Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS Industry 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments is part of: NAICS 454000 - Nonstore Retailers.

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments:


NAICS 454300 - Direct Selling Establishments

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 133,930 100.00% $16.12 $18.64 $38,770 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 6,010 4.49% $38.14 $47.12 $98,000 1.7 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 230 0.17% $79.39 $81.36 $169,220 6.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 4,030 3.01% $38.20 $46.95 $97,650 2.1 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 30 0.02% $43.88 $49.36 $102,680 9.9 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 80 0.06% $45.12 $49.70 $103,370 9.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 750 0.56% $34.50 $43.82 $91,140 4.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 220 0.16% $31.79 $34.91 $72,620 5.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 80 0.06% $50.97 $51.64 $107,420 6.2 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 160 0.12% $43.37 $49.25 $102,450 4.1 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 50 0.04% $47.50 $49.30 $102,530 8.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 220 0.16% $35.29 $38.85 $80,810 4.3 %
11-9199 Managers, All Other 90 0.07% $30.70 $36.63 $76,190 8.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 1,790 1.34% $25.89 $28.16 $58,580 2.8 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 220 0.16% $24.89 $26.37 $54,860 4.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 50 0.04% $26.01 $28.81 $59,930 9.7 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers 40 0.03% $23.76 $25.29 $52,600 4.3 %
13-1078 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other* 90 0.07% $26.19 $26.29 $54,690 4.3 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 40 0.03% $32.56 $33.96 $70,640 5.2 %
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 30 0.02% $31.05 $30.56 $63,570 6.0 %
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists 40 0.03% $24.40 $24.85 $51,680 7.3 %
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists* 130 0.10% $26.90 $28.36 $58,990 5.4 %
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other* 450 0.34% $22.99 $28.82 $59,950 9.5 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 620 0.46% $27.20 $28.72 $59,730 3.1 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 570 0.43% $30.87 $32.47 $67,550 3.5 %
15-1131 Computer Programmers 60 0.04% $32.48 $34.93 $72,650 4.4 %
15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software 50 0.04% $45.10 $46.30 $96,300 7.4 %
15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators* 170 0.13% $30.76 $31.95 $66,470 3.3 %
15-1150 Computer Support Specialists 110 0.08% $21.09 $21.04 $43,760 3.8 %
15-1179 Information Security Analysts, Web Developers, and Computer Network Architects (8) (8) $35.06 $33.18 $69,020 9.2 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 420 0.31% $19.63 $21.10 $43,890 8.1 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 130 0.10% $22.52 $24.44 $50,840 4.3 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 40 0.03% $27.10 $28.36 $58,990 7.0 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 460 0.34% $8.95 $10.09 $20,990 5.2 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 40 0.03% $12.37 $14.02 $29,170 11.9 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 190 0.14% $9.51 $10.50 $21,840 4.3 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 160 0.12% $7.77 $8.29 $17,240 3.9 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 430 0.32% $10.06 $10.92 $22,720 2.5 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 310 0.23% $9.78 $10.78 $22,430 2.8 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers (8) (8) $10.02 $9.91 $20,610 4.0 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 19,500 14.56% $13.45 $17.59 $36,590 2.0 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 1,250 0.93% $19.42 $22.39 $46,580 3.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 480 0.36% $27.53 $34.88 $72,550 12.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers 1,800 1.34% $8.74 $9.08 $18,880 1.4 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 250 0.19% $14.24 $14.55 $30,260 3.9 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 6,960 5.20% $12.62 $15.41 $32,060 3.2 %
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 930 0.69% $24.37 $28.13 $58,500 6.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 160 0.12% $30.40 $37.28 $77,540 16.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 2,710 2.02% $22.58 $26.86 $55,860 2.9 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 530 0.40% $12.58 $15.15 $31,520 10.3 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,670 1.25% $10.55 $12.37 $25,730 5.0 %
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 2,110 1.58% $10.88 $13.29 $27,650 3.6 %
41-9799 Sales and Related Workers, All Other* 580 0.43% $11.60 $13.84 $28,780 5.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 32,310 24.12% $13.65 $14.79 $30,770 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 2,060 1.54% $21.63 $23.46 $48,800 1.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 510 0.38% $16.12 $16.73 $34,800 2.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks 1,270 0.95% $15.35 $15.58 $32,410 1.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 3,090 2.31% $15.39 $16.01 $33,290 1.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 250 0.19% $18.69 $18.26 $37,980 3.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 50 0.04% $17.33 $18.30 $38,070 5.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 140 0.10% $15.70 $16.62 $34,560 4.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 7,450 5.56% $13.59 $14.21 $29,560 1.1 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 1,100 0.82% $12.08 $12.38 $25,740 4.4 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 80 0.06% $15.77 $17.67 $36,760 5.5 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 710 0.53% $11.27 $11.67 $24,270 2.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,090 0.81% $17.44 $18.30 $38,070 1.7 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 150 0.11% $20.05 $21.25 $44,190 6.7 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 720 0.54% $12.04 $13.02 $27,080 2.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,520 1.13% $10.57 $11.46 $23,830 2.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 760 0.57% $21.21 $21.98 $45,720 2.5 %
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 4,100 3.06% $12.83 $13.42 $27,910 2.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators 40 0.03% $20.06 $20.46 $42,560 8.2 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 250 0.19% $11.62 $12.95 $26,940 3.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 6,790 5.07% $11.97 $12.74 $26,510 1.1 %
43-9799 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other* 90 0.07% $16.57 $16.16 $33,620 4.6 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (8) (8) $9.53 $10.79 $22,430 5.1 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (8) (8) $9.15 $9.77 $20,310 4.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 1,260 0.94% $16.66 $18.26 $37,980 3.6 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 70 0.05% $22.55 $26.37 $54,850 6.7 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 980 0.73% $16.08 $16.85 $35,040 2.4 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (8) (8) $20.88 $20.70 $43,050 2.7 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 18,590 13.88% $19.60 $20.95 $43,570 1.0 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,320 0.99% $30.22 $31.06 $64,600 2.1 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 220 0.16% $17.66 $18.47 $38,420 2.9 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 930 0.69% $19.82 $20.27 $42,170 2.2 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 980 0.73% $15.75 $16.49 $34,300 3.1 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 10,490 7.83% $21.26 $22.20 $46,170 1.2 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 460 0.34% $16.35 $16.39 $34,090 2.9 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 110 0.08% $17.42 $18.29 $38,050 5.2 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 40 0.03% $16.20 $15.93 $33,140 4.9 %
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 1,410 1.05% $16.22 $17.21 $35,790 2.5 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 90 0.07% $13.94 $14.12 $29,380 7.2 %
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 700 0.52% $12.02 $13.26 $27,580 2.6 %
49-9799 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other* 1,780 1.33% $16.75 $17.13 $35,620 1.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 990 0.74% $14.32 $16.03 $33,330 3.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 80 0.06% $23.07 $24.35 $50,660 4.8 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 60 0.04% $23.88 $25.26 $52,540 10.0 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 110 0.08% $16.76 $17.73 $36,880 4.8 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 410 0.31% $12.47 $13.30 $27,660 3.4 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 50,970 38.06% $16.16 $16.84 $35,020 0.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 470 0.35% $20.68 $21.48 $44,680 2.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,370 1.77% $25.24 $26.17 $54,430 1.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 18,720 13.98% $15.46 $15.87 $33,010 1.3 %
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 17,090 12.76% $17.67 $18.33 $38,120 0.8 %
53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 6,460 4.82% $15.54 $16.19 $33,680 1.2 %
53-6031 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants 710 0.53% $9.97 $11.01 $22,900 4.1 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,030 0.77% $12.51 $13.12 $27,300 1.5 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 110 0.08% $10.02 $10.20 $21,210 4.2 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 2,680 2.00% $11.55 $12.23 $25,430 1.8 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 970 0.72% $10.14 $10.86 $22,600 3.1 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 130 0.10% $14.24 $14.70 $30,570 8.3 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 110 0.08% $14.11 $15.76 $32,770 9.0 %
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other (8) (8) $13.85 $13.56 $28,200 7.2 %

About May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2010 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2010 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2010 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2010 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2011

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