Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2009

45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, grading, sorting, packing and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Exclude "Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (45-2041). Exclude "Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029).

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation


National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
233,650 1.5 % $9.51 $19,780 0.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $7.94 $8.30 $8.91 $9.72 $12.12
Annual Wage (2) $16,510 $17,260 $18,540 $20,220 $25,210


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Support Activities for Crop Production 183,400 $9.23 $19,200
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 13,910 $10.47 $21,790
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 11,370 $10.44 $21,720
Beverage Manufacturing 4,170 $11.10 $23,090
Employment Services 2,920 $9.10 $18,930

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 540 $14.39 $29,940
Local Government (OES Designation) 670 $14.22 $29,570
Junior Colleges 40 $13.77 $28,630
Water, Sewage and Other Systems 100 $12.88 $26,790
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 110 $12.70 $26,420


State profile for this occupation: Top

States with the highest published employment concentrations and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all States with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

States with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment per thousand workers
California 149,850 $9.25 $19,230 10.311
Arizona 8,910 $8.70 $18,100 3.594
Florida 26,370 $9.63 $20,020 3.585
New Mexico 1,960 $8.70 $18,090 2.451
Oregon 3,780 $9.82 $20,430 2.326

Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment per thousand workers
Connecticut 390 $13.38 $27,830 0.235
Illinois 1,950 $12.65 $26,320 0.342
Hawaii 480 $12.44 $25,880 0.817
Massachusetts 570 $12.32 $25,630 0.181
Delaware 40 $12.28 $25,540 0.088


Metropolitan area profile for this occupation: Top

Metropolitan areas with the highest published employment concentrations and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all Metropolitan areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of workers in this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment per thousand workers
Salinas, CA 22,760 $9.30 $19,330 146.514
Madera, CA 5,090 $8.88 $18,470 133.797
Visalia-Porterville, CA 17,180 $9.35 $19,450 130.243
Yuma, AZ 6,100 $8.71 $18,120 103.875
Bakersfield, CA 25,890 $8.96 $18,630 97.481

Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

MSA Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage Employment per thousand workers
Sandusky, OH 40 $17.50 $36,400 1.039
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT (8) $17.11 $35,590 (8)
Fort Wayne, IN (8) $15.95 $33,180 (8)
Medford, OR 40 $15.66 $32,580 0.544
Worcester, MA-CT (8) $14.86 $30,910 (8)


About May 2009 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia. The top five employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

Percentile wage estimates show the percentage of workers in an occupation that earn less than a given wage and the percentage that earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2009 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2009 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2009 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2009 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2009 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: May 14, 2010

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