Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2010

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
12,120 3.7 % $30.09 $62,600 0.8 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $16.55 $21.34 $27.57 $35.88 $48.91
Annual Wage (2) $34,420 $44,390 $57,340 $74,630 $101,740


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,250 0.37 $33.24 $69,140
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 2,140 0.08 $25.54 $53,110
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,650 0.08 $37.26 $77,510
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,510 0.46 $32.18 $66,940
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 1,070 0.11 $25.99 $54,050

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,510 0.46 $32.18 $66,940
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,250 0.37 $33.24 $69,140
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 160 0.21 $24.86 $51,710
Pesticide, Fertilizer, and Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing 50 0.13 $40.46 $84,160
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 1,070 0.11 $25.99 $54,050

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pesticide, Fertilizer, and Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing 50 0.13 $40.46 $84,160
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,650 0.08 $37.26 $77,510
Management of Companies and Enterprises 170 0.01 $35.25 $73,320
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,250 0.37 $33.24 $69,140
Support Activities for Crop Production 270 0.09 $32.31 $67,200


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iowa 1,430 1.00 10.44 $31.82 $66,190
California 1,430 0.10 1.07 $34.64 $72,050
North Carolina 810 0.21 2.23 $30.83 $64,130
Minnesota 580 0.23 2.36 $33.91 $70,530
Illinois 580 0.10 1.09 $30.95 $64,370




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Dakota 480 1.23 12.86 $25.89 $53,850
Iowa 1,430 1.00 10.44 $31.82 $66,190
Oregon 570 0.37 3.83 $28.25 $58,760
Nebraska 310 0.35 3.65 $23.59 $49,060
North Dakota 110 0.30 3.15 $27.70 $57,610




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Maryland 170 0.07 0.75 $42.57 $88,540
West Virginia 30 0.04 0.46 $39.78 $82,730
Connecticut 100 0.06 0.63 $37.09 $77,140
Mississippi 110 0.10 1.07 $35.80 $74,470
California 1,430 0.10 1.07 $34.64 $72,050

Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 390 0.23 2.44 $36.83 $76,600
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 240 0.11 1.10 $44.29 $92,110
Madison, WI 220 0.69 7.24 $27.89 $58,000
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA 210 0.22 2.28 $27.56 $57,320
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 200 0.21 2.24 $37.15 $77,260
Raleigh-Cary, NC 190 0.39 4.13 $38.92 $80,950
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 140 0.05 0.57 $24.95 $51,890
Columbus, OH 130 0.14 1.49 $25.14 $52,300
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 120 0.13 1.36 $35.89 $74,650
Gainesville, FL 110 0.91 9.53 $19.29 $40,120




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Auburn-Opelika, AL 70 1.60 16.81 $35.62 $74,100
Ames, IA 50 1.25 13.14 $31.16 $64,800
Champaign-Urbana, IL 110 1.09 11.39 (8) (8)
Lafayette, IN 80 0.99 10.36 $25.03 $52,060
Gainesville, FL 110 0.91 9.53 $19.29 $40,120
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA 80 0.87 9.07 $27.74 $57,700
Madison, WI 220 0.69 7.24 $27.89 $58,000
El Centro, CA 30 0.68 7.09 (8) (8)
Manhattan, KS 30 0.58 6.04 $28.82 $59,950
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA 80 0.48 5.08 $31.96 $66,480




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 240 0.11 1.10 $44.29 $92,110
Bethesda-Frederick-Gaithersburg, MD Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $39.91 $83,010
Raleigh-Cary, NC 190 0.39 4.13 $38.92 $80,950
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 30 0.12 1.27 $38.50 $80,080
New Haven, CT 70 0.28 2.94 $38.07 $79,190
Stockton, CA 40 0.22 2.32 $37.39 $77,770
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 200 0.21 2.24 $37.15 $77,260
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 110 0.13 1.36 $36.90 $76,760
Salinas, CA 70 0.47 4.95 $36.90 $76,740
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 390 0.23 2.44 $36.83 $76,600

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 320 2.65 27.76 $24.13 $50,190
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 130 2.35 24.63 $32.01 $66,590
Southeastern Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 120 2.48 26.01 $22.08 $45,930
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 120 0.31 3.22 $26.57 $55,260
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 90 0.70 7.34 $28.25 $58,750

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 320 2.65 27.76 $24.13 $50,190
Southeastern Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 120 2.48 26.01 $22.08 $45,930
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 130 2.35 24.63 $32.01 $66,590
Central South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 30 1.01 10.62 $30.21 $62,840
East Central North Dakota 30 0.82 8.55 $24.52 $51,000

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $32.74 $68,100
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 130 2.35 24.63 $32.01 $66,590
Western Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 30 0.40 4.20 $31.79 $66,130
Northeastern North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 60 0.32 3.40 $31.61 $65,740
Western South Dakota nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $31.45 $65,420


About May 2010 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2010 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2010 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2011

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