Occupational Employment Statistics

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation:

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Sector 71 - Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Group Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations major 1,893,350 0.5% 100.00% $11.29 $15.91 $33,090 0.4%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 65,040 1.0% 3.44% $35.69 $44.02 $91,550 0.7%
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,280 2.6% 0.17% $82.10 $86.26 $179,430 1.7%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 33,800 1.4% 1.79% $35.48 $43.73 $90,960 0.8%
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 1,240 3.5% 0.07% $30.18 $36.87 $76,680 2.1%
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,480 3.1% 0.13% $34.60 $42.72 $88,860 2.0%
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,590 4.1% 0.08% $37.35 $44.72 $93,020 2.3%
11-2031 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers 1,970 3.0% 0.10% $37.05 $42.26 $87,890 1.5%
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 3,160 3.6% 0.17% $31.63 $35.39 $73,610 2.2%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 570 4.0% 0.03% $49.41 $52.65 $109,510 3.2%
11-3031 Financial Managers 3,370 2.5% 0.18% $43.56 $49.63 $103,220 1.4%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 140 7.8% 0.01% $36.30 $38.68 $80,460 3.9%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 100 39.0% 0.01% $34.63 $40.98 $85,240 5.9%
11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers 160 6.9% 0.01% $35.70 $40.71 $84,680 4.1%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers 540 3.5% 0.03% $44.08 $47.90 $99,640 3.3%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers 180 11.3% 0.01% $42.06 $44.24 $92,020 3.6%
11-9013 Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers 70 29.5% (7) $20.54 $24.12 $50,160 8.0%
11-9021 Construction Managers 100 10.6% 0.01% $55.96 $56.20 $116,910 5.0%
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 330 9.2% 0.02% $30.14 $34.27 $71,270 4.2%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers 100 5.2% 0.01% $64.78 $65.39 $136,020 4.3%
11-9051 Food Service Managers 4,540 2.3% 0.24% $25.45 $28.13 $58,510 1.0%
11-9071 Gaming Managers 1,100 8.7% 0.06% $31.10 $34.54 $71,840 2.3%
11-9081 Lodging Managers 150 9.8% 0.01% $30.22 $34.86 $72,510 4.4%
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 270 8.7% 0.01% $44.01 $49.15 $102,230 5.4%
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 150 12.2% 0.01% $25.78 $36.10 $75,100 12.8%
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 420 9.9% 0.02% $24.41 $26.56 $55,250 2.6%
11-9199 Managers, All Other 5,180 3.9% 0.27% $34.76 $40.30 $83,830 1.7%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 42,470 1.6% 2.24% $25.17 $31.42 $65,360 2.1%
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 10,590 3.8% 0.56% $30.94 $44.67 $92,900 5.1%
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 190 10.6% 0.01% $20.83 $22.18 $46,140 3.8%
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 720 4.5% 0.04% $23.09 $25.37 $52,770 1.5%
13-1041 Compliance Officers 340 2.3% 0.02% $28.30 $29.22 $60,780 2.5%
13-1051 Cost Estimators 30 10.9% (7) $30.48 $32.20 $66,970 3.2%
13-1078 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other* 1,560 3.7% 0.08% $23.94 $25.52 $53,080 1.7%
13-1111 Management Analysts 490 10.6% 0.03% $33.60 $35.45 $73,740 2.3%
13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners* 6,390 4.3% 0.34% $19.98 $21.79 $45,310 1.7%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 690 5.5% 0.04% $25.91 $27.22 $56,610 1.9%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists 760 7.4% 0.04% $24.93 $25.60 $53,250 3.5%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists* 3,960 3.5% 0.21% $22.09 $25.23 $52,480 1.5%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other* 7,030 4.0% 0.37% $23.14 $27.52 $57,240 2.2%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 9,280 2.1% 0.49% $27.84 $30.87 $64,210 1.2%
13-2031 Budget Analysts 60 8.9% (7) $39.45 $41.00 $85,280 6.9%
13-2051 Financial Analysts 130 9.2% 0.01% $30.55 $31.60 $65,720 2.8%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 160 6.8% 0.01% $23.83 $27.57 $57,340 4.9%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 6,650 4.1% 0.35% $27.65 $29.24 $60,820 1.5%
15-1121 Computer Systems Analysts 520 4.4% 0.03% $35.25 $35.42 $73,660 4.3%
15-1131 Computer Programmers 650 17.5% 0.03% $28.61 $31.25 $65,000 3.1%
15-1132 Software Developers, Applications 190 20.3% 0.01% $35.32 $36.22 $75,340 5.6%
15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software 40 31.9% (7) $38.15 $33.98 $70,670 2.8%
15-1141 Database Administrators 470 11.1% 0.02% $24.19 $28.26 $58,780 1.9%
15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators* 1,580 4.2% 0.08% $32.24 $33.74 $70,180 1.4%
15-1150 Computer Support Specialists 1,980 6.7% 0.10% $20.63 $22.30 $46,390 2.3%
15-1179 Information Security Analysts, Web Developers, and Computer Network Architects 580 7.2% 0.03% $30.45 $31.38 $65,280 2.5%
15-1799 Computer Occupations, All Other* 450 16.8% 0.02% $24.63 $25.43 $52,900 8.5%
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 180 0.6% 0.01% $39.33 $37.60 $78,220 4.4%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 1,750 3.9% 0.09% $41.18 $42.06 $87,470 2.3%
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 50 4.4% (7) $37.55 $40.80 $84,870 1.9%
17-1012 Landscape Architects 80 31.9% (7) $26.77 $30.89 $64,250 11.3%
17-2051 Civil Engineers 30 2.5% (7) $43.23 $45.20 $94,020 3.3%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 130 6.6% 0.01% $40.85 $41.49 $86,300 3.5%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 210 0.0% 0.01% $41.71 $43.21 $89,870 1.5%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 400 6.4% 0.02% $42.40 $46.44 $96,600 2.7%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 500 3.9% 0.03% $48.08 $49.51 $102,980 3.6%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians 100 32.6% 0.01% $26.55 $27.25 $56,670 9.2%
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 40 13.2% (7) $20.48 $21.82 $45,400 4.5%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 2,110 5.6% 0.11% $22.74 $25.24 $52,490 2.1%
19-1011 Animal Scientists 30 15.2% (7) $22.86 $26.90 $55,940 10.3%
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists 190 6.9% 0.01% $23.24 $27.07 $56,310 4.5%
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 850 10.6% 0.05% $22.88 $24.19 $50,320 3.5%
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 110 11.4% 0.01% $25.04 $28.11 $58,460 3.9%
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other 80 16.4% (7) $36.26 $38.97 $81,070 10.5%
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 100 16.9% 0.01% $32.16 $32.42 $67,430 4.6%
19-3022 Survey Researchers 40 13.7% (7) $24.53 $25.83 $53,740 5.0%
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 110 11.7% 0.01% $20.43 $23.84 $49,590 5.7%
19-3093 Historians 110 13.4% 0.01% $23.43 $25.58 $53,210 5.3%
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 30 32.3% (7) $26.64 $27.27 $56,720 10.7%
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 50 35.0% (7) $21.39 $20.28 $42,180 8.1%
19-4021 Biological Technicians 30 18.3% (7) $15.90 $18.02 $37,480 12.2%
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants 90 40.7% (7) $18.77 $19.13 $39,780 4.7%
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 40 26.8% (7) $13.84 $15.14 $31,480 10.9%
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 100 35.6% 0.01% $20.28 $21.74 $45,210 6.3%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 640 30.1% 0.03% $16.62 $17.67 $36,760 2.9%
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers (8) (8) (8) $18.14 $19.17 $39,870 4.2%
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants (8) (8) (8) $10.71 $10.96 $22,800 5.7%
21-1798 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other* 330 16.8% 0.02% $15.82 $17.54 $36,480 4.6%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 360 12.4% 0.02% $50.76 $60.89 $126,650 6.1%
23-1011 Lawyers 290 14.6% 0.02% $58.53 $69.01 $143,530 6.8%
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants* 60 9.2% (7) $27.30 $28.82 $59,950 2.4%
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations major 30,250 2.5% 1.60% $17.61 $20.04 $41,690 1.0%
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 90 30.9% (7) (4) (4) $79,190 2.5%
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 480 9.5% 0.03% $11.52 $12.98 $27,000 3.8%
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 11,820 4.7% 0.62% $15.63 $18.54 $38,560 1.6%
25-3999 Teachers and Instructors, All Other* 1,600 10.7% 0.08% (4) (4) $38,950 3.6%
25-4011 Archivists 1,050 10.1% 0.06% $18.80 $19.49 $40,550 3.7%
25-4012 Curators 5,730 3.1% 0.30% $22.26 $24.55 $51,060 1.4%
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators 4,330 4.6% 0.23% $17.57 $19.16 $39,850 1.4%
25-4021 Librarians 710 12.8% 0.04% $23.99 $24.75 $51,480 2.5%
25-4031 Library Technicians 360 14.1% 0.02% $14.47 $15.32 $31,860 2.6%
25-9011 Audio-Visual and Multimedia Collections Specialists 50 18.4% (7) $21.45 $22.87 $47,570 5.2%
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 2,350 6.6% 0.12% $19.31 $21.59 $44,910 2.7%
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 680 7.2% 0.04% (4) (4) $23,900 2.7%
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 840 10.1% 0.04% $14.77 $16.62 $34,570 3.6%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 187,080 1.5% 9.88% $18.40 $26.21 $54,510 1.5%
27-1011 Art Directors 1,400 19.0% 0.07% $35.11 $41.35 $86,010 4.8%
27-1012 Craft Artists 2,490 7.3% 0.13% $13.41 $15.94 $33,150 4.1%
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 4,780 9.9% 0.25% $17.06 $23.34 $48,550 7.3%
27-1014 Multimedia Artists and Animators 1,210 12.5% 0.06% $30.98 $32.86 $68,350 4.5%
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other 610 31.0% 0.03% $12.92 $16.45 $34,220 13.5%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 50 24.4% (7) $20.12 $23.15 $48,140 8.7%
27-1022 Fashion Designers 350 10.3% 0.02% $19.92 $23.61 $49,110 4.2%
27-1023 Floral Designers 230 3.9% 0.01% $10.26 $11.76 $24,470 5.0%
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,160 5.5% 0.11% $20.81 $22.42 $46,640 1.5%
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 500 15.3% 0.03% $9.02 $11.01 $22,900 7.6%
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 3,220 7.8% 0.17% $18.69 $21.22 $44,140 1.9%
27-1029 Designers, All Other 460 18.8% 0.02% $17.90 $19.32 $40,180 6.1%
27-2011 Actors 15,910 5.4% 0.84% $15.91 $26.44 (4) 5.7%
27-2012 Producers and Directors 10,130 4.1% 0.54% $27.10 $37.95 $78,940 4.4%
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 11,720 4.5% 0.62% (4) (4) $81,370 5.5%
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 40,490 4.1% 2.14% (4) (4) $39,450 1.7%
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 5,310 7.5% 0.28% (4) (4) $29,730 5.4%
27-2031 Dancers 7,970 7.2% 0.42% $15.84 $18.07 (4) 3.7%
27-2032 Choreographers 1,120 11.1% 0.06% $20.46 $24.40 $50,750 4.6%
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers 2,690 8.9% 0.14% $26.75 $39.05 $81,230 7.8%
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 29,590 4.0% 1.56% $25.45 $34.87 (4) 4.4%
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 7,310 11.4% 0.39% $13.39 $19.25 (4) 7.0%
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 790 8.0% 0.04% $19.82 $33.16 $68,970 7.9%
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers 3,060 6.5% 0.16% $15.05 $19.51 $40,580 4.3%
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 60 33.1% (7) $13.27 $15.40 $32,030 9.2%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 8,280 3.1% 0.44% $21.54 $24.88 $51,750 2.0%
27-3041 Editors 660 10.6% 0.03% $25.45 $27.61 $57,440 3.5%
27-3042 Technical Writers 710 9.7% 0.04% $31.43 $31.79 $66,130 3.4%
27-3043 Writers and Authors 3,340 6.2% 0.18% $27.16 $42.35 $88,080 8.5%
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 310 18.0% 0.02% $11.43 $13.68 $28,460 9.2%
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other 1,970 7.2% 0.10% $17.67 $22.57 $46,940 8.9%
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 12,460 6.6% 0.66% $20.72 $23.08 $48,000 2.9%
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 280 24.7% 0.01% $15.06 $17.76 $36,940 10.5%
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 2,720 6.0% 0.14% $18.83 $20.98 $43,630 3.0%
27-4021 Photographers 1,220 10.2% 0.06% $14.12 $18.64 $38,770 6.9%
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 340 27.9% 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-4032 Film and Video Editors 320 23.0% 0.02% $29.90 $29.36 $61,080 9.8%
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 810 11.0% 0.04% $23.85 $27.91 $58,060 5.8%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 5,990 5.6% 0.32% $20.02 $23.59 $49,060 3.1%
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 230 21.5% 0.01% $22.29 $22.91 $47,650 5.8%
29-1111 Registered Nurses* 260 8.4% 0.01% $26.88 $30.39 $63,210 6.6%
29-1123 Physical Therapists 240 32.2% 0.01% $37.52 $38.18 $79,420 2.2%
29-1128 Therapists, All Other* (8) (8) (8) $26.06 $41.70 $86,740 29.7%
29-1131 Veterinarians 230 10.1% 0.01% $36.46 $37.00 $76,960 4.0%
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 50 14.4% (7) $31.81 $36.39 $75,680 6.8%
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 1,100 6.2% 0.06% $13.58 $15.37 $31,980 3.1%
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 140 19.4% 0.01% $15.56 $16.75 $34,830 3.3%
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 80 16.8% (7) $21.43 $21.53 $44,770 4.2%
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 60 8.5% (7) $32.81 $32.43 $67,460 5.1%
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 40 47.6% (7) $8.55 $9.96 $20,730 12.4%
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 3,450 8.7% 0.18% (4) (4) $47,950 4.8%
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations major 4,240 7.0% 0.22% $16.24 $19.31 $40,160 2.9%
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants (8) (8) (8) $27.05 $26.70 $55,530 2.8%
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 60 31.2% (7) $12.06 $11.76 $24,460 4.7%
31-9011 Massage Therapists 3,870 7.3% 0.20% $16.38 $19.50 $40,550 3.1%
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 120 19.2% 0.01% $14.48 $14.28 $29,710 4.8%
31-9799 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other* 70 47.1% (7) $12.59 $13.95 $29,020 8.6%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 79,620 1.8% 4.21% $10.27 $11.74 $24,420 0.7%
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other 2,170 4.9% 0.11% $19.64 $20.86 $43,380 1.9%
33-2011 Firefighters 70 16.7% (7) $13.42 $15.39 $32,010 11.3%
33-9011 Animal Control Workers 30 44.4% (7) $15.44 $16.05 $33,390 9.6%
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 100 28.4% 0.01% $23.43 $23.75 $49,410 5.1%
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 2,760 3.5% 0.15% $13.61 $14.73 $30,650 1.9%
33-9032 Security Guards 39,460 2.4% 2.08% $11.53 $12.95 $26,930 0.9%
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 34,240 3.0% 1.81% $8.91 $9.44 $19,640 0.7%
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other * 770 9.0% 0.04% $11.81 $13.83 $28,760 4.4%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 293,880 1.2% 15.52% $9.33 $11.06 $23,000 0.4%
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 7,180 2.2% 0.38% $22.98 $25.46 $52,960 0.9%
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 13,960 2.0% 0.74% $16.48 $17.38 $36,140 1.0%
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food 5,370 5.8% 0.28% $8.98 $9.63 $20,030 1.4%
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 1,570 10.2% 0.08% $11.79 $12.32 $25,630 2.7%
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 27,550 1.8% 1.46% $11.95 $12.41 $25,810 0.8%
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 10,260 4.2% 0.54% $9.32 $10.06 $20,920 0.8%
35-2019 Cooks, All Other 350 19.8% 0.02% $10.27 $11.01 $22,900 2.9%
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 13,150 5.5% 0.69% $9.46 $10.14 $21,090 1.1%
35-3011 Bartenders 34,770 2.3% 1.84% $9.16 $10.46 $21,760 0.6%
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 23,930 5.1% 1.26% $8.90 $9.52 $19,800 1.3%
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 25,830 3.3% 1.36% $8.85 $9.31 $19,360 0.9%
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 85,360 1.6% 4.51% $9.20 $10.60 $22,040 0.8%
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 3,870 13.4% 0.20% $9.47 $11.13 $23,150 4.4%
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 16,850 2.7% 0.89% $8.93 $9.51 $19,780 0.8%
35-9021 Dishwashers 16,230 1.8% 0.86% $8.97 $9.27 $19,290 0.4%
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 6,430 3.4% 0.34% $9.21 $10.32 $21,470 1.0%
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 1,210 13.3% 0.06% $9.49 $11.85 $24,650 8.2%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 175,400 1.1% 9.26% $10.58 $12.18 $25,340 0.3%
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 4,380 2.5% 0.23% $18.12 $19.29 $40,130 1.2%
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 11,940 2.0% 0.63% $21.48 $23.38 $48,640 0.7%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 45,930 2.0% 2.43% $9.94 $10.92 $22,720 0.7%
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 13,580 3.0% 0.72% $9.61 $10.28 $21,380 0.8%
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 70 15.1% (7) $9.61 $11.41 $23,720 6.8%
37-2021 Pest Control Workers 140 1.5% 0.01% $20.45 $20.01 $41,620 3.0%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 98,620 1.5% 5.21% $10.41 $11.34 $23,580 0.4%
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 120 22.7% 0.01% $13.65 $14.74 $30,660 3.8%
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 40 9.2% (7) $23.19 $21.40 $44,510 7.2%
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 580 11.9% 0.03% $11.81 $13.70 $28,490 4.8%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations major 560,050 1.0% 29.58% $9.70 $12.91 $26,840 0.7%
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 5,850 4.4% 0.31% $21.46 $22.26 $46,310 1.5%
39-1012 Slot Supervisors 2,580 7.5% 0.14% $13.78 $14.84 $30,860 2.1%
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers 24,450 2.4% 1.29% $17.04 $18.42 $38,310 0.9%
39-2011 Animal Trainers 2,830 18.4% 0.15% $14.02 $15.35 $31,920 4.2%
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 14,330 4.1% 0.76% $10.10 $11.35 $23,600 1.2%
39-3011 Gaming Dealers 27,130 3.5% 1.43% $9.27 $12.44 $25,870 2.2%
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 6,820 7.1% 0.36% $10.66 $12.29 $25,570 2.8%
39-3019 Gaming Service Workers, All Other 3,200 6.3% 0.17% $10.55 $12.98 $27,000 4.5%
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists 310 12.7% 0.02% $10.34 $11.71 $24,350 2.9%
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 39,820 5.1% 2.10% $9.05 $9.95 $20,710 1.2%
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 169,700 2.0% 8.96% $8.89 $9.31 $19,360 0.5%
39-3092 Costume Attendants 3,540 3.7% 0.19% $13.30 $16.09 $33,470 5.5%
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 8,140 3.3% 0.43% $9.93 $10.75 $22,360 0.9%
39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other 4,300 8.0% 0.23% $11.24 $11.97 $24,900 4.3%
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 830 12.9% 0.04% $12.25 $16.26 $33,830 9.5%
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 300 5.4% 0.02% $22.94 $24.45 $50,850 6.7%
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists 920 17.5% 0.05% $10.98 $12.81 $26,650 5.3%
39-5094 Skincare Specialists 1,470 28.4% 0.08% $14.62 $17.74 $36,890 8.3%
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 540 9.5% 0.03% $9.10 $9.64 $20,060 1.6%
39-6012 Concierges 1,120 20.5% 0.06% $9.00 $10.32 $21,460 7.0%
39-7011 Tour Guides and Escorts 15,910 5.0% 0.84% $10.62 $12.12 $25,200 2.1%
39-7012 Travel Guides 920 22.6% 0.05% $12.28 $14.71 $30,600 8.3%
39-9011 Childcare Workers 33,900 2.4% 1.79% $8.94 $9.55 $19,860 0.7%
39-9021 Personal Care Aides (8) (8) (8) $8.55 $8.65 $18,000 4.9%
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 154,570 1.8% 8.16% $15.44 $17.88 $37,200 1.3%
39-9032 Recreation Workers 31,530 4.3% 1.67% $9.26 $10.79 $22,450 1.2%
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 4,950 17.6% 0.26% $9.42 $10.91 $22,700 3.5%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 150,160 1.6% 7.93% $9.80 $12.46 $25,920 0.6%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 8,820 2.8% 0.47% $17.42 $18.91 $39,340 1.2%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,390 6.2% 0.07% $23.35 $27.34 $56,860 2.5%
41-2011 Cashiers 57,890 2.3% 3.06% $9.06 $9.62 $20,000 0.6%
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 9,760 15.0% 0.52% $10.86 $11.76 $24,450 2.1%
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 18,520 4.4% 0.98% $9.17 $10.39 $21,620 1.2%
41-2022 Parts Salespersons (8) (8) (8) $19.42 $18.30 $38,070 5.7%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 31,810 2.7% 1.68% $9.92 $11.44 $23,800 1.2%
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 1,140 10.0% 0.06% $18.56 $24.26 $50,450 4.9%
41-3041 Travel Agents 180 24.6% 0.01% $14.90 $16.18 $33,650 3.9%
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 14,090 3.7% 0.74% $16.45 $20.09 $41,780 1.7%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 880 9.1% 0.05% $21.11 $24.68 $51,330 4.3%
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 210 14.8% 0.01% $10.35 $14.55 $30,270 14.7%
41-9012 Models 60 43.0% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 90 17.7% (7) $17.19 $22.80 $47,430 10.3%
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,640 7.7% 0.09% $11.58 $13.34 $27,740 3.1%
41-9799 Sales and Related Workers, All Other* 3,480 6.9% 0.18% $17.63 $19.82 $41,230 2.3%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 168,250 1.2% 8.89% $12.98 $14.36 $29,860 0.5%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 10,290 2.7% 0.54% $21.54 $22.96 $47,760 0.8%
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 1,990 4.2% 0.11% $11.92 $12.62 $26,250 1.4%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 130 15.9% 0.01% $14.83 $15.54 $32,330 4.3%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks 1,450 6.1% 0.08% $15.48 $15.76 $32,790 1.3%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 20,810 2.8% 1.10% $15.76 $16.33 $33,970 0.6%
43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers 5,370 6.3% 0.28% $12.18 $12.76 $26,530 1.2%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,670 3.7% 0.09% $17.21 $17.49 $36,370 1.0%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks 180 10.3% 0.01% $14.50 $15.57 $32,390 2.2%
43-3071 Tellers 230 3.6% 0.01% $11.47 $12.79 $26,590 3.2%
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 110 43.9% 0.01% $13.46 $13.90 $28,910 3.5%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 23,760 3.1% 1.25% $10.96 $12.39 $25,760 1.0%
43-4071 File Clerks 270 15.2% 0.01% $11.60 $12.55 $26,100 3.5%
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 1,250 7.7% 0.07% $10.64 $11.08 $23,040 1.5%
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 150 7.5% 0.01% $11.28 $12.11 $25,180 2.3%
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 100 24.8% 0.01% $11.68 $12.73 $26,480 3.6%
43-4151 Order Clerks 330 14.2% 0.02% $13.95 $14.50 $30,150 2.5%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 850 4.5% 0.04% $16.91 $17.33 $36,050 1.4%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 33,880 3.2% 1.79% $9.83 $10.83 $22,530 0.7%
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 960 7.2% 0.05% $12.06 $13.30 $27,670 2.3%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 640 19.8% 0.03% $14.91 $15.69 $32,630 1.7%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 50 17.3% (7) $13.18 $13.84 $28,790 6.3%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 310 10.9% 0.02% $13.89 $15.32 $31,860 3.9%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 790 9.3% 0.04% $18.47 $19.22 $39,980 2.2%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 780 7.2% 0.04% $14.73 $15.42 $32,080 3.2%
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 1,430 6.2% 0.08% $12.49 $13.33 $27,720 2.7%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 60 17.5% (7) $13.15 $12.94 $26,910 6.6%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 10,190 3.5% 0.54% $20.79 $22.24 $46,260 1.1%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 18,930 4.1% 1.00% $14.54 $15.08 $31,380 0.9%
43-9011 Computer Operators 180 10.3% 0.01% $15.96 $16.43 $34,180 2.9%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 440 9.6% 0.02% $13.76 $13.90 $28,910 1.8%
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (8) (8) (8) $17.20 $18.20 $37,860 4.4%
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 50 18.2% (7) $16.05 $16.49 $34,300 5.6%
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 130 7.9% 0.01% $14.24 $15.13 $31,470 1.7%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 29,210 2.5% 1.54% $11.58 $12.51 $26,020 0.7%
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 150 13.9% 0.01% $13.46 $13.72 $28,530 3.4%
43-9799 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other* 950 7.5% 0.05% $13.70 $14.36 $29,860 1.5%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations major 2,410 17.0% 0.13% $10.84 $12.45 $25,900 2.3%
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 160 21.9% 0.01% $22.76 $24.71 $51,390 5.1%
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 720 12.3% 0.04% $11.45 $12.90 $26,830 2.8%
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals 1,300 29.9% 0.07% $10.21 $10.43 $21,690 3.0%
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other (8) (8) (8) $10.61 $11.10 $23,100 3.7%
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 90 27.2% (7) $16.71 $16.45 $34,210 6.9%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 8,920 3.0% 0.47% $23.11 $24.10 $50,120 2.5%
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 380 6.9% 0.02% $29.29 $32.03 $66,620 2.7%
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 80 0.2% (7) $24.03 $21.67 $45,070 3.6%
47-2031 Carpenters 4,150 4.3% 0.22% $22.87 $24.09 $50,100 2.6%
47-2061 Construction Laborers 210 15.0% 0.01% $23.43 $21.94 $45,630 8.2%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 190 16.9% 0.01% $18.17 $20.07 $41,750 6.3%
47-2111 Electricians 2,020 4.2% 0.11% $26.23 $26.80 $55,740 2.4%
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 760 8.0% 0.04% $20.29 $20.79 $43,250 3.6%
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 440 6.4% 0.02% $21.92 $24.06 $50,040 8.1%
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 80 30.4% (7) $26.33 $27.14 $56,440 10.3%
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 40 18.0% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 64,220 2.0% 3.39% $15.38 $17.04 $35,450 1.2%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,770 4.9% 0.25% $25.74 $27.75 $57,710 1.3%
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 330 7.9% 0.02% $25.32 $22.94 $47,720 5.0%
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 840 14.5% 0.04% $11.57 $14.22 $29,570 5.8%
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 50 47.1% (7) $18.08 $19.90 $41,390 8.0%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 330 0.6% 0.02% $25.27 $24.48 $50,920 3.8%
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 210 23.5% 0.01% $24.88 $27.19 $56,560 6.8%
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,520 6.5% 0.13% $24.91 $25.54 $53,120 2.8%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 400 21.1% 0.02% $23.67 $21.96 $45,680 6.7%
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 220 11.4% 0.01% $20.48 $21.31 $44,330 2.7%
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians 3,660 11.2% 0.19% $18.28 $18.92 $39,360 3.3%
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 3,040 5.8% 0.16% $14.65 $15.31 $31,850 1.6%
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers 50 47.6% (7) $13.47 $13.30 $27,660 5.0%
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 140 35.2% 0.01% $14.91 $16.02 $33,320 8.3%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 490 8.4% 0.03% $24.48 $23.97 $49,850 2.3%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 270 13.4% 0.01% $19.65 $20.03 $41,670 2.7%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 360 17.9% 0.02% $13.83 $16.14 $33,560 4.8%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 34,140 2.3% 1.80% $14.36 $15.56 $32,360 1.0%
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 6,190 8.0% 0.33% $13.85 $14.43 $30,020 1.3%
49-9092 Commercial Divers 90 8.7% (7) $15.11 $16.49 $34,300 3.8%
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 40 8.6% (7) $23.76 $22.17 $46,110 4.9%
49-9096 Riggers 270 17.4% 0.01% $20.34 $21.41 $44,530 4.3%
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 2,250 11.3% 0.12% $10.58 $11.64 $24,220 1.6%
49-9799 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other* 3,280 14.9% 0.17% $12.85 $14.47 $30,100 2.4%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 4,740 3.1% 0.25% $14.38 $17.36 $36,110 3.8%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 280 13.9% 0.01% $26.52 $28.13 $58,500 2.6%
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 150 0.0% 0.01% $33.58 $35.39 $73,620 1.9%
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 60 33.1% (7) $19.94 $19.16 $39,840 3.1%
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 240 12.8% 0.01% $19.61 $22.31 $46,400 8.8%
51-3011 Bakers 230 9.2% 0.01% $12.05 $12.44 $25,870 2.2%
51-4041 Machinists 150 9.0% 0.01% $29.78 $27.97 $58,190 5.2%
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 260 6.4% 0.01% $25.92 $26.60 $55,320 5.5%
51-5112 Printing Press Operators 70 15.6% (7) $15.08 $15.67 $32,600 5.3%
51-5113 Print Binding and Finishing Workers (8) (8) (8) $8.96 $9.38 $19,500 5.8%
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 1,140 3.2% 0.06% $10.27 $10.69 $22,240 1.8%
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 80 13.2% (7) $11.70 $12.87 $26,780 3.9%
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 420 5.6% 0.02% $15.24 $15.05 $31,300 3.0%
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 30 40.3% (7) $11.64 $11.29 $23,470 5.0%
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 60 12.5% (7) $16.33 $18.04 $37,520 3.6%
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 90 10.1% (7) $20.90 $22.20 $46,180 3.2%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 110 18.0% 0.01% $19.02 $19.59 $40,750 8.2%
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 310 16.6% 0.02% $20.98 $21.79 $45,320 4.3%
51-9151 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators (8) (8) (8) $12.50 $14.63 $30,440 8.9%
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 210 14.9% 0.01% $11.48 $13.64 $28,380 7.0%
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 100 18.3% 0.01% $11.74 $14.22 $29,570 5.6%
51-9399 Production Workers, All Other* 150 11.4% 0.01% $12.94 $14.30 $29,740 3.7%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 39,160 2.7% 2.07% $11.27 $13.68 $28,450 1.4%
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,020 7.6% 0.05% $21.09 $22.50 $46,810 3.3%
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 570 9.6% 0.03% $23.43 $25.05 $52,100 3.4%
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 100 7.3% 0.01% (4) (4) $93,360 3.1%
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 2,360 3.3% 0.12% $12.63 $14.63 $30,430 4.0%
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School or Special Client 30 13.6% (7) $14.24 $14.56 $30,270 2.5%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 200 43.3% 0.01% $14.46 $16.88 $35,100 13.6%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 490 9.3% 0.03% $22.75 $23.12 $48,080 2.6%
53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 600 12.2% 0.03% $15.43 $16.11 $33,520 4.1%
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 850 12.8% 0.05% $11.23 $12.52 $26,040 6.9%
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 930 10.0% 0.05% $11.50 $13.13 $27,320 2.8%
53-4099 Rail Transportation Workers, All Other 30 23.6% (7) $19.18 $18.12 $37,690 12.9%
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 970 24.3% 0.05% $11.42 $12.68 $26,370 3.4%
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 670 20.8% 0.04% $22.59 $24.11 $50,160 4.8%
53-5022 Motorboat Operators 390 36.8% 0.02% $12.70 $13.99 $29,090 3.8%
53-5031 Ship Engineers 60 31.7% (7) $38.99 $37.02 $77,000 3.6%
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 7,720 4.7% 0.41% $9.14 $9.96 $20,720 0.9%
53-6031 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants 1,080 17.6% 0.06% $9.17 $9.95 $20,700 3.4%
53-6061 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants 60 14.4% (7) $11.76 $12.69 $26,390 5.4%
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 130 35.6% 0.01% $13.19 $21.68 $45,090 11.0%
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 80 40.3% (7) $15.93 $16.21 $33,710 7.6%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 540 27.6% 0.03% $15.02 $14.86 $30,910 3.2%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 950 12.7% 0.05% $8.92 $9.83 $20,450 4.2%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 19,140 3.8% 1.01% $11.59 $13.68 $28,450 2.4%
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other (8) (8) (8) $12.39 $12.37 $25,730 8.8%

About May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012

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