Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2010

45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Excludes "Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (45-2041) and "Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
228,600 1.4 % $9.64 $20,040 0.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $8.10 $8.46 $8.98 $9.80 $12.41
Annual Wage (2) $16,850 $17,600 $18,690 $20,390 $25,820


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Support Activities for Crop Production 178,690 61.11 $9.32 $19,390
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 13,560 4.09 $10.46 $21,760
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 11,800 8.58 $10.69 $22,240
Beverage Manufacturing 3,930 2.36 $11.36 $23,630
Grocery and Related Product Merchant Wholesalers 2,960 0.42 $10.38 $21,590

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Support Activities for Crop Production 178,690 61.11 $9.32 $19,390
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 11,800 8.58 $10.69 $22,240
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 13,560 4.09 $10.46 $21,760
Beverage Manufacturing 3,930 2.36 $11.36 $23,630
Support Activities for Animal Production 500 1.85 $12.31 $25,600

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Amusement Parks and Arcades 90 0.05 $15.62 $32,480
Pesticide, Fertilizer, and Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing 50 0.15 $15.11 $31,440
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 680 0.02 $14.20 $29,540
Local Government (OES Designation) 970 0.02 $14.16 $29,450
Junior Colleges 50 0.01 $13.73 $28,560


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 145,060 10.36 5.76 $9.33 $19,400
Florida 24,840 3.50 1.94 $9.48 $19,720
Arizona 10,780 4.56 2.53 $8.81 $18,330
Texas 4,330 0.43 0.24 $10.15 $21,110
Oregon 3,660 2.33 1.30 $10.05 $20,910




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 145,060 10.36 5.76 $9.33 $19,400
Arizona 10,780 4.56 2.53 $8.81 $18,330
Florida 24,840 3.50 1.94 $9.48 $19,720
New Mexico 1,950 2.51 1.40 $8.88 $18,470
Idaho 1,410 2.37 1.32 $10.81 $22,480




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Massachusetts 640 0.20 0.11 $13.30 $27,660
Nevada 90 0.08 0.04 $13.08 $27,200
Hawaii 470 0.82 0.46 $12.97 $26,980
Illinois 1,630 0.30 0.16 $12.96 $26,960
Alaska 70 0.24 0.13 $12.95 $26,930

Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Salinas, CA 23,530 153.06 85.10 $9.42 $19,600
Fresno, CA 23,440 75.12 41.77 $8.89 $18,490
Bakersfield, CA 20,560 82.18 45.69 $9.08 $18,880
Visalia-Porterville, CA 20,170 154.67 85.99 $9.56 $19,880
Yuma, AZ 7,140 128.18 71.26 $8.81 $18,330
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 6,180 21.73 12.08 $9.53 $19,820
El Centro, CA 5,300 105.29 58.54 $9.16 $19,040
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 5,250 31.85 17.71 $9.28 $19,290
Stockton, CA 4,880 24.60 13.68 $8.89 $18,490
Madera, CA 4,810 131.22 72.96 $8.92 $18,550




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Visalia-Porterville, CA 20,170 154.67 85.99 $9.56 $19,880
Salinas, CA 23,530 153.06 85.10 $9.42 $19,600
Madera, CA 4,810 131.22 72.96 $8.92 $18,550
Yuma, AZ 7,140 128.18 71.26 $8.81 $18,330
El Centro, CA 5,300 105.29 58.54 $9.16 $19,040
Bakersfield, CA 20,560 82.18 45.69 $9.08 $18,880
Fresno, CA 23,440 75.12 41.77 $8.89 $18,490
Hanford-Corcoran, CA 2,290 60.31 33.53 $9.00 $18,710
Napa, CA 2,250 36.95 20.54 $11.62 $24,160
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 5,250 31.85 17.71 $9.28 $19,290




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Sandusky, OH 50 1.53 0.85 $16.48 $34,270
Worcester, MA-CT (8) (8) (8) $16.47 $34,250
Honolulu, HI 140 0.33 0.18 $14.90 $31,000
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 70 0.36 0.20 $14.88 $30,950
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 170 0.10 0.06 $14.63 $30,430
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 180 0.04 0.02 $14.60 $30,370
Boulder, CO (8) (8) (8) $14.59 $30,340
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division 290 0.08 0.05 $14.26 $29,660
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT (8) (8) (8) $14.07 $29,260
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 70 0.12 0.07 $14.06 $29,250

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 6,070 62.89 34.97 $8.87 $18,450
North Valley Region of California nonmetropolitan area 1,640 59.49 33.07 $9.11 $18,950
Central Washington nonmetropolitan area 790 13.14 7.30 $15.27 $31,770
East Georgia nonmetropolitan area 790 9.74 5.42 $8.15 $16,940
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 660 6.97 3.87 $10.53 $21,910

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 6,070 62.89 34.97 $8.87 $18,450
North Valley Region of California nonmetropolitan area 1,640 59.49 33.07 $9.11 $18,950
Southwestern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 470 18.36 10.21 $8.43 $17,540
Central Washington nonmetropolitan area 790 13.14 7.30 $15.27 $31,770
East Georgia nonmetropolitan area 790 9.74 5.42 $8.15 $16,940

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 50 0.54 0.30 $18.61 $38,720
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 0.94 0.52 $15.84 $32,950
North Central Colorado nonmetropolitan area 50 0.63 0.35 $15.59 $32,430
Northeast Florida nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $15.28 $31,790
Central Washington nonmetropolitan area 790 13.14 7.30 $15.27 $31,770


About May 2010 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2010 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2010 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2011

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