,590 7.5 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 670 0.11% $21.83 $21.69 $45,110 4.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 310 0.05% $17.95 $18.04 $37,520 2.5 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (8) (8) $14.42 $15.13 $31,480 5.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,600 0.26% $19.60 $21.17 $44,030 2.7 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 360 0.06% $14.74 $14.93 $31,050 3.3 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 50 0.01% $15.66 $17.46 $36,320 9.4 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors (8) (8) $16.19 $17.08 $35,530 6.5 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 50 0.01% $10.61 $12.75 $26,520 13.5 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 130 0.02% $12.20 $13.36 $27,790 6.3 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 600 0.10% $21.08 $20.24 $42,090 4.8 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 2,740 0.44% $16.12 $19.63 $40,830 3.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 150 0.02% $22.87 $24.43 $50,800 2.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 30 (7) $30.39 $32.78 $68,190 7.2 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 80 0.01% (4) (4) $92,730 8.2 %
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists 40 0.01% $33.01 $33.24 $69,140 3.8 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 150 0.02% $23.01 $21.90 $45,540 4.6 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 340 0.05% $14.43 $16.10 $33,480 9.2 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 110 0.02% $13.49 $13.97 $29,060 5.4 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other (8) (8) $24.55 $25.74 $53,540 5.4 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 60 0.01% $16.49 $17.29 $35,970 3.1 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 70 0.01% $12.95 $16.26 $33,810 8.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 820 0.13% $13.40 $15.02 $31,230 3.8 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 310 0.05% $11.09 $11.51 $23,940 4.2 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 60 0.01% $15.24 $15.93 $33,130 7.3 %

About May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2009 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2009 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 14, 2010

Recommend this page using: