Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2011

19-3093 Historians

Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, electronic media, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
3,190 4.7 % $27.70 $57,610 2.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $12.90 $16.78 $25.18 $36.56 $46.65
Annual Wage (2) $26,840 $34,890 $52,370 $76,040 $97,020


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government (OES Designation) 900 0.02 $18.12 $37,680
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 770 0.04 $42.07 $87,510
State Government (OES Designation) 410 0.02 $25.83 $53,720
Scientific Research and Development Services 280 0.05 $23.34 $48,550
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 200 0.02 $35.23 $73,280

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Personal Services 200 0.08 $20.07 $41,750
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 110 0.08 $25.15 $52,320
Scientific Research and Development Services 280 0.05 $23.34 $48,550
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 770 0.04 $42.07 $87,510
Local Government (OES Designation) 900 0.02 $18.12 $37,680

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 770 0.04 $42.07 $87,510
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 200 0.02 $35.23 $73,280
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 90 0.01 $27.53 $57,270
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 100 (7) $26.11 $54,310
State Government (OES Designation) 410 0.02 $25.83 $53,720


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York 490 0.06 2.32 $16.47 $34,250
California 280 0.02 0.81 $34.06 $70,830
District of Columbia 260 0.40 15.96 $43.43 $90,340
Pennsylvania 180 0.03 1.29 $25.20 $52,420
Texas 160 0.02 0.62 $27.90 $58,040




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 260 0.40 15.96 $43.43 $90,340
Alaska 30 0.10 3.99 $30.21 $62,830
Utah 100 0.09 3.56 $19.71 $41,000
Oklahoma 80 0.06 2.25 $20.47 $42,580
New York 490 0.06 2.32 $16.47 $34,250




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 260 0.40 15.96 $43.43 $90,340
New Mexico 30 0.04 1.76 $36.80 $76,550
Maryland 70 0.03 1.16 $36.25 $75,410
Colorado 40 0.02 0.81 $35.14 $73,090
Virginia 150 0.04 1.72 $34.64 $72,050





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 350 0.15 6.14 $42.51 $88,430
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX 80 0.10 3.97 $23.89 $49,680
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 60 0.13 5.26 $17.80 $37,030
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 50 0.03 1.24 $28.80 $59,900
Rochester, NY 50 0.10 4.17 $14.99 $31,170
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 50 0.06 2.37 $28.55 $59,390
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 40 0.15 5.89 $30.84 $64,150
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 40 0.01 0.32 $27.25 $56,680
Trenton-Ewing, NJ 40 0.18 7.39 $33.30 $69,260
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 40 0.01 0.40 $20.77 $43,200




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Trenton-Ewing, NJ 40 0.18 7.39 $33.30 $69,260
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 350 0.15 6.14 $42.51 $88,430
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 40 0.15 5.89 $30.84 $64,150
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 60 0.13 5.26 $17.80 $37,030
Rochester, NY 50 0.10 4.17 $14.99 $31,170
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX 80 0.10 3.97 $23.89 $49,680
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 50 0.06 2.37 $28.55 $59,390
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 30 0.06 2.33 $15.51 $32,260
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division 30 0.06 2.30 $36.49 $75,900
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN 30 0.04 1.45 $23.72 $49,330




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 350 0.15 6.14 $42.51 $88,430
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA (8) (8) (8) $36.88 $76,700
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division 30 0.06 2.30 $36.49 $75,900
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $33.85 $70,410
Trenton-Ewing, NJ 40 0.18 7.39 $33.30 $69,260
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 40 0.15 5.89 $30.84 $64,150
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 50 0.03 1.24 $28.80 $59,900
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 50 0.06 2.37 $28.55 $59,390
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 30 0.01 0.59 $27.85 $57,920
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 40 0.01 0.32 $27.25 $56,680

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 70 0.38 15.37 $15.56 $32,370
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 70 0.39 15.63 $14.48 $30,130
Central New York nonmetropolitan area 30 0.28 11.07 $13.85 $28,810

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 70 0.39 15.63 $14.48 $30,130
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 70 0.38 15.37 $15.56 $32,370
Central New York nonmetropolitan area 30 0.28 11.07 $13.85 $28,810

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 70 0.38 15.37 $15.56 $32,370
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 70 0.39 15.63 $14.48 $30,130
Central New York nonmetropolitan area 30 0.28 11.07 $13.85 $28,810


About May 2011 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012

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