Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2011

19-3041 Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
2,830 9.4 % $38.20 $79,460 1.7 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $21.09 $27.04 $35.42 $46.19 $62.40
Annual Wage (2) $43,870 $56,230 $73,670 $96,070 $129,780


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,150 0.18 $43.10 $89,650
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 860 0.03 $32.61 $67,820
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 210 0.02 $44.88 $93,350
Local Government (OES Designation) 210 0.00 $32.78 $68,190
State Government (OES Designation) 130 0.01 $29.24 $60,830

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,150 0.18 $43.10 $89,650
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 860 0.03 $32.61 $67,820
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 210 0.02 $44.88 $93,350
State Government (OES Designation) 130 0.01 $29.24 $60,830
Local Government (OES Designation) 210 0.00 $32.78 $68,190

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 40 (7) $46.88 $97,510
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 210 0.02 $44.88 $93,350
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,150 0.18 $43.10 $89,650
Local Government (OES Designation) 210 (7) $32.78 $68,190
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 860 0.03 $32.61 $67,820


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 880 0.06 2.83 $38.40 $79,860
Pennsylvania 290 0.05 2.34 $39.03 $81,180
Michigan 240 0.06 2.83 $36.24 $75,370
District of Columbia 220 0.34 15.55 $50.41 $104,850
Washington 170 0.06 2.88 $28.13 $58,500




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 220 0.34 15.55 $50.41 $104,850
Washington 170 0.06 2.88 $28.13 $58,500
Michigan 240 0.06 2.83 $36.24 $75,370
California 880 0.06 2.83 $38.40 $79,860
Pennsylvania 290 0.05 2.34 $39.03 $81,180




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York 130 0.02 0.69 $51.00 $106,070
District of Columbia 220 0.34 15.55 $50.41 $104,850
Maryland 50 0.02 0.90 $43.22 $89,900
North Carolina 80 0.02 0.95 $40.07 $83,350
Arizona 40 0.02 0.73 $39.65 $82,460





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 250 0.14 6.29 $38.00 $79,030
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 230 0.10 4.49 $50.45 $104,940
Ann Arbor, MI 180 0.96 43.74 $37.55 $78,100
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 160 0.16 7.36 $38.14 $79,340
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 120 0.07 3.21 $37.28 $77,550
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 110 0.08 3.56 $28.82 $59,950
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 110 0.11 5.03 $40.72 $84,690
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 100 0.02 0.88 $53.07 $110,390
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 100 0.12 5.40 $37.51 $78,010
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 70 0.28 12.56 $41.76 $86,860




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ann Arbor, MI 180 0.96 43.74 $37.55 $78,100
Olympia, WA 50 0.48 21.68 $27.03 $56,210
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 70 0.28 12.56 $41.76 $86,860
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 160 0.16 7.36 $38.14 $79,340
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 250 0.14 6.29 $38.00 $79,030
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 100 0.12 5.40 $37.51 $78,010
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 110 0.11 5.03 $40.72 $84,690
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 230 0.10 4.49 $50.45 $104,940
Madison, WI 30 0.10 4.60 $40.00 $83,200
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 110 0.08 3.56 $28.82 $59,950




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 100 0.02 0.88 $53.07 $110,390
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 230 0.10 4.49 $50.45 $104,940
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 30 0.03 1.21 $43.61 $90,700
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 70 0.28 12.56 $41.76 $86,860
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 110 0.11 5.03 $40.72 $84,690
Madison, WI 30 0.10 4.60 $40.00 $83,200
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 160 0.16 7.36 $38.14 $79,340
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 250 0.14 6.29 $38.00 $79,030
Ann Arbor, MI 180 0.96 43.74 $37.55 $78,100
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 100 0.12 5.40 $37.51 $78,010


About May 2011 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012

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