Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 561300 - Employment Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS Industry 561300 - Employment Services is part of: NAICS 561000 - Administrative and Support Services.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 561300 - Employment Services:


NAICS 561300 - Employment Services

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 2,686,190 100.00% $12.45 $16.40 $34,110 0.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 51,720 1.93% $40.97 $48.79 $101,470 1.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,410 0.13% $76.72 $79.97 $166,350 2.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 20,910 0.78% $41.17 $50.20 $104,420 1.6 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 30 (7) $35.08 $37.34 $77,670 9.7 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,540 0.06% $43.36 $49.31 $102,560 4.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 3,760 0.14% $37.19 $44.93 $93,450 3.1 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 90 (7) $35.84 $40.96 $85,190 8.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,090 0.15% $29.29 $33.87 $70,460 2.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,720 0.10% $55.75 $57.06 $118,680 2.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 3,240 0.12% $43.59 $49.83 $103,640 2.9 %
11-3041 Compensation and Benefits Managers 240 0.01% $46.75 $46.29 $96,280 4.7 %
11-3042 Training and Development Managers 950 0.04% $34.76 $40.87 $85,000 3.3 %
11-3049 Human Resources Managers, All Other 1,500 0.06% $38.70 $46.06 $95,810 4.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 310 0.01% $41.47 $41.79 $86,920 4.6 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 170 0.01% $45.79 $48.55 $100,980 5.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 160 0.01% $38.14 $42.83 $89,090 6.2 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 600 0.02% $39.24 $46.05 $95,780 10.6 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 80 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 110 (7) $43.56 $43.16 $89,770 4.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 850 0.03% $53.52 $56.18 $116,850 3.8 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 320 0.01% $23.78 $28.31 $58,890 13.8 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,700 0.06% $35.34 $39.02 $81,160 3.6 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 80 (7) $61.35 $65.62 $136,490 7.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 830 0.03% $21.63 $25.56 $53,160 4.7 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 130 (7) $31.78 $34.18 $71,090 5.7 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 3,760 0.14% $35.49 $41.24 $85,770 2.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 137,540 5.12% $23.28 $28.12 $58,490 1.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 590 0.02% $24.12 $25.95 $53,970 3.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,190 0.12% $23.87 $25.95 $53,980 1.8 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,600 0.06% $23.63 $25.34 $52,710 4.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 620 0.02% $23.56 $26.43 $54,980 3.5 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators 670 0.02% $27.20 $28.90 $60,110 3.7 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 40 (7) $20.81 $22.76 $47,330 6.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 76,970 2.87% $20.68 $25.61 $53,260 1.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 3,080 0.11% $23.81 $24.20 $50,330 3.6 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 4,470 0.17% $22.33 $24.92 $51,840 3.1 %
13-1079 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other 4,040 0.15% $21.22 $24.06 $50,050 3.3 %
13-1081 Logisticians 630 0.02% $29.47 $30.25 $62,920 3.6 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 8,940 0.33% $42.80 $47.67 $99,160 5.3 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 150 0.01% $24.99 $25.86 $53,780 2.9 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 13,870 0.52% $26.46 $30.37 $63,180 3.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 14,190 0.53% $26.86 $29.39 $61,130 1.3 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 90 (7) $24.53 $24.86 $51,710 3.6 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts 250 0.01% $31.00 $32.38 $67,350 3.0 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts 200 0.01% $21.17 $25.06 $52,130 4.8 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,690 0.06% $32.27 $35.44 $73,720 2.6 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 110 (7) $29.81 $38.50 $80,070 10.4 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 630 0.02% $32.31 $32.17 $66,920 2.8 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 630 0.02% $30.97 $34.83 $72,440 4.9 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers 70 (7) $11.70 $16.76 $34,860 9.9 %
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 540 0.02% $30.12 $32.60 $67,800 4.9 %
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 68,410 2.55% $31.99 $34.64 $72,060 1.3 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers 14,280 0.53% $34.13 $35.82 $74,510 2.7 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 5,340 0.20% $44.23 $44.59 $92,740 1.8 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 6,670 0.25% $44.46 $48.36 $100,590 5.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 16,810 0.63% $19.94 $21.42 $44,550 1.4 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 8,640 0.32% $37.77 $39.29 $81,710 1.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators 2,320 0.09% $34.23 $36.26 $75,430 1.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 4,820 0.18% $32.85 $35.22 $73,270 1.6 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 4,700 0.17% $35.29 $38.06 $79,160 2.3 %
15-1099 Computer Specialists, All Other 4,540 0.17% $32.15 $34.11 $70,950 3.0 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 210 0.01% $36.69 $37.48 $77,960 6.7 %
15-2041 Statisticians 30 (7) $38.37 $38.43 $79,940 11.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 38,660 1.44% $29.94 $32.79 $68,200 1.9 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 360 0.01% $37.68 $39.42 $82,000 3.8 %
17-1022 Surveyors 280 0.01% $28.07 $27.12 $56,400 2.9 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers 850 0.03% $50.98 $49.79 $103,560 7.2 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers (8) (8) $39.87 $45.86 $95,380 5.1 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers 1,630 0.06% $38.44 $41.21 $85,710 3.5 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 870 0.03% $40.14 $44.82 $93,220 6.4 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 2,380 0.09% $36.94 $39.10 $81,320 2.0 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 470 0.02% $34.36 $36.21 $75,310 4.0 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers (8) (8) $33.71 $34.98 $72,760 2.5 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 210 0.01% $34.23 $36.40 $75,710 5.2 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 2,630 0.10% $35.40 $36.56 $76,040 2.0 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers 100 (7) $34.93 $35.62 $74,080 3.3 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 4,710 0.18% $37.29 $41.93 $87,210 8.0 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers 40 (7) $47.61 $51.41 $106,930 7.8 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 50 (7) $50.88 $67.94 $141,320 20.1 %
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 6,100 0.23% $38.93 $40.43 $84,100 2.1 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 940 0.03% $22.41 $23.19 $48,230 2.3 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 550 0.02% $24.13 $25.66 $53,370 3.3 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 2,070 0.08% $24.24 $25.85 $53,760 2.4 %
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 580 0.02% $21.87 $25.14 $52,290 9.0 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 60 (7) $27.07 $28.24 $58,730 4.7 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 180 0.01% $21.13 $21.49 $44,700 5.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 5,370 0.20% $22.27 $23.00 $47,850 2.7 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 440 0.02% $22.05 $23.06 $47,960 4.3 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 330 0.01% $16.45 $20.20 $42,020 12.6 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 2,810 0.10% $19.90 $21.78 $45,300 5.2 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 1,320 0.05% $19.82 $21.48 $44,680 2.6 %
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 2,240 0.08% $22.40 $24.63 $51,230 2.5 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 340 0.01% $15.82 $17.53 $36,460 5.0 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 13,040 0.49% $22.30 $26.27 $54,640 1.8 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists (8) (8) $44.73 $40.70 $84,650 10.6 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 180 0.01% $24.66 $29.29 $60,920 6.0 %
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other 140 0.01% $30.59 $30.48 $63,400 4.0 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 550 0.02% $36.04 $40.48 $84,200 7.0 %
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 830 0.03% $29.83 $36.48 $75,880 6.3 %
19-2031 Chemists 1,450 0.05% $25.25 $28.78 $59,860 2.2 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 340 0.01% $31.83 $35.00 $72,810 6.1 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 90 (7) $34.52 $39.96 $83,130 6.2 %
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other 190 0.01% $32.07 $35.46 $73,760 9.9 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 2,360 0.09% $25.73 $28.48 $59,230 2.4 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 380 0.01% $13.91 $15.88 $33,020 13.9 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 180 0.01% $37.57 $45.33 $94,290 9.0 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 90 (7) $23.93 $25.99 $54,060 7.0 %
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 40 (7) $34.91 $39.32 $81,790 7.2 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 220 0.01% $12.18 $13.20 $27,450 4.6 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 560 0.02% $16.03 $17.58 $36,560 4.7 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,750 0.07% $17.53 $18.59 $38,670 1.9 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 120 (7) $22.28 $40.70 $84,650 16.5 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians 70 (7) $40.99 $36.40 $75,710 7.2 %
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 130 (7) $21.12 $21.59 $44,910 12.5 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 170 0.01% $19.64 $21.51 $44,740 6.7 %
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 2,890 0.11% $19.15 $21.25 $44,200 3.0 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 4,790 0.18% $16.52 $18.23 $37,920 4.1 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 90 (7) $20.38 $20.61 $42,860 6.2 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors 350 0.01% $17.67 $19.28 $40,100 5.3 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 140 0.01% $18.49 $19.75 $41,080 2.5 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors (8) (8) $11.48 $14.23 $29,590 14.1 %
21-1019 Counselors, All Other 100 (7) $16.63 $17.95 $37,340 3.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 630 0.02% $19.14 $21.10 $43,880 3.5 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 620 0.02% $22.23 $23.52 $48,920 6.0 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 360 0.01% $17.71 $19.88 $41,350 5.8 %
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other 210 0.01% $22.13 $23.61 $49,110 6.3 %
21-1091 Health Educators 100 (7) $26.22 $27.05 $56,250 6.4 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 1,170 0.04% $12.76 $13.26 $27,580 6.6 %
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 380 0.01% $15.35 $17.01 $35,370 10.7 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 8,760 0.33% $31.20 $38.82 $80,740 3.8 %
23-1011 Lawyers 3,880 0.14% $46.62 $54.11 $112,550 5.7 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 3,540 0.13% $25.49 $27.79 $57,800 3.8 %
23-2091 Court Reporters (8) (8) $21.63 $21.72 $45,180 2.8 %
23-2092 Law Clerks 80 (7) $15.93 $19.12 $39,760 5.7 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 220 0.01% $14.79 $16.63 $34,600 4.6 %
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other 820 0.03% $24.46 $26.39 $54,900 5.9 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 22,600 0.84% $19.19 $21.31 $44,330 3.6 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary (8) (8) $30.52 $31.56 $65,640 3.2 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 210 0.01% $12.82 $15.46 $32,150 6.8 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 3,760 0.14% (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 2,260 0.08% (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 3,190 0.12% (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 340 0.01% $18.60 $20.55 $42,750 3.5 %
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other 6,160 0.23% (4) (4) $35,770 5.7 %
25-4021 Librarians 250 0.01% $26.44 $27.10 $56,370 2.6 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 100 (7) $14.71 $14.99 $31,180 5.9 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 430 0.02% $27.53 $27.53 $57,260 10.5 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,580 0.06% (4) (4) $21,000 3.1 %
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other (8) (8) $17.19 $20.88 $43,440 10.7 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 16,010 0.60% $23.40 $27.87 $57,970 5.0 %
27-1011 Art Directors 210 0.01% $38.67 $43.78 $91,070 5.3 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 100 (7) $25.60 $26.96 $56,080 5.6 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 280 0.01% $30.23 $31.72 $65,980 4.8 %
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 150 0.01% $23.62 $25.71 $53,490 8.4 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 550 0.02% $33.50 $35.04 $72,890 2.6 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 190 0.01% $10.74 $11.64 $24,210 3.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,730 0.10% $23.17 $24.88 $51,760 3.3 %
27-1025 Interior Designers 40 (7) $30.05 $33.15 $68,960 11.5 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 1,530 0.06% $11.39 $13.19 $27,430 5.0 %
27-1029 Designers, All Other 590 0.02% $23.78 $28.87 $60,050 5.5 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 610 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts (8) (8) (4) (4) $26,440 6.9 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers (8) (8) $55.83 $49.28 (4) 25.2 %
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 330 0.01% $16.80 $20.79 (4) 9.9 %
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 40 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 1,370 0.05% $22.22 $25.12 $52,250 5.4 %
27-3041 Editors 780 0.03% $23.92 $26.20 $54,500 3.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 2,040 0.08% $30.33 $31.51 $65,540 2.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 340 0.01% $24.59 $30.16 $62,720 7.0 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 610 0.02% $22.20 $21.58 $44,880 3.1 %
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 320 0.01% $24.02 $28.06 $58,370 9.2 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 330 0.01% $16.98 $18.55 $38,570 9.6 %
27-4021 Photographers 110 (7) $20.42 $22.13 $46,020 8.0 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 190 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 50 (7) $19.77 $25.66 $53,370 10.8 %
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 90 (7) $20.51 $23.57 $49,020 16.1 %
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 136,990 5.10% $28.86 $30.43 $63,290 0.8 %
29-1021 Dentists, General 260 0.01% $58.45 $68.87 $143,240 17.6 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 230 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
29-1051 Pharmacists 2,850 0.11% $55.37 $53.11 $110,480 2.8 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 310 0.01% (5) $86.98 $180,910 11.2 %
29-1063 Internists, General (8) (8) $62.39 $70.81 $147,270 15.9 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 80 (7) $75.03 $76.77 $159,680 8.7 %
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 520 0.02% (5) $87.89 $182,810 7.4 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants 620 0.02% $46.48 $50.38 $104,780 8.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses 73,700 2.74% $33.18 $33.71 $70,120 0.9 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 1,400 0.05% $39.03 $38.70 $80,490 2.4 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists 2,160 0.08% $35.63 $36.73 $76,400 2.8 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists 210 0.01% $38.51 $37.48 $77,950 4.2 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists 50 (7) $21.81 $21.52 $44,750 4.3 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 2,600 0.10% $29.46 $30.06 $62,520 3.1 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 630 0.02% $41.88 $40.47 $84,190 2.5 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 30 (7) $31.67 $31.30 $65,110 14.9 %
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 200 0.01% $37.59 $47.96 $99,750 17.1 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,000 0.04% $24.41 $24.10 $50,120 4.6 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,740 0.06% $16.33 $18.05 $37,540 5.2 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 1,520 0.06% $32.82 $32.77 $68,150 3.1 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 180 0.01% $26.19 $25.43 $52,900 4.1 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 240 0.01% $32.50 $32.70 $68,020 3.1 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 220 0.01% $27.52 $29.15 $60,630 4.2 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 1,520 0.06% $28.90 $28.66 $59,620 2.2 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 680 0.03% $15.42 $16.26 $33,830 4.5 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians 100 (7) $12.36 $12.92 $26,860 5.9 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 2,180 0.08% $15.17 $15.17 $31,550 2.7 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians 170 0.01% $12.04 $13.17 $27,390 7.3 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 180 0.01% $23.25 $22.97 $47,780 2.9 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists 880 0.03% $22.28 $23.18 $48,220 5.2 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 30 (7) $16.77 $16.75 $34,840 3.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 36,540 1.36% $22.03 $22.21 $46,190 0.8 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 1,790 0.07% $14.72 $16.04 $33,370 2.7 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing (8) (8) $23.54 $22.75 $47,320 3.0 %
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 640 0.02% $17.69 $19.62 $40,800 3.8 %
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 410 0.02% $27.99 $28.67 $59,620 6.7 %
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 200 0.01% $19.97 $22.52 $46,840 6.1 %
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Workers, All Other 520 0.02% $19.95 $26.37 $54,840 7.9 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 71,950 2.68% $12.03 $12.71 $26,440 1.1 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides 23,320 0.87% $10.57 $11.19 $23,270 2.0 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 36,640 1.36% $12.25 $12.53 $26,070 0.9 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides 400 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 440 0.02% $27.36 $26.31 $54,730 3.6 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 820 0.03% $26.71 $26.52 $55,150 2.3 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 100 (7) $14.05 $14.23 $29,600 8.2 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 110 (7) $15.54 $16.94 $35,230 7.5 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants 2,160 0.08% $16.64 $16.90 $35,160 1.9 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 4,560 0.17% $13.74 $14.08 $29,280 1.0 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 60 (7) $13.47 $15.83 $32,930 10.4 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 210 0.01% $15.53 $15.99 $33,250 3.1 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides (8) (8) $11.62 $11.52 $23,950 10.1 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 110 (7) $11.33 $11.75 $24,440 2.7 %
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 2,970 0.11% $14.04 $15.21 $31,630 3.3 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 13,360 0.50% $9.77 $11.40 $23,720 2.6 %
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 160 0.01% $16.72 $20.07 $41,750 7.1 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 450 0.02% $15.67 $17.04 $35,450 8.3 %
33-9032 Security Guards 10,070 0.37% $9.96 $11.44 $23,790 2.9 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards 790 0.03% $9.55 $11.03 $22,940 5.7 %
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers (8) (8) $7.83 $8.22 $17,090 3.5 %
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 240 0.01% $16.31 $15.99 $33,260 3.5 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 55,950 2.08% $9.28 $10.58 $22,000 1.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 230 0.01% $18.31 $19.77 $41,120 6.3 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,480 0.06% $14.85 $15.87 $33,020 2.5 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 1,360 0.05% $8.94 $9.35 $19,440 2.2 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,260 0.05% $9.42 $10.71 $22,270 4.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 3,760 0.14% $11.60 $12.06 $25,070 1.6 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 420 0.02% $11.35 $11.29 $23,480 2.6 %
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 360 0.01% $11.28 $11.60 $24,130 2.9 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 4,890 0.18% $9.32 $9.94 $20,680 1.6 %
35-3011 Bartenders 2,150 0.08% $9.94 $10.83 $22,520 2.3 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 8,710 0.32% $8.80 $9.57 $19,910 2.0 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 1,770 0.07% $8.72 $9.28 $19,290 1.8 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 16,200 0.60% $9.32 $11.27 $23,450 3.8 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 2,640 0.10% $9.40 $10.70 $22,250 4.5 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 3,580 0.13% $8.61 $9.06 $18,850 1.4 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 4,540 0.17% $8.64 $9.03 $18,780 1.6 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 970 0.04% $9.11 $9.71 $20,200 1.7 %
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 1,590 0.06% $9.48 $10.51 $21,860 3.4 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 72,020 2.68% $9.54 $10.76 $22,390 0.8 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 2,570 0.10% $13.69 $14.89 $30,970 2.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,420 0.05% $16.82 $18.85 $39,210 4.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 32,390 1.21% $9.27 $10.18 $21,170 1.0 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 14,740 0.55% $8.85 $9.35 $19,460 1.1 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 210 0.01% $13.58 $14.90 $30,980 4.8 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 18,110 0.67% $10.23 $11.17 $23,240 1.2 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 260 0.01% $13.19 $14.33 $29,810 7.7 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 290 0.01% $11.36 $12.09 $25,140 2.8 %
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 1,520 0.06% $12.05 $14.77 $30,720 2.8 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 33,880 1.26% $9.59 $10.59 $22,020 1.2 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 850 0.03% $17.65 $19.59 $40,740 5.1 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 320 0.01% $10.30 $11.06 $23,010 3.3 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 6,780 0.25% $8.17 $8.43 $17,530 1.5 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,510 0.06% $8.41 $9.24 $19,210 3.6 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 90 (7) $9.43 $10.25 $21,320 4.4 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 1,740 0.06% $12.29 $13.37 $27,810 2.9 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 390 0.01% $10.17 $11.27 $23,450 5.1 %
39-6012 Concierges 260 0.01% $9.18 $10.58 $22,020 9.0 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts 330 0.01% $12.47 $13.03 $27,110 4.6 %
39-6031 Flight Attendants (8) (8) (4) (4) $63,630 8.1 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers 3,070 0.11% $10.23 $11.04 $22,970 3.1 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides 15,630 0.58% $9.92 $10.39 $21,610 1.3 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 360 0.01% $11.79 $14.45 $30,050 4.4 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 960 0.04% $11.66 $12.46 $25,920 4.5 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 110 (7) $12.04 $12.77 $26,570 2.5 %
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other (8) (8) $9.31 $10.03 $20,860 3.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 91,120 3.39% $14.08 $18.17 $37,790 2.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,510 0.06% $18.05 $21.24 $44,180 3.3 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 2,030 0.08% $30.35 $35.00 $72,800 3.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers 8,880 0.33% $8.74 $9.32 $19,380 1.0 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 1,180 0.04% $10.62 $11.82 $24,590 1.8 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 670 0.02% $11.84 $13.08 $27,200 4.3 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 18,170 0.68% $10.15 $11.65 $24,220 1.4 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (8) (8) $17.76 $20.08 $41,760 6.5 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 400 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 210 0.01% $32.70 $38.89 $80,890 13.1 %
41-3041 Travel Agents 920 0.03% $16.33 $16.54 $34,410 6.1 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other (8) (8) $20.69 $25.73 $53,520 6.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 950 0.04% $30.26 $36.63 $76,200 5.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 10,330 0.38% $21.90 $24.98 $51,960 1.8 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 8,980 0.33% $12.25 $14.11 $29,350 3.5 %
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers (8) (8) $25.94 $32.18 $66,940 6.4 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 1,240 0.05% $13.70 $17.52 $36,440 8.4 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers 150 0.01% $36.72 $39.08 $81,290 4.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 10,590 0.39% $10.80 $11.83 $24,610 1.8 %
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other 1,920 0.07% $14.72 $18.55 $38,580 4.5 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 672,640 25.04% $13.05 $14.06 $29,250 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 16,460 0.61% $21.55 $23.14 $48,130 1.5 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 5,730 0.21% $11.58 $12.09 $25,150 1.4 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators (8) (8) $15.89 $15.19 $31,590 3.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 6,470 0.24% $14.34 $15.09 $31,380 1.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 7,030 0.26% $14.77 $15.18 $31,570 1.2 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 31,890 1.19% $15.43 $16.24 $33,770 0.7 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 10,150 0.38% $15.12 $15.71 $32,670 2.2 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 700 0.03% $17.65 $17.60 $36,620 3.7 %
43-3071 Tellers 2,860 0.11% $12.57 $12.85 $26,730 1.7 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks 60 (7) $19.60 $19.67 $40,920 6.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 120 (7) $21.55 $19.72 $41,030 7.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 6,260 0.23% $10.53 $12.05 $25,050 6.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 85,020 3.17% $13.31 $13.78 $28,670 0.6 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 30 (7) $14.23 $14.60 $30,360 3.8 %
43-4071 File Clerks 16,510 0.61% $11.32 $11.96 $24,880 1.1 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 500 0.02% $9.93 $10.43 $21,690 1.7 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 2,440 0.09% $14.22 $14.39 $29,930 6.3 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,590 0.06% $16.27 $16.91 $35,180 2.1 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 40 (7) $15.43 $15.90 $33,060 2.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,030 0.04% $11.86 $12.94 $26,920 2.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 7,280 0.27% $16.13 $17.03 $35,420 3.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 41,220 1.53% $11.92 $12.25 $25,470 0.5 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 1,000 0.04% $12.92 $14.78 $30,740 9.3 %
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 13,150 0.49% $15.62 $16.59 $34,500 1.2 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents 1,430 0.05% $12.78 $13.86 $28,830 2.1 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 480 0.02% $10.84 $11.44 $23,800 2.4 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,670 0.10% $15.33 $16.47 $34,260 2.4 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 670 0.02% $15.26 $17.35 $36,080 9.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 5,860 0.22% $16.74 $18.72 $38,930 2.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 32,250 1.20% $10.89 $11.81 $24,570 1.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 39,420 1.47% $9.97 $10.89 $22,650 1.2 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (8) (8) $11.58 $13.67 $28,430 6.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 47,580 1.77% $17.83 $19.16 $39,860 0.7 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 1,990 0.07% $19.25 $19.87 $41,320 2.3 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 2,120 0.08% $14.86 $15.56 $32,370 3.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 51,060 1.90% $14.19 $14.82 $30,830 0.6 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 2,870 0.11% $16.43 $17.48 $36,350 1.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 36,340 1.35% $12.23 $12.76 $26,540 0.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 5,180 0.19% $14.04 $14.56 $30,280 1.6 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 470 0.02% $22.84 $22.91 $47,650 2.3 %
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 1,720 0.06% $15.76 $16.63 $34,600 4.4 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 15,150 0.56% $11.51 $11.91 $24,760 2.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 150,700 5.61% $11.83 $12.42 $25,840 0.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 1,390 0.05% $12.08 $12.67 $26,350 2.0 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 440 0.02% $17.12 $16.65 $34,640 5.0 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants 30 (7) $18.33 $18.67 $38,840 3.5 %
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 13,300 0.50% $14.00 $15.92 $33,120 2.7 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 6,170 0.23% $9.02 $10.29 $21,410 2.3 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 120 (7) $23.04 $24.02 $49,970 6.4 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 1,840 0.07% $8.90 $9.06 $18,840 1.4 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators 50 (7) $10.10 $11.05 $22,990 3.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 2,920 0.11% $8.62 $9.10 $18,930 2.3 %
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other 250 0.01% $10.94 $11.55 $24,030 2.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 137,010 5.10% $13.97 $15.63 $32,510 1.7 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 1,700 0.06% $29.36 $29.61 $61,600 3.0 %
47-2011 Boilermakers 40 (7) $18.79 $20.10 $41,810 5.9 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 400 0.01% $19.42 $20.61 $42,870 3.3 %
47-2022 Stonemasons 60 (7) $12.78 $14.06 $29,240 10.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 21,050 0.78% $17.68 $18.99 $39,490 1.7 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers 170 0.01% $15.39 $18.08 $37,610 7.6 %
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 30 (7) $16.05 $17.45 $36,300 7.8 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters (8) (8) $14.54 $18.02 $37,480 13.7 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 1,830 0.07% $17.13 $18.46 $38,400 2.6 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 76,450 2.85% $11.15 $13.16 $27,370 3.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 1,570 0.06% $19.34 $20.69 $43,040 5.2 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 570 0.02% $15.90 $15.99 $33,260 4.1 %
47-2082 Tapers 70 (7) $24.25 $23.83 $49,560 6.7 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,630 0.32% $19.09 $20.91 $43,490 2.0 %
47-2121 Glaziers 50 (7) $17.05 $19.93 $41,450 18.2 %
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 250 0.01% $13.19 $14.35 $29,860 4.8 %
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical (8) (8) $13.87 $15.89 $33,050 10.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 3,420 0.13% $15.93 $16.94 $35,230 2.5 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 50 (7) $9.73 $14.76 $30,690 16.1 %
47-2151 Pipelayers 90 (7) $12.46 $13.08 $27,200 11.1 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,910 0.15% $18.43 $19.31 $40,170 2.5 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 290 0.01% $18.86 $19.16 $39,840 5.4 %
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 50 (7) $21.15 $23.48 $48,850 9.1 %
47-2181 Roofers 1,360 0.05% $16.83 $17.22 $35,810 7.1 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 1,480 0.06% $16.65 $17.87 $37,170 2.9 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 810 0.03% $18.44 $19.44 $40,440 4.5 %
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 120 (7) $13.17 $13.30 $27,660 4.2 %
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 1,120 0.04% $12.02 $12.13 $25,230 2.4 %
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 830 0.03% $13.91 $13.74 $28,590 2.3 %
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 100 (7) $11.23 $11.63 $24,200 3.3 %
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 300 0.01% $11.45 $12.17 $25,320 3.7 %
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 80 (7) $9.11 $9.99 $20,780 5.1 %
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 1,250 0.05% $11.63 $12.43 $25,850 3.0 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 230 0.01% $28.44 $33.12 $68,890 15.8 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors 190 0.01% $12.97 $14.75 $30,670 4.8 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 800 0.03% $12.67 $13.73 $28,550 4.9 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 240 0.01% $15.42 $15.46 $32,160 4.2 %
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 40 (7) $14.89 $15.22 $31,650 3.7 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 90 (7) $19.83 $20.54 $42,710 5.4 %
47-5049 Mining Machine Operators, All Other 520 0.02% $19.78 $20.34 $42,300 2.4 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas (8) (8) $14.53 $15.89 $33,060 5.7 %
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers (8) (8) $14.67 $15.21 $31,630 2.9 %
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 180 0.01% $14.32 $16.05 $33,380 3.6 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 44,570 1.66% $16.52 $17.81 $37,050 1.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,700 0.06% $27.12 $28.65 $59,590 1.9 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 2,120 0.08% $17.30 $17.47 $36,340 7.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 1,030 0.04% $23.17 $23.53 $48,930 4.7 %
49-2091 Avionics Technicians 180 0.01% $21.58 $21.45 $44,610 3.8 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 170 0.01% $14.79 $18.47 $38,420 14.9 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 390 0.01% $21.28 $21.43 $44,570 3.2 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 460 0.02% $16.58 $17.45 $36,290 4.5 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 620 0.02% $16.86 $17.49 $36,380 2.7 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 1,630 0.06% $20.61 $19.71 $40,990 8.4 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 190 0.01% $16.87 $18.23 $37,910 4.7 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 40 (7) $14.41 $15.75 $32,750 6.0 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,420 0.13% $20.54 $21.40 $44,510 4.5 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,070 0.04% $18.92 $20.79 $43,250 9.1 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (8) (8) $15.86 $14.77 $30,730 8.8 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 230 0.01% $20.22 $20.27 $42,160 3.3 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 120 (7) $12.05 $12.73 $26,490 2.7 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door (8) (8) $29.36 $28.51 $59,310 4.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 930 0.03% $16.19 $18.00 $37,440 3.0 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,740 0.06% $18.42 $19.92 $41,430 3.1 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 21,080 0.78% $14.87 $16.01 $33,300 1.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 300 0.01% $15.37 $15.93 $33,140 7.1 %
49-9044 Millwrights 610 0.02% $21.75 $22.08 $45,920 4.3 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 1,830 0.07% $15.53 $16.68 $34,700 5.3 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (8) (8) $15.74 $15.54 $32,330 4.9 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers (8) (8) $18.20 $20.41 $42,460 4.8 %
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 40 (7) $24.78 $25.12 $52,240 11.0 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 80 (7) $13.97 $15.28 $31,780 8.5 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 70 (7) $17.71 $17.73 $36,880 3.9 %
49-9096 Riggers 580 0.02% $16.78 $17.42 $36,240 6.8 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 1,470 0.05% $9.74 $10.81 $22,480 3.6 %
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 1,720 0.06% $15.66 $17.82 $37,060 2.9 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 482,980 17.98% $10.35 $11.89 $24,720 0.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 4,500 0.17% $21.72 $24.36 $50,660 2.3 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 90 (7) $14.01 $14.73 $30,650 3.6 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 9,320 0.35% $11.98 $12.99 $27,020 1.2 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 1,540 0.06% $13.96 $14.11 $29,350 3.2 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 1,190 0.04% $11.59 $13.57 $28,220 7.0 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 710 0.03% $15.30 $16.46 $34,230 4.3 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 280 0.01% $11.21 $12.04 $25,040 8.2 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 122,540 4.56% $9.83 $11.01 $22,910 0.8 %
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 43,270 1.61% $10.27 $11.70 $24,340 1.6 %
51-3011 Bakers 330 0.01% $10.06 $11.47 $23,850 5.3 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 730 0.03% $10.22 $10.45 $21,740 4.1 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $8.79 $9.66 $20,090 12.3 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 2,020 0.08% $9.93 $12.29 $25,560 7.2 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 150 0.01% $10.96 $11.04 $22,950 3.2 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 890 0.03% $16.23 $16.83 $35,010 8.1 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 80 (7) $21.85 $22.88 $47,590 9.5 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,200 0.04% $14.02 $14.39 $29,920 3.6 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) $11.46 $13.67 $28,430 10.5 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 18,820 0.70% $10.81 $11.93 $24,810 1.0 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 0.01% $13.42 $15.40 $32,040 6.2 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 580 0.02% $12.10 $13.42 $27,920 4.1 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 360 0.01% $13.70 $14.71 $30,590 5.9 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 110 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-4041 Machinists 25,150 0.94% $14.25 $15.71 $32,680 1.2 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 110 (7) $12.86 $14.55 $30,260 6.0 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers (8) (8) $13.59 $13.19 $27,430 4.9 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,630 0.10% $10.60 $11.93 $24,820 2.5 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,590 0.10% $11.41 $12.06 $25,080 1.8 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 340 0.01% $17.90 $18.47 $38,430 4.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 10,330 0.38% $15.77 $16.93 $35,220 1.5 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,030 0.04% $13.37 $14.63 $30,420 4.1 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 130 (7) $9.75 $12.22 $25,420 8.4 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 180 0.01% $11.22 $11.50 $23,930 3.0 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 160 0.01% $11.48 $13.12 $27,290 5.3 %
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 2,030 0.08% $10.87 $13.95 $29,020 6.1 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 1,200 0.04% $9.06 $10.95 $22,780 6.6 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 40 (7) $9.04 $13.08 $27,200 19.7 %
51-5021 Job Printers 220 0.01% $14.17 $15.56 $32,360 8.1 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 480 0.02% $14.47 $16.91 $35,170 7.1 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 2,650 0.10% $11.86 $13.94 $29,000 3.6 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 850 0.03% $9.17 $9.84 $20,460 2.2 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 2,920 0.11% $8.98 $9.45 $19,660 1.5 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 500 0.02% $9.43 $10.24 $21,300 2.8 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 70 (7) $11.17 $11.38 $23,680 3.4 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 350 0.01% $9.40 $10.39 $21,600 8.2 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 180 0.01% $9.72 $10.26 $21,340 4.8 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 240 0.01% $9.63 $10.22 $21,250 3.5 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 70 (7) $15.18 $17.32 $36,030 5.9 %
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 310 0.01% $10.30 $11.83 $24,610 3.5 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 470 0.02% $13.21 $13.93 $28,980 3.8 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 90 (7) $12.15 $12.61 $26,220 3.9 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 210 0.01% $13.10 $13.98 $29,070 6.9 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 180 0.01% $10.75 $11.16 $23,210 2.7 %
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other 480 0.02% $11.24 $11.97 $24,890 2.6 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 50 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 130 (7) $32.84 $29.61 $61,580 6.8 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 50 (7) $22.18 $21.89 $45,530 5.4 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 100 (7) $27.95 $26.62 $55,380 5.7 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 50 (7) $27.64 $26.98 $56,120 3.5 %
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 70 (7) $28.40 $27.62 $57,460 8.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 30 (7) $13.39 $15.01 $31,230 7.0 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 160 0.01% $11.98 $14.80 $30,790 11.4 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 0.01% $13.69 $15.27 $31,750 5.5 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand (8) (8) $15.12 $15.40 $32,020 4.6 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 560 0.02% $12.51 $13.31 $27,680 3.0 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 210 0.01% $11.23 $12.62 $26,250 4.0 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 500 0.02% $9.77 $10.86 $22,600 5.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 24,280 0.90% $12.14 $14.12 $29,380 2.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 36,170 1.35% $9.58 $10.64 $22,140 1.1 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 820 0.03% $12.09 $12.76 $26,530 2.9 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 270 0.01% $13.60 $14.14 $29,420 5.5 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 120 (7) $9.40 $12.28 $25,540 16.0 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 70 (7) $12.61 $17.78 $36,980 10.3 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 580 0.02% $9.64 $10.92 $22,720 3.5 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (8) (8) $13.10 $14.09 $29,300 7.5 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 100 (7) $10.47 $14.51 $30,190 22.4 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 280 0.01% $11.76 $13.37 $27,820 5.4 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 520 0.02% $9.17 $10.05 $20,900 3.1 %
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 101,670 3.78% $9.48 $10.30 $21,430 0.7 %
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other 48,000 1.79% $10.49 $12.00 $24,950 1.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 506,040 18.84% $9.55 $11.07 $23,030 0.6 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 90 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,690 0.10% $19.19 $20.79 $43,230 4.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,050 0.04% $22.19 $23.73 $49,360 2.4 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 120 (7) (4) (4) $121,750 8.4 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 130 (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 170 0.01% $11.35 $11.23 $23,370 4.1 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 180 0.01% $12.51 $13.86 $28,830 5.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 1,050 0.04% $11.38 $12.98 $27,000 3.6 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 28,810 1.07% $17.29 $18.18 $37,820 1.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 17,500 0.65% $12.68 $13.88 $28,880 1.5 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 1,760 0.07% $10.68 $11.22 $23,340 1.7 %
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 1,230 0.05% $10.92 $13.14 $27,330 6.2 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 160 0.01% $38.63 $38.13 $79,310 7.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 3,140 0.12% $9.69 $10.15 $21,110 3.0 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants 860 0.03% $9.66 $10.56 $21,960 2.4 %
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors (8) (8) $10.60 $16.27 $33,840 11.0 %
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 1,660 0.06% $10.97 $13.35 $27,760 12.8 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 180 0.01% $12.01 $13.85 $28,810 5.8 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 230 0.01% $20.47 $21.16 $44,020 7.5 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 320 0.01% $14.92 $15.52 $32,280 4.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 30,750 1.14% $11.66 $12.49 $25,980 0.8 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 1,860 0.07% $9.41 $10.43 $21,700 2.1 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 288,460 10.74% $9.30 $10.33 $21,490 0.5 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 5,360 0.20% $10.34 $12.35 $25,700 6.8 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 110,990 4.13% $8.83 $9.47 $19,690 0.7 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 3,520 0.13% $9.92 $11.63 $24,200 3.5 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 1,960 0.07% $12.35 $15.00 $31,200 4.5 %

About May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2009 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2009 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 14, 2010

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