Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2010

19-3041 Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
3,710 8.5 % $38.53 $80,130 2.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $21.16 $26.69 $34.79 $46.64 $62.44
Annual Wage (2) $44,000 $55,520 $72,360 $97,010 $129,870


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,700 0.28 $40.08 $83,370
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 980 0.04 $37.10 $77,160
Local Government (OES Designation) 250 0.00 $31.21 $64,920
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 170 0.02 $42.30 $87,990
State Government (OES Designation) 170 0.01 $26.99 $56,150

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,700 0.28 $40.08 $83,370
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 980 0.04 $37.10 $77,160
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 170 0.02 $42.30 $87,990
State Government (OES Designation) 170 0.01 $26.99 $56,150
Local Government (OES Designation) 250 0.00 $31.21 $64,920

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 40 (7) $47.81 $99,450
Social Advocacy Organizations (8) (8) $43.83 $91,180
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 170 0.02 $42.30 $87,990
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,700 0.28 $40.08 $83,370
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 980 0.04 $37.10 $77,160


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,040 0.07 2.53 $39.67 $82,510
District of Columbia 490 0.76 26.08 $49.27 $102,490
New York 460 0.06 1.92 $40.48 $84,190
Michigan 240 0.06 2.16 $32.73 $68,080
Pennsylvania 230 0.04 1.44 $40.50 $84,240




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 490 0.76 26.08 $49.27 $102,490
California 1,040 0.07 2.53 $39.67 $82,510
Michigan 240 0.06 2.16 $32.73 $68,080
Massachusetts 200 0.06 2.16 $30.28 $62,980
New York 460 0.06 1.92 $40.48 $84,190




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 490 0.76 26.08 $49.27 $102,490
Maryland 50 0.02 0.75 $42.46 $88,310
Pennsylvania 230 0.04 1.44 $40.50 $84,240
New York 460 0.06 1.92 $40.48 $84,190
California 1,040 0.07 2.53 $39.67 $82,510

Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 500 0.22 7.43 $49.30 $102,530
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 300 0.06 2.09 $42.26 $87,900
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 210 0.12 4.07 (8) (8)
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 200 0.12 4.07 $30.28 $62,980
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 180 0.19 6.61 $36.72 $76,380
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 110 0.11 3.80 $42.02 $87,400
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division 100 0.03 1.03 $30.87 $64,220
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 70 0.08 2.88 $36.15 $75,180
Durham, NC 50 0.20 6.92 $39.36 $81,860
Columbus, OH 40 0.04 1.51 $25.88 $53,820




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 500 0.22 7.43 $49.30 $102,530
Durham, NC 50 0.20 6.92 $39.36 $81,860
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 180 0.19 6.61 $36.72 $76,380
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 200 0.12 4.07 $30.28 $62,980
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 210 0.12 4.07 (8) (8)
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 110 0.11 3.80 $42.02 $87,400
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 70 0.08 2.88 $36.15 $75,180
Raleigh-Cary, NC 40 0.08 2.60 $21.88 $45,520
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 300 0.06 2.09 $42.26 $87,900
Columbus, OH 40 0.04 1.51 $25.88 $53,820




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 500 0.22 7.43 $49.30 $102,530
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 300 0.06 2.09 $42.26 $87,900
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 110 0.11 3.80 $42.02 $87,400
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (8) (8) (8) $40.15 $83,500
Durham, NC 50 0.20 6.92 $39.36 $81,860
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 180 0.19 6.61 $36.72 $76,380
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 70 0.08 2.88 $36.15 $75,180
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $34.81 $72,400
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division 100 0.03 1.03 $30.87 $64,220
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 200 0.12 4.07 $30.28 $62,980


About May 2010 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2010 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2010 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2011

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