Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2011

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
15,630 4.0 % (4) $29,640 2.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $16,910 $18,540 $23,190 $34,760 $50,190
(4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government (OES Designation) 5,510 0.10 (4) $26,830
Spectator Sports 2,500 1.97 (4) $32,390
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 2,430 0.23 (4) $26,680
Elementary and Secondary Schools 2,410 0.03 (4) $36,310
Civic and Social Organizations 1,530 0.39 (4) $27,270

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 2,500 1.97 (4) $32,390
Civic and Social Organizations 1,530 0.39 (4) $27,270
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 2,430 0.23 (4) $26,680
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 200 0.20 (4) $35,040
Gambling Industries 170 0.13 (4) $28,540

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations 270 0.06 (4) $37,250
Elementary and Secondary Schools 2,410 0.03 (4) $36,310
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 200 0.20 (4) $35,040
Other Schools and Instruction 70 0.02 (4) $32,790
Spectator Sports 2,500 1.97 (4) $32,390


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,840 0.13 1.08 (4) $27,290
Wisconsin 1,370 0.52 4.26 (4) $27,060
Kansas 1,250 0.96 7.85 (4) $25,110
Colorado 1,080 0.50 4.08 (4) $28,480
Florida 850 0.12 0.97 (4) $26,170




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas 1,250 0.96 7.85 (4) $25,110
Wisconsin 1,370 0.52 4.26 (4) $27,060
Colorado 1,080 0.50 4.08 (4) $28,480
Utah 410 0.36 2.92 (4) $20,470
Delaware 150 0.36 2.96 (4) $26,290




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Michigan 290 0.08 0.62 (4) $49,390
New York 680 0.08 0.66 (4) $47,280
Vermont 40 0.12 1.02 (4) $43,990
Alaska 30 0.11 0.86 (4) $40,160
Indiana 170 0.06 0.50 (4) $37,300





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
St. Louis, MO-IL 510 0.40 3.32 (4) $34,870
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 350 0.29 2.37 (4) $27,230
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 330 0.07 0.54 (8) (8)
Kansas City, MO-KS 320 0.34 2.78 (4) $29,990
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 320 0.40 3.25 (4) $35,400
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 300 0.08 0.70 (4) $30,430
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 290 0.08 0.63 (4) $26,090
Boulder, CO 270 1.72 14.12 (4) $28,810
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 250 0.10 0.79 (4) $23,010
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ 220 0.13 1.08 (4) $21,870




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Boulder, CO 270 1.72 14.12 (4) $28,810
Appleton, WI 180 1.59 13.07 (8) (8)
Tallahassee, FL 160 1.04 8.53 (4) $26,240
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 120 0.75 6.14 (4) $39,470
St. Louis, MO-IL 510 0.40 3.32 (4) $34,870
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 320 0.40 3.25 (4) $35,400
Kansas City, MO-KS 320 0.34 2.78 (4) $29,990
Salt Lake City, UT 190 0.31 2.55 (4) $19,730
Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ Metropolitan Division 90 0.29 2.35 (4) $29,780
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 350 0.29 2.37 (4) $27,230




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oklahoma City, OK 30 0.06 0.47 (4) $41,930
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 120 0.75 6.14 (4) $39,470
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 80 0.04 0.30 (4) $39,440
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA (8) (8) (8) (4) $39,440
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) (4) $38,040
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 190 0.23 1.86 (4) $37,000
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 320 0.40 3.25 (4) $35,400
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 90 0.09 0.73 (4) $35,380
St. Louis, MO-IL 510 0.40 3.32 (4) $34,870
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 40 0.09 0.78 (4) $33,920

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 410 2.39 19.63 (8) (8)
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 230 0.59 4.85 (4) $25,670
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 150 0.79 6.52 (4) $22,260
East Central Illinois nonmetropolitan area 100 0.83 6.79 (8) (8)
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 60 0.29 2.36 (4) $24,200

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 410 2.39 19.63 (8) (8)
East Central Illinois nonmetropolitan area 100 0.83 6.79 (8) (8)
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 150 0.79 6.52 (4) $22,260
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 230 0.59 4.85 (4) $25,670
Southside Virginia nonmetropolitan area 40 0.54 4.46 (4) $19,050

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $29,750
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $27,530
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 230 0.59 4.85 (4) $25,670
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 60 0.29 2.36 (4) $24,200
Coastal Oregon nonmetropolitan area 40 0.54 4.43 (4) $22,350


About May 2011 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012

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