Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2011

19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
32,490 3.2 % $46.97 $97,700 1.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $22.09 $28.61 $40.61 $56.97 $81.98
Annual Wage (2) $45,940 $59,510 $84,470 $118,510 $170,510


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 7,430 0.58 $39.64 $82,450
Oil and Gas Extraction 7,310 4.50 $67.02 $139,390
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 4,730 0.45 $37.55 $78,100
State Government (OES Designation) 2,880 0.13 $30.73 $63,910
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 2,460 0.12 $46.23 $96,170

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oil and Gas Extraction 7,310 4.50 $67.02 $139,390
Metal Ore Mining 450 1.18 $38.96 $81,050
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 7,430 0.58 $39.64 $82,450
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 4,730 0.45 $37.55 $78,100
Support Activities for Mining 1,210 0.38 $53.59 $111,470

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oil and Gas Extraction 7,310 4.50 $67.02 $139,390
Other Financial Investment Activities 40 0.01 $59.88 $124,550
Management of Companies and Enterprises (8) (8) $59.39 $123,520
Support Activities for Mining 1,210 0.38 $53.59 $111,470
Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing 250 0.12 $53.07 $110,380


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 9,700 0.94 3.72 $62.60 $130,200
California 4,360 0.31 1.23 $42.50 $88,390
Colorado 1,950 0.89 3.53 $49.87 $103,730
Oklahoma 1,170 0.78 3.10 $68.42 $142,310
Pennsylvania 1,060 0.19 0.76 $31.36 $65,220




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 460 1.47 5.82 $50.18 $104,360
Texas 9,700 0.94 3.72 $62.60 $130,200
Colorado 1,950 0.89 3.53 $49.87 $103,730
Oklahoma 1,170 0.78 3.10 $68.42 $142,310
Wyoming 190 0.69 2.71 $33.25 $69,160




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oklahoma 1,170 0.78 3.10 $68.42 $142,310
Texas 9,700 0.94 3.72 $62.60 $130,200
Alaska 460 1.47 5.82 $50.18 $104,360
Colorado 1,950 0.89 3.53 $49.87 $103,730
Massachusetts 220 0.07 0.27 $48.22 $100,290





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 5,740 2.25 8.88 $69.49 $144,540
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 1,460 1.22 4.81 $52.64 $109,480
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 980 0.48 1.89 $59.70 $124,190
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 910 1.14 4.48 $39.31 $81,760
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX 750 0.96 3.78 $39.69 $82,560
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 660 0.53 2.11 $36.48 $75,870
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 630 0.46 1.81 $40.48 $84,210
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 630 0.16 0.65 $43.60 $90,690
Midland, TX 520 7.44 29.38 $56.56 $117,640
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 460 0.20 0.78 $50.10 $104,210




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Midland, TX 520 7.44 29.38 $56.56 $117,640
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS 280 2.81 11.10 $44.75 $93,090
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 5,740 2.25 8.88 $69.49 $144,540
Fairbanks, AK 80 2.14 8.46 $33.55 $69,780
College Station-Bryan, TX 190 2.05 8.08 $31.55 $65,620
Anchorage, AK 320 1.90 7.51 $56.83 $118,200
Reno-Sparks, NV 260 1.39 5.49 $44.87 $93,330
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA 130 1.33 5.23 $38.62 $80,330
Casper, WY 50 1.23 4.87 $33.48 $69,650
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 1,460 1.22 4.81 $52.64 $109,480




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oklahoma City, OK (8) (8) (8) $74.78 $155,550
Corpus Christi, TX 100 0.57 2.25 $71.71 $149,160
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 5,740 2.25 8.88 $69.49 $144,540
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 170 0.65 2.56 $66.44 $138,200
Tulsa, OK 160 0.40 1.58 $64.56 $134,290
Tyler, TX (8) (8) (8) $60.21 $125,240
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 980 0.48 1.89 $59.70 $124,190
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 410 0.48 1.91 $57.45 $119,490
Anchorage, AK 320 1.90 7.51 $56.83 $118,200
Midland, TX 520 7.44 29.38 $56.56 $117,640

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Nevada nonmetropolitan area 250 4.63 18.27 $40.28 $83,790
Northwestern Texas nonmetropolitan area 200 0.80 3.14 $63.85 $132,810
Far Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 90 0.57 2.23 $34.71 $72,190
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 90 0.89 3.51 (8) (8)
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 80 1.69 6.66 $33.17 $68,990

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Nevada nonmetropolitan area 250 4.63 18.27 $40.28 $83,790
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 80 1.69 6.66 $33.17 $68,990
North Idaho nonmetropolitan area 50 1.21 4.77 $37.67 $78,360
Southeastern Wyoming nonmetropolitan area 40 1.16 4.57 $29.30 $60,930
Southeast Alaska nonmetropolitan area 40 1.03 4.07 $34.03 $70,770

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwestern Texas nonmetropolitan area 200 0.80 3.14 $63.85 $132,810
Southwest Mississippi nonmetropolitan area 50 0.47 1.86 $44.15 $91,830
Northwestern Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 40 0.35 1.40 $40.90 $85,070
Railbelt / Southwest Alaska nonmetropolitan area 30 0.42 1.65 $40.69 $84,630
Other Nevada nonmetropolitan area 250 4.63 18.27 $40.28 $83,790


About May 2011 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012

Recommend this page using: