Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2011

19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists

Study the chemical composition or physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, serums, hormones, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
25,160 5.5 % $42.13 $87,640 2.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $19.62 $26.07 $38.09 $52.67 $70.83
Annual Wage (2) $40,810 $54,230 $79,230 $109,550 $147,320


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 11,960 1.90 $44.31 $92,160
Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing 4,820 1.81 $40.96 $85,190
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 3,950 0.14 $29.26 $60,860
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 540 0.04 $39.35 $81,850
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 300 0.03 $40.48 $84,190

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 11,960 1.90 $44.31 $92,160
Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing 4,820 1.81 $40.96 $85,190
Basic Chemical Manufacturing 220 0.15 $32.52 $67,630
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 3,950 0.14 $29.26 $60,860
Drugs and Druggists' Sundries Merchant Wholesalers 210 0.11 $50.24 $104,490

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Offices of Physicians (8) (8) $99.33 $206,600
Grantmaking and Giving Services 30 0.02 $66.12 $137,540
Professional and Commercial Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers 30 0.01 $51.62 $107,370
Drugs and Druggists' Sundries Merchant Wholesalers 210 0.11 $50.24 $104,490
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals 250 (7) $49.19 $102,310


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 5,790 0.41 2.10 $43.28 $90,030
New Jersey 4,060 1.08 5.49 $54.17 $112,670
Massachusetts 2,480 0.79 4.01 $44.56 $92,680
New York 1,650 0.20 1.00 $41.15 $85,600
Pennsylvania 1,170 0.21 1.07 $52.34 $108,860




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New Jersey 4,060 1.08 5.49 $54.17 $112,670
Massachusetts 2,480 0.79 4.01 $44.56 $92,680
California 5,790 0.41 2.10 $43.28 $90,030
Maryland 990 0.40 2.03 $44.11 $91,750
Delaware 150 0.36 1.85 $44.75 $93,070




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New Hampshire 40 0.07 0.38 $62.33 $129,640
New Jersey 4,060 1.08 5.49 $54.17 $112,670
Pennsylvania 1,170 0.21 1.07 $52.34 $108,860
Delaware 150 0.36 1.85 $44.75 $93,070
Massachusetts 2,480 0.79 4.01 $44.56 $92,680





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 1,870 1.12 5.70 $44.48 $92,520
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 1,700 1.38 7.02 $46.41 $96,530
Edison-New Brunswick, NJ Metropolitan Division 1,260 1.32 6.72 $44.55 $92,660
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 1,250 0.25 1.26 $48.13 $100,110
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 1,000 1.04 5.32 $44.11 $91,740
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 880 0.49 2.49 $54.24 $112,830
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 670 0.76 3.90 $45.00 $93,590
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 610 0.16 0.82 $38.66 $80,410
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 560 0.58 2.98 $37.75 $78,530
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division 440 0.78 4.00 $48.24 $100,330




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Framingham, MA NECTA Division 220 1.40 7.16 $46.81 $97,360
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 1,700 1.38 7.02 $46.41 $96,530
Gainesville, FL 160 1.38 7.05 $22.96 $47,760
Edison-New Brunswick, NJ Metropolitan Division 1,260 1.32 6.72 $44.55 $92,660
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 340 1.27 6.47 $43.75 $91,000
Trenton-Ewing, NJ 260 1.18 6.02 $42.82 $89,070
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 1,870 1.12 5.70 $44.48 $92,520
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 1,000 1.04 5.32 $44.11 $91,740
Boulder, CO 120 0.80 4.07 $49.68 $103,330
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division 440 0.78 4.00 $48.24 $100,330




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 220 0.16 0.83 $54.76 $113,910
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 880 0.49 2.49 $54.24 $112,830
Boulder, CO 120 0.80 4.07 $49.68 $103,330
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 40 0.05 0.26 $48.68 $101,260
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division 440 0.78 4.00 $48.24 $100,330
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 1,250 0.25 1.26 $48.13 $100,110
Framingham, MA NECTA Division 220 1.40 7.16 $46.81 $97,360
Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH NECTA Division (8) (8) (8) $46.45 $96,620
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 1,700 1.38 7.02 $46.41 $96,530
Memphis, TN-MS-AR (8) (8) (8) $45.11 $93,840

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 30 0.11 0.57 $49.90 $103,800

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 30 0.11 0.57 $49.90 $103,800

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 30 0.11 0.57 $49.90 $103,800


About May 2011 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012

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